[Footnotes]

[Footnotes]
2
Tongass Ranger or 6-26
D. Robert Hakala's Isle Royale-Primaeval Prince (mimeographed: Houghton, Mich., 1955)
50 Year History of the Monongahela National Forest (Elkins, West Virginia, 1970)
50 Year History of the Monongahela National Forest
1970
3
Max Nicholson, The Environmental Revolution (New York, 1970), 177.
Nicholson
177
The Environmental Revolution
1970
4
Samuel P. Hays in his Conservation and the Gospel of Efficiency: The Progressive Conservation Movement, 1890-1920 (Cambridge, 1959)
Hays
Conservation and the Gospel of Efficiency: The Progressive Conservation Movement, 1890-1920
1959
Elmo R. Richardson in The Politics of Conservation: Crusades and Controver- sies (Berkeley, 1962)
Richardson
The Politics of Conservation: Crusades and Controversies
1962
Charles McKinley's Uncle Sam in the Pacific Northwest (Berkeley, 1952)
McKinley
Uncle Sam in the Pacific Northwest
1952
Hugh M. Raup's "Some Problems in Ecological Theory and Their Relation to Con- servation," Journal of Ecology, LII (Supplement, 1964), 19-2810.2307/2426
19
5
Forest History, VIII (Fall, 1964), 16.
Fall
16
VIII
Forest History
1964
6
Bernhard E. Fernow, A Brief History of Forestry in Europe, the United States and Other Countries (Toronto and Cambridge, 1911)
Fernow
A Brief History of Forestry in Europe, the United States and Other Countries
1911
Hiram Martin Chittenden, The Yellowstone National Park, edited by Richard A. Bartlett (Norman, 1964)
Chittenden
The Yellowstone National Park
1964
Ira Gabrielson, Wildlife Refuges (New York, 1943)
Gabrielson
Wildlife Refuges
1943
Harold Lutz, History of the Occur- rence of Moose in the Interior of Alaska (Juneau, 1960)
Lutz
History of the Occurrence of Moose in the Interior of Alaska
1960
Paul Roberts, Hooffrints on Forest Ranges (San Antonio, 1963)
Roberts
Hooffrints on Forest Ranges
1963
William Hornaday, Thirty Years for Wildlife (New York, 1931)
Hornaday
Thirty Years for Wildlife
1931
Samuel Trask Dana, Forest and Range Policy (New York, Toronto, Lon- don, 1956)
Dana
Forest and Range Policy
1956
T. A. Rickard, History of American Mining (New York, 1932)
Rickard
History of American Mining
1932
Tom Gill, "America and World Forestry," in Henry Clepper and Arthur B. Meyer, eds., Ameri- can Forestry: Six Decades of Growth (Washington, 1960), 282-294
Gill
America and World Forestry
282
American Forestry: Six Decades of Growth
1960
Henry Clepper, ed., Origins of American Conservation (New York, 1966)
Clepper
Origins of American Conservation
1966
7
Edward C. Craft, "The Saga of a Law," American Forests, LXXVI (June 1970), 12-19, 52-54
Craft
June
12
LXXVI
American Forests
1970
(July 1970), 28-35
Roderick Nash, Wilderness and the American Mind (New Haven and London, 1967), 200-225
Nash
200
Wilderness and the American Mind
1967
E. A. Sherman, "The Supreme Court of the United States and Conservation Policies," Journal of Forestry, XIX (1921), 928-930
Sherman
928
XIX
Journal of Forestry
1921
Roberts, Hoofprints; E. A. Wentworth, America's Sheep Trails (Ames, 1948)
Roberts
America's Sheep Trails
1948
J. Leonard Bates, "The Midwest Decision, 1915: A Landmark in Conservation History," Pacific Northwest Quarterly, LI (1960), 26-34
Bates
26
LI
Pacific Northwest Quarterly
1960
8
Henry E. Clepper, "The Literature of Forestry," Journal of Forestry, XXIX (1931), 469
Clepper
469
XXIX
Journal of Forestry
1931
9
Ashley L. Shiff's Färe and Water (Cambridge, 1962)
Shiff
Färe and Water
1962
George Morgan, Forest History, VI (Fall, 1962), 17
Morgan
Fall
17
VI
Forest History
1962
Henry Clepper, Journal of Forestry, LX (1962), 262-263
Clepper
262
LX
Journal of Forestry
1962
G. B. Ryle, Forestry, XXXVI (1963), 153-154
Ryle
153
XXXVI
Forestry
1963
10
Gordon Dodds, "Artificial Propagation of Salmon in Oregon, 1875-1910: A Chap- ter in American Conservation," Pacific Northwest Quarterly, L (1959), 125-133
Dodds
125
L
Pacific Northwest Quarterly
1959
Thomas A. Manning, Government in Science: The U. S. Geological Survey, 1887-1894 (Louisville, 1967)
Manning
Government in Science: The U. S. Geological Survey, 1887-1894
1967
11
James L. Penick, Jr., Progressive Politics and Conservation: The Ballinger- Pinchot Affair (Chicago, 1968), xiv.
