[Footnotes]

[Footnotes]
1
Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Eighty Years and More: Reminiscenses, 1815-1897 (New York, 1898), 83
Cady Stanton
83
Eighty Years and More: Reminiscenses, 1815-1897
1898
Frederick B. Tolles, ed., "Slavery and 'The Woman Question': Lucretia Mott's Diary of Her Visit to Great Britain to Attend the World's Anti-Slavery Convention of 1840," Supplement No. 23 to the Journal of the Friends Historical Society (Haverford, Pa., 1952), 41
Tolles
23
41
Journal of the Friends Historical Society
1952
William Lloyd Garrison to Helen Garrison, June 29, 1840
Clare Taylor, comp., British and American Abolitionists: An Episode in Transatlantic Understanding (Edinburgh, 1974), 91
Taylor
91
British and American Abolitionists: An Episode in Transatlantic Understanding
1974
2
Stanton, Eighty Years, 78.
Stanton
78
Eighty Years
3
The Liberator, April 3, and May 22, 1840, X, (1840), 55, 83.
April 3
55
X
The Liberator
1840
Roman Zorn, "The New England Anti-Slavery Soci- ety: Pioneer Abolitionist Organization," Journal of Negro History, LII (1957), 157-7610.2307/2715935
157
Eighth Annual Report of the Board of Managers of the Mass. Anti-Slavery Society, Presented January 22, 1840 (1840; Westport, Conn., 1970)
Eighth Annual Report of the Board of Managers of the Mass. Anti-Slavery Society
1970
Betty Fladeland, "Harriet Martineau," in Fladeland, Abolitionists and Working-Class Problems, 74-92
Fladeland
74
Abolitionists and Working-Class Problems
Maria Waring's account in Taylor, comp., British and American Abolitionists, 95
Waring
95
British and American Abolitionists
Donald R. Kennon, "'An Apple of Discord': The Woman Question at the World's Anti-Slavery Convention of 1840," Slavery and Abolition, V (1984), 248
Kennon
248
V
Slavery and Abolition
1984
Carlos Martyn, Wendell Phillips: The Agitator (New York, 1890), 128, 138
Martyn
128
Wendell Phillips: The Agitator
1890
James Brewer Stewart, Wendell Phillips: Liberty's Hero (Baton Rouge, 1986), 77
Brewer Stewart
77
Wendell Phillips: Liberty's Hero
1986
Irving H. Bartlett, Wendell and Ann Phillips: The Community of Reform, 1840-1880 (New York, 1979), 36
Bartlett
36
Wendell and Ann Phillips: The Community of Reform, 1840-1880
1979
Debra Gold Hansen, "Blue- stockings and Bluenoses: Gender, Class and Conflict in the Boston Female Anti-Slavery Society, 1833-1840" (Ph.D. dissertation, University of California, Irvine, 1989), 123
Frederick B. Tolles's editorial notes in "Lucretia Mott's Diary."
4
Stanton, Eighty Years, 82-83
Stanton
82
Eighty Years
Anna Davis Hallowell, ed., James and Lucretia Mott: Life and Letters (Boston, 1884), 228.
Davis Hallowell
228
James and Lucretia Mott: Life and Letters
1884
5
Douglas H. Maynard, "The World's Anti-Slavery Convention of 1840," Mississippi Valley Historical Review, XLVII (1960), 452-7110.2307/1888877
452
Donald Kennon's fine introduction to the topic, "'An Apple of Discord': The Woman Question at the World's Anti-Slavery Convention of 1840."
6
Ellen Carol DuBois, et al., "Politics and Culture in Women's History: A Symposium," Feminist Studies, VI (1980), 26-6410.2307/3177649
26
7
Aileen S. Kraditor's chapter, "The Woman Question," in Means and Ends in American Abolitionism: Garrison and His Critics on Strategy and Tactics, 1834-1850 (New York, 1967)
Kraditor
The Woman Question
Means and Ends in American Abolitionism: Garrison and His Critics on Strategy and Tactics, 1834-1850
1967
Gerda Lerner's The Grimké Sisters from South Carolina: Pioneers for Women's Rights and Abolition (Boston, 1967)
Lerner
The Grimké Sisters from South Carolina: Pioneers for Women's Rights and Abolition
1967
Katharine DuPre Lumpkin, The Emancipation of Angelina Grimké (Chapel Hill, 1974)
DuPre Lumpkin
The Emancipation of Angelina Grimké
1974
Larry Ceplair, ed., The Public Years of Sarah and Angelina Grimké: Selected Writing, 1835-1839 (New York, 1989)
Ceplair
The Public Years of Sarah and Angelina Grimké: Selected Writing, 1835-1839
1989
Robert Abzug, Passionate Liberator: Theodore Dwight Weld and the Dilemma of Reform (New York, 1980)
Abzug
Passionate Liberator: Theodore Dwight Weld and the Dilemma of Reform
1980
Blanche Glassman Hersh, The Slavery of Sex: Feminist-Abolitionists in America (Urbana, 1978)
Glassman Hersh
The Slavery of Sex: Feminist-Abolitionists in America
1978
Lee Virginia Chambers-Schiller, Liberty, a Better Husband--Single Women in America: The Generations of 1780-1840 (New Haven, 1984)
