Notes

Notes
1
Ranajit Guha's Elementary Aspects of Peasant Insurgency in Colonial India (Delhi, 1983)
Guha
Elementary Aspects of Peasant Insurgency in Colonial India
1983
James C. Scott, Weapons of the Weak: Everyday Forms of Peasant Resistance (New Haven, 1985).
Scott
Weapons of the Weak: Everyday Forms of Peasant Resistance
1985
2
Lata Mani, "The Female Subject, The Colonial Gaze: Eyewitness Accounts of Sati," Paper presented at a workshop on "Culture, Consciousness, and the Colonial State," Isle of Thorns, U.K., 24-27 July 1989
Mani
The Female Subject, The Colonial Gaze: Eyewitness Accounts of Sati
a workshop on "Culture, Consciousness, and the Colonial State," Isle of Thorns, U.K., 24-27 July 1989
4
Ashis Nandy, "An Anti-Secularist Manifesto," Seminar no. 314
Nandy
314
Seminar
T. N. Madan, "Secularism in Its Place,"Journal of Asian Studies46, no. 4 (1987)10.2307/2057100
Partha Chat- terjee, Bengal, 1920-47: The Land Question (Calcutta, 1984)
Chatterjee
Bengal, 1920-47: The Land Question
1984
Dipesh Chakrabarty, "Invitation to a Dialogue," in Ranajit Guha, ed., Subaltern Studies, vol. 4 (Delhi, 1985)
Chakrabarty
Invitation to a Dialogue
4
Subaltern Studies
1985
Gyanendra Pandey, The Construction of Communalism in Colonial North India (Delhi, 1990).
Pandey
The Construction of Communalism in Colonial North India
1990
5
Pandey, Communalism, 6ff.
6
Bipan Chandra, Modern India (New Delhi, 1971).
Chandra
Modern India
1971
7
Sumit Sarkar, Modern India, 1885-1947 (New Delhi, 1983).
Sarkar
Modern India, 1885-1947
1983
8
Theodor Adorno, Minima Moralia: Reflections from Damaged Life (1951; London, 1974)
Adorno
Minima Moralia: Reflections from Damaged Life
1974
Karl Jaspers, The Future of Germany (Chicago, 1967).
Jaspers
The Future of Germany
1967
9
Muhammad Umar Memon, "Partition Literature: A Study of Intizar Husain" (and the references he cites), Modern Asian Studies14, no. 3 (1980)10.2307/312138
Aijaz Ahmad, "Urdu Literature in India," Seminar, no. 359 (July 1989)
Ahmad
359
Seminar
1989
Alok Rai, "The Trauma of Inde- pendence: Some Aspects of Progressive Hindi Literature, 1945-47,"
Surjit Singh Hans, "The Partition Novels of Nanak Singh," in Amit Kumar Gupta, ed., Myth and Reality: The Struggle for Freedom in India, 1945-47 (Delhi, 1987).
Hans
The Partition Novels of Nanak Singh
Myth and Reality: The Struggle for Freedom in India, 1945-47
1987
10
Tapati Chakravarty, "The Freedom Struggle and Bengali Literature of the 1940s," in Gupta, Myth and Reality, 329.
11
Indian Express (Delhi), 14 October1990.
14 October
Indian Express
1990
12
Bhagalpur Riots (Delhi, 1990)
Bhagalpur Riots
1990
13
ibid., 1.
14
"Moradabad Riots, 1980: Causes and Meanings," in Asghar Ali Engineer, ed., Communal Riots in Post-Independence India (Delhi, 1984), 208.
Moradabad Riots, 1980: Causes and Meanings
208
Communal Riots in Post-Independence India
1984
15
Bha- galpur Riots, 70.
17
Bhagalpur Riots, 17.
18
Ved Prakash Vajpayee, in Navbharat Times (Delhi), 19 November1989 (translation mine).
Vajpayee
19 November
Navbharat Times
1989
19
Ibid.
A. S. Raman, "Leaders to Blame for Communalism," Sunday Mail, 14 October1990.
Raman
14 October
Sunday Mail
1990
20
Bhagalpur Riots, 6.
