[Footnotes]

[Footnotes]
1
J. B. Steane's The Grand Tra- dition: Seventy Years of Singing on Record (London, 1974), pp. 4-12
Steane
4
The Grand Tradition: Seventy Years of Singing on Record
1974
2
The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, 6th edn., ed. Stanley Sadie (London, 1980), XIV, 390.
Sadie
6
390
XIV
The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians
1980
3
Bauer's New Catalogue of Historical Records 1898-1908/9 (London, 1947)
Bauer
9
New Catalogue of Historical Records 1898-1908
1947
Victor Girard and Harold M. Barnes in Vertical Cut Cylinders and Discs (London, 1964)
Girard
Vertical Cut Cylinders and Discs
1964
Kutsch and Riemens, UnvergÄngliche Stimmen: SÄngerlexicon, 2nd rev. edn. (Bern, 1975)
Kutsch
2
UnvergÄngliche Stimmen: SÄngerlexicon
1975
first rev. edn. (1966)
Harry Earl Jones as A Concise Biographical Dic- tionary of Singers (Philadelphia, 1969)
Jones
A Concise Biographical Dictionary of Singers
1969
Michael Scott's The Record of Singing to 1914 (New York, 1977)
Scott
The Record of Singing to 1914
1977
4
Steane, p. 2.
2
6
Henry F. Chorley, Thirty Years' Musical Recollections, ed. Ernest Newman (London, 1926), pp. 190-91.
Chorley
190
Thirty Years' Musical Recollections
1926
7
Victor 89001 (1906).
8
note 55
9
Don Carlos
Les VÊpres siciliennes
Les VÊpres siciliennes
!Jérusalem
Jérusalem
10
Rigoletto and Traviata [G&T 054084 and 054081, 1906])
Rigoletto and Traviata
1906
exs. 9-10
11
Revue et Gazette musicale IV (1837), 95ff.
95
IV
Revue et Gazette musicale
1837
Caswell (see fn. 13)
12
Manuel García (the younger), Traité complet du l'art de chant, part II, trans. and ed. Donald V. Paschke (New York, 1975).
García
Traité complet du l'art de chant, part II
1975
13
Austin Caswell, "Mme. Cinti-Damoreau and the Em- bellishment of Italian Opera in Paris: 1820-1845," Journal of the American Musicological Society 27(1975), 459-92.10.2307/831318
459
14
Luigi Ricci, Variazioni, cadenze, tradizioni per canto, 2 vols. (Milan, 1937).
Ricci
Variazioni, cadenze, tradizioni per canto
1937
15
Serafin and Toni's Stile, tradizioni e convenzioni del melodramma italiano del set- tecento e dell'ottocento (Milan, 1958)
Serafin
tradizioni e convenzioni del melodramma italiano del settecento e dell'ottocento
1958
troppo florido
troppo florido
16
puntata per la Zecchini
puntata per la Zecchini
David Lawton and David Rosen, "Verdi's non-definitive revisions: the early operas," in Atti del III congresso internazionale di studi verdiani (Parma, 1974), pp. 189-237
Lawton
Verdi's non-definitive revisions: the early operas
189
Atti del III congresso internazionale di studi verdiani
1974
17
Rigoletto's "Miei si- gnori" (Col. 1767)
Rigoletto
Miei signori
1767
Ballo, Trovatore, and Sonnambula
Ballo, Trovatore, and Sonnambula
18
Luisa Miller
Luisa Miller
Giuseppe Anselmi (Fono 62166)
Fernando de Lucia (ex. 22)
20
Medora's "Non so le tetre immagine,"
Medora
Non so le tetre immagine
entrance-aria
entrance-aria
Lo vidi e il primo palpito
Lo vidi e il primo palpito
21
ad libitum
ad libitum
22
G&T 053222 (1908)
43738 (1906)
23
Francesco Navarrini (in Rossini's "Pro peccatis," Fono 62024)
Navarrini
Pro peccatis
baritone Eugenio Giraldoni (the first Scarpia, in "Per me giunto," G&T 52404)
Giraldoni
Per me giunto
Anselmi ("Un'aura amorosa," Fono 62393)
Anselmi
Un'aura amorosa
Caruso (not an outstandingly good one in Handel's Largo, Vic 88617
"Ah, si, ben mio," Vic 88121
Ah, si, ben mio
Phono M 1879
"Ah, si, ben mio" [ex. 108]
Ah, si, ben mio
26
"corro a morir" in ex. 177
corro a morir
"la spegneró,"
la spegneró
"Sempre libera" ("il pensier,"
Sempre libera
il pensier
"Di tale amor" (at "inebrio")
Di tale amor
inebrio
27
Odeon 50353
80003
Giuseppe Kaschmann's record of "Carlo, che e il sol"
Kaschmann
Carlo, che e il sol
ex. 128
28
Ira Glackens, Yankee Diva: Lillian Nordica and the Golden Days of Opera (New York, 1963), pp. 26-29, 146.