Chambers-Schiller
Liberty, a Better Husband--Single Women in America: The Generations of 1780-1840
1984
Jean Fagan Yellin, Women and Sisters: The Antislavery Feminists in American Culture (New Haven, 1989)
Fagan Yellin
Women and Sisters: The Antislavery Feminists in American Culture
1989
Lori D. Ginzberg, Women and the Work of Benevolence: Morality, Politics and Class in the Nineteenth Century United States (New Haven, 1990)
Ginzberg
Women and the Work of Benevolence: Morality, Politics and Class in the Nineteenth Century United States
1990
Gerda Lerner, "The Political Activities of Anti-Slavery Women," in The Majority Finds Its Past (New York, 1979), 112-118
Lerner
The Political Activities of Anti-Slavery Women
112
The Majority Finds Its Past
1979
"Women's Rights and Abolition: The Nature of the Connection," in Lewis Perry and Michael Fellman, eds., Anti-Slavery Reconsidered: New Perspectives on the Abolitionists (Baton Rouge, 1979), 238-251
Women's Rights and Abolition: The Nature of the Connection
238
Anti-Slavery Reconsidered: New Perspectives on the Abolitionists
1979
Nancy Hewitt used community structures to compare abolitionist women with other expressions of women's political cul- ture in Women's Activism and Social Change, Rochester, New York, 1822-1872 (Ithaca, N.Y., 1984)
Hewitt
Women's Activism and Social Change, Rochester, New York, 1822-1872
1984
"The Social Origins of Women's Antislavery Politics in Western New York," in Alan Kraut, ed., Crusaders and Compromisers: Essays on the Relationship of the Antislavery Struggle to the Antebellum Party System (West- port, 1984), 205-233
Kraut
The Social Origins of Women's Antislavery Politics in Western New York
205
Crusaders and Compromisers: Essays on the Relationship of the Antislavery Struggle to the Antebellum Party System
1984
"Feminist Friends: Agrarian Quakers and the Emer- gence of Woman's Rights in America," Feminist Studies XII (1986), 27-4910.2307/3177982
27
Jean Fagan Yellin and John C. Van Horne, eds., An Untrodden Path: Antislavery and Women's Political Culture, 1833-1860 (Forthcoming, Ithaca, 1991)
Fagan Yellin
An Untrodden Path: Antislavery and Women's Political Culture, 1833-1860
1991
Ira V. Brown's "'Am I Not a Woman and a Sister?': The Anti-Slavery Conventions of American Women, 1837-1839," Pennsylvania History, L (1983), 1-19
Brown
1
L
Pennsylvania History
1983
Brown, "Cradle of Feminism: The Philadelphia Female Anti-Slavery Society, 1833- 1840," Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography, CIII (1978), 143-166
Brown
143
CIII
Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography
1978
Hansen, "Bluestockings and Bluenoses...the Boston Female Anti-Slavery Soci- ety;" Edward Magdol, The Antislavery Rank and File: A Social Profile of the Abolitionists' Constituency (Westport, 1986), esp. 71, 165
Hansen
Bluestockings and Bluenoses...the Boston Female Anti-Slavery Society
71
The Antislavery Rank and File: A Social Profile of the Abolitionists' Constituency
1986
Amy Swerdlow, "Aboli- tion's Conservative Sisters: The Ladies New York City Anti-Slavery Societies, 1834-1840," forthcoming in Yellin and Van Horne, eds., An Untrodden Path
Swerdlow
Abolition's Conservative Sisters: The Ladies New York City Anti-Slavery Societies, 1834-1840
An Untrodden Path
Carolyn Williams, "The Philadelphia Female Anti-Slavery Society, 1837-1870" (Ph.D. dissertation, University of California, Los Angeles, 1990)
R. J. M. Blackett, Build- ing an Antislavery Wall: Black Americans in the Atlantic Abolitionist Movement, 1830-1860 (Baton Rouge, 1983)
Blackett
Building an Antislavery Wall: Black Americans in the Atlantic Abolitionist Movement, 1830-1860
1983
Ruth Bogin, "Sarah Parker Remond: Black Abolitionist from Salem," Essex Institute Historical Collections, CX (1974), 120-150
Bogin
120
CX
Essex Institute Historical Collections
1974
Ira Brown, "Racism and Sexism: The Case of Pennsylvania Hall," Phylon, XXXVII (1976), 126-13610.2307/274764
126
Paula Giddings, When and Where I Enter: The Impact of Black Women on Race and Sex in America (New York, 1984)
Giddings
When and Where I Enter: The Impact of Black Women on Race and Sex in America
1984
Rosalyn Terborg- Penn, "Discrimination against Afro-American Women in the Woman's Move- ment, 1830-1920," Sharon Harley and Rosalyn Terborg-Penn, eds., The Afro-American Woman (Port Washington, N.Y., 1978), 17-27
Terborg-Penn
