[Footnotes]

[Footnotes]
1
Freeman Til- den, The National Parks: What They Mean to You and Me (New York, 1951)
Tilden
The National Parks: What They Mean to You and Me
1951
Jenks Cameron, The National Park Service: Its History, Activities, and Organization, Service Monographs of the U. S. Government, No. 11 (New York and London, 1922)
Robert Shankland, Steve Mather of the Na- tional Parks (New York, 1951)
Shankland
Steve Mather of the National Parks
1951
John Ise, Our National Park Policy: A Critical History (Baltimore, 1961)
Ise
Our National Park Policy: A Critical History
1961
Donald C. Swain, Federal Conservation Policy, 1921-1933 (Berkeley and Los Angeles, 1963)
Swain
Federal Conservation Policy, 1921-1933
1963
Wilderness Defender: Horace M. Albright and Conservation (Chicago, 1970)
Wilderness Defender: Horace M. Albright and Conservation
1970
Roderick Nash, Wilderness and the American Mind (New Haven, 1967)
Nash
Wilderness and the American Mind
1967
Samuel P. Hays, Conservation and the Gospel of Efficiency: The Progressive Conservation Movement, 1890-1920 (Cambridge, Mass., 1959)
Hays
Conservation and the Gospel of Efficiency: The Progressive Conservation Movement, 1890-1920
1959
Elmo R. Richardson, The Politics of Conservation: Crusades and Controversies, 1897-1913 (Berkeley and Los Angeles, 1962)
Richardson
The Politics of Conservation: Crusades and Controversies, 1897-1913
1962
2
Donald C. Swain, "The Passage of the National Park Service Act of 1916," Wisconsin Magazine of His- tory, L (1966), 4-17
Swain
4
L
Wisconsin Magazine of History
1966
Ise, Our National Park Policy, 185-323
Ise
185
Our National Park Policy
Swain, Federal Conservation Policy, 123-143
Swain
123
Federal Conservation Policy
3
Shankland, Steve Mather, 295-302
Shankland
295
Steve Mather
Swain, Wilderness Defender, 178-205
Swain
178
Wilderness Defender
4
Ray Lyman Wilbur, The Memoirs of Ray Lyman Wilbur, 1875-1949, edited by Edgar E. Robinson and Paul C. Edwards (Stanford, 1960), 431-440
Wilbur
431
The Memoirs of Ray Lyman Wilbur, 1875-1949
1960
Horace M. Albright, "Reminiscences," Oral History Research Office, Columbia University, pp. 301-308
Albright
Reminiscences
301
Oral History Research Office
5
Swain, "Harold Ickes, Horace Albright, and the Hundred Days," Pacific Historical Review, XXXIV (1965), 455-465.10.2307/3636355
455
6
Shankland, Steve Mather, 302
Shankland
302
Steve Mather
Ise, Our National Park Policy, 354
Ise
354
Our National Park Policy
Horace M. Albright, Dec. 20, 1964
7
"The National Gallery," Washington Post, clipping dated May 10, 1934
May 10
Washington Post
1934
National Archives, Records of National Park Service (hereafter abbreviated NA, NPS), Admin., Director Cammerer
Who's Who In America, 1940-1941 (Chicago, 1940), 505
505
Who's Who In America, 1940-1941
1940
8
Donald E. Lee (Ickes' personal secretary in the 1930s), Aug. 25, 1964
9
Harold L. Ickes, Secret Diary, Vol. II, The Inside Struggle, 1936-1939 (New York, 1954), 584
Ickes
584
II
Secret Diary
1954
ibid, Vol. III, The Lowering Clouds, 1939-1941 (New York, 1954), 9, 72, 103
9
III
Secret Diary
1954
Albright, "Reminis- cences," 541-543
Albright
541
Reminiscences
10
Donald E. Lee, Aug. 25, 1964
Minutes of the Advisory Council, NA, Records of the CCC
Swain, Wilderness Defender, 248-252
Swain
248
Wilderness Defender
11
NA, NPS Admin.
12
Memorandum from Cammerer to Ickes, Aug. 1, 1935
John D. Rockefeller, Jr., to Cammerer, Dec. 5, 1935
Cammerer to Kenneth Chorley, Dec. 10, 1935, ibid.
13
"Expanding the National Park System," Literary Digest, CXIX (June 1, 1935), 36
June 1
36
CXIX
Literary Digest
1935
A. Cameron, "One Night Stands in the Parks," Saturday Evening Post, CCVI (May 12, 1934), 37-38
Cameron
May 12
37
CCVI
Saturday Evening Post
1934
"Western National Parks Invite America Out of Doors," National Geographic, LXVI (July 1934), 65-80
July
65
LXVI
National Geographic
1934
H. H. Smith, "Vacations in Our Country's Parks," Woman's Home Companion, LXV (July 1938), 9-10
Smith
July
9
LXV
Woman's Home Companion
1938
14
Nicholas Roosevelt to Cammerer, March 21, 1934, NA, NPS Admin., Director Commerer
15
New York Times, May 12, 1938.
