Why did the coolie's body speak so forcefully to nineteenth-century America of its future? And how did that body's loquacious, obscene ventriloquism shape the imaginary scaffolding of America's utopias, its science fictions? This essay answers those questions by reading Arthur Vinton's Looking Further Backward (1890), one of the first American novels to imagine a Chinese military invasion of the United States.
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Eric Hayot; Chinese Bodies, Chinese Futures. Representations 1 August 2007; 99 (1): 99–129. doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/rep.2007.99.1.99
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