NOTES

NOTES
1
Spencer Crump, Ride the Big Red Cars (Los Angeles, 1962), p. 47 ff.
2
Los Angeles Board of Public Utilities (hereafter PUB), Report No. One: Valuation of Street and Interurban Railway Lines in the City of Los Angeles (Los Angeles, 1914)» p. 29;
California Railroad Commission [hereafter CRC], Report, 1918-1919 (Sacra- mento, 1919), pp. 10-12;
H. Z. Osborne, Jr., to PUB, Application No. 4238. Letter of Transmittal, Oct. 10, 191 9 (reproduced from typewritten copy, Los Angeles Public Library), p. 1 ;
"Los Angeles Railway Corporation [hereafter LARY] Statement - Railway and Consumer Financial Relations -191 1-1926," in Municipal League of Los Angeles, Bulletin: Light on Your City's Affairs, June 25, 1927, pp. 4-5 ;
CRC Decisions (Sacramento, 1928), XXXI, 388.
3
CRC Engineering Department, Application 4238.
Report on Service, Operating and Financial Conditions of the Los Angeles Railway Corporation (Los Angeles, 1919)» pp. 8-36;
CRC Decisions (Sacramento, 1921), XIX, 980-1002;
XXXI, 385, (Sacra- mento, 1928);
CRC Report, 1918-1919, p. 14;
Ira L. Swett, Los Angeles Railway (Los Angeles, 195 1), p. 44;
Automobile Club of Southern California, The Los Angeles Traffic Problem (Los Angeles, 1922), p. 15;
Electric Railway Journal (hereafter ERJ), LVI (August 28, 1920), 440; (October 2, 1920), 690.
4
CRC Decisions, XIX, 999.
5
Ibid., pp. 1001-1002;
ERJ, LVII (June 4, 1921), 1058;
(June 11, 1921), "O3Î "LARY Statement . . . 1911-1926."
6
W. A. Prole, quoted in Los Angeles Record, March 21, 1922.
7
CRC Decisions, XXXI, 388;
Donald M. Baker, A Rapid Transit System for Los Angeles (Los Angeles, 1933), P-22a.
8
Ibid.
American Transit Association (hereafter ATA), Fare Structures in the Transit Industry (New York, 1933), P-4-
9
G. E. Van Guysling to Los Angeles Times, March 1. i9^7-
10
LARY, "Azuride: Thoughts by the Trolley Philosopher" (Haynes Collection, Government and Public Affairs Reading Room, UCLA). See also ATA, Fare Structures, P. 5.
11
Delos Wilcox, Analysis of the Electric Railway Problem (New York, 1921), pp. 532-533-,
12
Paul R. Watkins, an LARY attorney, quoted in ERJ, LXXII (August 4, 1928), 198.
14
Baker, A Rapid Transit System for Los Angeles, p. 22a;
CRC, App. 423$y P-33 Î
Record, November 22, 1926.
Richard Sachse, Municipal League Bulletin, December 31, 1926, pp. 1, 3.
15
24 CRC 39.
Dudley Pegrum, Rate Theories and the California Railroad Commission (Berkeley, 1932), p. 39.
18
Los Angeles Express, December 21, 1904 (clipping, Haynes Collection);
Charles Mohler, "Public Utility Regulation by Los Angeles," Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Sciences, LIII (Philadelphia, 1914), 108-118;
CRC Report, 1918-1919, p. 14;
Times, September 9, 1922;
City Club of Los Angeles, Report on Government Ownership of Public Utility Service Undertakings (Los Angeles, 1917), P-38.
17
W. B. Mathews to J. R. Haynes, October 1, 1925 (Haynes Collection).
18
Commons, Municipal and Private Ownership of Public Utilities (New York, 1907), I, Pt. x, p. 119;
U. S. Bureau of the Census, Census of Electrical Industries: 1927 (Washington, D.C., 1931), PP-167-176.
19
CRC, App. 4238, pp. 22-25;
Tax Facts (November 1926), pp. 25, 28 (Haynes Collection).
Oliver Erickson, Municipal League Bulletin, December 31, 1926, p. 3»
Alfred C. Ingersoll (interview), "Transportation: What's Ahead for Southern California,'* Westways, LX (March 1968), 14.
20
Bulletin, December 31, 1926, p. 3 ; February 28, 1927, p. 3
21
John Morgan, "Our American Mayors: VIII. Mayor George E. Cryer of Los Angeles," National Municipal Review, XVIII (January 1928), 27-32.
22
Record, March 22 and 28, 1927.
23
"Editorial Comment," XVII (May 1928), 251.
24
The American City: A Problem in Democracy (New York, 1906), p. 33.
25
Frederick L. Bird, Foreward to Wilcox's The Administration of Municipally Owned Utilities (New York, 1931), p. ii.