Glackens
26
Yankee Diva: Lillian Nordica and the Golden Days of Opera
1963
29
William R. Moran, "Recordings and Lillian Nordica" (pub. as an appen- dix to Glackens, pp. 283-300)
Moran
283
Recordings and Lillian Nordica
30
Mark 56 826
32
Mackenzie- Grieve, Clara Novello (London, 1955), p. 121
Mackenzie-Grieve
121
Clara Novello
1955
33
Hans Busch, Verdi's Aida: The History of an Opera in Letters and Documents (Minneapolis, 1978), p. 380
Busch
380
Verdi's Aida: The History of an Opera in Letters and Documents
1978
34
Verdi intimo: Carteggio di Verdi con il Conte Opprandino Arrivabene (1861-1886), ed. Annibale Alberti (Verona, 1931), p. 205
Alberti
205
Verdi intimo: Carteggio di Verdi con il Conte Opprandino Arrivabene (1861-1886)
1931
35
G. Morazzeni, Verdi: Lettere inedite (Milan, 1929), pp. 31-32
Morazzeni
31
Verdi: Lettere inedite
1929
Budden I, 482
36
L. A. Gari- baldi, Giuseppe Verdi nelle lettere di Emmanuele Muzio ad Antonio Barezzi (Milan, 1934), pp. 325-27
Garibaldi
325
Giuseppe Verdi nelle lettere di Emmanuele Muzio ad Antonio Barezzi
1934
Bud- den I, 317
37
Busch, p. 150
150
38
Otto Goldschmidt's appendix to W. S. Rockstro, Jenny Lind (New York, 1894)
Rockstro
Jenny Lind
1894
40
Andrew Porter, "A note on Princess Eboli," Musical Times 113 (1972), 75010.2307/956884
750
Frank V. DeBellis and Federico Ghisi, "Alcune lettere inedite sul Don Carlos dal carteggio Verdi-Mazzucato," in Atti del <latex>$11^0$</latex>congresso internazionale di studi verdiani (Parma, 1971), pp. 531-41
DeBellis
Alcune lettere inedite sul Don Carlos dal carteggio Verdi-Mazzucato
531
Atti del <latex>$11^0$</latex> congresso internazionale di studi verdiani
1971
41
Verdi to Giulio Ricordi, 18 March 1899, in Franco Abbiati, Giuseppe Verdi, vol. IV (Milan, 1959), p. 367
367
IV
Verdi to Giulio Ricordi
1959
42
Ricci, II, 11.
11
43
Algernon St. John-Brenon, "Giuseppe Verdi," Musical Quarterly 2 (1916), 130-6210.2307/738179
130
p. 139
Verdi intimo, pp. 301-02
301
Verdi intimo
44
accompanying booklet to Metropolitan Opera's reis- sue of their 1943 Ballo broadcast with Sved
Opera
Ballo
1943
45
Martinelli, "Singing Verdi," Musical America, March 1963, pp. 14-15, 45.
Martinelli
March
14
Musical America
1963
46
Abbiati II, 732
732
47
I copialettere, pp. 37-40)
37
I copialettere
48
Selma Kurz's, Grammophon 053354
Kurz
Grammophon
Rosa Raisa's, Vocalion 70039
Raisa
Vocalion
49
Budden I, 506fn.
50
letter of 1871 to Opprandino Arrivabene, Copialettere p. 620
Arrivabene
620
Copialettere
1871
Frank Walker, " 'L'abandonde,' a forgotten song," Bollettino qua- drimestrale dell'istituto di studi verdiani 1 (1960), no. 2, pp. 785-89 and 1069-76
Walker
2
785
1
Bollettino quadrimestrale dell'istituto di studi verdiani
1960
52
Ernani
Ernani
Budden II, 267
53
Gemma Bellincioni, Io ed il paloscenico (Milan, 1920)
Bellincioni
Io ed il paloscenico
1920
J. B. Richards, "Gemma Bellincioni," Record Col- lector 16, nos. 9-10 (January 1966), 199-219
Richards
9
199
16
Record Collector
1966
54
Alberti, p. 205
205
55
Busch, pp. 406-08
406
p. 410, fn. 3
56
Klein, The Reign of Patti (New York, 1920), p. 313
Klein
313
The Reign of Patti
1920
Carteggi Verdiani IV, ed. A. Luzio [Rome, 1947], p. 223
Luzio
223
IV
Carteggi Verdiani
1947
57
H. Sutherland Edwards, The Prima Donna: Her History and Surroundings from the Seventeenth to the Nineteenth Century, vol. II (London, 1888), p. 120.
Edwards
120
II
The Prima Donna: Her History and Surroundings from the Seventeenth to the Nineteenth Century
1888
58
Klein, p. 287.
287
59
Ricci, I, 83.
83
60
G&T 03082 and 03084
61
C. S. Lewis, introduction to a translation of St. Athana- sius's Incarnation (New York, 1946).
Lewis
introduction to a translation of St. Athanasius's Incarnation
1946
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