Studies on local governments suggest a need for reforms on the management of such units (see Warremn 1986; Max 1991; Brans 1992; Watt 2006; Faguet 2009; Booth 2011; Kim 2018). Globally, there are shortfalls that cause local government structures to fail in adequately providing public services in line with the needs and aspirations of local communities. Although autonomous local governments can improve the well-being of their citizens by widening opportunities, increasing administrative and economic efficiency (Erlingsson and Ödalen 2013), reducing poverty (Boex and Martinez-Vazquez 2006), increasing democratic control and accountability (Wollmann 2004), and improving efficiency and equity in service distribution (Kubal 2006), critics contend that local governments have failed to provide public services effectively and efficiently. Ebinger, Grohs, and Reiter (2011)...

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