[Footnotes]

[Footnotes]
1
William H. McNeill, The Shape of European History (New York, 1974)
McNeill
The Shape of European History
1974
2
Mark Elvin, The Pattern of the Chinese Past (Stanford, 1973)
Elvin
The Pattern of the Chinese Past
1973
3
Caroline Walker Bynum, Jesus as Mother: Studies in the Spirituality of the High Middle Ages (Berkeley, 1982)
Walker Bynum
Jesus as Mother: Studies in the Spirituality of the High Middle Ages
1982
Holy Feast and Holy Fast: The Religious Significance of Food to Medieval Women (Berkeley, 1987)
Holy Feast and Holy Fast: The Religious Significance of Food to Medieval Women
1987
Joan Kelly-Gadol, "Did Women Have a Renaissance?" in Renate Bridenthal and Claudia Koonz, eds., Becoming Visible: Women in European History (Boston, 1977) 137-164
Kelly-Gadol
Did Women Have a Renaissance?
137
Becoming Visible: Women in European History
1977
Suzanne Fonay Wemple, Women in Frankish Society: Marriage and the Cloister 500-900 (Philadelphia, 1981)
Wemple
Women in Frankish Society: Marriage and the Cloister 500-900
1981
Julius Kirchner and Suzanne Fonay Wemple, eds., Women of the Medieval World: Essays in Honor of John H. Mundy (Oxford, 1985)
Kirchner
Women of the Medieval World: Essays in Honor of John H. Mundy
1985
Susan Groag Bell, ed., Women from the Greeks to the French Revolution (Stanford, 1973)
Bell
Women from the Greeks to the French Revolution
1973
Brenda Bolton and others, eds., with an introduction by Susan Mosher Strand, Women in Medieval Society (Philadelphia, 1976)
Bolton
Women in Medieval Society
1976
Vern and Bonnie Bullough, The Subordinate Sex: A History of Attitudes toward Women (Urbana, 1973)
Vern
The Subordinate Sex: A History of Attitudes toward Women
1973
Penny Schine Gold, The Lady and the Virgin: Image, Attitude, and Experience in Twelfth- Century France (Chicago, 1985)
Gold
The Lady and the Virgin: Image, Attitude, and Experience in Twelfth-Century France
1985
Margaret Wade Labarge, A Small Sound of the Trumpet: Women in Medieval Life (Boston, 1986)
Wade Labarge
A Small Sound of the Trumpet: Women in Medieval Life
1986
Angela M. Lucas, Women in the Middle Ages: Religion, Marriage, and Letters (New York, 1983)
Lucas
Women in the Middle Ages: Religion, Marriage, and Letters
1983
Edith Ennen, The Medieval Woman, translated by Edmund Jephcott (Oxford, 1987)
Ennen
The Medieval Woman
1987
Judith Ben- nett, Women in the Medieval English Countryside: Gender and Household in Brigstock before the Plague (New York, 1987)
Bennett
Women in the Medieval English Countryside: Gender and Household in Brigstock before the Plague
1987
Penny Kanner, ed., The Women of England: From Anglo-Saxon Times to the Present (Hamden, Conn., 1979)
Kanner
The Women of England: From Anglo-Saxon Times to the Present
1979
Paula M. Cooey, Sharon A. Farmer, and Mary Ellen Ross, eds., Embodied Love: Sensuality and Relationship as Feminist Values (San Francisco, 1987)
Cooey
Embodied Love: Sensuality and Relationship as Feminist Values
1987
Sharon Farmer, "Persuasive Voices: Clerical Images of Medieval Wives," Speculum, LXI (1986), 517-543
Farmer
517
LXI
Speculum
1986
Eileen Power, Medieval Women, edited by M. M. Postan (New York, 1975)
Power
Medieval Women
1975
Doris Mary Stenton, The English Woman in History (London, 1957)
Stenton
The English Woman in History
1957
Louise A. Tilly (New York, 1977)
4
Francis C. Oakley, The Medieval Experience: Foundations of Western Cul- tural Singularity (New York, 1974)
Oakley
The Medieval Experience: Foundations of Western Cultural Singularity
1974
5
Alexander C. Murray, "Problems with Periodization: Even in the Early Middle Ages?" (Unpublished paper delivered at the 105th Annual Meeting of the American Historical Association, New York, 1990)
6
Stephen Murray, Beauvais Cathedral: Architecture of Transcendence (Princeton, N.J., 1989)
Murray
Beauvais Cathedral: Architecture of Transcendence
1989
Kenneth John Conant, Carolingian and Romanesque Architecture, 800-1200 (2nd ed., New York, 1978), 53
John Conant
53
Carolingian and Romanesque Architecture, 800-1200
1978
7
Jacques Le Goff, The Medieval Imagination, translated by Arthur Goldhammer (Chicago, 1988), 18.
