NOTES

NOTES
1
Pasadena Independent, December 29, 1960;
A. D. Griffin, "Arroyo Seco: Pasa- dena Freeway, First in West, Has 20th Birthday" California Highways and Public Works, XL (January-February 1961), 58.
Griffin, "20th Birth- day," С.Н.Р. (January-February 1961).
2
Los Angeles Park Commission, The Arroyo Seco Parkway: A Brief Discussion of the Proposed Arroyo Seco Parkway and Its Relation to a Boulevard from the Mountains to the Sea (Los Angeles. 1913), pp. 3-8.
3
A. N. George, "Arroyo Seco Parkway Extension Adds Four Southbound Traffic Lanes," С.Н.Р.W, XXII (January-February 1944), 4.
4
[Los Angeles] Central Business District Associates and Affiliates, A Quarter Century of Activities: 1924-1949 (Los Angeles, [1950?]), p. 14.
5
Los Angeles Times, May 22, 1928
6
Ibid., December 4, 1928.
Lloyd Aldrich, Los Angeles City Engineer, to the Pub- lic Works Committee of the Honorable Council of the City of Los Angeles, Los An- geles, January 14, 1935.
7
Ibid.
8
Ibid.
9
Los Angeles City Council, Minutes, March 26, 1931, Vol. 225, pp. 455-456, and April 7, 1931, Vol. 225, p. 691.
10
Ibid., August 24, 1931, Vol. 229, p. 175.
11
Los Angeles City Archives: Petitions, #5673 (1931).
12
Aldrich to Public Works Committee, Los Angeles, January 14, 1935, Traffic Ass'n;
C. J. Shults, Engineer of Street Design, to the Honorable Council of the City of Los Angeles, May 8, 1931, Los Angeles City Archives: Petitions, #2217 (1931);
Los Angeles City Council, Minutes, May 11, 1931, Vol. 226, p. 528, and May 28, 1931, Vol. 227, p. 91;
City Engineer to the Public Works Committee, Los Angeles, June 28, 1932, Los Angeles City Archives: Petitions, #2217 (1931).
13
Aldrich to Public Works Committee, Los Angeles, January 14, 1935, Traffic Ass'n;
Public Works Committee to the Los Angeles City Council, January 6, 1932, Los Angeles City Archives: Petitions, #9351 (1931).
14
Los Angeles City Council, Minutes, June 13, 1932, Vol. 234, p. 636.
15
Jesse W Ivers to the City Council, Los Angeles, May 26, 1932, Los Angeles City Archives: Petitions, #2626 (1932);
U. M. Jones, Chairman of the Home Protective Association, to the City Council, June 7, 1932, Los Angeles City Archives: Petitions, #2742 (1932);
Los Angeles City Council, Minutes, June 8, 1932, Vol. 234, p. 580.
16
Ibid., p. 585;
Public Works Committee to City Council, Los Angeles, June 8, 1932, Los Angeles City Archives: Petitions, #2737 (1932);
Aldrich to Public Works Committee, Los Angeles, January 14, 1935, Traffic Ass'n.
17
Board of Public Works to City Council, Los Angeles, June 15, 1932, Los Angeles City Archives: Petitions #2737 (1932);
Los Angeles City Council, Minutes, June 16, 1932, Vol. 234, p. 697.
18
Eleanor L. Roehl, Secretary Arroyo Seco Improvement Association, to Charles H. Randall, President Los Angeles City Council, Los Angeles, June 11, 1932, Los Angeles City Archives: Petitions, #2910 (1932) ;
G. B. Arbogast, (et al.,) to Whom It May Concern, June 24, 1932, South Pasadena City Hall, File 794 Freeway (subse- quently cited South Pasadena City Hall, 794);
Los Angeles Times, June 28, 1932;
M. G. Potts, Secretary Pasadena Realty Board, to the Honorable City Council, Pasa- dena, July 14, 1932, Los Angeles City Archives: Petitions, #3398 (1932);
Mrs. Charles H. Richmond, President Los Angeles League of Women Voters, to Charles H. Randall, Los Angeles, August 5, 1932, ibid., #3794 (1932), and Los Angeles City Council, Minutes, June 21, 1932, Vol. 234, p. 770; July 18, 1932, Vol. 235, p. 349; August 10, 1932, Vol. 235, p. 688; August 26, 1932, Vol. 236, p. 142.
19
Los Angeles City Archives: Petitions, #3266 (1932).
Los Angeles Times, June 28, 1932.
