[Footnotes]

[Footnotes]
1
New York Times, Oct. 17, 1873
Oct. 17
New York Times
1873
2
Wallace Stegner, Beyond the Hundredth Meridian (Boston, 1954), 202-242
Stegner
202
Beyond the Hundredth Meridian
1954
Paul W. Gates, History of Public Land Law Development (Washington, D.C., 1968), 419- 420
Gates
419
History of Public Land Law Development
1968
John T. Ganoe, "The Origin of a National Reclamation Policy," Mississippi Valley Historical Review, XVIII (1931), 34-5210.2307/1897435
34
3
Gates, History of Public Land Law Development, 643-645
Gates
643
History of Public Land Law Development
Everett W. Sterling, "The Powell Irrigation Survey, 1888-1893," Mississippi Valley Historical Review, XXVII [1940], 421-43410.2307/1896085
421
Stanley R. Davison, "The Leadership of the Reclamation Movement, 1875-1902" (Ph.D. dissertation, University of California, Berkeley, 1951), 99
4
Sterling, "The Powell Irrigation Survey," 432
Sterling
432
The Powell Irrigation Survey
E. Louise Peffer, The Closing of the Public Domain: Disposal and Reservation Policies, 1900-50 (Stanford, Calif., 1951), 40
Peffer
40
The Closing of the Public Domain: Disposal and Reservation Policies, 1900-50
1951
5
U.S. Geological Survey, First Annual Report of the Reclamation Service [Washington, D.C., 1903], 38.
Survey
38
First Annual Report of the Reclamation Service
1903
George Wharton James, Heroes of California [Bos- ton, 1910], 465-470
James
465
Heroes of California
1910
Smythe's The Conquest of Arid America (2nd ed., New York, 1905)
Smythe
2
The Conquest of Arid America
1905
George Wharton James, Reclaiming the Arid West: The Story of the United States Reclamation Serv- ice (New York, 1917), xv-xvii, 20
James
xv
Reclaiming the Arid West: The Story of the United States Reclamation Service
1917
Walter Prescott Webb, The Great Plains (Boston, 1931), 356-366
Webb
356
The Great Plains
1931
Roy E. Huffman, Irrigation Development and Public Water Policy (New York, 1953), 21-26
Huffman
21
Irrigation Development and Public Water Policy
1953
Franklin Walker, A Literary History of Southern California (Berkeley, Calif., 1950), 222-226
Walker
222
A Literary History of Southern California
1950
Edwin Bingham, Charles F. Lummis: Editor of the Southwest (San Marino, Calif., 1955), 145-151
Bingham
145
Charles F. Lummis: Editor of the Southwest
1955
Stegner, Beyond the Hundredth Merid- ian, 415; Carey McWilliams, Southern California Country (New York, 1946), 193-194
Stegner
193
Beyond the Hundredth Meridian, 415; Carey McWilliams, Southern California Country
1946
Stanley R. Davison's unpublished doctoral dissertation, "The Leadership of the Rec- lamation Movement, 1875-1902,"
Ganoe, "The Origin of a National Reclamation Policy," 34-52
Ganoe
34
The Origin of a National Reclamation Policy
Samuel P. Hays, Conservation and the Gospel of Efficiency (Cambridge, Mass., 1959), 1-15
Hays
1
Conservation and the Gospel of Efficiency
1959
William Lilley III
Lewis L. Gould, "The Western Irrigation Movement, 1878-1902: A Reap- praisal," The American West: A Reorientation, ed. Gene M. Gressley (Laramie, Wyo., 1966), 57-75
Gould
The Western Irrigation Movement, 1878-1902: A Reappraisal
57
The American West: A Reorientation
1966
Martin E. Carlson, "William E. Smythe: Irrigation Crusader," Journal of the West, VII (1968), 41-47
Carlson
41
VII
Journal of the West
1968
Gates, History of Public Land Law Development, 647-651
Gates
647
History of Public Land Law Development
6
Smythe in The Irrigation Age and Western Empire, I (1891), 76
Smythe
76
I
The Irrigation Age and Western Empire
1891
7
Roy M. Robbins, Our Landed Heritage, The Public Domain, 1776-1936 (Rev. ed., Lincoln, Neb., 1962), 285-298
Robbins
285
Our Landed Heritage, The Public Domain, 1776-1936
1962
Gates, History of Public Land Law Development, 648, 655-656
Gates
648
History of Public Land Law Development
8
Harriet B. Smythe, "Biographical Sketch," The Age, XIV (1899), 3-5
Smythe
3
XIV
The Age
1899
Bensel R. Smythe, "A Long Memory of Life with Father," 1968
Smythe
A Long Memory of Life with Father
1968
"William Ellsworth Smythe," The National Cyclopedia of Amer- ican Biography (New York, 1927), XVII, 443-444
William Ellsworth Smythe
443
XVII
The National Cyclopedia of American Biography
1927
9
Smythe, The Conquest of Arid America, 264-268
Smythe
264
The Conquest of Arid America
Carlson, "William E. Smythe: Irrigation Crusader," 42-45
Carlson
42
William E. Smythe: Irrigation Crusader
10
The Age I (1891), 175.