Le Goff
18
The Medieval Imagination
1988
8
Bernard S. Bachrach, George Beech, and Joel T. Rosenthal, eds., Medi- eval Prosopography (Kalamazoo, 1980 ff.).
Bachrach
Medieval Prosopography
1980
9
Joseph R. Strayer, Western Europe in the Middle Ages (3rd ed., Glenview, Ill., 1982), 3-9
Strayer
3
3
III
Western Europe in the Middle Ages
1982
R. W. Southern, Western Society and the Church in the Middle Ages (New York, 1970), 24-27
Southern
24
Western Society and the Church in the Middle Ages
1970
10
C. Warren Hollister, Medieval Europe: A Short History (6th ed., New York, 1990), 1-2
Hollister
6
1
Medieval Europe: A Short History
1990
11
Geoffrey Barraclough, The Medieval Papacy (New York, 1968)
Barraclough
The Medieval Papacy
1968
Colin Morris, The Papal Monarchy: The Western Church from 1050 to 1250 (Oxford, Eng., 1989), 79-82
Morris
79
The Papal Monarchy: The Western Church from 1050 to 1250
1989
Walter Ullman, The Growth of Papal Government in the Middle Ages: A Study in the Idealogical Relation of Clerical to Lay Power (London, 1955), 44-261.
Ullman
44
The Growth of Papal Government in the Middle Ages: A Study in the Idealogical Relation of Clerical to Lay Power
1955
12
Morris, Papal Monarchy, 31-32, 82-84
Morris
31
Papal Monarchy
Christopher Brooke, Europe in the Central Middle Ages, 962-1154 (Rev. ed., 1975), 251
Brooke
251
Europe in the Central Middle Ages, 962-1154
1975
C. Peter Williams, in The New International Dictionary of the Christian Church, edited by J. D. Douglas (2nd ed., Grand Rapids, 1978), 118
Peter Williams
2
118
The New International Dictionary of the Christian Church
1978
13
Le Goff, Medieval Imagination, 18-23.
Goff
18
Medieval Imagination
14
(New York, 1971)
15
Peter Brown, The Cult of the Saints: Its Rise and Function in Latin Christianity (Chicago, 1981)
Brown
The Cult of the Saints: Its Rise and Function in Latin Christianity
1981
Brown, The Making of Late Antiquity (Cambridge, Mass., 1978)
Brown
The Making of Late Antiquity
1978
Brown, Society and the Holy in Late Antiquity (Berke- ley, 1982)
Brown
Society and the Holy in Late Antiquity
1982
Sabine G. MacCormack, Art and Ceremony in Late Antiquity (Berkeley, 1981)
MacCormack
Art and Ceremony in Late Antiquity
1981
Raymond Van Dam, Leadership and Community in Late-Antique Gaul (Berkeley, 1985)
Van Dam
Leadership and Community in Late-Antique Gaul
1985
16
Richard E. Sullivan, "The Carolingian Age: Reflections on Its Place in the History of the Middle Ages," Speculum, LXIV (1989), 267-306
Sullivan
267
LXIV
Speculum
1989
17
Patrick J. Geary, Before France and Germany: The Creation and Transfor- mation of the Merovingian World (New York, 1988)
Geary
Before France and Germany: The Creation and Transformation of the Merovingian World
1988
Henri Pirenne, Mohammed and Charlemagne (New York, 1939)
Pirenne
Mohammed and Charlemagne
1939
18
Thomas F. X. Noble, The Republic of St. Peter: The Birth of the Papal States, 680-825 (Philadelphia, 1984)
Noble
The Republic of St. Peter: The Birth of the Papal States, 680-825
1984
19
Peter Brown, "Society and the Supernatural: A Medieval Change," Daedalus, CIV no. 2 (1975), 133-151.
