[Footnotes]

[Footnotes]
1
"Certified Copy of Vital Statistics," Missouri's Division of Health
Certified Copy of Vital Statistics
2
Dena Epstein, Sinful Tunes and Spirituals: Black Folk Music to the Civil War (Urbana, 1977), p. 112.
Epstein
112
Sinful Tunes and Spirituals: Black Folk Music to the Civil War
1977
3
Ibid.
4
Ibid., p. 147.
147
5
"J. W. Postlewaite of St. Louis: A Search for His Identity," The Black Perspective in Music 6 (1978), 151-6710.2307/1214172
151
6
Daniels M. Hogan, "The Catholic Church and the Ne- groes of St. Louis" (Master's thesis, St. Louis University, 1955).
7
H. C. Bruce, The New Man (New York, 1895), p. 58
Bruce
58
The New Man
1895
8
Ibid., p. 67.
67
9
St. Louis Director, 1848
St. Louis Director
1848
St. Louis Census: Schedule 1. Free inhabitants of the 4th Ward, City of St. Louis, as of 9 September 1850
Population Schedule of the Seventh Cen- sus of the United States, City of St. Louis, Wards #4 and #5, 1850 (microfilm), microcopy #432, roll #417. National Archives of the United States
Population Schedule of the Seventh Census of the United States
1850
10
Missouri Republican, 20 December 1842, p. 2, col. 1
2
Missouri Republican
1842
11
Eileen Southern, The Music of Black Americans: A History (New York, 1971)
Southern
The Music of Black Americans: A History
1971
Arthur LaBrew, Selected Works of Francis Johnson (Detroit, 1975)
Labrew
Selected Works of Francis Johnson
1975
Jane Campbell, "Old Philadelphia Music," Philadelphia History 2 (1926), 181- 206
Campbell
181
2
Philadelphia History
1926
12
Floyd (fn. 5), pp. 155 and 166
13
J. W. Postlewaite, Free Negro Bond, Filed 16 July 1850 in "Parker Russell Papers," The Tiffany Collection, 26 May 1953
Postlewaite
26 May
The Tiffany Collection
1953
History of St. Louis: The Fourth City 1764-1911 (St. Louis, 1911), p. 669
669
History of St. Louis: The Fourth City 1764-1911
1911
14
St. Louis Director, 1842
St. Louis Director
1842
15
"Up the Missouri to the Montana Mines: 'John O'Fallon Delaney's Pocket Diary for 1862'," Missouri Historical Society Bulletin 19 (1962), 4-5
4
19
Missouri Historical Society Bulletin
1962
Gould's St. Louis Directories for 1870-75
Gould
St. Louis Directories
1870
Postlewaite's sheet music cov- ers, e.g., "Recreation Schottisch" and "Love's Dream Waltz."
16
"Red Petticoat Mazurka" (1858)
Red Petticoat Mazurka
1858
17
Judy Day and James Kedro, "Free Blacks in St. Louis: Antebellum Conditions, Emancipation, and the Postwar Era," St. Louis Historical Society Bulletin 30 (January 1974), 117
Day
January
117
30
St. Louis Historical Society Bulletin
1974
18
Bruce, p. 97.
97
19
"Au- rora Schottisch,"
Au-rora Schottisch
20
"Chimney Corner Schottisch" (1870) by R. F. Car- della
Chimney Corner Schottisch
1870
21
Kennedy's St. Louis Director, 1857
Kennedy
St. Louis Director
1857
St. Louis Direc- tory, 1859
St. Louis Directory
1859
"Red Petticoat Mazurka"
Red Petticoat Mazurka
Ernst Krohn's Music Publishing in the Middle Western States before the Civil War (Detroit, 1922)
Krohn
Music Publishing in the Middle Western States before the Civil War
1922
fn. 50
22
Cyprian Clamorgan, "The Colored Aristocracy in St. Louis,"
Clamorgan
The Colored Aristocracy in St. Louis
St. Louis, 1858,rpt.in the Missouri Historical So- ciety Bulletin 31 (1974), 10
Louis
10
31
Missouri Historical Society Bulletin
1974
Clamorgan himself was among this "Colored Aristoc- racy. "
Colored Aristocracy
23
Day and Kedro, p. 120.
