The nineteenth-century emergence of foreshadowing as a critical term and pedagogical subject tracks and reinforces the classic understanding of modernity-as-disenchantment, as the domain of foreshadowing moves from providential and historical phenomena to textual practices. However, reading for the foreshadowing in nineteenth-century realist novels such as Middlemarch reveals a more porous boundary between ontological and formal foreshadowing and troubles established views regarding readerly belief and disbelief and the supposed rift between meaning and life.

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