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Keywords: California Indians
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Journal Articles
Pacific Historical Review (2019) 88 (1): 14–47.
Published: 01 February 2019
..., and corporal punishment as well as California Indian resistance. With the help of secular government authorities, Franciscans and their military allies established the system between 1769 and 1790 before deploying more overtly carceral practices between 1790 and 1836. In its conclusion, this article explores...
Journal Articles
Pacific Historical Review (2014) 83 (4): 626–667.
Published: 01 November 2014
...Benjamin Madley From 1846 onward, at least 20,000 California Indians worked in varied forms of bondage under U.S. rule. This essay provides the first article-length survey of the statewide rise and fall of California’s systems of Indian servitude under U.S. rule, including their Russo-Hispanic...
Journal Articles
Pacific Historical Review (2012) 81 (2): 155–192.
Published: 01 May 2012
... servants enabled pioneer farm operations and communities to flourish throughout the formative 1850s and 1860s. California Indians California farm labor indentured servitude Indian slavery Indian slave trade unfree labor © 2012 by the Regents of the University of California. All rights reserved...