26
ERJ, LXIX (May 14, 1927), 851.
H. M. Olmstead, "Death of Dr. Wilcox," National Municipal Review, XVII (May 1928), 311.
27
Wilcox to Katherine Edson, December 27, 1912 (Edson Papers, Department of Special Collections, UCLA).
Record, March 17, 1927.
28
Willis J. Spaulding to the Public Ownership League of America, Toronto, September 1923 (Edson Papers).
29
Times, April 12, 1927.
31
Times, May 2, 1927;
32
Wilcox, Preliminary Report on Local Transportation Policy (Los Angeles, 1927), P. [17].
33
"Memorandum on Purchase of Los Angeles Railway," Municipal League Bulletin, June 25, 1927, p. 4.
34
Address at the City Club, cited in Record, May 12, 1927.
35
Record, May 4, 1927.
36
Examiner, May 17, 1927.
37
Times, May 21, 1927.
"The Persistence of Progressivism in the 1920's: The Case of California," Pacific Historical Review, XXXV (November 1966), 399.
38
Times, May 17, 1927; March 2, 1928.
39
Times, May 14, 1927;
Examiner, May 14, 1927.
40
Times, May 19, 1927.
41
Record, May 18 and 30, 1927;
Times, May 19, 1927.
42
Wilcox, Preliminary Report, p. [18].
43
Ibid.
Huntington was actually 77.
45
Record, May 27, 1927.
46
George Kuhrts, quoted in Times, May 15, 1927.
47
CRC Decisions, XXX, 48;
XXXI, 391.
48
Ira Swett, Los Angeles Railway All Time Roster (Los Angeles, 1952), pp. 38-39;
Headlights: The Magazine of Electric Rßilways (April 1963), 2;
Joe R. Ong, A Report on Some of the Problems of Operation of the Los Angeles Railway, July 31, J923 (reproduced from typewritten copy, Southern California Rapid Transit District Library), pp. 55-56;
PUB, Twelfth Annual Report (Los Angeles, 1921), pp. 80-82;
H. G. Weeks to CRC, cited in Times, August 11, 1927.
Harold E. Cox, The Birney Car (Forty Fort, Pa., 1966)
49
CRC Decisions, XXXI, 384-390.
50
Lamar Lyndon, Rate Making for Public Utilities (New York, 1923), pp. 176-181.
Pegrum, Rate Theories and the California Railroad Commission, esp. 44-55, criticizes the CRC's rate-making policy.
Edward Mason, The Street Railway Industry in Massachusetts: The Rise and Decline of an Industry (Cambridge, Mass., 1932), pp. 4~5-
51
Times, August 26 and 31, 1927.
52
CRC, App. 4238, pp. 3O-34-
53
Ong, Report, pp. 92-93;
Record, May 18, 1927.
Ong, Report, pp. 39-48.
54
CRC Decisions, XXXI, 391.
Russell Posner, "The Progressive Voters League, 1923-26," California Historical Society Quarterly, XXXVI (September i957)> 253.
55
Times, April 14, 1928.
56
CRC Decisions, XXXI, 661.
57
CRC Report, IQ2Q-IQ30 (Sacramento, 1930), p. 245.
Carl Wheat, Practice and Procedure Before the Railroad Commission of California (Sacramento, 1927), p. 35.
58
Times, July 9 and 25, August 8, 1928;
Record, July 25, 1928;
ERJ, LXXII (July 7, 1928), 29; (August 4, 1928), 198; (September 22, 1928), 535.
59
29 Fed. (2nd) 140
CRC Report, 1929-1930, p. 245.
60
Citizen, September 14, 1928 (clipping, Haynes Collection).
61
Times, September 14, 1928.
62
Ibid., October 22, 1928.
63
ERJ, LXXIII (November 1929), 1079.
64
Carl B. Swisher, American Constitutional Development (Boston, 1943), p. 821.
Smyth v. Ames (169 U. S. 466), decided by the court in 1898.
66
Supreme Court Reporter, October Term, 1929, pp. 7I-74.
66
Ibid., p. 78.
67
American Epoch (New York, 1956), p. 274.
68
ERJ News, January 1 1, 1930, p. 2.
69
Times, December 3 and 24, 1929, January 7, 1930;
70
Carl Wheat, quoted in Record, July 25, 1928.
71
Record, December 2, 1929.
72
PUB, Twenty-First Annual Report (Los Angeles, 1930), p. 62.
73
American Electric Railway Association, The Urban Transportation Problem (New York, 1932), p. 19.
74
Frank Rowsome, Trolley Car Treasury (New York, 1956), p. 177.
75
Robert M. Fogelson, The Fragmented Metropolis: Los Angeles, 1850-IÇ30 (Cam- bridge, Mass., 1967), p. 164, also pp. 245-246.
78
Lewis Mumford, The City in History (New York, 1961), p. 510.
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