May 12
New York Times
1938
16
Annual Report of the Secretary of the Interior, 1934, pp. 164-165, and 1935, pp. 179-180
Edgar B. Nixon, ed., Franklin D. Roose- velt and Conservation, 1911-1945 (2 vols., Hyde Park, 1957), I, 321-324
Nixon
321
I
Roosevelt and Conservation, 1911-1945
1957
17
Annual Report of the Secretary of the Interior, 1937, pp. 34-35, and 1938, p. 1.
18
Ibid., 1937, p. 36, 1938, p. 3
1940, p. 169
19
Annual Report of the Secretary of the Interior, 1933, pp. 194-195
1941, p. 278
20
New York Times, Oct. 22, 1938.
Oct. 22
New York Times
1938
21
Elmo R. Richardson, "Olympic National Park: 20 years of Controversy," Forest History, XII (April 1968), 6-15
Richardson
April
6
XII
Forest History
1968
Ise, Our National Park Policy, 382-404
Ise
382
Our National Park Policy
Douglas H. Strong, Trees-or Timber? The Story of Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks (Three Rivers, Calif., [1967?]), 47-48
Strong
47
Trees-or Timber? The Story of Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks
1967
Swain, Wilderness Defender, 113-117, 155-157, 252-255, 261-269, 280-287
Swain
113
Wilderness Defender
22
"We Are Taken to Task," Nature Magazine, XXVII (March 1936), 177.
March
177
XXVII
Nature Magazine
1936
23
Richard Polenberg, Reorganizing Roosevelt's Government: The Contro- versy over Executive Reorganization, 1936-1939 (Cambridge, Mass., 1966), 100-122
Polenberg
100
Reorganizing Roosevelt's Government: The Controversy over Executive Reorganization, 1936-1939
1966
Richard Polenberg, "Conservation and Reorganization: The Forest Service Lobby, 1937-1938," Agricultural History, XXXIX (1965), 230-23910.2307/3741042
230
24
C. M. Granger to John R. White, March 24, 1939, NA, NPS, Boundaries, Forest Service
25
Memorandum for Regional Directors and Superintendents, March 27, 1939, ibid.
26
Swain, Federal Conservation Policy, 129.
Swain
129
Federal Conservation Policy
27
Annual Report of the Secretary of the Interior, 1938, p. 6.
6
Annual Report of the Secretary of the Interior
1938
28
Elwood Mead to Mrs. C. N. Edge, March 17, 1933, NA
29
Rosalee Edge to Mead, March 20, 1933, ibid.
30
New York Times, May 12, 1938.
May 12
New York Times
1938
31
A. E. Demaray to John C. Page, June 2, 1938
Kenneth A. Reid, June 6, 1938
Cammerer, Nov. 5, 1938, NA, BR, Protests re Construction of Recla- mation Works in National Parks
32
"The National Parks Association," Science, LXXXVI (July 16, 1937), 48-49
July 16
48
LXXXVI
Science
1937
Hor- ace M. Albright to the Editor, New York Times, July 11, 1937
Albright
July 11
New York Times
1937
Ise, Our National Park Policy, 434
Ise
434
Our National Park Policy
33
A. E. Demaray to Commissioner of Reclamation, March 22, 1935, NA, BR, Pro- tests re Construction of Reclamation Works in National Parks.
34
Ise, Our National Park Policy, 435.
Ise
435
Our National Park Policy
35
Annual Report of the Secretary of the Interior, 1940, p. 185.
185
Annual Report of the Secretary of the Interior
1940
36
Ibid., 203.
37
Ibid., 1933, pp. 154-155, and 1940, p. 203.
38
Ibid., 1935, p. 179.
39
Albright to Cammerer, July 14, 1935, NA, NPS, Admin., Director Albright.
40
Annual Report of the Secretary of the Interior, 1940, p. 208.
41
Ibid., 1937, pp. 68-69
Shankand, Steve Mather, 303
Shankand
303
Steve Mather
42
Annual Report of the Secretary of the Interior, 1937, p. 38.
38
Annual Report of the Secretary of the Interior
1937
43
Ibid., 1940, p. 171
U. S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service, 1937 Yearbook: Park and Recreation Progress (Washington, 1938)
U. S. Department of the Interior, Na- tional Park Service, Park and Recreation Structures, Part I, Administration and Basic Service Facilities (Washington, 1938)
44
Horace M. Albright, "Reminiscences," 312-314
Albright
312
Reminiscences
Annual Report of the Director of the National Park Service, 1932, p. 31
31
Annual Report of the Director of the National Park Service
1932
45
Annual Report of the Secretary of the Interior, 1933, p. 157.