Discrimination against Afro-American Women in the Woman's Movement, 1830-1920
17
The Afro-American Woman
1978
James O. Horton, "Generations of Protest: Black Families and Social Reform in Ante-Bellum Boston," New England Quarterly, XLIX (1976), 242-25610.2307/364501
242
George A. Levesque, "Black Boston: Negro Life in Garrison's Boston, 1800-1860" (Ph.D. disserta- tion, State University of New York, Binghamton, 1976)
Nell Irvin Painter, "Sojourner Truth in Life and Memory: Writing the Biography of an Ameri- can Exotic," Gender & History, II (1990), 3-16
Irvin Painter
3
II
Gender & History
1990
Benjamin Quarles, Black Abolitionists (New York, 1969)
Quarles
Black Abolitionists
1969
Louis Ruchames, "Race, Marriage and Aboli- tion in Massachusetts," Journal of Negro History, XL (1955), 250-27310.2307/2715951
250
Janice Sumler-Lewis, "The Forten-Purvis Women of Philadelphia and the American Anti-Slavery Crusade," Journal of Negro History, LXVI (1981-1982), 281-28810.2307/2717236
281
Carolyn Williams, "The Philadelphia Female Anti-Slavery Society." Pub- lished primary sources on black women abolitionists include Ray Allen Billington, ed., The Journal of Charlotte L. Forten: A Free Negro in the Slave Era (New York, 1981)
Williams
The Journal of Charlotte L. Forten: A Free Negro in the Slave Era
1981
Marilyn Richardson, ed., Maria W Stewart, America's First Black Woman Political Writer: Essays and Speeches (Bloomington, Ind., 1987)
Richardson
Maria W Stewart, America's First Black Woman Political Writer: Essays and Speeches
1987
C. Peter Ripley, ed., The Black Abolitionist Papers (Chapel Hill, 1986)
Peter Ripley
The Black Abolitionist Papers
1986
Dorothy Sterling, ed., We Are Your Sisters: Black Women in the Nineteenth Century (New York, 1984)
Sterling
We Are Your Sisters: Black Women in the Nineteenth Century
1984
8
Louis Billington and Rosamund Billington, "'A Burning Zeal for Righteousness': Women in the British Anti-Slavery Movement, 1820-1860," in Jane Rendall, ed., Equal or Different, Women's Politics, 1800-1914 (Oxford, 1987), 82-111
Billington
'A Burning Zeal for Righteousness': Women in the British Anti-Slavery Movement, 1820-1860
82
Equal or Different, Women's Politics, 1800-1914
1987
Alex Tyrrell, "'Woman's Mission' and Pressure Group Politics in Britain (1825-1860)," Bulletin of the John Rylands Library, LXIII (1980-81), 194- 230
Tyrrell
194
LXIII
Bulletin of the John Rylands Library
1980
Karen J. Halberslehen, "Women's Participation in the British Anti- slavery Movement, 1825-1870" (Ph.D. dissertation, State University of New York, Buffalo, 1987)
9
Dorothy Bass, "The Best Hopes of the Sexes: The Woman Question in Garrisonian Abolitionism," (Ph.D. dissertation, Brown University, 1980)
Olive Banks, The Biographical Dictionary of British Feminists, Vol. I: 1800-1930 (New York, 1985)
Banks
I
The Biographical Dictionary of British Feminists
1985
Susan Groag Bell and Karen M. Offen, Women, the Family and Freedom: The Debate in Documents (Stanford, Calif., 1983), 192-193, 195-199, 233-238, 242, 248-251
Groag Bell
192
Women, the Family and Freedom: The Debate in Documents
1983
Gail Malmgreen, "Anne Knight and the Radical Subculture," Quaker History, LXXI (1982), 100-113
Malmgreen
100
LXXI
Quaker History
1982
Joseph W. Reed, Jr., ed., An American Diary, 1857-8 by Barbara Leigh Smith Bodichon (London, 1972), esp. 63
Reed
63
An American Diary, 1857-8
1972
Barbara Taylor, Eve and the New Jerusalem: Socialism and Feminism in the Nineteenth Century (New York, 1983), 282
Taylor
282
Eve and the New Jerusalem: Socialism and Feminism in the Nineteenth Century
1983
10
[Elizabeth Heyrick], Immediate, Not Gradual Abolition of Slavery; Or an Inquiry into the Shortest, Safest, and Most Effectual Means of Getting Rid of West Indian Slavery (London, 1824)
Heyrick
Immediate, Not Gradual Abolition of Slavery; Or an Inquiry into the Shortest, Safest, and Most Effectual Means of Getting Rid of West Indian Slavery
1824
11
Hallowell, ed., James and Lucretia Mott, 138.
Hallowell
138
James and Lucretia Mott
12
Ibid., 196.
13
Anthony J. Barker, Captain Charles Stuart: Anglo American Abolitionist (Baton Rouge, 1986), 189
Barker
189
Captain Charles Stuart: Anglo American Abolitionist
1986
Angelina Grimké Weld to Elizabeth Pease, Aug. 14, 1839, in Taylor, comp., British and American Abolitionists, 81
Aug. 14
81
British and American Abolitionists
1839
14
Barker, Captain Charles Stuart, 189.
