NOTES

NOTES
1
Clarence Alan McGrew, City of San Diego and San Diego County (2 vols., Chicago: The American Historical Society, 1922), I, 83-84.
2
Ibid., p. 129;
William E. Smythe, History of San Diego (San Diego: The History Company, 1907), PP-37i 413-
3
Richard Pourade, The History of San Diego: Gold in the Sun (San Diego: Union- Tribune Publishing Company, 1965), p. ii3.
4
Glenn S. Dumke, The Boom of the Eighties in Southern California (San Marino: Huntington Library, 1944), pp. 132-156.
5
Arnold Klaus, "History of the San Diego Chamber of Commerce," San Diego State College, Microfilm, 1967, p. 346.
6
Pourade, Gold in the Sun, pp. 99-118.
7
Frederick L. Ryan, The Labor Movement in San Diego : Problems and Development from 1887 to 1957 (San Diego : Bureau of Business and Economic Research, Division of Business Administration, San Diego State College, 1959), pp. 6-8.
8
Ibid., p. 10, note 13.
9
Charlotte Benz Villalobos, "Civil Liberties in San Diego: The Free Speech Fight of 1912" (Unpublished Master's Thesis, San Diego State College, 1966), p. 17.
10
Ibid., p. 16.
11
Ryan, Labor Movement in San Diego , p. 8.
12
Ibid., pp. 5, 8, i8.
13
Ibid., p. 8.
14
Philip Foner, History of the Labor Movement in the United States (4 vols., New York: International Publishers, i965), IV, 147.
15
Ralph Chaplin, "Why I Wrote Solidarity Forever," American West, V (January 1968), 18-27, 73-
16
One Big Union for All Workers (Chicago: Industrial Workers of the World, 1957), p. 31.
17
Eldridge F. Dowell, A History of Criminal Syndicalism in the United States (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins, 1939), p. 32.
18
Joseph Conlin, "The Case of the Very American Militants," American West, VII (March 1970), 4-ii.
19
Dowell, A History of Criminal Syndicalism, p. 32.
20
Foner, A History of the Labor Movement in the United States, IV, i63.
21
Foster Rhea Dulles, Labor in America (3rd ed., New York: Thomas Y. Crowell Company, 1966), pp. 2i3-2i5.
22
Hyman Weintraub, "The I.W.W. in California, 1905-1931" (Unpublished Master's Thesis, University of California, Los Angeles, 1947), P-2.
23
Dulles, Labor in America, p. 213.
24
Foner, A History of the Labor Movement in the United States, IV, 172.
25
Villalobos, "Civil Liberties in San Diego," p. 22.
26
Under "Miscellaneous Organizations" the I.W.W. is listed as "Industrial Workers of the World, Local Union No. 245 meets every Friday at 8 p.m. at 750 5th, C. B. Wolfe, President," in the San Diego City Directory, 1906 (San Diego: San Diego Directory Co., Inc.), p. 29.
27
Industrial Worker, April 31, 19 10, quoted in Weintraub, "The I.W.W. in California," p. 22.
28
Foner, A History of the Labor Movement in the United States, IV, 203 ;
Weintraub, "The I.W.W. in California," pp. 38, 272;
James Mills, "Comes the Revolution," San Diego Magazine, 11 (October 1959), 67.
29
Industrial Worker, March 12, 1910, quoted in Weintraub, "The I.W.W. in California," p. 22.
30
Industrial Worker, July 23, 1910, quoted in Weintraub, "The I.W.W. in California," p. 22.
31
Paul Brissenden, The I.W.W.: A Study of American Syndicalism (New York: Russell and Russell, 1919), p. 271.
32
Villalobos, "Civil Liberties in San Diego," p. 18;
Weintraub, "The I.W.W. in California," p. 117.
33
I.W.W. Calendar, Microfilm, University of California, Los Angeles.
34
Foner, A History of the Labor Movement tn the United States, IV, p 194.
35
Ibid.
36
San Diego Sun, reprinted in Industrial Worker, December 8, 1910, quoted in Foner, A History of the Labor Movement in the United States, IV, 194.
37
Solidarity, May 6, 1911, quoted in Foner, A History of the Labor Movement in the United States, IV, 194.
38
Villalobos, "Civil Liberties in San Diego," p. 27,
39
Ibid.
40
Theodore Schroeder, Free Speech for Radicals (New York: tree Speech League, i9i6), p. 116;
Mills, "Comes the Revolution," p. 66;
Foner, A History of the Labor Movement in the United States, IV, 194.
41
Schroeder. Free Speech for Radicals, p. 116.
42
Villalobos, "Civil Liberties in San Diego," p. 23.
43
Ordinance No. 4623, quoted in Villalobos, "Civil Liberties in San Diego," p. 23.
44
Ibid., pp. 23-24.
45
Ryan, Labor Movement in San Diego, p. 2i.
46
Lowell Blaisdell, The Desert Revolution (Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, i962), pp. 3, 26-28.
47
Foner, A History of the Labor Movement in the United States, IV, i95.
48
Blaisdell, The Desert Revolution, p. 26.
49
Foner, A History of the Labor Movement in the United States, IV, i95
50
San Diego Union, December 6, 191 1, quoted in Villalobos, "Civil Liberties in San Diego," p. 27.
51
Schroeder, Free Speech for Radicals, p. 117;
Mills, "Comes the Revolution," p. 67.
52
Villalobos, "Civil Liberties in San Diego," p. 29.
53
Ibid., pp. 29-30.
54
Schroeder, Free Speech for Radicals, p. ii7.
55
Villalobos, "Civil Liberties in San Diego," p. 30.
