[Footnotes]

[Footnotes]
1
H. Carey, ed., The Emigrants' Guide to Oregon and California [by L. W. Hastings] (Princeton, 1932), vii-xxiv
Carey
vii
The Emigrants' Guide to Oregon and California
1932
William Coyle, ed., Ohio Authors and Their Books (Cleveland, 1962), 281-282
Coyle
281
Ohio Authors and Their Books
1962
William J. Hunsaker: "Lansford Warren Hastings, Empire Dreamer and California Pioneer," Grizzly Bear, XLVII (May 1930), 14-15, 68-71
Hunsaker
May
14
XLVII
Grizzly Bear
1930
"Lansford W. Hastings' Project for the Invasion and Conquest of Arizona and New Mexico for the Southern Confederacy," Arizona Historical Review, IV (July 1931), 5-12
July
5
IV
Arizona Historical Review
1931
J. Roderic Korns, ed., West from Fort Bridger (Salt Lake City, 1951), 23-28, 43-50, 108-117
Korns
23
West from Fort Bridger
1951
Dale L. Morgan, ed., Overland in 1846: Diaries and Letters of the California-Oregon Trail (2 vols., Georgetown, Calif., 1963), I, 21-43, 93-95
Morgan
21
I
Overland in 1846: Diaries and Letters of the California-Oregon Trail
1963
2
On September 1, 1966
Dale Morgan: "My personal feeling is that since 1930 Hastings has had a bad press in re. 1846, everybody (myself included) fashionably jumping on him. It is time to redress the balances and re-examine this history from his point of view."
3
"First he would be Moses, to guide his people through the wilderness; second, he would be Joshua, to lead them in the conquest." The California Trail (New York, 1962), 142.
First he would be Moses, to guide his people through the wilderness; second, he would be Joshua, to lead them in the conquest
142
The California Trail
1962
4
Donald E. Chipman, Nuiio de Guzmdn and the Province of Panuco in New Spain, 1518-1533 (Glendale, Calif., 1967)
Chipman
Nuiio de Guzmdn and the Province of Panuco in New Spain, 1518-1533
1967
Raymond C. Carey, "The Puzzle of Sand Creek," Colorado Magazine, XLI (1964), 279-298
Carey
279
XLI
Colorado Magazine
1964
John Upton Terrell and George Walton, Faint the Trumpet Sounds: The Life and Trial of Major Reno (New York, 1966)
Terrell
Faint the Trumpet Sounds: The Life and Trial of Major Reno
1966
5
Stewart, The California Trail, 182.
Stewart
182
The California Trail
6
James T. King, "Needed: A Re-evalua- tion of General George Crook," Nebraska History, XLV (1964), 223-235
King
223
XLV
Nebraska History
1964
Wallace D. Farnham, "Grenville Dodge and the Union Pacific: A Study of Historical Legends," Journal of American History, LI (1965), 632-65010.2307/1889805
632
Kent L. Steckmesser, The Western Hero in History and Legend (Norman, 1965)
Steckmesser
The Western Hero in History and Legend
1965
7
Ray A. Billington's review of Dale Morgan, ed., Overland in 1846, in Southern California Quarterly, LXVII (1965), 333-334.
Billington
333
LXVII
Overland in 1846, in Southern California Quarterly
1965
8
Charles Kelly in 1930
9
St. Louis New Era on March 25 and May 15, 1844
St. Louis
March 25
New Era
1844
10
Morgan, ed., Overland in 1846, I, 21-28.
Morgan
21
I
Overland in 1846
1846
12
Weston Journal (Missouri), Jan. 18, 1845
Jan. 18
Weston Journal
1845
Quarterly of the Oregon Historical Society, IV (1903), 276
276
IV
Quarterly of the Oregon Historical Society
1903
13
Morgan, ed., Overland in 1846, I, 88.
Morgan
88
I
Overland in 1846
1846
14
"California, 1841-48," [dictation for H. H. Bancroft, 1877], 110-111, MS, Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley.
15
History of California (7 vols., San Francisco, 1884-1890), IV, 396-397.
