In 1893, working-class anti-Chinese agitation in Redlands, California, was pre-empted by the "Redlands Plan" put forth by the town's business leaders, whose stake in the region gave them a high appreciation for law and order. Under this plan, Chinese laborers without a certificate of residence would be arrested and, under Article 6 of the Geary Act, deported. The first spate of arrests was expected to put the rest of the local Chinese community to flight—all without violence. In the end, while violence was thwarted, no Chinese were deported, and a local Chinese presence continued into the twentieth century.

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