Notes

Notes
1
Jeffrey K. Olick and Joyce Robbins, "Social Memory Studies: From 'Collective Mem- ory' to the Historical Sociology of Mnemonic Practices," Annual Review of Sociology22 (1998): 105-4010.2307/223476
105
Maurice Halbwachs, Les cadres sociaux de la mémoire (1925; reprint, Paris, 1952).
Halbwachs
Les cadres sociaux de la mémoire
1952
La topographie légendaire des évangiles en terre saint: Etude de mémoire collective (Paris, 1941)
La topographie légendaire des évangiles en terre saint: Etude de mémoire collective
1941
La mémoire collective (Paris, 1950).
La mémoire collective
1950
2
YosefHayimYerushalmi, Zakhor: Jewish History and Jewish Memory (1982; reprint, Seat- tle, 1996), 94
Yerushalmi
94
Zakhor: Jewish History and Jewish Memory
1996
Pierre Nora, "Entre mémoire et histoire," in Les lieux de mémoire, ed. Pierre Nora (Paris, 1984), 23-43.
Nora
Entre mémoire et histoire
23
Les lieux de mémoire, ed. Pierre Nora
1984
"Between Memory and History: Les lieux de memoire" in Representations26 (special issue: "Memory and Counter-Memory," Spring1989): 7-25.
Spring
7
26
Representations
1989
Pierre Nora's earlier essay, "La mé- moire collective," in La nouvelle histoire, ed. Jacques Le Goff (Paris, 1978), 398-401.
Nora
La mémoire collective
398
La nouvelle histoire
1978
3
Michael Roth, The Ironist's Cage: Memory, Trauma, and the Construction of History (New York, 1995), 2
Roth
2
The Ironist's Cage: Memory, Trauma, and the Construction of History
1995
MichaelJ. Hogan, "Hiroshima in History and Memory: An Introduction," in Hiro- shima in History and Memory, ed. Michael J. Hogan (Cambridge, 1996), 4
Hogan
Hiroshima in History and Memory: An Introduction
4
Hiroshima in History and Memory
1996
Andreas Huyssens, Twilight Memories: Marking Time in a Culture of Amnesia (New York, 1995), 5.
Huyssens
5
Twilight Memories: Marking Time in a Culture of Amnesia
1995
Perry Anderson, The Origins of Postmodernity (London, 1998).
Anderson
The Origins of Postmodernity
1998
4
Alon Confino, "Collective Memory and Cultural History: Problems of Method," Amer- ican Historical Review5 (December1997): 138610.2307/2171069
1386
Allan Megill, "History, Memory, and Identity," History and the Human Sciences11 (August1998): 37-38.
Megill
August
37
11
History and the Human Sciences
1998
Lynn Hunt, ed., The New Cultural History (Berkeley, 1989).
Hunt
The New Cultural History
1989
5
Martin Broszat, 'A Plea for the Historicization of National Socialism" (1985) translated in Reworking the Past: Hitler, the Holocaust, and the Historian's Controversy, ed. Peter Baldwin (Boston, 1990), 77-87
Broszat
A Plea for the Historicization of National Socialism
77
Reworking the Past: Hitler, the Holocaust, and the Historian's Controversy
1990
Martin Broszat and Saul Friedländer, "A Controversy About the Historicization of National Socialism," in ibid., 102-34
Broszat
A Plea for the Historicization of National Socialism
102
A Controversy About the Historicization of National Socialism
1990
Saul Friedländer, Memory, History, and the Extermination of the Jews of Europe (Bloomington, 1993), 85-10 1
Friedländer
85
Memory, History, and the Extermination of the Jews of Europe
1993
Jorn Rüsen, "The Logic of Historicization: Metahistorical Reflections on the Debate between Friedlander and Broszat," History and Memory9 (Fall1997): 113-45.
Rüsen
Fall
113
9
History and Memory
1997
6
Natalie Zemon Davis and Randolph Starn's introduction to Representations 26 (special issue: "Memory and Counter- Memory")
Michel Foucault, Language, Counter-Memory, Practice, ed. Donald E Bouchard (Ithaca, N.Y, 1977), 139-64.
