[Footnotes]

[Footnotes]
1
A. Whitney Griswold, The Far Eastern Policy of the United States (New York, 1938)
Griswold
The Far Eastern Policy of the United States
1938
Burton F. Beers, Vain Endeavor, Robert Lansing's Attempt to End the American-Japanese Rivalry (Durham, North Carolina, 1962)
Beers
Vain Endeavor, Robert Lansing's Attempt to End the American-Japanese Rivalry
1962
Paul S. Reinsch, An American Diplomat in China (New York, 1922)
Reinsch
An American Diplomat in China
1922
Thomas W. Lamont, Across World Frontiers (New York, 1950)
Lamont
Across World Frontiers
1950
Lloyd C. Gardner ("Progressive Diplomacy, 1900-1921")
Marilyn Young ("American International Cooperation")
Robert M. Smith in his The Great Departure: The United States and World War I, 1914-1920 (New York, 1965)
Smith
The Great Departure: The United States and World War I, 1914-1920
1965
Betty Miller Unterberger, America's Siberian Expedition, 1918-1920 (Durham, North Carolina, 1956)
Unterberger
America's Siberian Expedition, 1918-1920
1956
William Appleman Williams presents a convincing case for the latter viewpoint in American-Russian Relations, 1781-1947 (New York, 1952)
Williams
American-Russian Relations, 1781-1947
1952
2
Abraham Berglund, "The War and Trans-Pacific Shipping," American Economic Review, VII (1917), 553-56810.2307/1809717
553
J. Russell Smith, Influence of the Great War on Shipping (New York, 1919), 90-91
Smith
90
Influence of the Great War on Shipping
1919
U.S. Department of Commerce, Trade Promotion Series, No. 129, Report on Shipping and Shipbuilding Subsidies: A Study of State Aid to the Shipping and Shipbuilding Industries in Various Countries of the World (Washington, D.C., 1932), 325-327
3
Stanley K. Hornbeck, "Trade, Concessions, Investments, Conflict and Policy in the Far East," Proceedings of the Academy of Political Science, VII (1917-1918), 604-622.10.2307/1172093
604
4
Charles Nelson Spinks, "Japan's Entrance into the World War," Pacific Historical Review, V (1936), 297-31110.2307/3632886
297
Sir Edward Grey, Twenty-Five Years, 1892-1916 (2 vols., New York, 1925), II, 103-105
Grey
103
II
Twenty-Five Years, 1892-1916
1925
Smith, Influence of the Great War on Shipping, 90
Smith
90
Influence of the Great War on Shipping
Charles Ernest Fayle, The War and the Shipping Industry (London, 1927), 246
Fayle
246
The War and the Shipping Industry
1927
Don Dignan, "New Perspectives on British Far Eastern Policy, 1913-19," University of Queensland Papers, V (Jan. 31, 1969), 263-302.
Dignan
Jan. 31
263
V
University of Queensland Papers
1969
5
Arthur J. Balfour memorandum for Lansing, May 15, 1917, United States Department of State, Papers Relating to the Foreign Relations of the United States, 1917: Supplement 2 (Washington, D.C., 1932), I, 596-597.
6
Viscount Motono to State Department, July 12, 1917, Department of State file 694.119, National Archives (hereafter cited as SD plus file number, NA)
Breckinridge Long memorandum to Frank L. Polk, July 30, 1917
Kakujiro Yamasaki and Gotaro Ogawa, The Effect of the World War Upon the Commerce and Industry of Japan (New Haven, Conn., 1929), 25, 248-251
Yamasaki
25
The Effect of the World War Upon the Commerce and Industry of Japan
1929
7
Post Wheeler to Lansing, Aug. 12, 1917, SD 694.119/2, NA.
8
Osaka Asahi, Aug. 16 and 17, 1917.
Aug. 16
Osaka Asahi
1917
9
Report of E. T. Williams, Aug. 4, 1917
10
Long to Lansing, Aug. 4, 1917, ibid.
11
M. A. Oudin to William C. Phillips, Aug. 28, 1917, SD 694.119/18, NA.
12
Long to Lansing, Aug. 19, 1917, ibid., 5
William C. Phillips, entry of Aug. 22, 1917, William C. Phillips Papers, Houghton Library, Harvard University
13
Memorandum to the State Department from Sir Richard Crawford, Aug. 24, 1917, SD 694.119/7, NA.
