Following the Mexican victory at Puebla on May 5, 1862, Mexicans in California formed patriotic assemblies, juntas patrióticas, to provide support to Mexico's defense against the French intervention. Between 1863 and 1866, eight women's organizations, juntas patrióticas de señoras, were formed. Their leadership, rhetoric, fund-raising, and extension to other causes indicate that Latinas in California were significantly informed, politicized, and independent.

This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.