175
I
The Age
1891
11
Deseret News, June 11, 1891
June 11
Deseret News
1891
The Age, I (1891), 57
57
I
The Age
1891
12
Thomas G. Alexander, "John Wesley Powell, the Irrigation Survey, and the Inauguration of the Second Phase of Irrigation Development in Utah," Utah His- torical Quarterly, XXXVII (1969), 190-200
Alexander
190
XXXVII
Utah Historical Quarterly
1969
Sterling; "The Powell Irrigation Survey," 423-424
Sterling
423
The Powell Irrigation Survey
13
Salt Lake Times, Jan. 9, May 2, 7, and 21, 1891.
Jan. 9
Salt Lake Times
1891
14
Deseret News, June 23, 1891
June 23
Deseret News
1891
Salt Lake Tribune, July 29, 1891
July 29
Salt Lake Tribune
1891
The Age, I (1891), 151
151
I
The Age
1891
15
Salt Lake Times, June 23, 1891
June 23
Salt Lake Times
1891
Richard D. Poll, "The Political Reconstruction of Utah Territory, 1866-1890," Pacific Historical Review, XXVII (1958), 124-12510.2307/3636068
124
16
National Irrigation Congress, Official Proceedings (Ogden, Utah, 1902), 182-184.
National Irrigation Congress
182
Official Proceedings
1902
17
Davison, "The Leadership of the Reclamation Movement," 231-234
Davison
231
The Leadership of the Reclamation Movement
18
Frances E. Warren to Joseph Nimmo, Jr., June 26, Sept. 28, 1891
The Age, I (1891), 207
207
I
The Age
1891
19
Ibid., II (1891), 314.
314
II
The Age
1891
20
San Francisco Chronicle, Sept. 16, 1891.
Sept. 16
San Francisco Chronicle
1891
21
William M. Stewart to Allen C. Bragg, Dec. 16, 1891
Reno; The Age, II (1892), 441
Reno
441
II
The Age
1892
22
Cong. Record, 53 Cong., 2 sess. (Aug 11, 1894), 8422.
Aug 11
8422
Cong. Record, 53 Cong.
1894
23
L. G. Carpenter to R. J. Hinton, Sept. 22, 1891
Salt Lake Tribune, Jan. 18, 1891
Jan. 18
Salt Lake Tribune
1891
The Age, I (1891), 213
213
I
The Age
1891
24
L. G. Carpenter to A. D. Foote, Feb. 27, 1892, Carpenter Papers
Gates, History of Public Land Law Development, 647--648
Gates
647
History of Public Land Law Development
25
The Age, I (1891), 193-207.
193
I
The Age
1891
26
Deseret News, Aug. 11, 1891
Aug. 11
Deseret News
1891
Salt Lake Times, Sept. 11, 1891
Sept. 11
Salt Lake Times
1891
27
The Age, II (1891), 236
236
II
The Age
1891
28
Ibid., I (1891), 212.
212
I
The Age
1891
29
Deseret News, Sept. 18, 1891
Sept. 18
Deseret News
1891
Salt Lake Times, Sept. 11, 1891
Sept. 11
Salt Lake Times
1891
30
The Age, I (1891), 23.
23
I
The Age
1891
31
Ibid., 212.
32
Deseret News, Sept. 18, 1891
Sept. 18
Deseret News
1891
San Francisco Chronicle, Sept. 18, Dec. 1, 1891
Sept. 18
San Francisco Chronicle
1891
33
The Age, IV (1893), 275.
275
IV
The Age
1893
34
Ibid., III (1892), 12.
12
III
The Age
1892
35
Ibid., II (1892), 380.
380
II
The Age
1892
36
Ibid., 293.
37
Ibid., III (1892), 12.
38
Ibid., IV (1893), 281.
39
Ibid., V (1893), 9.
40
Ibid., IV (1893), 254-257.
41
Ibid., III (1892), 88-92
E. S. Osgood, The Day of The Cattleman (Minneapolis, 1929), 247-255
Osgood
247
The Day of The Cattleman
1929
42
William M. Stewart to Nelson Thomasson, Dec. 12, 1891, Stewart Papers.
43
International Irrigation Congress, Official Proceedings (Los Angeles, 1893), 3.
International Irrigation Congress
3
Official Proceedings
1893
44
Elwood Mead to Arthur L. Thomas, July 29, 1893
State Engineer's Correspond- ence, Wyoming State Archives, Cheyenne
The Age, V (1893), 71, 122
71
V
The Age
1893
45
Ibid., 75
46
Ibid., 80.