Penick
xiv
Progressive Politics and Conservation: The Ballinger-Pinchot Affair
1968
13
Gordon B. Dodds, ed., "Conservation and Reclamation in the Trans-Mississippi West: A Critical Bibliography," Arizona and the West, XIII (1971), 143-171.
Dodds
143
XIII
Arizona and the West
1971
14
Eric Julber, "The Wilderness: Just How Much is Wild," Forests and People, XXI (Fourth Quarter, 1971), 8-9.
Julber
8
XXI
Forests and People
1971
15
Jenks Cameron, The Development of Governmental Forest Con- trol in the United States (Baltimore, 1928)
Cameron
The Development of Governmental Forest Control in the United States
1928
John Ise, The United States Forest Policy (New Haven, 1920)
Ise
The United States Forest Policy
1920
Roy Robbins, Our Landed Heritage (Princeton, 1936)
Robbins
Our Landed Heritage
1936
16
Richardson, The Politics of Conservation
Lawrence Rakestraw, "The West, States' Rights, and Conservation," Pacific Northwest Quar- terly, XLVIII (1957), 89-99
Rakestraw
89
XLVIII
Pacific Northwest Quarterly
1957
William H. Wilson, "Alaska's Past, Alaska's Future," Alaska Review, IV (1970), 1-11
Wilson
1
IV
Alaska Review
1970
17
Ernest Gruening, The State of Alaska (New York, 1968)
Gruening
The State of Alaska
1968
18
Wilbur Jacobs, "Frontiersmen, Fur Traders and Other Varmints: An Ecological Appraisal of the Frontier in American History," AHA Newsletter, VIII (Nov., 1970), 5-11.
Jacobs
Nov.
5
VIII
AHA Newsletter
1970
19
Harold Lutz, "Aboriginal Man and White Man as Historical Causes of Färe in the Boreal Forest, with Special Reference to Alaska," Yale University School of Forestry Bulletin 65 (1959)
Lutz
65
Yale University School of Forestry Bulletin
1959
"Ecological Effects of Färe in the Interior of Alaska," U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Technical Bulletin 1133 (1956)
E. Douglas Branch, The Hunting of the Buffalo (Lincoln, 1962), 35-39
Branch
35
The Hunting of the Buffalo
1962
James Malin, "The Grasslands of North America: Its Occupance and the Challenge of Continuous Reappraisals," in William L. Thomas, Jr., ed., Man's Role in Changing the Face of the Earth (Chi- cago, 1956), 350-366
Malin
The Grasslands of North America: Its Occupance and the Challenge of Continuous Reappraisals
350
Man's Role in Changing the Face of the Earth
1956
John Minto, Rhymes of Early Life in Oregon and Historical Biographi- cal Sketches (Salem, Oregon, 1915)
Minto
Rhymes of Early Life in Oregon and Historical Biographical Sketches
1915
A Paper on the Forestry Interests (Salem, 1898)
A Paper on the Forestry Interests
1898
Edgar Ensign, "Report on the Forestry Conditions of the Rocky Mountains and Other Papers," U.S. Bureau of Forestry Bulletin 2 (1889)
Ensign
2
U.S. Bureau of Forestry Bulletin
1889
Mari Sandoz, Old Jules (New York, 1935)
Sandoz
Old Jules
1935
Lawrence Rakestraw, Commercial Fishing on Isle Royale (Houghton, Mich., 1968)
Rakestraw
Commercial Fishing on Isle Royale
1968
20