20
J. J. Hasset, Secretary Board of Park Commissioners, to the City Council, Los Angeles, September 30, 1932, Los Angeles City Archives: Petitions, #3266 (1932);
Los Angeles City Council, Minutes, October 3, 1932, Vol. 236, p. 625.
21
Aldrich to the Public Works Committee and to the Parks and Playground Com- mittee of the Honorable City Council of Los Angeles, Los Angeles, November 2, 1932, Los Angeles City Archives: Petitions, #3266 (1932);
Aldrich to Public Works Committee, Los Angeles, January 14, 1935, Traffic Ass'n.
22
Ibid.;
Los Angeles City Council, Minutes, November 18, 1932, Vol. 237, p. 385.
23
J. H. Lester, Secretary Fourteenth District Federated Association, to City Coun- cil, Los Angeles, November 25, 1932, Los Angeles City Archives: Petitions, #3266 (1932);
William P. Kelley, President, and R. H. Heath, Secretary Arroyo Seco Im- provement Association, to the City Council of Los Angeles, November 22, 1932, ibid., #5909 (1932).
Paul Hagstrom to City Council, Los Angeles, December 12, 1932, ibid., #6285 (1932),
Los Ange- les City Council, Minutes, December 16, 1932 (Highland Glen Improvement Ass'n), Vol. 237, p. 726;
December 22, 1932 (Los Angeles Traffic Ass'n), Vol. 237, p. 795;
December 29, 1932 (Highland Park Chamber of Commerce), Vol. 238, p. 45;
Janu- ary 23, 1933 (R. D. Whittice), Vol. 238, p. 325.
25
Personal interview with Harrison R. Baker, Sr., Pasadena, April 23, 1963;
T. D. Allen, Chairman, and Harrison R. Baker, Vice Chairman Pasadena City Planning Commission, to the Honorable Board of City Directors, Pasadena, August 14, 1934,
Los Angeles Times, August 20, 1934.
26
Resolution of City Council of South Pasadena, August 15, 1934, South Pasa- dena City Hall, 794;
Pasadena City Board of Directors, Motion #8961, August 15, 1935, Pasadena City Clerk's vault.
27
Pasadena Post, August 16, 1934.
28
Frank M. Brooks, Chairman Arroyo Seco Freeway Association, to the Honor- able Board of Directors, Pasadena, September 4, 1934, Communication #27660
29
Edward O. Nay, Chairman Board of Directors, to State Highway Commission, Pasadena, September 6, 1934, Communication #27660, ibid., John W Howe, Sec- retary California Highway Commission, to J. C. Jacobs, Mayor of South Pasadena, Sacramento, September 13, 1934, South Pasadena City Hall, 794.
30
B. A. Garlinghouse, South Pasadena City Manager, to C. W Koiner, Pasadena City Manager, South Pasadena, December 5, 1934, ibid.;
Northeast News Herald [Highland Park, Calif.], January 4, 1935.
31
Highland Park [Calif.] News Herald, March 1, 1935.
32
Aldrich to Public Works Committee, Los Angeles, January 14, 1935, Traffic Ass'n.
33
Highland Park News Herald, March 25, 1935.
34
Resolution by Councilman Tate, March 26, 1935, Los Angeles City Archives: Petitions, #977 (1935).
35
California, Journal of the As- sembly (Sacramento, 1935), 5 1st Session, May 6, 1935, II, 2837.
36
Pasadena Board of Directors, Motion #9160, May 6, 1935,
South Pasadena City Council Resolution, May 6, 1935, South Pasa- dena City Hall, 794;
South Pasadena Foothill Review, May 10, 1935.
37
Highland Park News Herald, May 20, 1935;
ibid., May 17, 1935;
Los An- geles Times, May 10, 1935.
38
Highland Park News Herald, May 13, 1935.
39
Ibid.,May 31, 1935.
40
Highland Park Post Dispatch, June 17, 1935.
41
Harrison R. Baker, Sr., Pasadena, April 23, 1963;
Highland Park News Herald, May 17, 1935, June 7, 1935;
Edward S. Graham to Fred L. Mowder, Secretary Central Business District Association, Pasadena, June 3, 1935, Traffic Ass'n;
Don Hastings, Director of Public Relations, Los Angeles Transportation Engineering Board, to the Editor, Los Angeles, March 22, 1939, ibid.
42
Highland Park News Herald, May 17, 1935.
43
Mowder to Robert L. Burns, Legislative Committee, City Council, Los Angeles, May 13, 1935,
J. С W Hinshaw, Los Angeles, May 15, 1935, Traffic Ass'n.
44
Telegram, Hinshaw to Mowder, Sacramento, May 14, 1935, ibid.;
Highland Park News Herald, May 17, 1935.
