[Footnotes]

[Footnotes]
1
I Copialettere di Giuseppe Verdi, ed. G. Cesari and A. Lu- zio (Milan, 1913), letter 91, Appendix, p. 478
Cesari
478
I Copialettere di Giuseppe Verdi
1913
Charles Osborne, Letters of Giuseppe Verdi (London, 1971)
Osborne
Letters of Giuseppe Verdi
1971
All King Lear citations will be from the Riverside Shakespeare edition (Boston, 1974)
King Lear
1974
2
The scenario can be found in English in Osborne (pp. 152- 56)
Copialettere (pp. 478-82)
478
"King Lear, the Opera that Never Was" in The Dramatic Art of Giuseppe Verdi (Lon- don, 1977), II, 327-48
Lear
the Opera that Never Was
327
II
The Dramatic Art of Giuseppe Verdi
1977
"One cannot but admire it as a workable précis of a play notorious for its gigantic scope and unwieldy proportions. This synopsis could have made an opera" (pp. 331-32)
3
Alessandro Pascolato, Re Lear e Ballo in maschera: lettere di Giuseppe Verdi ad Antonio Somma (Cittá di Castello, 1902)
Pascolato
Re Lear e Ballo in maschera: lettere di Giuseppe Verdi ad Antonio Somma
1902
Mario Medici, "Lettere sul Re Lear," Bollettino Quadrimestrale dell' Istituto di Studi Verdiani 1 (1960), 767-78, 1039-56
Medici
Lettere sul Re Lear
767
1
Bollettino Quadrimestrale dell' Istituto di Studi Verdiani
1960
4
Gerhartz's paper, "II Re Lear di Antonio Somma ed il mo- dello melodrammatico dell'opera verdiani: Principi per una definizione del libretto verdiano," appeared in Atti del prima congresso internationale di studi verdiani (Parma, 1969), pp. 110-15
Die Auseinandersetzungen des jungen Giuseppe Verdi mit dem Literarischen Drama (Berlin, 1968)
Gerhartz briefly sketches a chronology of the Re Lear pro- ject (pp. 277-81)
ventures his explanation for its failure to come to fruition (pp. 282-95)
"The structures upon which King Lear is based are in all essential respects diametrically opposed to the fashions of the operatic theater, which Verdi had developed over forty years in clear orientation around the needs of the singing voice (and which he embodied com- pletely and consistently for the first time in Rigoletto)" (p. 282)
In an appendix (pp. 497-523)
Gerhartz offers a scene- by-scene parallel synopsis of the Shakespeare play, the Cammarano scenario, and the earliest Re Lear manuscript
5
William Weaver, Francesco Degrada, and Andrew Porter in Verdi's Macbeth: A Sourcebook, ed. David Rosen and Andrew Porter (New York, 1984), pp. 144-48, 156-59, 351-55
Weaver
144
Verdi's Macbeth: A Sourcebook
1984
6
Franco Abbiati, Verdi (Milan, 1959), I, 591.
Abbiati
591
I
Verdi
1959
7
Verdi was in Ven- ice, about a month before the first extant Verdi letter to Somma concerning Re Lear
There is in a letter of 6 March 1856 the mention of a face-to-face meeting between Somma and Verdi
Verdi left Venice on 10 March 1853, after the premiere of La Traviata
Verdi's next certain visit to Venice oc- curred between 26 June and 19 July 1856 (though there is some speculation in Abbiati [II, 351, 354]-not a very de- pendable source- that Verdi might have been in Venice in mid-March 1856 to supervise another Traviata)
During the most crucial stage of the collaboration Verdi was in Paris. (He was there from 15 October 1853 to 20 December 1854, thereafter mainly in Busseto.)
8
Andrew Porter, "Les Vêpres siciliennes: New Letters from Verdi to Scribe," this journal 2 (1978), 96
Porter
96
2
Gary Schmidgall verdi's king lear
1978
"I promise and I swear ... never again to speak of Kings, Em- perors, nations, etc., etc." (23 June 1859; Bollettino 3 [1960], 1389)
23 June
1389
3
Bollettino
1960
9
Auseinandersetzungen, pp. 288, 292-93
10
Somma's hand reads "13 Ottobre 1853
Ballo make 1853 an impossible date
Parmesan postmark is "15. Ott. 57
11
Abbiati, III, 26. Verdi wrote a curious letter to Léon Escu- dier on 30 June 1865 in which he raises the question of a Paris Re Lear
J. G. Prod'homme, "Lettres inedites de Léon Escudier," Rivista musicale italiana 35 [1928], 191
Prod'homme
191
35
Rivista musicale italiana
1928
12
Gerhartz, "Il Re Lear," pp. 112-15; Godefroy II, 344-45
Gerhartz
112
Il Re Lear
Godefroy II, 344-45
Osborne, The Complete Operas of Verdi [London, 1969, pp. 81, 307
Osborne
81
The Complete Operas of Verdi
1969
13
In his opera Lear (1978)
In his opera Lear
1978
14
Bernard Shaw and Alfred Douglas: A Correspondence, ed. Mary Hyde (New Haven, 1982), p. 175
Shaw
175
A Correspondence
1982
15
Verdi's Re Lear
Reimann's Lear pub- lished in the program for the latter's San Francisco Opera premiere in 1981
16
King Learin Our Time (Berkeley and Los Angeles, 1965), p. 84
84
King Learin Our Time
1965
17
Godefroy II, 341
Gerald A. Mendelsohn's "Verdi the Man and Dramatist," this journal 2 (1978), 110-42
Mendelsohn
110
2
GARY SCHMIDGALL verdi's king lear
1978
3 (1979), 214-30
222-24
19
Letter to Giulio Ricordi (Verdi's emphasis), 3 February 1870
Letter to Giulio Ricordi
1870
Hans Busch, Verdi's Aida: The History of an Opera (Minneapolis, 1978), p. 7
Busch
7
Verdi's Aida: The History of an Opera
1978
20
Piero Nardi, Vita di Arrigo Boito (Verona, 1942), pp. 592- 94
Nardi
592
Vita di Arrigo Boito
1942
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