NOTES

NOTES
1
Frederick W Hodge (ed.), Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico (2 vols., Washington, D.C., 1907), I, Preface, v.
3
Malika (Mrs. Frances Stillman, b. 1910);
Oach (Mrs. Lizzie Kimball Hood, b. 1880, d. 1963);
Atalk hear (Harry Lewis, b. 1880);
Auva halyevatch (Charles Hamilton, b. 1881);
Gottah (Mrs. Kate Wellman Bryan, b. 1867, d. 1965);
Achee hemack (Robert Jenkins, b. 1897, d. 1964);
Boudha Whev (Mrs. Henrietta Graves Peterson, b. 1898).
Fort Mojave Tribal Council, 1961-1964
5
A. L. Kroeber, "Seven Mohave Myths" in Anthropological Records, 11 (1948), 56, 60.
6
A. L. Kroeber, "Report on Aboriginal Territory and Occupancy of the Mohave Tribe," (n.p., 1953), pp. 1-79.
7
The Clan System of the Fort Mojave Indians: A Contemporary Survey (Los Angeles, 1965), a hardback reprint of the study pub- lished in the Southern California Quarterly, XLVII (March 1965), 1-72.
9
Hodge (ed.), Handbook of American Indians, I, 921.
Erwin G. Gudde, California Place Names (Berkeley and Los Angeles, i960), p. 195,
10
Hodge (ed.), Handbook of American Indians, I, 919.
12
Herbert E. Bolton, "Father Escobar's Relation of the Oñate Expedition to Cali- fornia" Catholic Historical Review, V (April 1919), Amacava, pp. 28-29, 31, 38; Amacavas, p. 32.
George E Hammond and Agapito Rey, Don Juan de Oñate, Colonizer of New Mexico, 1595-1625 (2 vols., Albuquerque, 1953), II: Amauaca, pp. 1017, 1019;
Amacaua, pp. 1019, 1021;
Amacaba, pp. 1017, 1019.
13
Bolton, "Father Escobar's Relation" p. 19.
14
Hubert H. Bancroft, History of the Pacific States: Arizona and New Mexico (39 vols., San Francisco, 1888), XII: Amacava, Amacavas, pp. 155-156.
15
Charles E Lummis, "Pioneers of the Far West. The Translation of Fray Zarate Salmerón's 'Relación' of Events in California and New Mexico from 1538 to 1625" Land of Sunshine, XI (December 1899) and XII (January 1900), XI: Amacava, p. 48; XII: Amacavas, p. 104; Amacabos, p. 105.
Herbert E. Bolton, Spanish Explorations of the Southwest, 1542-1706 (Reprinted; New York, 1963), Amacava, p. 270; Amacavas, p. 271; Amacabos, p. 273.
Zarate Salmerón's Relaciones in book form: Alicia Ronstadt Milich (tr. and ed.), Relaciones (Albuquerque, 1966), Amacava, pp. 66, 67; Amacabos, p. 69.
16
Elliott Coues (ed. and tr.), On the Trail of a Spanish Pioneer: The Diary and Itinerary of Francesco Garces, Missionary Priest, in His Travels in Arizona and Cali- fornia, 1775-1776 (2 vols., New York, 1900), I, 160-199.
John Galvin (ed.), A Record of Travels in Arizona and California, 1775-1776, Fr. Francisco Garces, A New Translation (San Francisco, 1965), pp. 14-25.
17
Herbert E. Bolton (ed.), Anza's California Expeditions (5 vols., Berkeley, 1930), II» 339, 365, 383-384, 391.
(Soyopa, p. 365;
Soyopas, pp. 339, 365, 383-384, 391.
18
Coues (ed.), Garces Diary, I, 209-210; Galvin
(ed.), Garces Travels, pp. 28-29.
19
Coues, (ed.), Garces Diary, I, 213;
Galvin (éd.), Garces Travels, p. 29.
20
Coues (ed.), Garces Diary, II, 445.
Galvin (ed.), Garces Travels, p. 91,
21
Coues (ed.), Garces Diary, I: Jamajab, pp. 216, 219, 226, 235, 241-243; Jamajabs, pp. 203, 210, 267-269, 302-303; II: Jamajab, pp. 321, 434; Jamajabs, pp. 318, 343, 414-418.
Galvin (ed.), Garces Travels, Jamajab, pp. 32-33, 36-37, 39-40, 62; Jamajabs, pp. 30-32, 44-47, 57-61.
22
Bolton (ed.), Anza's California Expeditions, II, 46-47, 167-169, 263, 266.