45
Los Angeles City Council, Minutes, May 15, 1935, Vol. 252, pp. 183-184.
46
Mowder to Hinshaw, Los Angeles, May 15, 1935, Traffic Ass'n.
47
Highland Park News Herald, May 17, 1935.
48
Mowder to Hinshaw, Los Angeles, May 15, 1935, Traffic Ass'n.
49
California, Journal of the Assembly, 51st Session, May 17, 1935, II, 3458, 3478- 3480.
50
Ibid., II, 3509, 3510.
51
Spencer V Cortelyou, State Highway District Engineer, to South Pasadena City Council, Los Angeles, February 24, 1936, South Pasadena City Hall, 794.
52
Highland Park News Herald, June 7, 1935.
53
Ibid., June 14, 1935.
54
California, Journal of the Assembly, 51st Session, May 31, 1935, II, 4024.
55
Ibid., pp. 4024-4025.
56
Ibid.. p. 4024.
57
California, Journal of the Senate (Sacramento, 1935), 51st Session, June 8, 1935, p. 2898.
58
California, Journal of the Assembly, 51st Session, 1935, II, 5124;
Los Angeles Times, July 14, 1935;
Highland Park News Herald, July 19, 1935.
59
Los Angeles Times, July 21, 1935.
60
Edward S. Graham, Chairman Arroyo Seco Parkway Association, to Mowder, Pasadena, June 3, 1935, Traffic Ass'n.
61
Mowder to James G. Warren, Los Angeles, July 19, 1935. Ibid.
62
Los Angeles Times, July 21, 1935, June 10, 1935;
Central Business District As- sociation to the Los Angeles Times, June 10, 1935, Traffic Ass'n.
63
Highland Park News Herald, May 24, 1935;
Los Angeles Times, July 21, 1935.
64
Highland Park News Herald, August 5, 1935.
65
Ibid., August 9, 1935.
66
Ibid., August 23, 1935.
67
Los Angeles City Council, Minutes, August 28, 1935, Vol. 253, p. 759.
68
South Pasadena Foothill Review, August 30, 1935, November 22, 1935.
Los Angeles County Board of Supervisors, July 31, 1935, South Pasadena City Hall, 794-B
69
South Pasadena City Council Minutes, December 11, 1935, South Pasadena City Hall, 794.
South Pasadena Foothill Review, December 13, 1935.
70
South Pasadena City Council, Minutes, December 11, 1935, South Pasadena City Hall, 794.
71
South Pasadena Foothill Review, January 31, 1936.
72
Ibid., February 7, 1936.
73
Ibid., February 14, 1936
74
Ibid., February 21, 1936.
75
Ibid., February 7, 1936.
74
Ibid.
Stella Scott Thompson to South Pasadena City Council, South Pasadena, February 6, 1936, South Pasadena City Hall, 794.
77
Sydney G. Parshall, February 13, 1936, South Pasa- dena City Hall, 794.
78
Cortelyou to South Pasadena City Council, Los Angeles, February 24, 1936, South Pasadena City Hall, 794.
79
South Pasadena Foothill Review, February 28, 1936.
South Pasadena City Council, Minutes, February 25, 1936, South Pasadena City Hall, 794.
80
Ibid.;
South Pasadena Foothill Review, February 28, 1936.
81
Cortelyou to the South Pasadena City Council, Los Angeles, March 10, 1936, South Pasadena City Hall, 794 and 794-B.
82
Copy Resolution of South Pasadena City Council, March 11, 1937, South Pasa- dena City Hall, 794.
South Pasadena Foothill Review, March 13, 1936.
83
Ibid.
84
Ibid.
85
Ibid., April 3, 1936.
86
Ibid., April 10, 1936.
87
Ibid.;
Los Angeles Times, April 9, 1936;
88
South Pasadena Foothill Review, April 17, 1936.
Los Angeles Times ; April 15, 1936.
Culver, 2,443;
Washburn, 2,360;
D. L. Butler, 2,246;
Heartt, 1,500;
Garmshausen, 1,443;
Arthur, 1,457;
Nelson M. Penn, 190.
89
Pasadena City Board of Directors, Resolution #6568, March 24, 1936,
90
Mowder to Harry Chandler of the Los Angeles Times, Los Angeles, March 31, 1936, March 5, 1936.
91
Cortelyou, "Arroyo Seco Parkway Will Include a Six-Mile Double Lane De- pressed Arterial" С.Н.Р.W, XIV (August 1936), 4, 25;
Los Angeles Times, May 3, 1936.