Brown
2
133
CIV
Daedalus
1975
20
Paul R. Hyams, "Trial by Ordeal: The Key to Proof in the Early Common Law," in Morris S. Arnold, T. A. Green, and others, eds., On the Laws and Customs of England: Essays in Honor of Samuel E. Thorne (Chapel Hill, 1980)
Hyams
Trial by Ordeal: The Key to Proof in the Early Common Law
On the Laws and Customs of England: Essays in Honor of Samuel E. Thorne
1980
Charles M. Radding has offered another, more controversial interpretation: "Superstition to Science: Nature, Fortune, and the Passing of the Medieval Ordeal," American Historical Review, LXXXIV (1979), 945-96910.2307/1904610
945
Radding, A World Made by Men: Cognition and Society, 400-1200 (Chapel Hill, 1985)
Radding
A World Made by Men: Cognition and Society, 400-1200
1985
Robert L. Bartlett's highly revisionist study, Trial by Färe and Water: The Medieval Judicial Ordeal (Oxford, Eng., 1986)
Bartlett
Trial by Färe and Water: The Medieval Judicial Ordeal
1986
21
John W. Baldwin, Masters, Princes, and Merchants: The Social Views of Peter the Chanter and His Circle (Princeton, N.J., 1970)
Baldwin
Masters, Princes, and Merchants: The Social Views of Peter the Chanter and His Circle
1970
Baldwin, "The Intellectual Preparation for the Canon of 1215 against the Ordeal, Speculum, XXXVI (1961), 613-636
Baldwin
613
XXXVI
The Intellectual Preparation for the Canon of 1215 against the Ordeal, Speculum
1961
22
Edward Peters, Torture (New York, 1985).
Peters
Torture
1985
23
Jeffrey B. Russell, Witchcraft in the Middle Ages (Ithaca, N.Y., 1972
Russell
Witchcraft in the Middle Ages
1972
Russell, A History of Witchcraft: Sorcerers, Heretics, and Pagans (London, 1980)
Russell
A History of Witchcraft: Sorcerers, Heretics, and Pagans
1980
Carlo Ginzburg, Ecstasies: Deciphering the Witches' Sabbath (New York, 1991)
Ginzburg
Ecstasies: Deciphering the Witches' Sabbath
1991
24
Dietrich Gerhard, Old Europe: A Study of Continuity, 1000-1800 (New York, 1981)
Gerhard
Old Europe: A Study of Continuity, 1000-1800
1981
Le Goff's "extended Middle Ages" (n. 13)
Goff
13
Extended Middle Ages
Robert L. Reynolds, Europe Emerges: Transition toward an Industrial World-Wide Society, 600-1750 (Madison, 1961)
Reynolds
Europe Emerges: Transition toward an Industrial World-Wide Society, 600-1750
1961
25
Harold J. Berman, Law and Revolution: The Formation of the Western Legal Tradition (Cambridge, Mass., 1983)
Berman
Law and Revolution: The Formation of the Western Legal Tradition
1983
26
Uta-Renate Blumenthal, The Investiture Controversy: Church and Mon- archy from the Ninth to the Twelfth Century, translated by the author (Philadel- phia, 1988)
Blumenthal
The Investiture Controversy: Church and Monarchy from the Ninth to the Twelfth Century
1988
27
Ibid.
Berman, Law and Revolution, esp. 115-119
Berman
115
Law and Revolution
Brian Tierney and Peter Linehan, eds., Authority and Power: Studies in Medieval Law and Government Presented to Walter Ullmann on His Seventieth Birthday (Cambridge, Eng., 1980)
Tierney
Authority and Power: Studies in Medieval Law and Government Presented to Walter Ullmann on His Seventieth Birthday
1980
Ullmann, Growth of Papal Government, 359-381
Ullmann
359
Growth of Papal Government
28
Stanley Chodorow, Christian Political Theory and Church Politics in the Mid-Twelfth Century: The Ecclesiology of Gratian's Decretum (Berkeley, 1972)
Chodorow
Christian Political Theory and Church Politics in the Mid-Twelfth Century: The Ecclesiology of Gratian's Decretum
1972
Stephan Kuttner, "The Father of the Science of Canon Law," Jurist, I (1941), 2-19
Kuttner
2
I
Jurist
1941
Kuttner, Gratian and the Schools of Law (London, 1983)
Kuttner
Gratian and the Schools of Law
1983
Berman, Law and Revolution, 143-148
Berman
143
Law and Revolution
29
Berman, Law and Revolution 123-127, 143-144, 202-204, 602 n. 11
Berman
11
123
Law and Revolution
30
Ibid., 127-143, 204-205, 273-275.