"Anza's Complete Diary" Soiopa, pp. 46-47,
Soyopa, pp. 167-169;
"Diaz's Diary from Tubac to San Gabriel" Soyopa, p. 263, Soyopas, p. 266.
23
Bolton, "Eixarch's Diary" pp. 351, 357, 362, 363.
24
Bolton (ed.), Anza's California Expeditions, III, contains "Eixarch's Diary of His Winter on the Colorado!' Eixarch used: Soyopa or Jamajab, p. 351; Jamajab, p. 357; Jamajabs, pp. 362-363, 380.
25
Bolton (ed.), Anza's California Expeditions, IV, contains "Font's Complete Diary of the Second Anza Expedition!' Font records: Jamajab, p. 250;
Tomascabos, 399; P-footnote, p. 399,
Jamajá, p. 438
26
Harrison С Dale, The Ashley-Smith Explorations and the Discovery of a Central Route to the Pacific (Glendale, Calif., 1941), Ammuchabas, p. 185,
Smith's letter to General William Clark, Superintendent of Indian Affairs, dated July 12, 1827,
27
Dale L. Morgan, Jedediah Smith (New York, 1953), Ammuchabas, p. 335,
Smith's letter to Clark, July 12, 1827;
Amuchaba (village), p. 238,
Amuchabas, p. 352,
Smith to his brother Ralph Smith, December 24, 1829,
Maurice S. Sullivan, The Travels of Jedediah Smith (Santa Ana, Calif., 1954), Amuchaba (village), p. 28;
Amuchaba, Amuchabas, p. 34,
28
Traits of American Indian Life and Character (London, 1853), pp. 18-20,
Alice B. Maloney, "Peter Skene Ogden's Trapping Expedition to the Gulf of California, 1829-30" Cali- fornia Historical Society Quarterly, XIX (December 1940), 308-316,
John Scaglione (ed.), "Ogden's Report of his 1829-1830 Expedition;' ibid., XXVIII (June 1949), 117-124.
29
Joseph J. Hill, "New Light on Pattie and the Southwestern Fur Trade;' South- western Historical Quarterly, XXVI (April 1923), 243-254.
30
Reuben Gold Thwaites (ed.), Early Western Travels 1748-1846;
Pattie's Per- sonal Narrative (Cleveland, 1905), Mohawa, p. 133.
Milo Milton Quaife (ed.), The Personal Life of James Ohio Pattie of Kentucky (Chicago, 1930), Mohawa, p. 143.
31
Thwaites (ed.), Pattie9 s Personal Narrative, pp. 134; 133-
Quaife (ed.), Pattie of Kentucky, pp. 143-147.
33
Charles L. Camp (ed.), George С Yount and His Chronicles of the West - Comprising Extracts from His "Memoirs" and from the Orange Clark "Narrative" (Denver, 1966), Mohavies, pp. 34-35;
Mahauvies, pp. 48, 49, 51.
34
Ibid., p. xv.
35
Blanche С Grant (ed.), Kit Carson's Own Story of His Life As dictated to Col. and Mrs. D. C. Peters about 1856-57 and never before published (Taos, New Mexico, 1926), Mohave, p. 14,
Milo Milton Quaife (ed), Kit Carson9 s Autobiography (Chicago, 1935), p. 12.
36
Grant (ed.), Kit Carson's Own Story, pp. 18-19.
37
Brevet Captain J[ohn] C[harles] Fremont, Narrative of the Exploring Expedi- tion to the Rocky Mountains in the Year 1842;
Oregon and North California in the Years 1843-4 (New York, Philadelphia, Cincinnati, 1846), Mohahave (Indians), Mohahve river, pp. 160-161;
Mo-hah-va river, p. 172.
Ibid., p. 157.
Samuel M. Smucker, The Life of Col. John Charles Fremont and His Narrative of Exploration and Adventures in Kansas, Nebraska, Oregon and California. The Memoir Mohahve (New York, 1881), pp. 442-44,3.
38
Dewitt C. Peters, The Life and Adventures of Kit Carson, the Nestor of the Rocky Mountains from Facts Narrated by Himself (New York, 1859), Mohave, pp. 34-35.
Dewitt C. Peters, Kit Carson's Life and Adventures, from Facts Narrated by Himself, Embracing Events in the Life-time of America's Greatest Hunter, Trapper, Scout and Guide, Including Vivid Accounts of the Every Day Life and Character, and Peculiar Customs of All Indian Tribes of the Far West (Hartford, 1874), pp. 40-41.