47
William E. Smythe, "The Irrigation Idea and the Coming Congress," American Review of Reviews, VIII (1893), 394-406
Smythe
394
VIII
American Review of Reviews
1893
48
William Pierce and John S. Dennis, described the operations of the new Dominion Irrigation Act. Thereafter, the attendance of Canadian experts at subsequent congresses finally led to the holding of the international irrigation con- gress at Calgary, Alberta, in 1914
Lawrence B. Lee, "The Canadian-American Irri- gation Frontier, 1884-1914," Agricultural History, XL (1966), 271-28310.2307/3739898
271
49
Frederick H. Newell, Diary, Oct. 13, 1893
Newell MSS, Library of Congress; Davison, "The Leadership of the Reclamation Movement," 159-160
A. Bower Sage- ser, "Los Angeles Hosts on International Irrigation Congress," Journal of the West, IV (1965), 421
Sageser
421
IV
Journal of the West
1965
Stegner, Beyond the Hundredth Meridian, 342-343
Stegner
342
Beyond the Hundredth Meridian
William C. Dar- rah, Powell of the Colorado (Princeton, N.J., 1951), 311-312
Darrah
311
Powell of the Colorado
1951
50
The Age, VI (1894), 232.
232
VI
The Age
1894
51
Rendig Fels, American Business Cycles, 1865-1897 (Chapel Hill, 1959), 179-192.
Fels
179
American Business Cycles, 1865-1897
1959
52
The Age, V (1893), 56.
56
V
The Age
1893
53
William E. Smythe to Elwood Mead, Oct. 30, 1893
The Age, V (1893), 147
147
V
The Age
1893
54
International Irrigation Congress, Oficial Proceedings (Los Angeles, 1893), 106- 107.
International Irrigation Congress
106
Oficial Proceedings
1893
55
San Francisco Chronicle, Oct. 14, 1893.
Oct. 14
San Francisco Chronicle
1893
56
The Age, V (1893), 147.
147
V
The Age
1893
57
Ibid., 95.
58
Ibid., VII (1894), 9.
59
Ibid., II (1891), 236.
60
W. Howard White, "The International Irrigation Congress," Engineering News, XXX (1893), 357.
White
357
XXX
Engineering News
1893
61
Davison, "The Leadership of the Reclamation Movement," 196.
Davison
196
The Leadership of the Reclamation Movement
62
Gates, History of Public Land Law Development, 648.
Gates
648
History of Public Land Law Development
63
Smythe, The Conquest of Arid America, 270.
Smythe
270
The Conquest of Arid America
64
William E. Smythe, "20th Century West," Land of Sunshine, XV (1901), 380.
Smythe
380
XV
Land of Sunshine
1901
65
Henry S. Anderson, "The Little Landers' Land Colonies: a Unique Agricultural Experiment in California," Agricultural History, V (1931), 139-15010.2307/3739324
139
Robert V. Hine, California's Utopian Colo- nies (San Marino, Calif., 1953), 144-148
Hine
144
California's Utopian Colonies
1953
66
William E. Smythe, "Ways and Means in Arid America," Century, LI (1896), 55-58
Smythe
55
LI
Century
1896
William E. Smythe, "Real Utopias in the Arid West," Atlantic Monthly, LXXIX (1897), 605-609
Smythe
605
LXXIX
Atlantic Monthly
1897
67
Arthur P. Dudden, "Men against Monopoly: The Prelude to Trust-busting," Journal of the History of Ideas, XVIII (1957), 587-593.10.2307/2707570
587
68
The Age, VI (1894), 42, 189-195
42
VI
The Age
1894
VIII (1895), 42-45
69
Elwood Mead to William E. Smythe, Oct. 16, 1895
The Age VIII (1895), 42-45
42
VIII
The Age
1895
William E. Smythe's name as editor on the masthead was dated June 1895
Ibid., 185
70
Smythe, "The Irrigation Idea and the Coming Congress," 394-406
Smythe
394
The Irrigation Idea and the Coming Congress
"The Progress of Irrigation Thought in the West," American Review of Reviews, X (1894), 396-400
396
X
American Review of Reviews
1894
"Stepchild of the Republic," North American Review, CLXIII (1896), 37-46
37
CLXIII
North American Review
1896
"Utah as an Industrial Object Lesson," Atlantic Monthly, LXXVIII (1896), 610-618
610
LXXVIII
Atlantic Monthly
1896
"Our Great Pacific Commonwealth," Century Magazine, LIII (1896), 300-307
300
LIII
Century Magazine
1896
"Shall Nevada be Deprived of Statehood," Forum, XXIII (1897), 228-236
228
XXIII
Forum
1897
"The Struggle for Water in the West," Atlantic Monthly, LXXXVI (1900), 646-654
646
LXXXVI
Atlantic Monthly
1900
"Irrigation in the West," American Review of Reviews, XXV (1902), 75-80
75
XXV
American Review of Reviews
1902
71
The Conquest of Arid America (1st ed., New York, 1900), xi1
xi
The Conquest of Arid America
1900
72
William E. Smythe, "20th Century West," Out West (formerly Land of Sun- shine), XVII (1902), 234.
Smythe
234
XVII
Out West (formerly Land of Sunshine)
1902
73
Gates, History of Public Land Law Development, 654.
Gates
654
History of Public Land Law Development
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