396
IV
History of California
1884
16
"Life in California Before the Gold Discovery," Century Illustrated Monthly Magazine, XLI (1890), 176
176
XLI
Century Illustrated Monthly Magazine
1890
Doyce B. Nunis, Jr., ed., Josiah Belden, 1841 California Overland Pioneer (Georgetown, Calif., 1962), 138-139
Nunis
138
Josiah Belden, 1841 California Overland Pioneer
1962
17
Arthur W. North, "The Cut-Off," Sunset, XXXV (1915), 1095-1104
North
1095
XXXV
Sunset
1915
Robert G. Cleland, A History of California: The American Period (New York, 1922), 112
Cleland
112
A History of California: The American Period
1922
pp. 173-174
Cleland's From Wilderness to Empire: A History of California, 1542-1900 (New York, 1944), 185
Cleland
185
From Wilderness to Empire: A History of California, 1542-1900
1944
Glenn S. Dumke edition of the same work (New York, 1960), 101
18
Charles Kelly, Salt Desert Trails (Salt Lake City, 1930), 17
Old Greenwood (Salt Lake City, 1936), 91
91
Old Greenwood
1936
Kelly and Dale Morgan (Georgetown, 1965)
19
Ordeal by Hunger (New York, 1936), 272.
272
Ordeal by Hunger
1936
20
The Year of Decision: 1846 (Boston, 1943), 43.
43
The Year of Decision: 1846
1943
21
The Journal of Madison Berryman Moorman (San Francisco, 1948), 115, n. 106.
106
115
The Journal of Madison Berryman Moorman
1948
22
From St. Louis to Sutter's Fort (Norman, 1961), 96, n. 52.
96
From St. Louis to Sutter's Fort
1961
23
America's Western Frontiers (New York, 1967), 152.
152
America's Western Frontiers
1967
24
Korns, ed., West From Fort Bridger, 23
Korns
23
West From Fort Bridger
pp. 186-187
25
Helen B. Kroll, "The books that Enlightened the Emigrants," in Oregon Historical Quarterly, XLV (1944), 110
Kroll
110
XLV
Oregon Historical Quarterly
1944
Irene D. Paden, Prairie Schooner Detours (New York, 1949), 6, 10
Paden
6
Prairie Schooner Detours
1949
Harvey E. Tobie, review of J. Roderic Korns, ed., West From Fort Bridger, in Oregon Historical Quarterly, LI I (1951), 189-191
Tobie
I
189
LI
West From Fort Bridger, in Oregon Historical Quarterly
1951
Irving Stone, Men to Match My Mountains (Garden City, 1956), 84-88
Stone
84
Men to Match My Mountains
1956
Stewart, The California Trail, 105, 143
Stewart
105
The California Trail
Ralph Moody, The Old Trails West (New York, 1963), 283
Moody
283
The Old Trails West
1963
Oscar Lewis, Sutter's Fort: Gateway to the Gold Fields (Englewood Cliffs, 1966), 104
Lewis
104
Sutter's Fort: Gateway to the Gold Fields
1966
Richard Dillon, Fool's Gold: The Decline and Fall of Captain John Sutter of California (New York, 1967), 141
Dillon
141
Fool's Gold: The Decline and Fall of Captain John Sutter of California
1967
Walton Bean, California: An Interpretive History (New York, 1968), 87
Bean
87
California: An Interpretive History
1968
St. Louis Missouri Republican, July 30, 1846
St. Louis
July 30
Missouri Republican
1846
Charles L. Camp, ed., James Clyman, Frontiers- man (Portland, 1960), 231
Camp
231
James Clyman, Frontiersman
1960
Liberty Tribune (Missouri), August 8, 1846
August 8
Liberty Tribune
1846
Oregon Spectator, April 29, 1847
April 29
Oregon Spectator
1847
26
John Parrott to John Black, Dec. 3, 1843
American Consulate General, Mexico, Corres- pondence 1842-1844
Record Group 84
27
History of California, IV, 566
566
IV
History of California
Dec. 14
"Journal of voyages to, from, and along the Coasts of California, 1838-1847," MS, Henry E. Huntington Library, San Marino, Calif
Dec. 14, 1843, p. 53
28
"Journal," MS., HEH, entry for Nov. 21, p. 53
"Despatches From U.S. Consuls in Mazatlan, 1826-1906," Microcopy 159
John C. Jones to Alpheus B. Thompson, Oct. 2, 1843
D. Mackenzie Brown, ed., China Trade Days in California (Berkeley and Los Angeles, 1947), 41
Brown
41
China Trade Days in California
1947
On Dec. 25, 1843
29
History of California, IV, 568-569
568
IV
History of California
"Six New Larkin Letters," Southern California Quarterly, XLIX (1967), 65-103
65
XLIX
Southern California Quarterly
1967
30
Daily National Intelligencer (Washington, D.C.), March 12, 1844
March 12
Daily National Intelligencer
1844
Dale L. Morgan, "The Mormons and the Far West," Newspaper Transcripts, HEH
St. Louis New Era, March 25, 1844
March 25
New Era
1844
31
Hastings, The Emigrants' Guide to Oregon and California (Cincinnati, 1845), 139
Hastings
139
The Emigrants' Guide to Oregon and California
1845
American Consulate General, Mexico, Miscellaneous Record Books, III (Jan. 1, 1844-March 30, 1847), 20, RG 84
32
Hastings to John Black, Jan. 14, 1844
33
Green to Calhoun, April 11, 1844
J. Franklin Jameson, ed., "Correspondence of John C. Calhoun," Annual Report of the American Historical Association, II (1899), 945-947
Jameson
945
II
Annual Report of the American Historical Association
1899
34
Green to Calhoun, April 11, 1844, ibid.