56
Harris Weinstock, Report to His Excellency the Governor of California on the Disturbances in the City and County of San Diego in 1912 (Sacremento: State Printing Office, 1912), p. 10.
57
Schroeder, Free Speech for Radicals, p. ii8.
58
Villalobos, "Civil Liberties in San Diego," p. 31.
59
San Diego Sun, January 10, 29, 1912, as quoted in ibid., pp. 32, 37.
60
Villalobos, "Civil Liberties in San Diego," p. 33;
San Diego Evening Tribune, January 23, 191 2.
61
Villalobos, "Civil Liberties in San Diego," p. 37.
62
Schroeder, Free Speech for Radicals, p. 117.
63
Ibid.
64
Villalobos, "Civil Liberties in San Diego," p. 38.
65
Ibid., p. 35.
66
Weintraub, "The I.W.W. in California," p. 38;
Villalobos, "Civil Liberties in San Diego," p. 36.
67
Schroeder, Free Speech for Radicals, p. 118.
68
San Diego Sun, January 12, 1912, p. 1, quoted in Villalobos, "Civil Liberties in San Diego," p. 36.
69
Villalobos, "Civil Liberties in San Diego," p. 39.
70
San Diego Union, February io, 1912;
Villalobos, Civil Liberties in San Diego, p. 40.
71
San Diego Sun, February 15, 1912;
Villalobos, "Civil Liberties in San Diego," P. 45-
72
Villalobos, "Civil Liberties in San Diego," p. 43.
73
Villalobos, "Civil Liberties in San Diego," p. 44.
74
Schroeder, Free Speech for Radicals, p. 123.
75
San Diego Sun, February 15, 1912, as quoted in Villalobos, "Civil Liberties m San Diego," p. 46.
76
San Diego Evening Tribune, February 14, 1912;
Villalobos, Civil .Liberties in San Diego," p. 46.
77
Villalobos, "Civil Liberties in San Diego," p. 46.
78
San Francisco Call, February 19, 1912, as quoted in Weintraub, "The I.W.W. in California," p. 39.
79
Foner, A History of the Labor Movement in the United States, IV, 174.
80
Schroeder, Free Speech for Radicals, p. 121.
81
Melvyn Dubofsky, We Shall Be All: A History of the Industrial Workers of the World (Chicago: Quadrangle Books, 1969), p. 190.
82
Mills, "Comes the Revolution," p. 99;
Villalobos, "Civil Liberties in San Diego," p. i.
83
Weintraub, "The I.W.W. in California," p. 38.
84
Schroeder, Free Speech for Radicals, p. 125.
85
Oakland World, March 16, 1912.
86
Villalobos, "Civil Liberties in San Diego," p. 50.
87
Oakland World. March 23, 1912.
88
Weintraub, "The I.W.W. in California," p. 41 ;
Villalobos, "Civil Liberties in San Diego," p. 52;
Foner, A History of the Labor Movement in the United States, IV, 197.
89
Carey McWilliams, Southern California Country (New York: Duell, Sloan and Pearce, Inc., 1946), p. 288.
90
San Diego Evening Tribune, March 4, 1912;
Foner, A History of the Labor Move- ment in the United State, IV, 106;
Villalobos, "Civil Liberties in San Diego," p. 48.
91
Dubofsky, We Shall Be All, p. 191.
92
San Diego Sun, April 1, 1912;
Villalobos, "Civil Liberties in San Diego," p. 56.
93
Foner, A History of the Labor Movement in the United States, IV, 197.
94
Villalobos, "Civil Liberties in San Diego," pp. 58-59.
95
San Diego Union, April 12, 191 2.
96
Weintraub, "The I.W.W. in California," p. 43.
97
Mills, "Comes the Revolution," p. 67.
98
Dubofsky, We Shall Be All, p. 191.
99
Colonel George Ruhlen, San Diego Historical Society, Serra Museum, San Diego, California.
100
San Diego Herald, reprinted in Industrial Worker, May 1, 1912, as quoted in Foner, A History of the Labor Movement in the United States, IV, 198.
102
I.W.W. Convention Proceedings, 1913, Microfilm, University of California, Los Angeles, p. 102.
103
Schroeder, Free Speech for Radicals, p. 138.
104
Dubofsky, We Shall Be All, p. 192.
105
Weinstock, Report on the Disturbances in San Dieso, pp. 16-17.
106
Oakland World, May 21, 1912.
107
Weinstock, Report on the Disturbances in San Diego, p. 22.
108
Villalobos, "Civil Liberties in San Diego," p. 75.
109
Weintraub, "The I.W.W. in California," p. 43.
110
Villalobos, "Civil Liberties in San Diego," p. 83.
111
Dubofsky, We Shall Be All, p. 192.
112
Emma Goldman, Living My Life (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1931), pp. 500- 501 ;
Weintraub, "The I.W.W. in California," pp. 54-56.
113
Weintraub, "The I.W.W. in California," p. 45.
114
Villalobos, "Civil Liberties in San Diego," p. 90.
115
Weintraub, "The I.W.W. in California," p. 45.
116
Foner, A History of the Labor Movement in the United States, IV, 202.
117
Ibid., p. 203.
118
Dubofsky, We Shall Be All, p. 194.
119
Ibid., p. 195.
120
Ibid., p. 196.
121
Foner, A History of the Labor Movement in the United States, IV, 204.
122
Ibid.
123
George Edwards, "Free Speech in San Diego, Mother Earth, 10 (July 1915), 182.
124
San Diego City Directory, 1914, p. 137,
125
Gibbs M. Smith, Joe Hill (Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press, 1969), p. 62.
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