Hired in 1899, Julius Boyd Loving was the first, and for a period of eleven years, the only African American deputy on the Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department. Active in the black community but able to "pass" for white with census-takers and among his white neighbors, Loving's career was marked by loyal and effective service, popularity among his fellow officers—and a racial "glass ceiling." His life measures the racial barriers and opportunities in early twentieth-century Los Angeles.
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Research Article| December 01 2011
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John J. Stanley; Julius Boyd Loving: The First African American Deputy on the Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department. Southern California Quarterly 1 December 2011; 93 (4): 459–493. doi: https://doi.org/10.2307/41328537
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