Daily National Intelligencer, March 12, 1844
March 12
Daily National Intelligencer
1844
35
Green to Calhoun, April 11, 1844, Annual Report, II (1899), 946.
946
II
Annual Report
1899
36
Ibid., 946.
37
Douglas S. Watson, ed., The Diary of Johann August Sutter (San Francisco, 1932), 26-27
Watson
26
The Diary of Johann August Sutter
1932
Bancroft, History of California, IV, 484-513
Bancroft
484
IV
History of California
James P. Zollinger, Sutter: The Man and His Empire (New York, 1939), 103-114, 129-136
Zollinger
103
Sutter: The Man and His Empire
1939
38
Zollinger, Sutter: The Man and His Empire, 157
Zollinger
157
Sutter: The Man and His Empire
Watson, ed., The Diary of Johann August Sutter, 20-21
Watson
20
The Diary of Johann August Sutter
39
Dr. John Marsh on May 17, 1845
Kelly and Morgan, Old Greenwood, 132-134
Kelly
132
Old Greenwood
See Sutter to Thomas O. Larkin, Nov. 5, 1845
Larkin's reply, Nov. 12, 1845
George P. Hammond, ed., The Larkin Papers (10 vols., Berkeley and Los Angeles, 1951-1965), IV, 89-91, 98
Hammond
89
IV
The Larkin Papers
1951
Hammond, ed., The Larkin Papers, III, 271
Hammond
271
III
The Larkin Papers
40
See Sutter to Larkin, Oct. 2, 1845
Sutter to Larkin, Oct. 8, 1845
Hammond, ed., The Larkin Papers, IV, 4-5, 10-11
Hammond
4
IV
The Larkin Papers
41
John A. Sutter, New Helvetia Diary (San Francisco, 1939), 24-26.
Sutter
24
New Helvetia Diary
1939
42
Doyce B. Nunis, Jr., The Trials of Isaac Graham (Los Angeles, 1967), Appendix I, 111- 116.
Nunis
111
The Trials of Isaac Graham
1967
43
Hastings, Emigrants' Guide, 119-121, 123
Hastings
119
Emigrants' Guide
St. Louis New Era, March, 25, 1844
St. Louis
March, 25
New Era
1844
"Mexican Fear of Manifest Destiny," in Essays in Mexican History: The Charles Wilson Hackett Memorial Volume, edited by Thomas E. Cotner and Carlos E. Castafieda (Austin, 1958), 192-208
Cotner
Mexican Fear of Manifest Destiny
192
Essays in Mexican History: The Charles Wilson Hackett Memorial Volume
1958
44
Hastings, Emigrants' Guide, 138-139.
Hastings
138
Emigrants' Guide
45
"Despatches from United States Consuls in Vera Cruz, 1822-1906," Microcopy 183, Roll 5 (Jan. 6, 1844-July 1, 1850)
Jan. 6
183
Microcopy
1844
National Archives, and the New Orleans Times Picayune, Feb. 29, 1844
National Archives
Feb. 29
New Orleans Times Picayune
1844
46
Hastings, Emigrants' Guide, 139.