Foucault
139
Language, Counter-Memory, Practice
1977
Marita Sturken, "Imaging Postmemory/Renegotiating His- tory," Afterimage26 (May-June 1999): 10-12.
Sturken
May
10
26
Afterimage
1999
7
Joyce Appleby, Lynn Hunt, and MargaretJacob, Telling the Truth About History (New York, 1994), 258-59.
Appleby
258
Telling the Truth About History
1994
Fron- tiers of Historical Imagination: Narrating the European Conquest of Native America, 1890-1990 (Berkeley, 1997), 293.
293
Frontiers of Historical Imagination: Narrating the European Conquest of Native America, 1890-1990
1997
8
Michael Kammen, Mystic Chords of Memory: The Transfor- mation of Tradition in American Culture (New York, 1991).
Kammen
Mystic Chords of Memory: The Transformation of Tradition in American Culture
1991
9
Michael Schudson, Watergate in American Memory: How We Remember, Forget, and Recon- struct the Past (New York, 1992), 51.
Schudson
51
Watergate in American Memory: How We Remember, Forget, and Reconstruct the Past
1992
Michael Schudson, "Dynamics of Distor- tion in Collective Memory," in Memory Distortion: How Minds, Brains, and Societies Recon- struct the Past, ed. Michael Schudson (Cambridge, Mass., 1995), 353-73.
Schudson
Dynamics of Distortion in Collective Memory
353
Memory Distortion: How Minds, Brains, and Societies Reconstruct the Past
1995
10
D. R. Price-Williams, "Memory," in A Dictionary of the Social Sciences, ed. Julius Gould and William L. Kolb, (New York, 1964), 422, 423.
Price-Williams
Memory
422
A Dictionary of the Social Sciences
1964
James Mark Baldwin, ed., Dictionary of Philosophy and Psychology (New York, 1902), 2:65-67
Baldwin
65
2
Dictionary of Philosophy and Psychology
1902
Paul Monroe, A Cyclopedia of Education (New York, 1911-13), 4:191-93
Monroe
191
4
A Cyclopedia of Education
1911
Foster Watson, ed., The Encyclopaedia and Dictionary of Education (London, 1921-22), 3:1070-7 1
Watson
3
The Encyclopaedia and Dictionary of Education
1070
Frederick C. Bartlett, Remembering (Cambridge, 1932)
Bartlett
Remembering
1932
Paul Edwards, ed., The Encyclopedia of Phi- losophy (New York, 1967), 5:265-74
Edwards
265
5
The Encyclopedia of Philosophy
1967
Bennett B. MurdockJr., "Memory," in The Encyclo- pedia of Education, ed. Lee C. Deighton (New York, 1971), 6:298-303.
Murdock
298
6
The Encyclopedia of Education
1971
Edwin R. Selig- man, ed., International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences (New York, 1933)
Seligman
International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences
1933
Martin A. Conway, "Memory," in The Social Science Encyclope- dia, ed. Adam Kuper and Jessica Kuper, 2d ed. (New York, 1996), 527-28
Conway
2
Memory
527
The Social Science Encyclopedia
1996
11
Raymond Williams, Keywords: A Vocabulary of Culture and Society (Oxford, 1976).
Williams
Keywords: A Vocabulary of Culture and Society
1976
12
Oxford English Dictionary, 2d ed. (Oxford, 1989), 9:596-98.2
596
9
Oxford English Dictionary
1989
SamuelJohnson's Dictio- nary of the English Language (London, 1786)
Johnson
Dictionary of the English Language
1786
13
Richard Terdiman, Present Past: Modernity and the Memory Crisis (Ithaca, 1993)
Terdiman
Present Past: Modernity and the Memory Crisis
1993
Ian Hacking, Rewriting the Soul: Multiple Personality and the Sciences of Memory (Princeton, 1995)
Hacking
Rewriting the Soul: Multiple Personality and the Sciences of Memory
1995
Matt K. Matsuda, The Memory of the Modern (Oxford, 1996).
