NOTES

NOTES
1
Woodrow W. Borah, "The California Mission," in Ethnic Conflict in California History, ed. by Charles Wollenberg (Los Angeles: Tinnon-Brown, Inc., 1970), p. 3.
2
Ibid., p. 16.
S.F. Cook, "The Conflict Between the California Indian and the White Civilization III: The American Invasion, 18484870," Ibero Americana, XXIII (April 1943), 3-111.
3
Bureau of Indian Affairs, Indians of California (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1968), p. 8.
4
Robert F. Heizer and Alan F. Almquist, The Other Californians: Prejudice and Discrimination under Spain, Mexico, andthe United States to 1920 (Los Angeles: Univer- sity of California Press, 1971), pp. 4-16;
Borah, "California Mission," p. 13;
Herbert E. Bolton, "The Mission as a Frontier Institution in the Spanish-American Colonies," American Historical Review, XXIII January 1917), 55.
5
Borah, "California Mission," pp. 11-12.
6
Daniel D. McOarry, Educational Methods of the Franciscans in Spanish Cali- fornia." The Americas, VI January 1950), 349.
7
Heizer and Almquist, The Other Californians, p. 195.
8
Ibid., p. 21;
Cook, "Conflict," P. 92.
Indians of California, p. 6.
9
Borah, "California Mission," pp. 11-12.
10
Heizer and Almquist, The Other Californians, p. 21;
Cook, "Conflict," p. 92.
11
Indians of California, p. 6.
12
Lawrence M. Childers, "Education in California under Spain and under American Rule to 1851м (Unpublished M.A. thesis, University of California, 1930), p. 90;
Indians of California, p. 6.
13
Borah, "California Mission," p. 16.
14
Heizer and Almquist, The Other Californians, pp. 79, 96.
15
Indians of California, pp. 8-9.
16
Ibid., pp. 9, 20.
17
Indians in California, p. 8.
18
Cook, "Conflict," p. 92.
19
Heizer and Almquist, The Other Californians, pp. 26-39.
20
Cook, "Conflict," p. 36.
21
Ibid., p. 26.
22
Heizer and Almquist, The Other Californians, pp. 60-61.
23
Ferdinand F. Fernandez, "Except a California Indian: A Study in Legal Discrimi- nation," Southern California Quarterly,L (June 1968), 163-164.
24
California, Statutes, (1850), 408; (1860), 196.
Heizer and Almquist, The Other Californians, pp. 39-40, 45-47, 57.
25
Cook, "Conflict," pp. 32-33.
26
Ibid., p. 33.
27
California, Statutes, (1851), 491.
28
Ibid., (1855), 229.
29
California, Superintendent of Public Instruction, Eigth Annual Report, 1858, pp. 14- 15.
San Francisco Chronicle, October 15, 1895;
James Edward Myers, "The Educational Work of Andrew Jackson Moulder in the Development of Public Education in California, 1850-1895" (Unpublished Ph.D. disser- tation, University of California, 1961), pp. 5-6
30
Ibid.
31
Ibid.
32
California, Statutes, (1860), 325.
33
California, Superintendent of Public Instruction, Thirteenth Annual Report, p. 67.
34
California, Statutes, (1864), 213.
35
Nicholas С Polos, A Yankee Patriot: John Swett, the Horace Mann of the Pacific," History of Education Quarterly, IV (March 1964), 17-32,
Polos, "John Swett: The Horace Mann of California" (Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation, University of Cali- fornia, 1962).
36
California, Superintendent of Public Instruction, First Biennial Report, 1894-65, p. 57.
37
California, Statutes, (1865-66), 398.
John Swett, History of the Public School System of California (San Francisco: A.L. Brancroft and Company, 1876), pp. 205-206.
38
Swett, History of the Public School System of California, pp. 175-176.
39
California, Superintendent of Public Instruction, Biennial Reports, 1866-1873.
40
O.P Fitzgerald, "Indian Children," The California Teacher, VII (March 1870), 252- 253.
41
California, Statutes, (1869-70), 838-839.
42
H.N. Bolander, "Indian Children," The California Teacher, X (July 1872), 21.
43
California, Code, Sec. 26 (1873-74), 97.
44
Ward v. Flood (1874), 48 Cal. 36.
45
---, "Political Parties and Education," The California Teacher, XIII July 1875), 21.
46
California, Superintendent of Public Instruction, Biennial Reports, 1885-18?0.
47
California, Statutes, (1902), 86.
1909 Legislature, in California, Statutes, (1909), 904. In 1921,
Fernandez, "Except a California Indian," p. 168.
48
Loring B. Priest, Uncle Sam's Stepchildren: The Reformation of U.S. Indian Policy, 1865 1887 (Rutgers, N.J.: Rutgers University Press, 1942), p. 134;
Fredric Mitchell and James W. Skelton, 'The Church-State Conflict in Early Indian Education/* History of Education Quarterly, VI (Spring 1966), 41-42.
49
Charles Francis Seymour, "Relations Between the United States Government and the Mission Indians of Southern California" (Unpublished M.A. thesis, University of California, 1906), p. 77.
50
Priest, Uncle Sam's Stepchildren, p. 135;
Seymour, "Relations U.S. and Mission Indians," p. 77.
51
Priest, Uncle Sam's Stepchildren, p. 135;
Seymour, "Relations U.S. and Mission Indians," p. 77.
52
Priest, Uncle Sam's Stepchildren, p. 132.
53
Helen Hunt Jackson, A Century of Dishonor (New York: Harper & Brothers, 1881);
Ramona (Boston: Roberts Brothers, 1884);
Helen Hunt Jackson and Abbott Kinney, Report on the Mission Indians in 1883 (Boston: Press of Stanley and Usher, 1887).
54
Priest, Uncle Sams Stepchildren, p. 143.
55
Ibid., pp. 139-141.
56
Ibid., pp. 141-143.
57
Ibid.. a 140.
58
Ibid., p. 149.
United States Commissioner of Education, Bureau of Education Special Report, 1888: Indian Education and Civilization (Washington: Government Printing Office, 1888), pp. 219-239.
59
Priest, Uncle Sam's Stepchildren, pp. 137-138.
60
Ibid., p. 133.
61
Jack D. Forbes, "The Native American Experience in California History," California Historical Quarterly. L (September 1971), 240.
62
---"Indian Education." Journal of Education,XXXVll (February 10, 1893), 104.
63
Ibid.
64
Forbes, "Native American Experience," pp. 240-241.
65
United States Secretary of the Interior, Fifty-Eighth Annual Report of the Commis- sioner of Indian Affairs to the Secretary of the Interior, 1889 (Washington: Government Printing Office, 1889), pp. 8-9.
66
Ibid., p. 3.
67
T. J. Morgan, "Indian Children," The Pacific Educational Journal, VII (November 1890), 361-362.
68
Sarah Winnemucca, "An Educated Indian Princess," The Pacific School Journal, X (August 1, 1886), 143.
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