157
Annual Report of the Secretary of the Interior
1933
46
Ibid., 1934, p. 165
165
Annual Report of the Secretary of the Interior
1934
Elmo R. Richardson, "The Civilian Conservation Corps and the Origins of the New Mexico Park System," National Resources Journal, VI (1966), 248-267
Richardson
248
VI
National Resources Journal
1966
47
John A. Salmond, The Civilian Conservation Corps, 1933-1942 (Durham, N. Carolina, 1967), 213
Salmond
213
The Civilian Conservation Corps, 1933-1942
1967
48
Annual Report of the Secretary of the Interior, 1940, p. 201.
201
Annual Report of the Secretary of the Interior
1940
49
Charles B. Hos- mer, Jr., Presence of the Past: A History of the Preservation Movement in the United States before Williamsburg (New York, 1965)
Hosmer
Presence of the Past: A History of the Preservation Movement in the United States before Williamsburg
1965
Swain, Wilderness Defender, 197-200
Swain
197
Wilderness Defender
Ise, Our National Park Policy, 357-358
Ise
357
Our National Park Policy
50
Annual Report of the Secretary of the Interior, 1937, pp. 56-57.
56
Annual Report of the Secretary of the Interior
1937
51
Ickes to Herman C. Bumpus, Nov. 15, 1937, NA, Records of the Office of the Secretary of the Interior, NPS.
52
Francis P. Farquhar to Cammerer, April 19, 1934, NA, NPS, Admin., Director Cammerer.
53
Ickes to James A. Foote, Jan. 4, 1938, NA, Records of the Office of the Secretary of the Interior, NPS.
54
Ickes to William E. Colby, Feb. 8, 1937, ibid.;
James A. Foote to Editor, New York Times, Oct. 26, 1938
Oct. 26
New York Times
1938
William P. Wharton to FDR, Feb. 17, 1937, in Nixon, Franklin D. Roosevelt and Conservation, Vol. II, 1937-1945 (Hyde Park, 1957), 23
55
"Practical Idealism and Our Parks," Nature Magazine, XXXII (Feb. 1939), 97.
Feb.
97
XXXII
Nature Magazine
1939
56
Richard L. Neuberger, "How Much Conservation?" Saturday Evening Post, CCXII (June 15, 1940), 12.
Neuberger
June 15
12
CCXII
Saturday Evening Post
1940
58
Franklin K. Lane to Stephen T. Mather, May 13, 1918, NA, NPS, Gen., Misc.
59
Annual Report of the Secretary of the Interior, 1938, p. 37.
37
Annual Report of the Secretary of the Interior
1938
60
George M. Wright, Joseph S. Dixon, and Ben H. Thompson, Fauna of the National Parks of the United States, Fauna Series No. 1, National Park Service (Washington, 1933), 83-84, 147-148
Wright
83
Fauna of the National Parks of the United States
1933
V. E. Shelford, "Conservation Versus Preservation," Science, LXXVII (June 2, 1933), 53510.2307/1658296
535
Annual Report of the Secretary of the Interior, 1938, p. 14
14
Annual Report of the Secretary of the Interior
1938
61
Ickes, Secret Diary, III, 9.
Ickes
9
III
Secret Diary
62
Ibid., 9, 103.
63
Ibid., 72.
64
Ibid., 72, 142, 213.
65
"Excerpts from Secretary Ickes' talk to the Superintendents' Conference," Nov. 20, 1934, NA, NPS, Policy, Admin. and Personnel
Excerpts from Secretary Ickes' talk to the Superintendents' Conference
1934
Ickes to Jens Jensen, March 18, 1938
66
New York Times, May 14, 1933.
May 14
New York Times
1933
67
Ickes to Jens Jensen, March 18, 1938, NA, NPS, Policy, Admin. and Personnel.
68
Ibid.
69
"National Parks," Science, LXXXIX (Feb. 24, 1939), 171.
Feb. 24
171
LXXXIX
Science
1939
70
Press Release, Department of the Interior, June 19, 1940, NA, NPS, Admin., Director Cammerer.
71
Press Release, Department of the Interior, July 10, 1940
telegram, Newton B. Drury to Regional Director, San Francisco, April 30, 1941, ibid
72
Drury to Cammerer, April 23, 1937, ibid.
73
Interview with Jackson Price, Aug. 25, 1964
Newton B. Drury, Sept. 21, 1965
Amelia Roberts Fry, "Comments on Conservation, 1900 to 1960"
Horace M. Albright and Newton B. Drury, March 21 and 23, 1961, Oral History Office, Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley
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