Hired in 1899, Julius Boyd Loving was the first, and for a period of eleven years, the only African American deputy on the Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department. Active in the black community but able to "pass" for white with census-takers and among his white neighbors, Loving's career was marked by loyal and effective service, popularity among his fellow officers—and a racial "glass ceiling." His life measures the racial barriers and opportunities in early twentieth-century Los Angeles.

This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.