Matsuda
The Memory of the Modern
1996
Francis P Yates, The Art of Memory (Chicago, 1966)
Yates
The Art of Memory
1966
Janet Coleman, Ancient and Medieval Memories: Studies in the Reconstruction of the Past (Cambridge, 1992)
Coleman
Ancient and Medieval Memories: Studies in the Reconstruction of the Past
1992
Mary Carruthers, The Book of Memory: A Study of Memory in Medieval Culture (Cambridge, 1991).
Carruthers
The Book of Memory: A Study of Memory in Medieval Culture
1991
14
Matsuda, Memory of the Modern, 15, 17.
15
Patrick H. Hutton, History as an Art of Memory (Hanover, N. H., 1993).
Hutton
History as an Art of Memory
1993
Patrick H. Hutton, "Mnemonic Schemes in the New History of Memory," History and Theory 36 (October1997): 378-91.10.2307/2505551
378
Jeffrey Andrew Barash, "The Sources of Memory," Journal of the History of Ideas58 (October 1997): 707-17.10.2307/3653967
707
Jacques Le Goff, History and Memory, trans. Steven Rendall and Elizabeth Claman (1977; Eng. lang. ed., New York, 1992).
Le Goff
History and Memory
1992
16
Amos Funkenstein, Perceptions of Jewish History (Berkeley, 1993), 3, 6.
Funkenstein
3
Perceptions of Jewish History
1993
Saul Fried- länder's gloss of these passages in his Memory, History, and the Extermination of the Jews of Europe, viii.
17
Funkenstein, Perceptions of Jewish History, 6.
18
Georg W. E Hegel, Lectures on the Philosophy of World History: Introduction, Reason in His- tory, trans. H. B. Nisbet (Cambridge, 1975), 12, 135-37.
Hegel
12
Lectures on the Philosophy of World History: Introduction, Reason in History
1975
Martin Jay, Marxism and Totality: The Adventures of a Concept from Lukács to Habermas (Berkeley, 1984), 220-40.
Jay
220
Marxism and Totality: The Adventures of a Concept from Lukács to Habermas
1984
19
Philip Gleason, "Identifying Identity: A Semantic History," Journal of American History 69 (March1983): 910-3 110.2307/1901196
910
Reinhart Koselleck, Futures Past: On the Semantics of Historical Time, trans. Keith Tribe (1979; Eng. lang. ed., Cambridge, Mass., 1985).
Koselleck
Futures Past: On the Semantics of Historical Time
1985
20
Roth, Ironist's Cage, 8-9
Starn and Davis, introduction to Representations 26, 2
Appleby, Hunt, and Jacob, Telling the Truth About History, 258
Hacking, Rewriting the Soul, passim.
Randolph Starn, "Memory and Authenticity," Studies in Twentieth Century Literature23 (Winter1999): 191-200.
Starn
Winter
191
23
Studies in Twentieth Century Literature
1999
21
Funkenstein, Perceptions of Jewish History, 7-9.
Noa Gedi and Yigal Elam, "Collective Memory What Is It?" History and Memory (Fall1996): 30-50
Gedi
Fall
30
History and Memory
1996
Susan Crane, "Writing the Individual Back into Collective Memory," American Historical Review102 (December1997): 1372-8510.2307/2171068
1372
Con- fino, "Collective Memory and Cultural History"
Jay Winter and Emmanuel Sivan, "Setting the Framework," in War and Remembrance in the Twentieth Century, ed. Jay Winter and Emmanuel Sivan (Cambridge, 1999), 6-38
Winter
Setting the Framework
6
War and Remembrance in the Twentieth Century
1999
Iwona Irwin-Zarecki, Frames of Remembrance: The Dynamics of Collective Memory (New Brunswick, NJ., 1994).
Irwin-Zarecki
Frames of Remembrance: The Dynamics of Collective Memory
1994
22
James Young, The Texture of Memory: Holocaust Memorials and Meaning (New Haven, 1993), xi.
Young
xi
The Texture of Memory: Holocaust Memorials and Meaning
1993
Schudson, Memory Distortion
David Thelen, "Memory and American History," Journal of American History75 (March1989): 117-29
Thelen
March
117
75
Journal of American History
1989
Winter and Sivan, "Setting the Framework."
