Based on interviews and ethnographic observation, this study builds on my previous research concerning the Twelve Tribes, an American communal new religious movement that emerged out of the Jesus People Revolution in the early 1970s and has since spread internationally. Having now sustained three generations, the Twelve Tribes constitute an instructive case study of doctrinal and religious change in a maturing religious movement. Among other things, this article discusses ways in which the Tribes have reduced their level of tension with secular society while also elaborating an amalgamation of Jewish and Christian beliefs and developing a distinctive communal way of life that attempts to restore the Apostolic Church of early Christianity.

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