Barker
189
Captain Charles Stuart
15
William Lloyd Garrison to George Bradburn, April 24, 1840
Garrison to Helen E. Garrison, May 19, 1840, in Louis Ruchames, ed., The Letters of William Lloyd Garrison (6 vols., Cambridge, 1971), II, 587 and 616
Ruchames
587
II
The Letters of William Lloyd Garrison
1971
16
Kennon, "'Apple of Discord,"' 249.
Kennon
249
Apple of Discord
17
"Lucretia Mott's Diary," 1-85
Hallowell, ed., James and Lucretia Mott
"The Martyr Age of the United States," Westminster Review, XXXII (1839), 1-59
1
XXXII
Westminster Review
1839
ibid., 36
Turning the World Upside Down: The Anti-Slavery Convention of American Women: Held in New York City, May 9-12, 1837 (New York, 1987)
Turning the World Upside Down: The Anti-Slavery Convention of American Women: Held in New York City, May 9-12, 1837
1987
Dana Greene, ed., Lucretia Mott: Her Complete Speeches and Sermons (New York, 1980)
Greene
Lucretia Mott: Her Complete Speeches and Sermons
1980
Billington and Billington, "'A Burning Zeal for Righteous- ness,'" passim
18
Hallowell, ed., James and Lucretia Mott, 150.
Hallowell
150
James and Lucretia Mott
19
"Lucretia Mott's Diary," 27.
20
Memorial of Sarah Pugh: A Tribute of Respect from Her Cousins, (Phila- delphia, 1888), 23
23
Memorial of Sarah Pugh: A Tribute of Respect from Her Cousins
1888
Debra Hansen, "Bluestockings and Bluenoses," 123
Hansen
123
Bluestockings and Bluenoses
21
Proceedings of the Meeting of the Pennsylvania State Anti-Slavery Society for the Eastern District...1839, Pennsylvania Anti-Slavery Society Papers, Historical Society of Pennsylvania
Billington and Billington, "'A Burning Zeal for Righteousness,' " 100
Billington
100
A Burning Zeal for Righteousness
22
"Lucretia Mott's Diary," 28
Pugh, Memorial, 26
Pugh
26
Memorial
Liberator, July 31, 1840, X, 31
July 31
31
X
Liberator
1840
23
"Lucretia Mott's Diary," 27.
"Lucretia Mott's Diary," 40
24
Ibid., 29.
25
Hansen, "Bluestockings and Bluenoses," 110.
Hansen
110
Bluestockings and Bluenoses
26
"Lucretia Mott's Diary," 29.
27
Taylor, comp., British and American Abolitionists, 95-96
Taylor
95
British and American Abolitionists
Mari Jo and Paul Buhle, The Concise History of Woman Suffrage: Selections from the Classic Work of Stanton, Anthony, Gate and Harper (Urbana, Ill., 1978), 79
Mari
79
The Concise History of Woman Suffrage: Selections from the Classic Work of Stanton, Anthony, Gate and Harper
1978
The Liberator, July 24, 1840, X, 118
July 24
118
X
The Liberator
1840
28
Dublin, [June 1840]
Taylor, comp., British and American Abolitionists, 96
Taylor
96
British and American Abolitionists
29
Margaret Howitt, ed., Mary Howitt, an Autobiography (2 vols., London, 1889), I, 291-292
Howitt
291
I
Mary Howitt, an Autobiography
1889
Bogin, "Sarah Parker Remond," 137
Bogin
137
Sarah Parker Remond
30
Taylor, comp., British and American Abolitionists, 95
Taylor
95
British and American Abolitionists
31
Martyn, Wendell Phillips, 132.
Martyn
132
Wendell Phillips
32
Ibid., 131
Buhle and Buhle, Concise History, 80
Buhle
80
Concise History
33
Martyn, Wendell Phillips, 132-33.
Martyn
132
Wendell Phillips
34
Proceedings of the General Anti-Slavery Convention, Called by the Commit- tee of the British and Foreign Anti-Slavery Convention and Held in London from First Day, Friday, June 12th, to Tuesday, June 23rd, 1840. (London, 1841), 25.
25
Proceedings of the General Anti-Slavery Convention, Called by the Committee of the British and Foreign Anti-Slavery Convention and Held in London from First Day, Friday, June 12th, to Tuesday, June 23rd, 1840
1841
35
Buhle and Buhle, Concise History, 84.
Buhle
84
Concise History
36
Baker, Captain Charles Stuart, 191
Baker
191
Captain Charles Stuart
"Lucretia Mott's Diary," 40
37
"Lucretia Mott's Diary," 29-30.
38
Lerner, The Grimké Sisters, 120
Lerner
120
The Grimké Sisters
C. Duncan Rice, "The Anti- Slavery Mission of George Thompson to the United States, 1834-1835," Jour- nal of American Studies, II (1968), 13-31
Duncan Rice
13
II
Journal of American Studies
1968
39
Baker, Captain Charles Stuart, 191.