31
Ibid., 33-41.
32
Brian Tierney, Religion, Law, and the Growth of Constitutional Thought, 1150-1650 (Cambridge, Eng., 1982)
Tierney
Religion, Law, and the Growth of Constitutional Thought, 1150-1650
1982
33
Ullmann, Growth of Papal Government, 357.
Ullmann
357
Growth of Papal Government
34
Georges Duby, The Early Growth of the European Economy: Warriors and Peasants from the Seventh to the Twelfth Century, translated by Howard S. Clarke (Ithaca, N.Y., 1974), 157-270, esp. 266-267
Duby
157
The Early Growth of the European Economy: Warriors and Peasants from the Seventh to the Twelfth Century
1974
Robert S. Lopez, The Commercial Revolution of the Middle Ages, 950-1350 (New York, 1971)
Lopez
The Commercial Revolution of the Middle Ages, 950-1350
1971
35
Duby, Early Growth, 232-234 and passim
Duby
232
Early Growth
Lester K. Little, Religious Pov- erty and the Profit Economy (Ithaca, N.Y., 1978)
Little
Religious Poverty and the Profit Economy
1978
36
J. R. S. Phillips, The Medieval Expansion of Europe (New York, 1988)
Phillips
The Medieval Expansion of Europe
1988
G. V. Scammell, The World Encompassed: The First European Maritime Empires, c. 800-1650 (London, 1981)
Scammell
The World Encompassed: The First European Maritime Empires, c. 800-1650
1981
Filipe Fernaindez-Armesto, Before Columbus: Explora- tion and Colonization from the Mediterranean to the Atlantic, 1229-1492 (Philadel- phia, 1987).
Fernaindez-Armesto
Before Columbus: Exploration and Colonization from the Mediterranean to the Atlantic, 1229-1492
1987
37
Jean Chapelot and Robert Fossier, The Village and House in the Middle Ages, translated by Henry Cleere (Berkeley, 1985)
Chapelot
The Village and House in the Middle Ages
1985
38
M. T. Clanchy, From Memory to Written Record in England, 1066-1307 (Cambridge, Mass., 1979)
Clanchy
From Memory to Written Record in England, 1066-1307
1979
39
Brian Stock, The Implications of Literacy: Written Language and Models of Interpretation in the Eleventh and Twelfth Centuries (Princeton, N.J., 1983)
Stock
The Implications of Literacy: Written Language and Models of Interpretation in the Eleventh and Twelfth Centuries
1983
the same author, Listening for the Text: On the Uses of the Past (Baltimore, 1990)
Stock
Listening for the Text: On the Uses of the Past
1990
40
Alexander Murray, Reason and Society in the Middle Ages (Oxford, Eng., 1978
Murray
Reason and Society in the Middle Ages
1978
41
Timothy Reuter, ed. and trans., The Medieval Nobility: Studies on the Ruling Classes of France and Germany from the Sixth to the Twelfth Century (New York, 1979)
Reuter
The Medieval Nobility: Studies on the Ruling Classes of France and Germany from the Sixth to the Twelfth Century
1979
Georges Duby, The Chivalrous Society, translated by Cynthia Postan (Berkeley, 1977), 59-80, 134-157
Duby
59
The Chivalrous Society
1977
42
M. D. Chenu, Nature, Man, and Society in the Twelfth Century: Essays on New Theological Perspectives in the Latin West, edited and translated by Jerome Taylor and Lester K. Little (Chicago, 1968)
Chenu
Nature, Man, and Society in the Twelfth Century: Essays on New Theological Perspectives in the Latin West
1968
43
R. W. Southern, Robert Grosseteste: The Growth of an English Mind in Medieval Europe (Oxford, Eng., 1986)
Southern
Robert Grosseteste: The Growth of an English Mind in Medieval Europe
1986
A. C. Crombie, Augustine to Galileo (2nd ed., London, 1964)
Crombie
2
Augustine to Galileo
1964
Crombie, Medieval and Early Modern Science (2nd ed., Cambridge, Mass., 1961)
Crombie
2
Medieval and Early Modern Science
1961
Edward Grant, Physical Science in the Middle Ages (Cambridge, Eng., 1977)
Grant
Physical Science in the Middle Ages
1977
44
Radding, "Superstition to Science," 945-969
Radding
945
Superstition to Science
Bartlett, Trial by Färe and Water
Susan Reynolds, Kingdoms and Communities in Western Europe, 900-1300 (Oxford, Eng., 1984), 24-26, 36-38
Reynolds
24
Kingdoms and Communities in Western Europe, 900-1300
1984
45
Carolly Erickson, The Medieval Vision: Essays in History and Perception (New York, 1976), 3-28
Erickson
3
The Medieval Vision: Essays in History and Perception
1976
Benedicta Ward, Miracles and the Medieval Mind: Theory, Record and Event, 1000-1215 (Rev. ed., Philadelphia, 1987), 1-32
Ward
1
Miracles and the Medieval Mind: Theory, Record and Event, 1000-1215
1987
Chenu, Nature, Man, and Society
46
Jeffrey Burton Russell, Inventing the Flat Earth: Columbus and Modern Historians (New York, 1991)
