This article examines the pattern of emigration from the Spanish province of Teruel to California during the first third of the twentieth century. It is based on oral interviews and written sources in both Spain and the United States and on significant detective work. The resulting demographic profile of emigrants from Teruel indicates the significance of the emigration phenomenon, and reveals the origins, transportation and admissions challenges, and the destinations of individuals who moved to California for work. In addition, it sheds light on the reasons that motivated hundreds of people from Teruel, known as Turolenses in Spanish, to leave their place of origin and travel thousands of miles by sea and land to California in search of a better future for themselves and their families. This is a timely article, marking the centenary of the largest emigration from Teruel to North America.
Emigration from Teruel, Spain, to California in the Early Twentieth Century
Raúl Ibáñez Hervás is a Geography and History Graduate from Universidad de Zaragoza and a doctoral student in Universidad de Zaragoza. The title of his thesis is “Teruel Emigration to the United States of America in the First Third of the 20th Century.” https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0006-7825. Currently, he is Vice President of the Centro de Estudios de la Comunidad de Albarracín –CECAL, (https://cecalbarracin.org/). His article, “The Shared History of Jabaloyas, Spain, and Utah,” appeared in the Utah Historical Quarterly 87, no. 4 (2019): 42–43. https://issuu.com/utah10/docs/utah_historical_quarterly__volume_87__number_4__20.
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Raúl Ibáñez Hervás; Emigration from Teruel, Spain, to California in the Early Twentieth Century. Southern California Quarterly 1 November 2021; 103 (4): 437–485. doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/scq.2021.103.4.437
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