Frank Graham, Jr., writes of Pinchot: "Officially, wildlife concerned him not at all; nor did the matter of the so-called Antiquities Bill, which had far-reaching effects on our present system of Parks and Monuments." Man's Dominion: The Story of Conservation in America (Philadelphia, 1971), 112
Graham
Officially, wildlife concerned him not at all; nor did the matter of the so-called Antiquities Bill, which had far-reaching effects on our present system of Parks and Monuments
112
Man's Dominion: The Story of Conservation in America
1971
Donald C. Swain, "The Passing of the National Park Act, 1911," Wisconsin Magazine of History, L (1966), 4-17
Swain
4
L
Wisconsin Magazine of History
1966
Swain, Federal Conserva- tion Policy, 1921-1931 (Berkeley and Los Angeles, 1963), 5, 21
Swain
5
Federal Conservation Policy, 1921-1931
1963
Swain, Wilderness Defender: Horace M. Albright and Conservation (Chicago and London, 1970), 317- 319
Swain
317
Wilderness Defender: Horace M. Albright and Conservation
1970
Hays, Conservation a-nd the Gospel of Efficiency, 189-198
Hays
189
Conservation a-nd the Gospel of Efficiency
Grant McConnell, "The Conservation Movement-Past and Present," Western Political Science Quar- terly, XXI (1958), 463-478
McConnell
463
XXI
Western Political Science Quarterly
1958
McConnell, "The Multiple-Use Concept in Forest Service Policy," Sierra Club Bulletin, XLIV (Oct., 1959), 14-28
McConnell
Oct.
14
XLIV
Sierra Club Bulletin
1959
21
Gifford Pinchot, Breaking New Ground (New York, 1947), 282-283
Pinchot
282
Breaking New Ground
1947
Harold T. Pinkett, Gifford Pinchot, Private and Public Forester (Urbana, 1970), 66-74
Pinkett
66
Private and Public Forester
1970
22
H. L. Eldin, "Amenity Values in British Forestry," Forestry, XXXVI (1963), 65-89
Eldin
65
XXXVI
Forestry
1963
23
James P. Gilligan, "The Development of Policy and Administration of Forest Service Primitive and Wilderness Areas in the Western United States" (Ph.D. disser- tation, University of Michigan, 1953)
Amenity values in Alaska are dealt with in Lawrence Rakestraw, "History of the Alaska Region, United States Forest Service" (ms., U.S.F.S., Juneau Office, 1971)
Rakestraw, "Forest Service Work in the Preservation and Restoration of Totem Poles," paper presented at Western Regional Conference of the American Association of Museums, Sept. 22, 1971
Rakestraw
Forest Service Work in the Preservation and Restoration of Totem Poles
Western Regional Conference of the American Association of Museums
1971
William Ingersoll, "Lands of Change: Four Parks in Alaska," Journal of the West, VII (1968), 173-192
Ingersoll
173
VII
Journal of the West
1968
Frank K. Wash and William R. Halliday, Discovery and Exploration of the Oregon Caves (Grants Pass, 1971), 11-17
Wash
11
Discovery and Exploration of the Oregon Caves
1971
Leon B. Symanski, "Devils Postpile National Monument," National Parks, XLIV (Sept., 1970), 4-8
Symanski
Sept.
