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Journal: Pacific Historical Review
Pacific Historical Review (2019) 88 (1): 14–47.
Published: 01 February 2019
..., and corporal punishment as well as California Indian resistance. With the help of secular government authorities, Franciscans and their military allies established the system between 1769 and 1790 before deploying more overtly carceral practices between 1790 and 1836. In its conclusion, this article explores...