Baker
191
Captain Charles Stuart
40
William Lloyd Garrison to Henry Clarke Wright, Aug. 1840, in Taylor, comp., British and American Abolitionists, 110
Aug.
110
British and American Abolitionists
1840
Ann and Wendell Phillips to Maria Weston Chapman, July 30, 1839, in Taylor, comp., British and American Abolitionists, 77
July 30
British and American Abolitionists
1839
William Lloyd Garrison to Helen Garrison, June 29, 1840, in Taylor, comp., British and American Abolitionists, 91
June 29
91
British and American Abolitionists
1840
41
"Lucretia Mott's Diary,"34.
42
Hallowell, ed., James and Lucretia Mott, 470-473
Hallowell
470
James and Lucretia Mott
Maria Weston Chapman, ed., Harriet Martineau's Autobiography (2 vols., Boston, 1877)
Weston Chapman
Harriet Martineau's Autobiography
1877
43
"Lucretia Mott's Diary," 13
Buhle and Buhle, Concise History, 81
Buhle
81
Concise History
"Right and Wrong in Boston," Report of the Boston Female Anti-Slavery Society with a concise statement of events, previous and subsequent to the Annual Meeting of 1835 (Boston, 1836)
Right and Wrong in Boston
Report of the Boston Female Anti-Slavery Society with a concise statement of events, previous and subsequent to the Annual Meeting of 1835
1836
Anti-Slavery Letters to Garrison, No. 6, The Webb Ms., in Taylor, comp., British and American Abolitionists, 98
98
British and American Abolitionists
44
"Lucretia Mott's Diary," 30
Lawrence Friedman, Gregarious Saints: Self and Community in Amer- ican Abolitionism, 1830-1870 (New York, 1982)
Friedman
Gregarious Saints: Self and Community in American Abolitionism, 1830-1870
1982
45
Buhle and Buhle, Concise History, 84
Buhle
84
Concise History
Bertram Wyatt-Brown, Louis Tappan and the Evangelical War Against Slavery (Cleveland, 1969)
Wyatt-Brown
Louis Tappan and the Evangelical War Against Slavery
1969
Annie Heloise Abel and Frank J. Klingberg, eds., A Side-Light on Anglo-American Relations, 1839-1858, Furnished by the Correspondence of Lewis Tappan and Others with The British and Foreign Anti-Slavery Society (Washington, D.C., 1927)
Heloise Abel
A Side-Light on Anglo-American Relations, 1839-1858, Furnished by the Correspondence of Lewis Tappan and Others with The British and Foreign Anti-Slavery Society
1927
46
"Lucretia Mott's Diary," 31.
47
Ibid., 31.
48
William Lloyd Garrison to Helen E. Garrison, June 29, 1840
Ruchames, ed., The Letters of William Lloyd Garrison (6 vols., Cambridge, Mass., 1971), II, 654-655
Ruchames
654
II
The Letters of William Lloyd Garrison
1971
49
"Lucretia Mott's Diary," 36.
Ruchames, ed., Letters of Garrison, II, 654
Ruchames
654
II
Letters of Garrison
50
Ibid., 655.
51
Hallowell, ed., James and Lucretia Mott, 199
Hallowell
199
James and Lucretia Mott
Elisabeth Pease to "Dear Friend," July 17, 1840, in Taylor, comp., British and American Abolitionists, 102
July 17
102
British and American Abolitionists
1840
Douglas Charles Stange, British Unitarians against American Slavery, 1833-65 (Rutherford, N.J., 1984), 58
Charles Stange
58
British Unitarians against American Slavery, 1833-65
1984
Memorial of Sarah Pugh, 27
52
Hallowell, ed., James and Lucretia Mott, 199.
Hallowell
199
James and Lucretia Mott
53
Ibid., 36.
54
"Lucretia Mott's Diary," 49
Hallowell, James and Lucretia Mott, 156
Hallowell
156
James and Lucretia Mott
Betty Fladeland, Men and Brothers: Anglo-American Antislavery Cooperation (Urbana, Ill., 1972), 179, 227-230
Fladeland
179
Men and Brothers: Anglo-American Antislavery Cooperation
1972
Barbara Taylor, Eva and the New Jeru- salem: Socialism and Feminism in the Nineteenth Century (N.Y., 1983), 277
Taylor
277
Eva and the New Jerusalem: Socialism and Feminism in the Nineteenth Century
1983
Jane Rendall, The Origins of Modern Feminism: Women in Britain, France and the United States, 1780-1860 (London, 1985), 245-248
Rendall
245
The Origins of Modern Feminism: Women in Britain, France and the United States, 1780-1860
1985
Claire G. Moses, "Saint-Simonian Men/Saint Simonian Women: The Transformation of Feminist Thought in 1830s France," Journal of Modern History, LIV (1982) 240-26710.2307/1906157
240
55
"Lucretia Mott's Diary," 49
Lucretia Mott to Maria Chapman, July 29, 1840, in Taylor, comp., British and American Abolitionists, 104
July 29
104
British and American Abolitionists
1840
56
Sarah Pugh to Richard and Hannah Webb, July 2, 1840
Ms.A.1.2., v.9, p. 66, Boston Public Library
57
"Lucretia Mott's Diary," 58.