M. Morgan Estergreen, Kit Carson, A Portrait in Courage (Norman, 1962) pp. 39-40.
40
Captain L[orenzo] Sitgreaves, Report of an Expedition Down the Zuni and Colorado Rivers, 32nd Cong., 2nd Sess., Senate Exec. Doc. 59 (Washington, D.C., 1853), Mohaves, pp. 15, 18. Report also published in 33rd Cong., 1st Sess., Senate Exec. Doc. (Washington, D.C., 1854), Mohaves, pp. 15, 18.
41
Edward F Beale, "Wagon Road from Fort Defiance to the Colorado River" in Report of the Secretary of War, 1858, 35th Cong., ist Sess., House Exec. Doc. 124 (Washington, D.C., 1859), Mohaves, pp. 74, 75.
John W Caughey (ed.), The Indians of Southern California in 1852 (San Marino, 1952), Mojaves, pp. 2, 7;
Mohaves, pp. 53, 66.
Edward F Beale, "Wagon Road from Fort Smith to Colorado River" in Report of the Secretary of War i860, 36th Cong., ist Sess., House Exec. Doc. 42 (Washington, D.C., i860), Mohaves, p. 49.
42
Richard H. Kern, "Diary" an unpublished manuscript of his trip with Sitgreaves' expedition in 1851,
Amajaves, Amaghaves, October 29, November 1, 7, 8, 15, 16, 1851.
43
Lieutenant A[miel] Wfeeks] Whipple, "Report of Explorations for a Railroad Route near the Thirty-fifth Parallel of North Latitude, from the Mississippi River to the Pacific Ocean" in Reports of Explorations and Surveys to Ascertain the Most Practicable and Economical Route for a Railroad from the Mississippi River to the Pacific Ocean, 33rd Cong., 2nd Sess., Senate Exec. Doc. 78 (Washington, D.C., 1856), III, Pt. I. pp. 112-126,
Whipple Report. (This report was also published as 33rd. Cong., 2nd. Sess., House Exec. Doc. pl.)
44
Baldwin Möllhausen, Diary of a Journey from the Mississippi to the Pacific Coasts (2 vols., London, 1858), I, p. 46,
45
Kern in their writing of 1851,
Forbes Parkhill, The Blazed Trail of Antoine Leroux (Los Angeles, 1965).
Gwinn Harris Heap, Central Route to the Pacific from the Valley of the Mississippi to California: Journal of the Expedition (Philadelphia, London, 1854), pp. 17-22, 61.
Heap refers to the Mojave River as the Mohaveh, pp. 103, 107-109.
46
Edward S. Curtis, The North American Indian (20 vols., Cambridge, 1908), II: Mohave, pp. 47-59;
Hummahaba, Mojave, p. 47.
47
A[lfred] L. Kroeber, Handbook of the Indians of California (Washington, D.C., 1925), Mohave, pp. 726-780;
Hamakhava, p. 727.
48
Whipple Report, Pt. III, p. 102,
49
Ibid., Pt. III, p. 16,
50
Lieutenant Joseph C. Ives, Report Upon the Colorado River of the West, 36th Cong., ist Sess., Senate Exec. Doc. (Washington, D.C., 1851).
Ives speaks of Mojave and Mojaves repeatedly, pp. 66-98.
51
R. B. Stratton, Captivity of the Oatman Girls: Being an Interesting Narrative of Life Among the Apache and Mohave Indians (New York, 1858), pp. 150-278
52
Missouri Republican, November 9, 1859, reprinted in Robert G. Cleland, Cattle on a Thousand Hills (San Marino, Calif., 1951), pp. 264-273,
53
John Udell, Journal of John Udell Kept During a Trip Across the Plains, Con- taining an Account of the Massacre of a Portion of His Party By the Mohave Indians, in 1858 (Suisun City, 1859; reprinted by the Yale University Library, 1952), p. 32,
54
Report of the Secretary of War 1859, 36th Cong., 1 st Sess., Senate Exec. Doc. No. 2 (Washington, D.C., i860), II, 387-394, 401-422, 454-456.
55
Ibid., p. 405
56
Report of Peter R. Brady, dated October 9, 1860,
57
Letter from Major G[ranville] O. Haller, formerly commanding Fort Mojave, dated January 28, 1862,
Mojave Indian Tribe by Commissioner of Indian Affairs, Charles H. Burke, on August 14, 1922.
58
Records of United States Army Commands, Record Group No. 98: "Letters Sent" Fort Mojave, Arizona Territory, 1859-1861; 1863-1890.