92
Los Angeles Times, September 18, 1936.
ibid., August 4, 1936, and Septem- ber 12, 1936.
93
Los Angeles City Council, Minutes, September 30, 1936, Vol. 260, p. 419.
94
California, Journal of the Assembly (Sacramento, 1937), 52nd Session, pp. 35, 93, 176, 311, 389;
Los Angeles Times, January 20, 1937.
95
Pasadena City Board of Directors, Minutes, January 20, 1937, Vol. 44, p. 340; March 2, 1937, Vol. 44, p. 384.
96
South Pasadena City Council, Resolution 1624, February 24, 1937, South Pasa- dena City Hall, 794.
97
Pasadena City Board of Directors, Minutes, March 3, 1937, Vol. 44, pp. 389-390;
98
Pasadena, Charter Amendment Election and General Election, April 1, 1937,
99
California, Journal of the Assembly, 52nd Session, May 26, 1937, p. 3861.
100
Ibid., May 20, 1937, p. 3192;
Los Angeles Times, May 21, 1937.
101
California, Journal of the Assembly, 52nd Session, May 20, 1937, p. 3192·
102
Ibid., May 21, 1937, p. 3269.
103
Ibid., pp. 3272-3273, 3353.
104
Los Angeles Times, May 24, 25, 1937.
105
California, Journal of the Assembly, 52nd Session, May 28, 1937, p. 3488.
106
Ibid., pp. 2638, 2682-2684.
107
Ibid., pp. 3184-3185.
108
California, Journal of the Senate (Sacramento, 1937), 52nd Session, May 28, 1937, p· 3378.
109
California, Journal of the Assembly, 52nd Session, 1937, p. 3870.
110
Los Angeles City Council, Minutes, May 3, 1937, Vol. 264, p. 429.
111
Los Angeles Times,May 18, 1937.
112
Automobile Club of Southern California, Traffic Survey Los Angeles Metro- politan Area Nineteen Hundred Thirty-Seven (Los Angeles, 1937)·
Arroyo Seco Parkway project until some time after the passage of A. B. 2435 (1935)·
Mowder to Malcom McNaghten, President, Broadway Department Store, Los Angeles, July 20, 1937,
113
George T. McCoy's "Progress on Highways," С.Н.Р.W, XVI (February 1938), 2-5, 27,
C. F Greeves-Carpenter, "Highways of Germany," The Highway Magazine, XXIX (De- cember 1938), 279-282.
"West Side Express Highway and Henry Hudson Parkway" ibid., XXIX (January 1938), 10.
E. C. Weldon, "The Merritt Parkway," ibid., XXXI (August 1940), 172-175.
Greeves-Carpenter discussed New Jersey's interchanges in "Highways and Byways of the United States: New Jersey;' ibid., XXIX (April 1938), 76-78-In 1939
Pennsylvania Turnpike which opened in mid-1940, ibid., XXIX (December 1938), 282,
"Pennsylvania Toll Highway," ibid., XXX (September 1939), 196-199·
114
Los Angeles Times, March 3, 1938.
115
C. W Jones, "Eighteen Bridge Structures Will Span Arroyo Seco Parkway" C.H.P.W., XV (December 1937), 10-11, 27.
116
Cortelyou to Frank Clough, South Pasadena City Engineer, Los Angeles, Janu- ary 19, 1938, South Pasadena City Hall, 794-C Construction.
117
Los Angeles Times, March 10, 1938;
California, Division of Highways, Thir- teenth Biennial Report (Sacramento, 1942), p. 165;
A. D. Griffin, District Engineer Division of Highways, to Frank Clough, Los Angeles, March 17, 1938, South Pasa- dena City Hall, 794-C.
118
Los Angeles Times, March 21, 22, 1938;
Pasadena Star News, March 22, 1938.
119
Mowder to W. B. Stringfellow, Vice-President Security First National Bank, Los Angeles, April 5, 1938, Traffic Ass'n.
120
California, Division of Highways, Thirteenth Biennial Report, p. 165.
121
California Oil and Gas Association, Resolution, October 21, 1937, copy in South Pasadena City Hall, 794-C.
122
California, Division of Highways, Thirteenth Biennial Report, p. 165.
123
First Trust & Savings Bank of Pasa- dena to the State of California, November 16, 1938, South Pasadena City Hall, 794-A
Cortelyou to South Pasadena City Council, Los Angeles, November 7, 1938, South Pasadena City Hall, 794-C
124
Edward S. Graham and Donald C. McCoy to J. Allen Davis, Pasadena, Decem- ber 1, 1938, in the Engineering File "California State Highways: Route 205:
Auto Club, Route 205.