14
Memorandum, "Japanese Tonnage and Shipbuilding Material for Japan," British Foreign Office, Aug. 31, 1917
Frank C. Munson Papers, Records of Executive Office, General Correspondence of Members of the War Trade Board, 1917-1919, Record Group 182
Gordon Auchincloss to Vance McCormick on Sept. 11, 1917, RG 182/ Munson, NA
Sir Thomas Royden's suggestions to McCormick, Aug. 17, 1917
Executive Country Files, Japan, 1917-1919, RG 182/11
15
Oudin to Thomas F. Millard, Sept. 1, 1917
16
"Memorandum by the Secretary of State of a Conference with the Japanese Ambassador on Special Mission (Ishii), Sept. 6, 1917," Papers Relating to the Foreign Relations of the United States: The Lansing Papers, 1914-1920 (2 vols., Washington, D. C., 1939-1940), II, 432-433
Memorandum by the Secretary of State of a Conference with the Japanese Ambassador on Special Mission (Ishii), Sept. 6, 1917
432
II
Relating to the Foreign Relations of the United States: The Lansing Papers, 1914-1920
1939
War Memoirs of Robert Lansing (Indianapolis and New York, 1935), 290
290
War Memoirs of Robert Lansing
1935
17
Oudin to Polk, Nov. 9, 1917, Polk Papers.
18
Lansing to William C. Redfield, Jan. 22, 1918
19
Vance McCormick and Viscount Ishii, Sept. 12, 1917, RG 182/Munson, NA
Minutes of Meetings of the Exports Administration Board, Sept. 13, 1917, RG 182/2, NA
20
Diary of Edward N. Hurley, entry of Oct. 21, 1917
21
"Hearings on United States Shipping Board Emergency Fleet Corporation," 65 Cong., 2 sess. (2 vols., Washington, D.C., 1918), II, 2446.
22
Munson to Hurley, Oct. 17, 1917, RG 182/Munson, NA
Munson to Raymond B. Stevens, Oct. 17, 1917
Raymond B. Stevens Papers, Records of Shipping Board Commissioners and Fleet Corporation Officers, United States Shipping Board, RG 32, NA
Munson to J. R. Morse, Oct. 18 and 24, 1917, RG 182/Munson, NA
Oct. 18, 1917, RG 182/6, NA
23
Tokyo Mainichi Shimbun, Nov. 25, 1917.
24
Reinsch to Lansing, Oct. 26, 1917, Reinsch Papers.
25
Morris to Lansing, Dec. 3. 1917, SD 694.119/51, NA.
26
Munson to Hurley, Jan. 12, 1918, Hurley Papers.
27
Hurley to McCormick, Feb. 13, 1918, ibid.
28
Hurley to Lansing, Feb. 12, 1918, ibid.
29
Munson to Morris, June 19, 1918, RG 32/618-15, NA
Ira A. Campbell to R. W. Cook, Aug. 26, 1918, ibid.
"Report of Steamers Chartered in Japan by the United States Shipping Board," March 8, 1919, ibid
30
Munson to Gordon Auchincloss, March 4, 1918, RG 182/Munson, NA.
31
Munson memorandum, March 11, 1918, ibid.
32
Hurley memorandum, March 18, 1918, Hurley Papers
U.S. Shipping Board, Second Annual Report, Dec. 1, 1918 (Washington D.C., 1918), 53
U.S. Shipping Board
53
Second Annual Report
1918
Foreign Relations, 1918: Supplement 1, Vol. I, 641-646.
641
I
Foreign Relations, 1918: Supplement 1
1918
33
Morris to Lansing, April 30, 1918, SD 894.85/79, NA.
34
Morris to Lansing, May 13, 1918, ibid., 58.
35
WTB to Morris, May 18, 1918, RG 32/618-15, NA
Morris to WTB, May 27, 1918, ibid.
Munson to Fred L. Blackman, Aug. 19, 1918, RG 182/Munson, NA
36
Morris to McCormick, June 13, 1918, RG 32/618-15, NA.
37
War Industries Board, May 17, 1918, Bernard M. Baruch Papers, Princeton University Library
Munson to J. D. Duncan, May 29, 1918, RG 182/ Munson, NA
Hurley to J. L. Ackerson, July 2, 1918, RG 32/618-15, NA
38
Thomas Fisher to Hurley, Aug. 13, 1918, RG 32/618-15, NA.
39
War Trade Board to Morris, Nov. 18, 1918, RG 182/11, NA
War Trade Board to Morris, Nov. 22, 1918, ibid.
40
Yamasaki and Ogawa, The Efect of the World War Upon the Commerce and Industry of Japan, 235-246, 248-249.
Yamasaki
235
The Efect of the World War Upon the Commerce and Industry of Japan
41
"Iron and Steel Industry of Japan," confidential report of E. T. Williams, Oct. 30, 1918, Roland S. Morris Papers, Library of Congress.
42
American Embassy Report, "On the Preponderance of Imperialistic Forces in Japan," undated, but written sometime between October 20 and November 7, 1918, ibid.
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