23
Young, Texture of Memory, x, 1.
Peter Novick, The Holocaust in American Life (Boston, 1999), 3, 4
Novick
3
The Holocaust in American Life
1999
24
Emily Mitchell, "Thanks for the Memoirs," Time, 12 April1999, 1-5.
Mitchell
12 April
1
Time
1999
Louise DeSalvo, Writing as a Way of Healing (New York, 1999).
DeSalvo
Writing as a Way of Healing
1999
H. Aram Veeser, ed., Confessions of the Critics (New York, 1996).
Veeser
Confessions of the Critics
1996
25
James Berger, "Worlds of Hurt: Reading the Literatures of Trauma," Contemporary Liter- ature38 (Fall1997): 569-83.10.2307/1208980
569
After the End: Representations of Post-Apocalypse (Min- neapolis, 1999), 106-30
106
After the End: Representations of Post-Apocalypse
1999
Specters of Marx: The State of the Debt, the Work of Mourning, and the New International, trans. Peggy Kamuf (1993; Eng. lang. ed., New York, 1994).
Specters of Marx: The State of the Debt, the Work of Mourning, and the New International, trans. Peggy Kamuf
1994
26
Michael M.J. Fischer, "Ethnicity and the Post-Modern Arts of Memory," in Writing Culture: The Poetics and Politics of Ethnography, ed. James Clifford and George Marcus (Berkeley, 1986), 196-98
Fischer
Ethnicity and the Post-Modern Arts of Memory
196
Writing Culture: The Poetics and Politics of Ethnography
1986
Stephen A. Tyler, "Post-Modern Ethnography: From Docu- ment of the Occult to Occult Document," in ibid., 122-40.
Tyler
Ethnicity and the Post-Modern Arts of Memory
122
Writing Culture: The Poetics and Politics of Ethnography
1986
George Lipsitz, Time Passages: Collective Memory and American Popular Culture (Minneapo- lis, 1990).
Lipsitz
Time Passages: Collective Memory and American Popular Culture
1990
27
Nora, "Between Memory and History: Les lieux de mémoire," 9
Ashis Nandy, "History's Forgotten Doubles," History and Theory: World Historians and Their Critics34 (1995): 44
Nandy
44
34
History and Theory: World Historians and Their Critics
1995
Genevieve Fabre and Robert O'Meally, introduction to His- tory and Memory in African-American Culture, ed. Genevieve Fabre and Robert O'Meally (Oxford, 1994), 7-8.
Fabre
7
History and Memory in African-American Culture
1994
Vévé Clark, "Performing the Memory of Difference in Afro-Caribbean Dance: Katherine Dun- ham's Choreography, 1938-97," 188-204.
David A. Bell notes in "Realms of Memory," New Republic, 1 September1997, 32-36
Bell
1 September
32
New Republic
1997
28
Marita Sturken, Tangled Memories: The Vietnam War, the AIDS Epidemic, and the Politics of Remembering (Berkeley, 1997), 3-5, 15-17.
Sturken
3
Tangled Memories: The Vietnam War, the AIDS Epidemic, and the Politics of Remembering
1997
Lipsitz, Time Passages
Nor- man M. Klein, The History of Forgetting: Los Angeles and the Erasure of Memory (London, 1997).
Klein
The History of Forgetting: Los Angeles and the Erasure of Memory
1997
"In Search of Narrative Mastery: Postmodernism and the People Without History," History and Theory34, no. 4 (1995): 275-98.10.2307/2505403
275
29
Schudson, Watergate in American Memory, 5.
30
Hayden White and Jacques Derrida, and its proceedings are partially re- printed in Saul Friedlander, ed., Probing the Limits of Historical Representation: Nazism and the "Final Solution" (Cambridge, Mass., 1992).
White
Probing the Limits of Historical Representation: Nazism and the "Final Solution"
1992
Michael Burleigh, "From the Great War to Auschwitz," Times Literary Supplement, 10 May1996, 7.
Burleigh
10 May
7
Times Literary Supplement
1996
31
Friedländer, Memory, History, and the Extermination of the Jews of Europe
Roth, Ironist's Cage
Dominick LaCapra, History and Memory After Auschwitz (Ithaca, N.Y, 1998).
