Margaret Murray (1863–1963) was a major figure in the creation of professional archaeology, president of the Folklore Society, and advocate for women’s rights. Her popular legacy today is the concept of the “witch-cult,” a hidden ancient religion persecuted as witchcraft. Murray’s witch-cult not only inspired Neopaganism but is foundational for author H. P. Lovecraft’s Cthulhu Mythos. These modern myths cast a long shadow on not only fantastical literature but on paranormal beliefs, preserving outdated elements of Victorian archaeology in popular culture concerned with alternative archaeology and the occult.
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Research Article| May 01 2019
Witches and Aliens: How an Archaeologist Inspired Two New Religious Movements
Nova Religio (2019) 22 (4): 44–59.
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Jeb J. Card; Witches and Aliens: How an Archaeologist Inspired Two New Religious Movements. Nova Religio 1 May 2019; 22 (4): 44–59. doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/nr.2019.22.4.44
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