4
XLIV
National Parks
1970
Thornton Munger, Forest Research in the Pacific Northwest (Berkeley, 1967), 88-90
Munger
88
Forest Research in the Pacific Northwest
1967
Darrell H. Smith, The Forest Service: Its History, Activities and Organization (Wash- ington, D.C., 1930), 40, 52
Smith
40
The Forest Service: Its History, Activities and Organization
1930
Samuel Trask Dana, Forest and Range Policy (New York, 1956), 353-391
Dana
353
Forest and Range Policy
1956
Wallace I. Hutchinson, "George H. Cecil," Journal of Forestry, XLVI (1948), 382-383
Hutchinson
382
XLVI
Journal of Forestry
1948
Frederick V. Coville, Forest Growth and Sheep Grazing in the Cascade Mountains of Oregon (Washington, 1898)
Coville
Forest Growth and Sheep Grazing in the Cascade Mountains of Oregon
1898
James B. Trefethen, Crusade for Wildlife: Highlights in Conservation Progress (Harrisburg, 1961), 64-70
Trefethen
64
Crusade for Wildlife: Highlights in Conservation Progress
1961
24
Lawrence Rakestraw, "A History of Forest Conservation in the Pacific Northwest, 1891-1915" (Ph.D. dissertation, Uni- versity of Washington, 1955), 111, note 22
25
Frank E. Smith, The Politics of Conservation (New York, 1971), 136-137
Smith
136
The Politics of Conservation
1971
Taped interview with W. H. Johnson, summer 1970
Mike Miller, "The Fight for the Trees in the Tongass," American Forests, LXXVII (July, 1971), 16-19
Miller
July
16
LXXVII
American Forests
1971
Both Hays, Conservation and the Gospel of Efficiency, 189-198
Hays
189
Conservation and the Gospel of Efficiency
Swain, Wilder- ness Defender, 317-319
Swain
317
Wilderness Defender
Henry Clepper, Professional Forestry in the United States (Balti- more, 1971), 60-62
Clepper
60
Professional Forestry in the United States
1971
Trefethan, Crusade for Wildlife, 54, 59-61
Trefethan
54
Crusade for Wildlife
Fred McNeil's Wy'east: "The Mountain" (Portland, 1937)
McNeil
The Mountain
1937
Ernest C. Oberholtzer, "A University of the Wilderness," Ameri- can Forests and Forest Life, XXXV (1929), 689-693, 700
Oberholtzer
689
XXXV
American Forests and Forest Life
1929
Rakestraw, "History of the Alaska Region, United States Forest Service."
26
Hays, Conservation, 30, 35
Hays
30
Conservation
Swain, Federal Conservation, 11
Swain
11
Federal Conservation
27
Graves' "Alaska Journal," box 13
Henry S. Graves, "Recreational Uses of the National Forests," American Forestry, XXIII (1971), 133-138
Graves
133
XXIII
American Forestry
1971
E. W. Nelson, "Conservation of Game in the Na- tional Forests," ibid., 139-145
Nelson
139
American Forestry
Samuel T. Dana, The Development of Forestry in Government and Education (Berkeley, 1967)
Dana
The Development of Forestry in Government and Education
1967
Dana's Forest and Range Policy, 177-215
Henry Clepper, "The Forest Service Backlashed," Forest History, XI (Jan., 1968), 6-15
Clepper
Jan.
6
XI
Forest History
1968
Abraham Hoffman, "Angeles Crest: The Creation of a Forest Highway System in the San Gabriel Moun- tains," Southern California Quarterly, L (1968), 309-339
Hoffman
309
L
Southern California Quarterly
1968
McNeil, Wy'east, 214-229
Swain, Federal Conservation, 134-135
Swain
134
Federal Conservation
28
Swain, Wilderness Defender, 143-263
Swain
143
Wilderness Defender
Richard Polenberg, "Conservation and Reorganization: The Forest Service Lobby, 1937-1938," Agricultural History, XXXIX (1965), 230-23910.2307/3741042
230
Polenberg, "The Great Conservation Contest," Forest History, X (Jan., 1967), 13-23
Polenberg
Jan.