LaCapra
History and Memory After Auschwitz
1998
La- Capra's book extended his work in Representing the Holocaust: History, Theory, Trauma (Ithaca, N.Y, 1994).
LaCapra
Representing the Holocaust: History, Theory, Trauma
1994
32
Steven E. Ascheim, "On Saul Friedlander," History and Memory9: Passing into History: Nazism and the Holocaust Beyond Memory, In Honor of Saul Friedldnder on His Sixty-Fifth Birthday (Fall1997): 11-46.
Ascheim
Fall
11
9
History and Memory
1997
FriedkInder's earlier books: History and Psychoanalysis: An Inquiry into the Possibilities and Limits of Psychohistory (New York, 1978), and L'antise'mitisme nazi; histoire d'une psychose collective (Paris, 1971).
33
Dominick LaCapra, Soundings in Critical Theory (Ithaca, N.Y, 1989), 36.
LaCapra
36
Soundings in Critical Theory
1989
History and Memory After Auschwitz, LaCapra cites chap. 2 of his Representing the Holocaust, where page 46
34
LaCapra, History and Memory After Auschweitz, 8-10.
35
Friedländer, Memory, History, and the Extermination of the Jews of Europe, x, 53, 58, 61, 102, 131, 134.
LaCapra, History and Memory After Auschwitz, 6-7, 26-27
LaCapra backs away from this posi- tion on pages 192-95.
Wulf Kansteiner, "From Exception to Exemplum: The New Approach to Nazism and the 'Final Solution,"' History and Theory33 (May1994): 145-70.10.2307/2505382
145
36
Friedländer, Memory, History, and the Extermination of the Jews of Europe, 134
Maurice Blanchot, The Writing of the Disaster, trans. Ann Smock (Lincoln, Nebr., 1995), 42, 47.
Blanchot
42
The Writing of the Disaster
1995
37
Roth, Ironist's Cage, 65.
Stephen Bann, "Mourning, Identity, and the Uses of His- tory," History and Theory37, no. 1 (1998): 94-101.10.2307/2505642
94
38
Theodor W Adorno, "The Meaning of Working Through the Past" (1959), in Critical Models: Interventions and Catchwords, trans. Henry W Pickford (New York, 1998), 89- 103
Adorno
The Meaning of Working Through the Past
89
Critical Models: Interventions and Catchwords
1998
RussellJacoby, Social Amnesia: A Critique of Contemporary Psychology from Adler to Laing (Boston, 1975)
Jacoby
Social Amnesia: A Critique of Contemporary Psychology from Adler to Laing
1975
Cathy Caruth, Unclaimed Experience: Trauma, Narrative, and History (Baltimore, 1996)
Caruth
Unclaimed Experience: Trauma, Narrative, and History
1996
Caruth, ed., Trauma: Explorations in Memory (Baltimore, 1995)
Caruth
Trauma: Explorations in Memory
1995
Paul S. Applebaum, Lisa A. Uyehara, and Mark R. Elin, Trauma and Memory: Clinical and Legal Controversies (New York, 1997).
Applebaum
Trauma and Memory: Clinical and Legal Controversies
1997
39
Roth, Ironist's Cage, 16-17, 179, 211, 226.
40
Ibid., 12.
41
LaCapra, History and Memory After Auschwitz, 12, 13 n. 4, 179.
42
Charles Maier, 'A Surfeit of Memory?" History and Memory5, no. 2 (1993): 136-51
Maier
2
136
5
History and Memory
1993
Gleason, "Identifying Identity"
Richard Handler, "Is 'Identity' a Useful Cross- Cultural Concept?" in Commemorations: The Politics of National Identity, ed. John R. Gillis (Princeton, 1994), 27-40.
Handler
Is 'Identity' a Useful Cross-Cultural Concept?
27
Commemorations: The Politics of National Identity
1994
43
Sande Cohen, Passive Nihilism: Cultural Historiography and the Rhetorics of Scholarship (New York, 1998)
Cohen
Passive Nihilism: Cultural Historiography and the Rhetorics of Scholarship
1998
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