[Footnotes]

[Footnotes]
1
Vitruvius, De architectura, Book I, ch. 1, and preface to Book VI, ed. F. Granger (London, 1931-34), I, 6-25, II, 2-9.
Vitruvius
ch. 1
6
I
De architectura
1931
2
D. Lee, "Science, Philosophy and Technology in the Greco-Roman World," Greece and Rome, XX (1973), 70-71.
Lee
70
XX
Greece and Rome
1973
3
S. Kalischer, "Die Wertschitzung der Arbeit in Bibel und Talmud," in Judaica: Festschrift zu Hermann Cohens siebsigstem Geburtstag (Berlin, 1912), 583.
Kalischer
Die Wertschitzung der Arbeit in Bibel und Talmud
583
Judaica: Festschrift zu Hermann Cohens siebsigstem Geburtstag
1912
4
Lynn White, jr., "Cultural Climates and Technological Advance in the Middle Ages," Viator, II (1971), 191-193.
White
191
II
Viator
1971
5
Barbara H. Rosenwein, "Feudal War and Mon- astic Peace: Cluniac Liturgy as Ritual Aggression," ibid., 129-157
Rosenwein
129
Viator
6
Lynn White, jr., "Eilmer of Malmesbury, an Eleventh-Century Aviator: A Case Study of Technological Innovation, Its Context and Tradition," Technology and Culture, II (1961), 97-111.10.2307/3101411
97
7
Robert-Henri Bautier and Monique Gilles, eds., Odorannus de Sens: Opera omnia (Paris, 1972), 100-111
Bautier
100
Odorannus de Sens: Opera omnia
1972
B. Bischoff, "Die Oberlieferung der technischen Literatur," in Artigianato e tecnica nella societh dell' alto medioevo occidentale, Settimane di studio del Centro italiano di studi sull'alto medioevo, XVIII (Spoleto, 1971), 267-296
Bischoff
Die Oberlieferung der technischen Literatur
267
XVIII
Artigianato e tecnica nella societh dell' alto medioevo occidentale, Settimane di studio del Centro italiano di studi sull'alto medioevo
1971
8
Theophilus, De diversis artibus, ed. and tr. C. R. Dodwell (London, 1961)
Theophilus
De diversis artibus
1961
On Divers Arts: The Treatise of Theophilus, tr. by J. G. Hawthorne, commentary by C. S. Smith (Chicago, 1963)
Hawthorne
On Divers Arts: The Treatise of Theophilus
1963
Lynn White, jr., "Theophilus redivivus," Technology and Culture, V (1964), 224-23310.2307/3101163
224
Isis Cumulative Bibliography, 1913-65, ed. M. Whitrow (London, 1971), II, 537
Whitrow
537
II
Isis Cumulative Bibliography, 1913-65
1971
M. S. Frinta, "A Note on Theoph- ilus, Maker of Wonderful Things," Art Bulletin, XLVI (1964), 525-52910.2307/3048213
525
L. Thorn- dike, "Words in Theophilus," Technology and Culture, VI (1965), 442-44310.2307/3101791
442
D. V. Thompson, "Theophilus Presbyter: Words and Meaning in Technical Translation," Speculum, XLII (1967), 313-339
Thompson
313
XLII
Speculum
1967
C. R. Dodwell, "Gold Metallurgy in the Twelfth Century: The De diversis artibus of Theophilus the Monk," Gold Bulletin, IV (1971), 51-55
Dodwell
51
IV
Gold Bulletin
1971
9
Cyril Stanley Smith, "Metallurgical Footnotes to the History of Art," Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society, CXVI (1972), 106.
Smith
106
CXVI
Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society
1972
10
Theophilus, De diversis artibus, ed. Dodwell, 4.
Theophilus
4
De diversis artibus
11
M. Tikhomirov, The Towns of Ancient Rus (Moscow, 1959), 80.
Tikhomirov
80
The Towns of Ancient Rus
1959
12
On Divers Arts: The Treatise of Theophilus, 87.
13
Ibid., 34, 111, 191.
14
Ibid., 132, 158, 168, 175, 185.
15
W. Geilmann, "Die chemische Zusammensetzung einiger alter Gliser, inbeson- dere deutscher Glhiser des 10. bis 18. Jahrhunderts," Glastechnische Berichte, XXVIII (1955), 146-156.
Geilmann
146
XXVIII
Glastechnische Berichte
1955
16
On Divers Arts: The Treatise of Theophilus, 49, 52.
17
Ernest S. Hedges, Tin in Social and Economic History (New York, 1964), 43, 161.
