Oscar Lewis in his introduction to Dan de Quille, The Big Bo- nanza (New York, 1964 ), p. xix.
Rodman Paul, California Gold (Reprinted.; Lincoln, 1969), p. 16.
William Sprague, Women and the West: A Short Social History (Boston, 1940), p. 119.
Statistical View of the United States . . . being a Com- pendium of the Seventh Census (Washington: A.O.P. Nicholson, Public Printer, 1854), p. 49.
Hubert H. Bancroft, History of California (7 vols., San Francisco, 1884-1890), VI, 223.
John Faragher and Christine Stansell, "Women and their Families on the Overland Trail to California and Oregon, 1842-1867," Feminist Studies, 2 (1972), 150-166.
Leonard Pitt, The Decline of the Californios (Berkeley, 1971), p. 13.
Horace Bell, On the Old West Coast; being the Reminiscences of a Ranger, ed. Lanier Bartlett (New York, 1930), p. 3.
C. M. Wells, Three Years1 Wanderings of a Connecticut Yankee in South America, Africa, Australia and California (New York. 1859). p. 268.
Mollie Stafford, The March of Empire through three decades, embracing sketches of California History (San Francisco, 1884), p. 83.
J. M. Hutchings, Commandments to California Wives (entered 1855 in the Clerk's office of the H.S. District Court for California),
Sarah Royce, A Frontier Lady: Recollections of the Gold Rush and Early California, ed. R. H. Gabriel (New Haven, 1932), p. 81.
Luzena Stanley Wilson, 49er. Memories recalled years later for her daughter Correnah Wilson Wright (Mills College, Calif., 1937), p. 32.
С. Р. Fitzgerald, California Sketches (Nashville, Tenn., 1887), p. 32.
Abby Mansur, letter dated Horse Shoe Bar, 28 May 1853, in Christiane Fisch- er, ed., Let Them Speak for Themselves: Women in the American West, 1849- 1900 (Hamden, Conn., 1977), p. 52.
Helen Doyle, A Child Went Forth: The Autobiography of Dr. Helen Mac- knight (New York, 1934), p. 19.
Mary Ackley, Crossing the Plains and Early Days in California (San Fran- cisco, 1928), p. 18.
Luzena Stanley Wilson, 949er, p. 1.
Mary Bailou, "I Hear the Hogs in My Kitchen" — A Woman's View of the Gold Rush, ed. Archibald Hanna (New Haven, 1962), pp. 8-13.
Historical Statistics of the United States, from Colonial Times to 1957.
A Statistical Abstract Supplement (Washington, D.C., 1961).
Doris Wright, "The Making of Cosmopolitan California, 1845-1870," Cali- fornia Historical Society Quarterly, 19 (1940), 329.
Hubert H. Bancroft echoes this feeling in his History of California, VII, 707, note 37.
R. Guy McClellan, The Golden State: A History of the Region West of the Rocky Mountains (Philadelphia, 1878), p. 473.
Mrs. Frank Leslie, A Pleasure Trip from Gotham to the Golden Gate (New York, 1977), pp. 166-167.
Kenneth G. Goode, California's Black Pioneers: A Brief Historical Survey (Santa Barbara, Calif., 1974), p. 107.
Delilah Beasley, The Negro Trail Blazers of California (Los Angeles, 1919), p. 96.
Goode, California's Black Pioneers, p. 107.
Isabelle Saxon, Five Years within the Golden Gate (London, 1868), p. 112.
Helen Holdredge, Mammu Pleasant (New York. 1972),
Abby Mansur, letter dated Horse Shoe Bar, 12 September 1852 in Fischer, ed., Let Them Speak for Themselves, p. 49.
Frank Sands, A Pastoral Prince: The History and Reminiscences of J. W. Cooper (Santa Barbara, Calif., 1893), p. 49.
Ida Pfeiffer, A Lady's Visit to California (Oakland, Calif., 1950), p. 15.
Luzena Stanley Wilson, '49er, p. 29.
Robert G. Cleland, ed., Apron Full of Gold: The Letters of Mary Jane Megquier from San Francisco, 1849-1856 (San Marino, Calif., 1949), p. 5.
Jacob F. Hoffmann, letter dated 26 September 1850, Beinecke Library, Yale University.
Royce, A Frontier Lady, p. 109.
J. B. Borthwick, Three Years in California (Edinburgh and London, 1857), p. 56.
Royce, A Frontier Lady, p. 114.
Mrs. D. B. Bates, Incidents on Land and Water, or Four Years on the Paci- fic Coast (Boston, 1858), p. 330.
Ibid., p. 318.
Royce, A Frontier Ladu, p. 117.
Borthwick, Three Years in California, p. 378.
Robert C. Cleland, From Wilderness to Empire: A History of California, 1542-1900 (New York 1944), p. 261.
Mrs. Lee Whipple-Haslam, Early Days in California. Scenes and Events of the 50' s as I remember them (Jamestown, Calif., 1925), p. 12.
Luzena Stanley Wilson, '49er, pp. 15-16.
Jerusha Merrill, letter dated 28 October 1849, Beinecke Library, Yale Uni- versity.
Jerusha Merrill, letter dated 8 January 1851, Beinecke Library, Yale Uni- versity.
Virginia Wilcox Ivins, Pen Pictures of Early Western Days (N.p., 1905), p. 128.
Henria Packer Compton, Mary Murdoch Compton (N.p., 1953). p. 17.
Horace С Gardiner, In Pursuit of the Golden Dream. Reminiscences of San Francisco and the Northern and Southern Mines, 1849-1853, ed. Dale L. Morgan (Stoughton, Mass., 1970), p. 262.
Bailou, "I Hear the Hoas in Mu Kitchen" pp. 8-9.
Abby Mansur, letter dated Horse Shoe Bar, May 28, 1853, in Fischer, ed., Let Them Speak for Themselves, p. 53.
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