Glenarm to Fair Oaks section would open on December 10, 1938.
Cortelyou in his article "Ar- royo Seco 6-Lane Freeway" C.H.P.W., XVII (June 1939), 12, states that it opened on January 4, 1939.
125
Los Angeles Evening Herald and Express, February 1, 1939.
126
Los Angeles Times, April 23, 1939.
127
South Pasadena City Council, Ordinance 808, January 6, 1939, South Pasadena City Hall, 794;
Cortelyou to South Pasadena City Council, Los Angeles, January 6, 1939, South Pasadena City Hall, 794;
Frank W Clark to South Pasadena City Coun- cil, Sacramento, February 23, 1937, South Pasadena City Hall, 794.
128
California, Journal of the Assembly (Sacramento, 1939), 53rd Session, May 2, 1939, p. 1711.
Cecil E. Bryan, President Altadena Community Council, to South Pasa- dena Board of City Directors, Altadena, March 2, 1939, South Pasadena City Hall, 794·
129
California, Journal of the Senate (Sacramento, 1939), 53rd Session, May 15, 1939, pp. 2068-2069;
Los Angeles Times, May 16, 1939.
130
California, Statutes (Sacramento, 1939), 53rd Session, 1939, Chapter 687, Sec- tion 1, pp. 2203-2204.
131
Cortelyou, "Arroyo Seco 6-Lane Freeway" C.H.P.W, XVII (June 1939), 10.
132
Ibid., pp. 12-13.
Ibid., p. 11.
Marshall Perham, "Super Highway in Southern California: The Designer's Dream Becomes a Reality in the Arroyo Seco Freeway -Nine Miles of Six-Lane Express Highway Linking Los Angeles and Pasadena" Pacific Road Builder and Engineering Review, LI (August 1939), 21-22.
The Los Angeles Times of June 9, 1940,
133
California, Division of Highways, Thirteenth Biennial Report, p. 165.
134
"Arroyo Seco Freeway Project Required 26 Bridge Structures" C.H.P.W, XVIII (November 1940), 19.
135
Cortelyou, "Arroyo Seco б-Lane Freeway," C.H.P.W, XVII (June 1939), p. 13;
Cortelyou to Clough, Los Angeles, September 1, 1938;
Clough to Cortelyou, South Pasadena, September 26, 1938;
Cortelyou to C. H. Purcell, Los Angeles, September 28, 1938;
Cortelyou to Clough, Los Angeles, October 7, 1938. All letters are in the South Pasadena City Hall, 794-C.
136
Pasadena Star News, February 8, 1940.
137
"Landscaping Arroyo Freeway" C.H.P.W., XVIII (December 1940), pp. 14-15.
138
Cortelyou, "Arroyo Seco Freeway Unit Open," C.H.P.W., XVIII (August 1940), 17;
Cortelyou, "Men, Steel and Concrete Work Miracles in the Arroyo Seco" The Arroyo Seco Parkway: "The West's First Freeway," Dedication Ceremonies, Monday, December 3,0, 1940 ([Los Angeles?], 1940; reprinted in i960).
139
Cortelyou, "Arroyo Seco Freeway Unit Open," C.H.P.W, XVIII (August 1940), 14.
140
Arroyo Seco Freeway Project Required 26 Bridge Structures," С.Н.Р.W, XVIII (November 1940), 14.
141
Los Angeles Times, November 10 11, 12, 1940.
142
American Automobile Association, The Truth About Los Angeles Freeways (Washington, D. C, C1961), p. 16.
143
Griffin, "20th Birthday," C.H.P.W. (January-February 1961), 4.
144
"Arroyo Seco Freeway Project Required 26 Bridge Structures!' C.H.P.W, XVIII (November 1940), 15.
Cortelyou, "Men, Steel and Concrete Work Miracles in the Arroyo Seco" The Arroyo Seco Parkway: "The Wesťs First Freeway," Dedication Ceremonies, Monday December 30, 1940.
145
Los Angeles Evening Herald and Express, December 30, 1940;
Los Angeles Times, December 30, 31, 1940.
Ibid., December 29, 1940;
Pasadena Post, Decem- ber 30, 1940;
Pasadena Star News, December 19, 1940.
Los Angeles Evening Herald and Express, December 20, 1940.
146
Amerigo Bozzani, "Governor Olson Dedicates and Opens Arroyo Seco Free- way," C.H.P.W., XIX (January 1941), 4.
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