Hermaphrodism became a zone of frenzied publication in nineteenth-century France, when numerous doctors recommended adding a “neuter sex” or a “doubtful sex” category to the Civil Code alongside those of “male” and “female.” Although attempts to add “doubtful sex” to the code were rarely intended to protect hermaphrodites, the legal silence regarding hermaphrodism actually afforded some doctors and patients the leeway to live in ways others wished could be outlawed.
Hermaphrodite Outlaws: Ambiguous Sex and the Civil Code in Nineteenth-Century France
Anne E. Linton is Assistant Professor of Nineteenth- and Twentieth- Century French at San Francisco State University. Her research interests span a wide range of interdisciplinary topics in nineteenth-century cultural studies, including science, medicine, and gender studies. She is currently putting the finishing touches on a book manuscript titled Prescribed Fictions: Representations of Hermaphrodism in Nineteenth-Century Literature and Medicine.
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Anne E. Linton; Hermaphrodite Outlaws: Ambiguous Sex and the Civil Code in Nineteenth-Century France. Representations 1 May 2017; 138 (1): 87–117. doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/rep.2017.138.1.87
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