13
X
Forest History
1967
29
Lawrence Rakestraw, "History of the U.S.F.S. in Alaska," 219-228, 236-272
Rakestraw
219
History of the U.S.F.S. in Alaska
George Fry, March 7, 1972
30
Heinrich von Salisch, Forstästhetik (Berlin, 1902)
von Salisch
Forstdsthetik
1902
Forest Trees and Forest Scenery (New York, 1901)
Forest Trees and Forest Scenery
1901
The Long Leaf Pine in Virgin Forest (New York, 1907)
The Long Leaf Pine in Virgin Forest
1907
Smith Riley, "Landscap- ing and Forestry," American Forestry, XXIII (1917), 727-731
Riley
727
XXIII
American Forestry
1917
L. F. Kneipp, "Forest Service Pledges to Conserve Scenic Beauty of Forest Roads," Forest Worker, VII (May, 1931), 9-11
Kneipp
May
9
VII
Forest Worker
1931
31
Hays, Conservation and the Gospel of Efficiency, 265-266
Hays
265
Conservation and the Gospel of Efficiency
J. Leonard Bates, "Fulfilling American Democracy: The Conservation Movement, 1907 to 1921," Mis- sissippi Valley Historical Review, XLIV (1957), 29-5710.2307/1898667
29
Bates, "The Midwest Decision, 1915," 26-34
Bates
26
The Midwest Decision, 1915
1915
The Origins of Teapot Dome: Progressives, Parties and Petroleum (Urbana, 1963)
The Origins of Teapot Dome: Progressives, Parties and Petroleum
1963
Wayne E. Fuller, "The Rural Roots of the Progressive Leaders," Agricultural History, XLII (1968), 1-1310.2307/3740180
1
Pacific Northwest Quar- terly, LXII (1971), 141
141
LXII
Pacific Northwest Quarterly
1971
Lawrence Rakestraw, "Urban Influences on Forest Conserva- tion," Pacific Northwest Quarterly, XLVI (1955), 108-115
Rakestraw
108
XLVI
Pacific Northwest Quarterly
1955
32
Henry Clepper, ed., Leaders in American Conservation (New York, 1971).
Clepper
Leaders in American Conservation
1971
33
Arthur W. McMahon, ed., Federalism, Real and Emergent (New York, 1955)
McMahon
Federalism, Real and Emergent
1955
34
Dodds, "Conservation and Rec- lamation."
35
Sherman, "The Supreme Court of the United States and Conservation Poli- cies," 928-930
Sherman
928
The Supreme Court of the United States and Conservation Policies
36
H. E. Edlin's Trees, Woods and Man, in Ecology, XLII (1961), 608-609
Edlin
608
XLII
Ecology
1961
Raup, "Some Problems in Ecological Theory and Their Rela- tion to Conservation," 19-28
Raup
19
Some Problems in Ecological Theory and Their Relation to Conservation
H. M. Raup and Reginald E. Carlson, The History of Land Use in the Harvard Forest (Petersham, Mass., 1941)
Raup
The History of Land Use in the Harvard Forest
1941
Charles C. Adams, An Ecological Survey of Isle Royale (Lansing, Mich., 1908)
Adams
An Ecological Survey of Isle Royale
1908
Harold J. Lutz, History of the Early Occurrence of Moose in the Kenai Peninsula and Other Sections of Alaska (Juneau, 1959)
Lutz
History of the Early Occurrence of Moose in the Kenai Peninsula and Other Sections of Alaska
1959
Lutz, Effects of Forest Fires on the Vegetation of Interior Alaska (Juneau, 1953)
Lutz
Effects of Forest Fires on the Vegetation of Interior Alaska
1953
The report on Afognak is found in Report of U. S. Fish Commission, 1892 (Washington, 1894)
Report of U. S. Fish Commission, 1892
1894
Trefethen, Crusade for Wildlife, 65-66
Trefethen
65
Crusade for Wildlife
Rakestraw, "History of the Alaska Region," 94-98
Rakestraw
94
History of the Alaska Region
James C. Malin's The Grassland of North America: Prologomena to Its History with Addenda and Postscript (Gloucester, 1967)
Malin
The Grassland of North America: Prologomena to Its History with Addenda and Postscript
1967
37
Gordon B. Dodds, "The Historiog- raphy of the Conservation Movement, Past and Present," Pacific Northwest Quar- terly, LVI (1965), 75-81
Dodds
75
LVI
Pacific Northwest Quarterly
1965
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