Hedges
43
Tin in Social and Economic History
1964
18
Theophilus, De diversis artibus, ed. Dodwell, xxii-xxiii.
Theophilus
xxii
De diversis artibus
19
My "Natural Science and Naturalistic Art in the Middle Ages," American His- torical Review, LII (1947), 421-435
421
LII
American Historical Review
1947
"Parallelism, Convergence and Influence in the Relations of Arab and Byzantine Philosophy, Literature and Piety," Dumbarton Oaks Papers, XVIII (1964), 91-111, esp. 104-106
91
XVIII
Dumbarton Oaks Papers
1964
"The World of Islam: The Face of the Antagonist" in Twelfth-Century Europe and the Foundations of Modern Society, ed. M. Clagett, et al., [Madison, 1961] 202-205)
Clagett
The World of Islam: The Face of the Antagonist
202
Twelfth-Century Europe and the Foundations of Modern Society
1961
20
Franco Alessio, "La filosofia e le 'artes mechanicae' nel secolo XII," Studi medievali, 3rd ser., VI (1965), 71-161
Alessio
3rd ser.
71
VI
Studi medievali
1965
Peter Sternagel, Die artes mechanicae im Mittelalter: Begriffs- und Be.- deutungsgeschichte bis zum Ende des 13. Jahrhunderts (Kallmünz, 1966)
Sternagel
Die artes mechanicae im Mittelalter: Begriffs- und Be.deutungsgeschichte bis zum Ende des 13. Jahrhunderts
1966
Siegfried Sudhof, "Die Stellung der Landwirtschaft im System der mittelalterlichen Kiinste," Zeitschrift Jfir Agrargeschichte und Agrarsoziologie, IV (1956), 128-134
Sudhof
128
IV
Zeitschrift Jfir Agrargeschichte und Agrarsoziologie
1956
Bernhard Bischoff, "Ein verschollene Einteilung der Wis- senschaften," Archives d'histoire doctrinale et littdraire du moyen dge, XXV (1958), 5-20
Bischoff
5
XXV
Archives d'histoire doctrinale et littdraire du moyen dge
1958
Mittelalterlichen Studien, I (Stuttgart, 1966), 273-288
273
I
Mittelalterlichen Studien
1966
21
W. Bynum, "The Spirituality of Regular Canons in the Twelfth Century: A New Approach," Medievalia et humanistica, new series, IV (1973), 3-24
Bynum
new series
3
IV
Medievalia et humanistica
1973
pp. 19-20
22
Damien van den Eynde, Essai sur la succession et la date des dcrits de Hugues de Saint-Victor, Spicilegium pontificii athenaei antoniani, XIII (Rome, 1960), 45-58
van den Eynde
45
XIII
Essai sur la succession et la date des dcrits de Hugues de Saint-Victor
1960
Roger Baron, "Note sur la succession et la date des &crits de Hugues de Saint-Victor," Revue d'histoire eccldsiastique, LVII (1962), 88-118
Baron
88
LVII
Revue d'histoire eccldsiastique
1962
23
Didascalicon, ed. C. H. Buttimer (Washington, D.C., 1939).
Buttimer
Didascalicon
1939
24
B. von Simson, Scriptores rerum germani- carum (Hannover, 1912), 116
von Simson
116
Scriptores rerum germanicarum
1912
L. M. de Rijk, "Some Notes on the Twelfth-Century Topic of the Three (Four) Human Evils and of Science, Virtue and Techniques as Their Remedies," Vivarium, V (1967), 8-15
de Rijk
8
V
Vivarium
1967
25
Roger Baron, ed., "Hugonis de Sancto Victore Epitome Dindimi in philoso- phiam," Traditio, XI (1955), 91-148.
Baron
91
XI
Traditio
1955
26
Thomas G. Hahn, "God's Friends: Virtuous Heathen in Later Medieval Thought and English Literature" (Ph.D. dissertation, University of California, Los Angeles 1974), esp. pp. 260-293
"The Medieval Tradition of the Brahmans," and pp. 294-345
"Mandeville's Travels and Alexander B."
27
Jean Leclercq, "Le De grammatica de Hugues de Saint-Victor," Archives d'his- toire doctrinale et litte'raire du moyen dge, XIV (1943-1945), 263-322.
