[Footnotes]

[Footnotes]
1
Korematsu v. United States (1944)
323 U.S. 214 at 235
65 S. Ct. 193 at 202
J. ten Broek, E. N. Barnhart, and F. W. Matson, Prejudice, War and the Constitution (Berkeley, 1954)
Broek
Prejudice, War and the Constitution
1954
2
7 Fed. Reg. 1407.
3
7 Fed. Reg. 2165.
5
ten Broek, Prejudice, 157-159
Broek
157
Prejudice
Supplemental Report on Civilian Controls Exercised by the Western Defense Command (WDC, Jan., 1947; 1,096 pp., typescript) Part II, chap. i
Supplemental Report on Civilian Controls Exercised by the Western Defense Command
1947
Final Report: Japanese Evacuation from the West Coast, 1942 (Washington, 1943)
Final Report: Japanese Evacuation from the West Coast, 1942
1943
Nov. 1, 1942
6
memo of May 20, 1944
7
Suppl. Report, Part II, chap. iii
8
Franklin D. Roosevelt (Franklin D. Roosevelt Library). ten Broek, Prejudice, 172
Roosevelt
172
Prejudice
9
Bonesteel-McCloy, July 31, 1944, Chronology of the Western Defense Command Exclu- sion Program: 26 June 1944-10 October 1945 (WDC, n. d., 236 pp., typescript), 22-24
Bonesteel-McCloy
22
Chronology of the Western Defense Command Exclusion Program: 26 June 1944-10 October 1945
1944
Bonesteel-Marshall, Aug. 8, 1944: Chronology, 25-32 N.A.R.S
Bonesteel-Marshall
25
Chronology
1944
10
McCloy-Fortas (under secretary of interior) correspondence of June 16, 20, 21, and 24, 1944, in Chronology, 7-12
11
Chronology, i.
12
Chronology, 6.
13
Endo v. United States (1944) 323 U.S. 283
65 S. Ct. 208 Korematsu v. United States (1944), 323 U.S. 215
65 S. Ct. 193
ten Broek, Prejudice 252-253
Broek
252
Prejudice
"History of the Litigation involving Western Defense Command" (io p.), Chronology, Appendix 2
14
Mrs. Shizuko Shiramizu, Mr. Masaru Baba, and Dr. George A. Ochikubo. The suit was filed July 5, 1944, in Los Angeles County Superior Court (No. 494474)
Shiramizu et al. v. Bonesteel et al., USDC, SD of Calif., Cent. Div., No. 3767
15
Chronology, 18.
16
Memorandum, Ochikubo v. Bonesteel et al., USDC, SD of Calif., Cent. Div., No. 3834
18
JACL Bulletin on the matter, Chronology, Appendix 4
19
Yamamoto et al. v. Bonesteel et al., USDC, SD of Calif., Cent. Div., No. 3854.
20
Bonesteel-Marshall, Aug. 8, 1944. Chronology, 25-32.
Bonesteel-Marshall
Aug. 8
25
Chronology
1944
21
"Instructions to Board of Officers," Sept. 8, 1944. Chronology, 46-48
Sept. 8
46
Chronology
1944
22
ten Broek, Prejudice, 146-147; 151-154
Broek
146
Prejudice
WRA Handbook on Issuance of Leave for Departure from a Relocation Area, Sept. 12, 1943, Section 60.10
23
Brig. Gen. W. H. Wilbur
Bonesteel's chief of staff, and Watson, of July 7, 9, 12, 13, 15 and 22, 1944, N.A.R.S
24
"Statement of policy re evaluation of Japanese exclusion cases (citizens)," September 8, 1944, Chronology, 36-38.
September 8
36
Chronology
1944
25
"Statement of policy re evaluation of Japanese exclusion cases (aliens)," September 20, 1944, Chronology, 38-39.
September 20
38
Chronology
1944
26
Ibid., 74
28
Suppl. Report. 630-631.
29
February, 1943
ten Broek, Prejudice, 160-164
Broek
160
Prejudice
D. S. Thomas and R. Nishimoto, The Spoilage (Berkeley, 1946)
Thomas
The Spoilage
1946
ten Broek, Prejudice, 149-151
Broek
149
Prejudice
Thomas and Nishimoto, The Spoilage, chap. iii
Thomas
The Spoilage
30
Act of July 1, 1944, 58 Stat. 677
Public Law 405, 78 Cong., 2 sess
Voided by joint resolution, July 25, 1947, 61 Stat. 451, Public Law 239, 80 Cong., Ist sess
31
Thomas and Nishimoto, The Spoilage, 323-325
Thomas
323
The Spoilage
ten Broek, Prejudice, 175-181
Broek
175
Prejudice
32
Suppl. Report, 674.