58
Jean R. Soderlund, Quakers and Slavery: A Divided Spirit (Princeton, N.J., 1985)
Soderlund
Quakers and Slavery: A Divided Spirit
1985
David Brion Davis, The Problem of Slavery in the Age of Revolution, 1770-1823 (Ithaca, N.Y., 1975)
Brion Davis
The Problem of Slavery in the Age of Revolution, 1770-1823
1975
59
"Lucretia Mott's Diary," 33.
60
Hansen, "Bluestockings and Bluenoses," 30, 123
Hansen
30
Bluestockings and Bluenoses
Margaret Hope Bacon, "Quaker Women in Overseas Ministry," Quaker History, LXXVII (1988), 93-109
Hope Bacon
93
LXXVII
Quaker History
1988
61
"Lucretia Mott's Diary," fn. #1, 13.
62
Billington and Billington, "Women in the British Anti-Slavery Move- ment," 85, 103.
Billington
85
Women in the British Anti-Slavery Movement
63
"Lucretia Mott's Diary," 23
Gilbert H. Barnes and Dwight L. Dumond, eds., Letters of Theodore Dwight Weld, Angelina Grimké Weld and Sarah Grimké, 1822-1844 (2 vols., New York, 1934), I, 350
Barnes
350
I
Letters of Theodore Dwight Weld, Angelina Grimké Weld and Sarah Grimké, 1822-1844
1934
Angelina Grimké's Appeal to the Christian Women of the South
Angelina Emily Grimké, Appeal to the Christian Women of the South, (1836; New York, 1969), 23
Emily Grimké
23
Appeal to the Christian Women of the South
1969
Garrison to Pease, Nov. 6, 1837, in Taylor, comp., British and American Abolitionists, 61
Nov. 6
British and American Abolitionists
1837
64
C. Duncan Rice, The Scots Abolitionists, 1833-1861 (Baton Rouge, La., 1981), 88
Duncan Rice
88
The Scots Abolitionists, 1833-1861
1981
Garrison wrote to Elizabeth Pease in June 1841
Taylor, comp., British and American Abolitionists, 152
Taylor
152
British and American Abolitionists
65
John D. Cushing, "Notes on Disestablishment in Massachusetts, 1780-1833," William and Mary Quarterly, XXVI (1969), 169-19010.2307/1918674
169
William G. McLaughlin, New England Dissent, 1630-1833: The Baptists and the Separation of Church and State (Cambridge, Mass., 1971)
McLaughlin
New England Dissent, 1630-1833: The Baptists and the Separation of Church and State
1971
Chilton Williamson, American Suffrage from Property to Democracy, 1760-1860 (Princeton, 1960)
Williamson
American Suffrage from Property to Democracy, 1760-1860
1960
66
Thomas D. Hamm, The Transformation of American Quakerism: Orthodox Friends, 1800-1907 (Blooming- ton, Ind., 1988), 15-20
Hamm
15
The Transformation of American Quakerism: Orthodox Friends, 1800-1907
1988
Robert W. Doherty, The Hicksite Separation: A Sociological Analysis of Religious Schism in Early Nineteenth-Century America (New Brunswick, N.J., 1967)
Doherty
The Hicksite Separation: A Sociological Analysis of Religious Schism in Early Nineteenth-Century America
1967
67
Hallowell, ed., James and Lucretia Mott, 197.
Hallowell
197
James and Lucretia Mott
68
Ibid., 200.
69
Lucretia Mott to Richard and Hannah Webb, Oct. 12, 1840, in Hallowell, ed., James and Lucretia Mott, 194.
70
"Lucretia Mott's Diary," 23, 26
"Lucretia Mott's Diary," 17
Hallowell, ed., James and Lucretia Mott, 227
Hallowell
227
James and Lucretia Mott
Malmgreen, "Anne Knight and the Radical Subculture."
71
Hallowell, ed., James and Lucretia Mott, 24, 196
Hallowell
24
James and Lucretia Mott
G. Thompson, A. Knight, E. Pease &c." "Diary of Lucretia Mott," 27
Thompson
27
Diary of Lucretia Mott
72
Neville Kirk, The Growth of Working Class Reformism in Mid-Victorian England (Urbana, Ill., 1985), 25, 62, passim
Kirk
25
The Growth of Working Class Reformism in Mid-Victorian England
1985
73
Elizabeth Pease to Maria Weston Chapman, Jan. 10, 1853, Ms.A.9.2.p.4
Samuel May to J. B. Estlin, Feb. 28, 1853, in Taylor, comp., British and Amer- ican Abolitionists, 393.
Taylor
393
British and American Abolitionists
1853
75
Nancy Hewitt, "The Fragmentation of Friends: The Consequences for Quaker Women in Antebellum America," in Elizabeth Potts Brown and Susan Mosher Stuard, eds., Witnesses for Change: Quaker Women over Three Centuries (New Brunswick, N.J., 1989), 104.