Burton Russell
Inventing the Flat Earth: Columbus and Modern Historians
1991
47
K. J. Leyser, Medieval Germany and Its Neighbours, 900-1250 (London, 1982), xiv-xv.
Leyser
xiv
Medieval Germany and Its Neighbours, 900-1250
1982
48
Keith Thomas, Religion and the Decline of Magic: Studies in Popular Beliefs in Sixteenth- and Seventeenth-Century England (London, 1971).
Thomas
Religion and the Decline of Magic: Studies in Popular Beliefs in Sixteenth- and Seventeenth-Century England
1971
49
Clanchy, From Memory to Written Record
H. G. Richardson and G. O. Sayles, The Governance of Mediaeval England from the Conquest to Magna Carta (Edinburgh, 1963), 269-284
Richardson
269
The Governance of Mediaeval England from the Conquest to Magna Carta
1963
Ralph V. Turner, "The Miles Literatus in Twelfth- and Thirteenth-Century England," American Historical Review, LXXXIII (1978), 928-945.10.2307/1867652
928
50
Colin Morris, The Discovery of the Individual, 1050-1200 (New York, 1972)
Morris
The Discovery of the Individual, 1050-1200
1972
Bynum, Jesus as Mother, 82-109
Bynum
82
Jesus as Mother
51
C. Warren Hollister, Monarchy, Magnates, and Institutions in the Anglo- Norman World (London, 1986), 97-116, 171-189, 209-245
Warren Hollister
97
Monarchy, Magnates, and Institutions in the Anglo-Norman World
1986
Judith Green, The Gov- ernment of England under Henry I (Cambridge, Eng., 1986)
Green
I
The Government of England under Henry
1986
W. L. Warren, The Governance of Norman and Angevin England, 1086-1272 (London, 1987), 1-95
Warren
1
The Governance of Norman and Angevin England, 1086-1272
1987
Stephanie L. Mooers, "Patronage in the Pipe Roll of 1130," Speculum, LIX (1984), 282-307
Mooers
282
LIX
Speculum
1984
52
(Cambridge, Mass., 1927)
53
Ibid., v.
54
Robert L. Benson and Giles Constable, with Carol D. Lanham, eds., Renaissance and Renewal in the Twelfth Century (Cambridge, Mass., 1982)
Benson
Renaissance and Renewal in the Twelfth Century
1982
Cristopher Brooke, The Twelfth-Century Renaissance (New York, 1970)
Brooke
The Twelfth-Century Renaissance
1970
C. Warren Hollister, ed., The Twelfth-Century Renaissance (New York, 1969)
Warren
The Twelfth-Century Renaissance
1969
55
Francis C. Oakley, The Western Church in the Later Middle Ages (Ithaca, N.Y., 1979).
Oakley
The Western Church in the Later Middle Ages
1979
56
Gerhart, Old Europe, 111-147
Gerhart
111
Old Europe
W. W. Rostow, The Stages of Economic Growth: A Non-Communist Manifesto (3rd ed., Cambridge, Eng., 1990)
Rostow
3
The Stages of Economic Growth: A Non-Communist Manifesto
1990
Rostow, How It All Began: Origins of the Modern Economy (New York, 1975)
Rostow
How It All Began: Origins of the Modern Economy
1975
Harold Perkin, The Origins of Modern English Society, 1780-1880 (London, 1969)
Harold
The Origins of Modern English Society, 1780-1880
1969
This content is only available via PDF.

Article PDF first page preview

Article PDF first page preview