Hastings
139
Emigrants' Guide
47
St. Louis New Era, March 25, 1844
St. Louis
March 25
New Era
1844
Hastings to John C. Calhoun, May 20, 1844
Chauncey S. Boucher and Robert P. Brooks, eds., "Correspondence Addressed to John C. Calhoun, 1837-1849," Annual Report (1929), 234-235
Boucher
234
Annual Report
1929
48
"Passenger Lists of Vessels Arriving at New Orleans, 1820-1902," Microcopy 259, Roll 23 (Sept. 4, 1843-Dec. 31, 1844)
Sept. 4
259
Microcopy
1843
49
Amelia W. Williams and Eugene C. Barker, eds., The Writings of Sam Houston (8 vols., Austin, 1938-1943)
Williams
The Writings of Sam Houston
1938
50
Williams and Barker, eds., Writings of Sam Houston, IV, 232-287
Williams
232
IV
Writings of Sam Houston
"Despatches from United States Consuls in Texas, 1825-1844," Microcopy T-153, Roll 1 (Aug. 15, 1825- Sept. 20, 1844)
Sept. 20
Microcopy
1844
51
St. Louis New Era, March 25 and May 16, 1844
St. Louis
March 25
New Era
1844
Hastings to Calhoun, May 20, 1844, Annual Report (1929), 234-235
234
Annual Report
1929
52
Stanley Siegel, A Political History of the Texas Republic, 1836-1845 (Austin, 1956), 227-231.
Siegel
227
A Political History of the Texas Republic, 1836-1845
1956
53
St. Louis New Era, March 25, 1844.
St. Louis
March 25
New Era
1844
54
Ibid., May 16, 1844.
56
St. Louis New Era, May 23, 1844.
St. Louis
May 23
New Era
1844
57
Hastings to Calhoun, May 20, 1844, Annual Report (1929), 235.
235
Annual Report
1929
58
Philip L. Edwards, Sketch of the Oregon Territory: or, Emigrants' Guide (Liberty, Mo., 1842)
Edwards
Sketch of the Oregon Territory: or, Emigrants' Guide
1842
Thomas J. Farnham, Travels in the Great Western Prairies, the Anahuac and Rocky Mountains, and in the Oregon Territory (New York, 1843)
Farnham
Travels in the Great Western Prairies, the Anahuac and Rocky Mountains, and in the Oregon Territory
1843
Farnham's Travels, 105-112
Farnham
105
Travels
59
Sutter to Mariano Vallejo, Dec. 15, 1844, Vallejo Papers, XII, 122, MS, Bancroft Library.
60
Sutter to Larkin, July 15, 1845
Hammond, ed., The Larkin Papers, III, 271
Hammond
271
III
The Larkin Papers
St. Louis New Era
Sutter's Fort on July 10
Kelly and Morgan, Old Greenwood, 94-95
Kelly
94
Old Greenwood
Camp, ed., James Clyman, 152-171
Camp
152
James Clyman
61
Marsh to Larkin, Aug. 8, 1845
Hammond, ed., The Larkin Papers, III, 308-310
Hammond
308
III
The Larkin Papers
Hastings' letter to Marsh, March 26, 1846
John Marsh Papers, California State Library, Sacramento
62
Larkin to Marsh, Aug. 19, 1845
John A. Hawgood, ed., First and Last Consul: Thomas Oliver Larkin and the Americanization of California (San Marino, 1962), 32
Hawgood
32
First and Last Consul: Thomas Oliver Larkin and the Americanization of California
1962
New York Journal of Commerce, March 18, 1841
March 18
New York Journal of Commerce
1841
J.J. Warner, "California and Oregon: A Speech," Southern California Quarterly, XLV (1963), 337-353
Warner
337
XLV
Southern California Quarterly
1963
63
Watson, ed., The Diary of Johann August Sutter, 29.
Watson
29
The Diary of Johann August Sutter
64
Thomas F. Andrews, "The Controversial Hastings Overland Guide: A Reassessment," Pacific Historical Review, XXXVII (1968), 21-34.10.2307/3637106
21
65
Kelly, Salt Desert Trails, 71-72
Kelly
71
Salt Desert Trails
DeVoto, Year of Decision: 1846, 45-46, 169-170, 184-185
DeVoto
45
Year of Decision: 1846
1846
Jay Monaghan, The Overland Trail (Indianapolis, 1947), 264, 267
Monaghan
264
The Overland Trail
1947
Robert O'Brien, California Called Them (New York, 1951), 96
O'Brien
96
California Called Them
1951
Moody, The Old Trails West, 283
Moody
283
The Old Trails West
Stewart, The California Trail, 86
Stewart
86
The California Trail
66
"Beyond Consensus: The Historian as Moral Critic," American Historical Review, LXVII (1962), 620.
620
LXVII
American Historical Review
1962
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