Hewitt
The Fragmentation of Friends: The Consequences for Quaker Women in Antebellum America
104
Witnesses for Change: Quaker Women over Three Centuries
1989
76
Anna M. Stoddart, Elizabeth Pease Nichol (London, 1899), 63.
Stoddart
63
Elizabeth Pease Nichol
1899
78
Leonard L. Richards, "Gentle- men of Property and Standing". Anti-Abolitionist Mobs in Jacksonian America (New York, 1970)
Richards
Gentlemen of Property and Standing
Anti-Abolitionist Mobs in Jacksonian America
1970
Theodore M. Hammet, "Two Mobs of Jacksonian Boston: Ideol- ogy and Interest," Journal of American History, LXII (1976), 8445-846810.2307/1903841
8445
Margaret Munsterberg, "The Weston Sisters and the Boston Mob," Boston Public Library Quarterly IX (1958), 183-194
Munsterberg
183
IX
Boston Public Library Quarterly
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79
Foner, Politics and Ideology in the American Civil War (New York, 1980), 63.
Foner
63
Politics and Ideology in the American Civil War
1980
80
Heyrick, Immediate, not Gradual Abolition of Slavery.
81
Martha Gundry, Letters to a Friend (1825)
Gundry
Letters to a Friend
1825
Elizabeth Heyrick, Letters on the Necessity of a Prompt Extinction of British Colonial Slavery (London, 1826)
Heyrick
Letters on the Necessity of a Prompt Extinction of British Colonial Slavery
1826
Kenneth Corfield, "Elizabeth Heyrick: Radical Quaker," in Gail Malmgreen, ed., Religion in the Lives of English Women, 1760-1930 (London, 1986), 44-46
Corfield
Elizabeth Heyrick: Radical Quaker
44
Religion in the Lives of English Women, 1760-1930
1986
David Brion Davis, "The Emergence of Immediatism in British and American Antislavery Thought," Mississippi Valley Historical Review, XLIX (1962), 209-23010.2307/1888627
209
82
Merton L. Dillon, "Elizabeth Chandler and the Spread of Antislav- ery Sentiment to Michigan," Michigan History, XXXIX (1955), 481-494.
Dillon
481
XXXIX
Michigan History
1955
83
Wendell Phillips Garrison and Francis Jackson Garrison, eds., William Lloyd Garrison 1805-1879: The Story of His Life, Told by His Children, (4 vols., New York, 1885-1889) I, 146.
Phillips Garrison
146
I
William Lloyd Garrison 1805-1879: The Story of His Life, Told by His Children
1889
84
Genius of Universal Emancipation and Baltimore Courier, I, no. 14 (Nov. 26, 1825) to no. 18 (Dec. 31, 1825)
14
I
Genius of Universal Emancipation and Baltimore Courier
1825
Margaret Hope Bacon, Valiant Friend: The Life of Lucretia Mott (New York, 1980), 42
Hope Bacon
42
Valiant Friend: The Life of Lucretia Mott
1980
Mary Lloyd, Slavery and the "Woman Question, " 18
Lloyd
18
Slavery and the "Woman Question
85
John L. Thomas, The Liberator: William Lloyd Garrison-A Biography (Boston, 1963), 114-127.
Thomas
114
The Liberator: William Lloyd Garrison-A Biography
1963
86
Hallowell, ed., James and Lucretia Mott, 121.
Hallowell
121
James and Lucretia Mott
88
Archibald H. Grimké, William Lloyd Garrison, the Abolitionist (New York, 1891), 70-73
Grimké
70
William Lloyd Garrison, the Abolitionist
1891
89
Eric Foner, ed., "Intro- duction," Nat Turner (Englewood Cliffs, N.J., 1971)
Foner
Introduction
Nat Turner
1971
90
Garrison and Garrison, eds., William Lloyd Garrison, I, 203
Garrison
203
I
William Lloyd Garrison
Bacon, Valiant Friend, 54
Bacon
54
Valiant Friend
Garrison and Garrison, eds., William Lloyd Garrison, I, 204
Garrison
204
I
William Lloyd Garrison
91
Martyn, Wendell Phillips, 135
Martyn
135
Wendell Phillips
Taylor, comp., British and American Abolitionists, 62
Taylor
62
British and American Abolitionists
92
"Lucretia Mott's Diary," 116.
93
Hallowell, ed., James and Lucretia Mott, 115.
Hallowell
115
James and Lucretia Mott
94
Proceedings of the Meeting of the Pennsylvania State Anti-Slavery Society, May 1839, and October 1850, Pennsylvania Anti-Slavery Society Papers, Histori- cal Society of Pennsylvania.
95
Hallowell, ed., James and Lucretia Mott, 136.
Hallowell
136
James and Lucretia Mott
96
Louis Filler, "Lydia Maria Child," in Edward T. James, et al., eds., Notable American Women, 1607-1950: A Biographical Dictionary (Cambridge, Mass., 1971).
Filler
Lydia Maria Child
Notable American Women, 1607-1950: A Biographical Dictionary
1971
97
Turning the World Upside Down, 19
Sarah Pugh, Memorial, 18
Pugh
18
Memorial
98
Pugh, Memorial, 20-21.
