Margaret Murray (1863–1963) was a major figure in the creation of professional archaeology, president of the Folklore Society, and advocate for women’s rights. Her popular legacy today is the concept of the “witch-cult,” a hidden ancient religion persecuted as witchcraft. Murray’s witch-cult not only inspired Neopaganism but is foundational for author H. P. Lovecraft’s Cthulhu Mythos. These modern myths cast a long shadow on not only fantastical literature but on paranormal beliefs, preserving outdated elements of Victorian archaeology in popular culture concerned with alternative archaeology and the occult.

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