Also Records of United States Army Commands, Adjutant General's Office, Record Group No. 94: "Muster Rolls, Fort Mojave" Na- tional Archives
59
" Arizona Superintendency" in Annual Reports of the Secretary of the Interior Interior, 1864-1871 (Washington, D.C,
1865-1872); "Colorado River Agency" in Reports of the Secretary of the Interior, 1866-1900 (Washington, D.C, 1867-1901);
"Reports of Superintendents of Schools, Fort Mojave" in Annual Reports of the Secretary of the Interior, 1891-1930 (Washington, D.C 1892-1931).
60
Report upon United States Geographical Surveys West of the One Hundredth Meridian (7 vols., Washington, D.C, 1889).
Loew are published in the Annual Report . . . (Washington, D.C, 1879), VII, 424-465, 480-481.
Annual Report . . . (Washington, D.C, 1876), pp. 339-342.
61
Curtis, The North American Indian, II, 46-60;
Hummahaba, p. 47.
62
A. L. Kroeber, "California Place Names of Indian Origin" American Archeology and Ethnology, XII (June 15, 1916): Hamakhava, p. 43.
Kroeber, Handbook of Indians of California, p. 727.
63
An exammation ot the variations of the tribal name listed in the tian&book of American Indians, I, 921,
John R. Bartlett, Personal Narrative of Explorations and Incidents . . . Connected with the United States and Mexican Boundary Commission (2 vols., New York, 1854),
Julius Froebel in his book, Seven Years1 Travel in Central America, Northern Mexico, and the Far West of the United States (London, 1859), p. 511,
A Journey to Great Salt Lake City (2 vols., London, 1861), II, 441:
Hubert H. Bancroft. In his History of California (7 vols., San Francisco, 1884-1890),
"On February 19th Garces started up the [Colorado] river to visit the Yama- jabs, as the Mojaves were originally called!' I, 274-275.
"On May 29th [1819] a party of twenty-two Amajavas, the Mojaves of later times, arrived at San Buena- ventura to trade with the neophites" II, 332.
Writing of Jedediah Smith's 1826 party, he states, "The Amajabes of the Colorado treated the party well" III, 154.
64
Curtis, The North American Indian, II, 47.
65
Henry P. Ewing, "The Havasu-pai Indians!' in The Great Divide, VIII (De- cember 1892), 203-204.
66
Albert S. Gatchet, "Classification into Seven Linguistic Stocks of Western In- dian Dialects Contained in Forty Vocabularies;' in Annual Report . . . , VII, Arche- ology, Appendix, p. 415.
George M. Wheeler's Colorado River expedition in 1871;
Kroeber observed, "They [the Mohave] think in terms of themselves as a national entity, the Hama- khava" Handbook of Indians of California, p. 727.
67
(Washington, D.C., 1905), p. 211.
68
Hodge (ed.), Handbook of American Indians, I, 919.
69
Arthur Woodward, Feud on the Colorado (Los Angeles, 1955), pp. 97-104,
"Re- port of Lieut. J. L. White & Party of Exploration of the Rio Colorado" dated Janu- ary 20, 1878.
70
Arthur Woodward (ed.), Journal of Lt. Thomas W. Sweeny, 1849-1853 (Los Angeles, 1956), pp. 211, 258.
71
Report from Brevet Major Samuel P. Heintzleman, commanding Fort Yuma, dated March 16, 1852,
72
Whipple, Report, Pt. IV, p. 5;
Handbook of American Indians, I, 921.
73
Letter from Lieutenant Sylvester Mowry, commanding Fort Yuma, dated February 14, 1857,
74
Whipple, Report, Pt. IV, pp. vi-195.
A. A. Humphreys, in Charge of the Office of U.S. Pacific Railroads Explora- tion and Surveys. Dated September 23, 1856,
Lieutenant R. S. Williamson, Report of Explorations in California for Railroad Routes to Connect with Routes near the 35th and 32a Parallels of North Latitude (Washington, D.C., 1856), V, Pt. II, 1-310,
75
Whipple, Report, Pt. IV, p. 5.
76
Ibid., Map No. 2.
77
Coues (ed.), Garces Diary, I, 226.
78
Hodge (ed.), Handbook of American Indians, 1, 919.
79
Will C. Barnes' Arizona Place Names, revised and enlarged by Byrd H. Granger (Tucson, i960), p. 200.
"The Needles" p. 217,
80
Kroeber, "California Place Names of Indian Origin" p. 43.
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