Leclercq
263
XIV
Archives d'histoire doctrinale et litte'raire du moyen dge
1943
28
Eulalia Rodön-Binue, El lenguaje tecnico del feudalismo en el siglo XI en Cata- luaia (Barcelona, 1957), 90
Rodön-Binue
90
El lenguaje tecnico del feudalismo en el siglo XI en Cataluaia
1957
John H. Harvey, English Medieval Architects: A Biographical Dictionary to 1550 (London, 1954), 11-17, 91-92, 111, 146, 184, 270, 295, 301, 307
Harvey
11
English Medieval Architects: A Biographical Dictionary to 1550
1954
29
K. J. Conant and H. M. Willard, "Early Examples of the Pointed Arch and Vault in Romanesque Architecture," Viator, II (1971), 203-210
Conant
203
II
Viator
1971
L. White, jr., ibid., 182-185
Carl W. Condit, American Building Art: The Nineteenth Century (New York, 1960), 39-50
Condit
39
American Building Art: The Nineteenth Century
1960
30
William of Malmesbury, Vita sancti Dunstani, 1.4, in Memorials of Saint Dun- stan, Archbishop of Canterbury, ed. W. Stubbs, Rolls Series no. 63 (London, 1874), 301
William of Malmesbury
Vita sancti Dunstani
301
1
Memorials of Saint Dunstan, Archbishop of Canterbury
1874
David Knowles, The Mon- astic Order in England (2nd ed., Cambridge, Eng., 1963), 560, n. 4
Knowles
2
560
The Monastic Order in England
1963
31
Mary G. Cheney, "The Decretal of Pope Celestine III on Tithes of Windmills, JL 17620," Bulletin of Medieval Canon Law, new series, I (1971), 63-66
Cheney
new series
63
I
Bulletin of Medieval Canon Law
1971
Weedly, Yorkshire, by 1185
Osney Abbey, before 1189
Bury St. Edmunds, 1191-1192
Durham, before December 1196
L. White, jr., Medieval Technology and Social Change (Oxford, 1962), 87
White
87
Medieval Technology and Social Change
1962
Mrs. Cheney (p. 64, n. 3)
Mrs. Cheney, ibid., likewise speaks of windmills at Arles c. 1162-1180
Medieval Technology, 87, n. 2
32
Charles H. Haskins, The Renaissance of the Twelfth Century (Cam- bridge, Mass., 1927)
Haskins
The Renaissance of the Twelfth Century
1927
33
Jacques Le Goff, "Quelle conscience l'université médiévale a-t-elle eu d'elle- meme?," Miscellanea mediaevalia, III (1964), 18
Le Goff
18
III
Miscellanea mediaevalia
1964
ibid., 21, n. 35
34
Summi magistri of June 20, 1336
June 20
Summi magistri
1336
David Knowles, The Re- ligious Orders in England, II: The End of the Middle Ages (Cambridge, Eng., 1955), 4, 14-28
Knowles
14
4
The Religious Orders in England, II: The End of the Middle Ages
1955
35
Epistola de magnete, ed. G. Hellmann (Berlin, 1898)
Hellmann
Epistola de magnete
1898
Charles of Anjou in 1269
Nova compositio astro- labii particularis, ed. G. Boffito and C. Melzi d'Eril, Il trattato dell'astrolabio di Pietro Peregrino di Maricourt (Florence, 1927)
Boffito
Nova compositio astrolabii particularis
Il trattato dell'astrolabio di Pietro Peregrino di Maricourt
1927
36
De aquarum conductibus et ingeniis exigendis
Alexander Birken- majer, "Vermischte Untersuchungen zur Geschichte der mittelalterlichen Philosophie: 1. Der Brief der Pariser Artistenfacultlit über den Tod des hl. Thomas von Aquino," Beitrdge zur Geschichte der Philosophie des Mittelalters, XX.5 (Münster, 1922), 1-32
Birkenmajer
1
XX
Beitrdge zur Geschichte der Philosophie des Mittelalters
1922
etudes d'histoire des sciences et de la philosophie du moyen dge, Studia copernicana, 1 (Wroclaw, 1970), 277-311
277
1
Etudes d'histoire des sciences et de la philosophie du moyen dge, Studia copernicana
1970
Edward Grant, "Henricus Aristippus, William of Moerbeke and Two Alleged Mediaeval Trans- lations of Hero's Pneumatica," Speculum, XLVI (1971), 656-669
Grant
656
XLVI
Speculum
1971
p. 665, n. 39
37
Lon R. Shelby, "The Geometrical Knowledge of Mediaeval Master Masons," Speculum, XLVII (1972), 395-421
Shelby
395
XLVII
Speculum
1972
John H. Harvey, The Medieval Architect (London, 1972), 98
Harvey
98
The Medieval Architect
1972
38
Lynn White, jr., "Jacopo Aconcio as an Engineer," American Historical Review, LXXII (1967), 439-44110.2307/1859235
439
39
H. R. Hahnloser, ed., Villard de Honnecourt (Vienna, 1935)
Hahnloser
Villard de Honnecourt
1935
Victor Mortet and Paul Deschamps, Recueil des textes relatifs ti l'histoire de l'architecture (Paris 1929), II, 295
Mortet
295
II
Recueil des textes relatifs ti l'histoire de l'architecture
1929
40
Gothic and Scholasticism (Cleveland, 1957)
Guy Beaujouan, L'interddpendence entre la science scolastique et les techniques utilitaires (XIIe, XIIIe et XIVe sidcles), Conférances du Palais de la decouverte D46 (Paris, 1957)
Beaujouan
L'interddpendence entre la science scolastique et les techniques utilitaires
1957
41
"Multi . . . dubitant, medicina scientiane sit necne, dumque ipsam ab artibus et scientiis excludunt." J. P. Migne, ed., Patrologiae cursus completus. Series latina (Paris, 1880), CL, 1563.