Pugh
20
Memorial
99
Lerner, Grimké Sisters, 247
Lerner
247
Grimké Sisters
Gerda Lerner, "The Grimké Sis- ters and the Struggle against Race Prejudice," Journal of Negro History, XLVIII (1963), 277-29110.2307/2716330
277
100
Pugh, Memorial, 21
Pugh
21
Memorial
Letter from the Managers of the Pennsylvania Hall to John Swift, Mayor, Philadelphia, May 17, 1838, in History of Pennsylvania Hall, which was Destroyed by a Mob on the 17th of May, 1838 (Philadelphia, 1838), 137
Brown, "Racism and Sexism: The Case of Pennsylvania Hall," 126-136
Brown
126
Racism and Sexism: The Case of Pennsylvania Hall
101
Hallowell, ed., James and Lucretia Mott, 130.
Hallowell
130
James and Lucretia Mott
102
Stoddart, Elizabeth Pease Nichol, 64.
Stoddart
64
Elizabeth Pease Nichol
103
Tyrrell, "Woman's Mission," 226
Tyrrell
226
Woman's Mission
104
Billington and Billington, "Women in the British Anti-Slavery Move- ment," 95.
Billington
95
Women in the British Anti-Slavery Movement
105
Turning the World Upside Down, 13.
106
Billington and Billington, "Women in the British Anti-Slavery Move- ment," 251, fn 32, 91.
Billington
251
Women in the British Anti-Slavery Movement
107
Fladeland, Men and Brothers, 206-207.
Fladeland
206
Men and Brothers
108
Elizabeth Pease in 1837
William Lloyd Garrison to Elizabeth Pease, Nov. 6, 1837, in Taylor, British and American Abolitionism, 62
Nov. 6
62
British and American Abolitionism
1837
"The Political Activities of Anti-Slavery Women," 117, 120
109
James Brewer Stewart, Holy Warriors: The Abolitionists and American Slavery (New York, 1976), 83-85
Brewer Stewart
83
Holy Warriors: The Abolitionists and American Slavery
1976
Seymour Drescher, "Public Opinion and the Destruction of British Colonial Slavery," in James Walvin, ed., Slavery and British Society, 1776-1846 (London, 1982), 22-48
Drescher
Public Opinion and the Destruction of British Colonial Slavery
22
Slavery and British Society, 1776-1846
1982
Drescher noted (p. 47)
John R. McKivigan, The War against Proslavery Religion: Abolitionism and the Northern Churches, 1830-1865 (Ithaca, N.Y., 1984)
McKivigan
The War against Proslavery Religion: Abolitionism and the Northern Churches, 1830-1865
1984
Seymour Drescher, "Two Variants of Anti-Slavery: Religious Organization and Social Mobilization in Britain and France, 1780-1870," in Christine Bolt and Seymour Drescher, eds., Anti-Slavery, Religion and Reform: Essays in Memory of Roger Anstey (Hamden, Conn., 1980), 43-63
Drescher
Two Variants of Anti-Slavery: Religious Organization and Social Mobilization in Britain and France, 1780-1870
43
Anti-Slavery, Religion and Reform: Essays in Memory of Roger Anstey
1980
110
Lewis Perry, Radical Abolitionism: Anarchism and the Government of God in Anti- slavery Thought (Ithaca, N.Y., 1973)
Perry
Radical Abolitionism: Anarchism and the Government of God in Antislavery Thought
1973
111
Billington and Billington, "Women in the British Anti-Slavery Move- ment," 84, 86.
Billington
84
Women in the British Anti-Slavery Movement
112
Deborah Van Broekhoven, "Spheres and Webs: The Organization of Antislavery Fairs, 1835-1860," in Yellin and Van Horne, eds., The Anti- Slavery Conventions of American Women (forthcoming)
Van Broekhoven
Spheres and Webs: The Organization of Antislavery Fairs, 1835-1860
The Anti-Slavery Conventions of American Women
Benjamin Quarles, "Sources of Abolitionist Income," Mississippi Valley Historical Review, XXXII (1945), 63-7610.2307/1892887
63
113
Pugh, Memorial, 86
Pugh
86
Memorial
Orwin Rush, "Lucretia Mott and the Pennsylvania Antislavery Fairs," Bulletin of Friends Historical Associations, XXXVI (Autumn 1946), 69-75
Rush
Autumn
69
XXXVI
Bulletin of Friends Historical Associations
1946
114
Pugh, Memorial, 93-94.
Pugh
93
Memorial
115
Pugh, Memorial, 95-96
Pugh
95
Memorial
Lori D. Ginzberg, "Moral Suasion is Moral Balderdash: Women, Politics, and the Social Activism in the 1850s," Journal of American History, LXXIII (1986), 601-62210.2307/1902979
601
116
R. D. Webb to Maria Weston Chapman, Nov. 20, 1841, in Taylor, comp., British and American Abolitionists, 157
Nov. 20
157
British and American Abolitionists
1841
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