In this well-written monograph based on extensive archival research and fieldwork, Chien-Wen Kung explores how the Philippine Chinese became the “world’s most exemplary Cold Warriors” (p. 1). Borrowing from Stephen Krasner’s concept of “shared sovereignty” (p. 9), Kung convincingly argues that the Kuomintang, often with the cooperation of the Philippine government, instigated a “re-organization” of institutions and networks such that “threads of anti-communism [were] woven into the fabric of Philippine Chinese society” (p. 122). Along the way, Kung shows how the Communist left became increasingly marginalized as Philippine Chinese in different social classes “practice[ed] anti-Communism” for both “ideological and self-interested ends” (p. 78).

The first two chapters trace the prewar history of the KMT, Chinese society and Chinese Communism, as well as the subsequent triumph of KMT vis-à-vis Chinese Communist influence in the Philippines. The remaining five core chapters examine select individuals, organizations, and activities.

Kung’s analyses underscore two main...

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