Audio description seeks to make visual media—film, television, theater, art exhibits—accessible to blind people. In this essay I use the audio-described version of the Oscar-nominated film The Sessions as an example of the current standards. I then speculate on future innovations that could democratize the medium and make it more inclusive.
Audio Description Described: Current Standards, Future Innovations, Larger Implications
Georgina Kleege teaches creative writing and disability studies at the University of California, Berkeley. Her recent books include SightUnseen (1999) and Blind Rage: Letters to Helen Keller (2006). Kleege’s latest book, More than Meets the Eyes (forthcoming in 2017) is concerned with blindness and visual art: how blindness is represented in art, how blindness affects the lives of visual artists, how museums can make visual art accessible to people who are blind and visually impaired. She has lectured and served as consultant to art institutions around the world including the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York and the Tate Modern in London.
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Georgina Kleege; Audio Description Described: Current Standards, Future Innovations, Larger Implications. Representations 1 August 2016; 135 (1): 89–101. doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/rep.2016.135.1.89
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