Migne
Multi . . . dubitant, medicina scientiane sit necne, dumque ipsam ab artibus et scientiis excludunt
1563
CL
Patrologiae cursus completus. Series latina
1880
42
Vern L. Bullough, "Status in Medieval Medicine," Journal of Health and Human Behavior, II (1961), 204-21010.2307/2948986
204
idem, The Development of Medicine as a Profession (New York, 1966), 62-63, 82-92
Bullough
62
The Development of Medicine as a Profession
1966
Pearl Kibre, "The Faculty of Medicine at Paris," Bulletin of the History of Medicine, XXVII (1953), 1-20
Kibre
1
XXVII
Bulletin of the History of Medicine
1953
Eduard Seidler, La mddicine a Paris au XIVe siecle, Conférences du Palais de la découverte D117 (Paris, 1967)
Seidler
La mddicine a Paris au XIVe siècle
1967
43
M. L. W. Laistner, "The Western Church and Astrology during the Early Middle Ages," Harvard Theological Review, XXXIV (1941), 251-27510.2307/1507991
251
The Intellectual Heritage of the Early Middle Ages (Ithaca, 1957), 57-82
57
The Intellectual Heritage of the Early Middle Ages
1957
44
Richard Lemay, Abu Macshar and Latin Aristotelianism in the Twelfth Century: The Recovery of Aristotle's Natural Philosophy through Arabic Astrology (Beirut, 1962)
Lemay
Abu Macshar and Latin Aristotelianism in the Twelfth Century: The Recovery of Aristotle's Natural Philosophy through Arabic Astrology
1962
45
A. Cordeliani, "Les traités de comput du haut moyen Age," Bulletin Du Cange, XVII (1943), 51-57.
Cordeliani
51
XVII
Bulletin Du Cange
1943
46
"Medical Astrologers and Late Medieval Engineering," Viator, VI (1975)
VI
Viator
1975
47
To date, Vols. I to IV, pt. 3, and V, pt. 2 (Cambridge, Eng., 1961-1974).
48
A. Ungerer, Les horloges astronomiques et monumentales (Paris, 1931)
Ungerer
Les horloges astronomiques et monumentales
1931
49
Edgar Zilsel, Die Entstehung des Geniebegriffs (Tübingen, 1926)
Zilsel
Die Entstehung des Geniebegriffs
1926
Raymond Kli- bansky, Erwin Panofsky, and Fritz Saxl, Saturn and Melancholy (New York, 1964), 247-254
Klibansky
247
Erwin Panofsky, and Fritz Saxl, Saturn and Melancholy
1964
50
Alistair C. Crombie, "Mathematics, Music and Medical Science," Actes du XIIe Congres international d'histoire des sciences, 1968 (Paris, 1971), Ib, 295-310
Crombie
Mathematics, Music and Medical Science
295
Actes du XIIe Congres international d'histoire des sciences, 1968
1971
51
Frederick B. Artz, The Development of Technical Education in France, 1500-1850 (Cambridge, Mass., 1966)
Artz
The Development of Technical Education in France, 1500-1850
1966
F. Jilek, "Main Trends of Technical Education in Central Europe until the Industrial Revolution," Acta historiae rerum naturalium neenon technicarum, Special issue VII (Prague, 1974), 83-106
Jilek
Main Trends of Technical Education in Central Europe until the Industrial Revolution
83
VII
Acta historiae rerum naturalium neenon technicarum, Special issue
1974
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