This article looks at Japanese attitudes toward indigenous people in the North American West and their place on the land that Japanese immigrants hoped to settle and develop. Examples of popular conceptions and of Japanese diplomats’ efforts to position Japanese settlers in reference to other settlers and indigenous people are not intended as a comprehensive survey of Japanese immigrant attitudes but as a few examples indicating the important work remaining for scholars to bridge the gap between immigration and indigenous history. They invite further work on the interrelations between marginalized groups and a more complex understanding of racism and immigration.

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