21
Engineer, "Causes of Communal Riots," in Communal Riots, 36-37.
22
Sumitra KumarJain, "Economy of Communalism," Times of India (Delhi), reproduced in India Pakistan Times, May1990.
Jain
May
India Pakistan Times
1990
23
Bhagalpur Riots, 32, 37.
25
Hindustan Times, 23 July1990.
23 July
Hindustan Times
1990
28
Bhagalpur Riots, 12.
29
Asghar Ali Engineer, "On the Theory of Communal Riots," in Engineer and Moin Shakir, eds., Communalism in India (Delhi, 1985), 62
Engineer
On the Theory of Communal Riots
62
Communalism in India
1985
Vinayak Damodar Savarkar, Six Glorious Epochs of Indian History, trans. S. T. Godbole (Bombay, 1971), 175.
Savarkar
175
Six Glorious Epochs of Indian History
1971
30
"Hindu bandhuon, socho aur sambhlo," by Dr. Rajeshwar, Akhil Bharat Hindu Mahasabha
32
A. Shankar, Chetavni 2: Desh ko khatra (n.p., n.d.).
Alok Rai, "Only Bigots Feel That Conversions Follow Invasion," Times of India (Lucknow ed.), 13 August1990.
Rai
13 August
Times of India
1990
33
Lajpat Rai, A History of the Arya Samaj (1915; New Delhi, 1967), 120
Rai
120
A History of the Arya Samaj
1967
34
Ibid., 120n.
35
ibid., 124-25
Ken- neth W. Jones, "Religious Identity and the Indian Census," in N. G. Barrier, ed., The Census in British India: New Perspectives (Delhi, 1981), 91-92.
Jones
Religious Identity and the Indian Census
91
The Census in British India: New Perspectives
1981
36
Vinayak Damodar Savarkar, Hindu-Pad-Padshahi; or, A Review of the Hindu Empire of Maharashtra (Madras, 1925), 272-73.
Savarkar
272
Hindu-Pad-Padshahi; or, A Review of the Hindu Empire of Maharashtra
1925
Savarkar, Six Glorious Epochs, 154, 188, 192-93, and passim.
37
J. T. F. Jordens, Dayanand Sarasvati: His Life and Ideas (Delhi, 1978), 170, 322n.
Jordens
170
Dayanand Sarasvati: His Life and Ideas
1978
38
Engineer, Communal Riots
Engineer and Shakir, Com- munalism in India
PUCL and PUDR, Who Are the Guilty?: Report of a Joint Inquiry into the Causes and Impact of the Riots in Delhi from 31 October to 10 November (Delhi, 1984)
Pucl
Who Are the Guilty?: Report of a Joint Inquiry into the Causes and Impact of the Riots in Delhi from 31 October to 10 November
1984
Uma Chakravarti and Nandita Haksar, The Delhi Riots: Three Days in the Life of a Nation (Delhi, 1987)
Chakravarti
The Delhi Riots: Three Days in the Life of a Nation
1987
Stanley J. Tambiah, Sri Lanka: Ethnic Fratricide and the Dismantling of Democracy (London, 1986)
Tambiah
Sri Lanka: Ethnic Fratricide and the Dismantling of Democracy
1986
Veena Das, ed., Mirrors of Violence: Communities, Riots, Survivors in South Asia (Delhi, 1990).
Das
Mirrors of Violence: Communities, Riots, Survivors in South Asia
1990
41
"5 Rallyists Crushed to Death," Hindustan Times (Delhi), 9 October1990, 5.
9 October
5
Hindustan Times
1990
42
Economic and Political Weekly, India Today, and newspapers for September-October 1990.
September
Economic and Political Weekly, India Today
1990
43
Manaazir Aashiq Harganvi, Ankhon dekhi: Bhagalpur ke bhayanak fasad ko dekhne ke baad (Bhagalpur, 1989)
Harganvi
Ankhon dekhi: Bhagalpur ke bhayanak fasad ko dekhne ke baad
1989
44
Selections from the Prison Notebooks of Antonio Gramsci (London, 1971), 118, 119.
118
Selections from the Prison Notebooks of Antonio Gramsci
1971
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