Andrew Furuseth and Olaf Tveitmoe, both immigrants from Norway, were two of the most powerful labor leaders on the West Coast in the early twentieth century. Their perspectives and experiences as Scandinavians, as immigrants, and as San Franciscans helped to forge an approach to political activism that has long been overshadowed by the far more famous events of the 1960s and 1970s. Working with innovative methods in the field of transcultural biography, this article argues that the contradictory, transcultural nature of each man’s career, which included both anti-Asian racism and a profound opposition to war and militarism, had a major impact on San Francisco’s political consciousness that is still felt today.

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