33
Jan. 1, 1945, a total of 20,067
7,581 from men and women under 19 years of age
Evacuated People, A Quantitative Description (Washington, Dept. of Interior, 1946, 200 pp.) Table 68, p. 157
157
Evacuated People, A Quantitative Description
1946
34
All children under 14
Chronology, 86 and 12
Suppl. Report, Appendix III, Tab B
35
J. Edgar Hoover, "Alien enemy control," Iowa Law Review, XXIX (March, 1944), 396-408
Hoover
March
396
XXIX
Iowa Law Review
1944
Wechsler-McCloy, November 28, 1944, N.A.R.S
36
ten Broek, Prejudice, 135-136
Broek
135
Prejudice
37
Bonesteel left the WDC on November 1, 1944
Maj. Gen. R. H. Lewis Northwest Sector commander was nominal WDC commander until Dec. 11, 1944
Lewis
Dec. 11
Maj. Gen.
1944
Maj Gen. Henry C. Pratt was appointed
38
"Understanding of Interior, Justice and War Departments on Japanese Relocation Program," Chronology, Appendix No. 13.
Chronology
39
Fed. Reg. 15159.
40
io Fed. Reg. 53.
42
WDC "Instructions to military police," April 10, 1945
WDC
April 10
Instructions to military police
1945
E. N. Barnhart, Japanese American Evacuation and Resettlement: A Catalog of Materials in the General Library (Berkeley, 1958.)
Barnhart
Japanese American Evacuation and Resettlement: A Catalog of Materials in the General Library
1958
43
ten Broek, Prejudice, 169
Broek
169
Prejudice
44
"Confidential additional instructions for officers reviewing cases of persons of Japanese ancestry." Chronology, Appendix 11.
47
ten Broek, Prejudice, 177-183
Broek
177
Prejudice
48
73-5: Requested Revocation of Citizenship
code of Dec. 6, 1944. Suppl. Report, Appendix, Table C
49
"Change 1 to Instructions for Combined Notification and Review Teams." Chronology, Appendix 11.
50
Japanese Organizations." Sections variously dated, (383 pp., proc.)
"Heimusha Kai." (June, 1944, 29 pp., proc.)
June
Heimusha Kai
1944
"Index of Japanese Organizations in the United States" (June, 1944; 69 pp.; Supplement, 15 pp.)
June
Index of Japanese Organizations in the United States
1944
Suppl. Report, Appendix II
51
"Instructions for Combined Review and Notification Teams," Suppl. Report, Appendix I, Table D.
52
"Confidential Additional Instructions for Officers Reviewing Cases of Persons of Jap- anese Ancestry." Chronology, Appendix 11.
53
Ibid.
54
"Examination of suspendees," ibid.
55
"Confidential Additional Instructions, etc.," ibid.
56
"Examination of Suspendees," ibid.
57
"Confidential Additional Instructions, etc.," ibid.
58
"Examination of Suspendees," ibid.
59
Feb. io, 1945
60
56 U.S. Stat. 173 (1942)
18 U.S. Code, Sec. 97A (Supp. 1942)
ten Broek, Prejudice, 113-116
Broek
113
Prejudice
61
10 Fed. Reg. 11760.
62
Chronology, Appendix 1, Tab E
63
above, page 117
64
W. Karig, R. L. Harris, and F. A. Manson, Battle Report: Victory in the Pacific (New York, 1949), V, 9.
Karig
9
V
Battle Report: Victory in the Pacific
1949
65
Ibid, 11.
66
"History of the Eastern Defense Command," chap. iii, 32
32
History of the Eastern Defense Command
WDC discontinued coastal lighting regula- tions in Public Proclamation No. 20
67
ten Broek, Prejudice, 326.
Broek
326
Prejudice
68
Parker, "Supplemental report of Japanese exclusion," undated memo, supplementing his memo to Bonesteel of July 19, 1944, N.A.R.S.
Parker
Supplemental report of Japanese exclusion
1944
69
ten Broek, Prejudice, 155-157
Broek
155
Prejudice
70
ten Broek, Prejudice, 175.
Broek
175
Prejudice
71
Thomas and Nishimoto, The Spoilage, 58, 73, 76.
Thomas
58
The Spoilage
72
Suppl. Report, 16.
73
Suppl. Report, 12.
74
Suppl. Report, 14--15.
75
Suppl. Report, 748-750.
76
suppl. Report, 754.
77
Supplemental Report
"If there were no discipline, it is difficult to understand why no single, hot-blooded, fanatical, nationalistic, second-generation Japanese American did not go out on his own and commit acts of sabotage." (p. 1019)
78
ten Broek, Prejudice, 271-273; 381-389.
Broek
271
Prejudice
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