24
Galusha Anderson, A Border City During the Civil War (Boston, 1908), p. 385
Anderson
385
A Border City During the Civil War
1908
25
Clamorgan, pp. 3 and 4.
3
26
Francis Grierson, The Valley of Shadows (London, 1913), p. 253.
Grierson
253
The Valley of Shadows
1913
27
Geneva Southall, Blind Tom: The Post-Civil War En- slavement of a Black Musical Genius (Minneapolis, 1979)
Southall
Blind Tom: The Post-Civil War Enslavement of a Black Musical Genius
1979
28
Daily Missouri State Journal, 7 May 1861, p. 3
7 May
3
Daily Missouri State Journal
1861
29
Ibid., 10 May, p. 3.
3
30
Ibid., 24 April, p. 3
3
Ibid., 7 May, p. 3
3
31
Pleasant Hill Weekly Leader, 29 April 1870, p. 2
2
Pleasant Hill Weekly Leader
1870
Missouri Republican, 29 February 1880, p. 3
3
Missouri Republican
1880
32
latter's book, The Union Cause in St. Louis in 1861: An Historical Sketch (St. Louis, 1909), pp. 349-475
349
The Union Cause in St. Louis in 1861: An Historical Sketch
1909
33
John Sunder, The Fur Trade on the Upper Missouri, 1840-1865 (Norman, 1965), p. 231
Sunder
231
The Fur Trade on the Upper Missouri, 1840-1865
1965
Spread Eagle
Grierson, The Valley of Shadows, pp. 308-09
Grierson
308
The Valley of Shadows
34
Postlewaite is not listed in the directories for 1860
1863
1865
1869
The 1864 St. Louis Directory lists Postlewaite as a "minstrel"
St. Louis Directory
1864
Robert C. Toll, Blacking Up: The Minstrel Show in Nineteenth-Century America (New York, 1974), pp. 195-99
Toll
195
Blacking Up: The Minstrel Show in Nineteenth-Century America
1974
35
Anderson, A Border City During the Civil War, pp. 309- 14.
Anderson
309
A Border City During the Civil War
36
St. Louis Post-Dispatch, 3-8 October 1879-81
St. Louis Post-Dispatch
1879
The 1879 celebration was described in the Post-Dispatch 6 October issue
6 October
Post-Dispatch
1879
37
"Notes on Committee Meetings and rules and regulations--Veiled Prophet," Veiled Prophet Papers, 1878-89
Notes on Committee Meetings and rules and regulations--Veiled Prophet
Veiled Prophet Papers, 1878-89
1878
38
St. Louis Merchants Exchange Collection, Letters, 15 January 1870 November 1891, p. 64
64
St. Louis Merchants Exchange Collection, Letters
1870
39
"Account of the First Ball: Reminiscences of the V. P.'s Partner as Belle of the Ball--1878-Susie Slayback (Mrs. A. Wellington Adams)," Veiled Prophet Papers, 1878-99, held by the Missouri Historical Society.
Account of the First Ball: Reminiscences of the V. P.'s Partner as Belle of the Ball--1878-Susie Slayback (Mrs. A. Wellington Adams)
Veiled Prophet Papers, 1878-99
40
Merchants Exchange Collection, p. 63.
63
Merchants Exchange Collection
41
"Royfax copies of Veiled Prophets information ... 1878-" held by the Missouri Historical Society
Royfax copies of Veiled Prophets information ... 1878
42
St. Louis Post-Dispatch, 7 October 1879
St. Louis Post-Dispatch
1879
Will S. Hays' song, "Evangeline," in 1874
Hays
Evangeline
1874
David Ewen, All the Years of American Popular Music (Englewood Cliffs, 1977), pp. 79 and 85
Ewen
79
All the Years of American Popular Music
1977
43
William Carter White, A History of Military Music in America (New York, 1944)
White
A History of Military Music in America
1944
44
H. W. Schwartz, Bands of America (Garden City, 1957)
Schwartz
Bands of America
1957
Frances A. Lord and Arthur Wise, Bands and Drummer Boys of the Civil War (New York, 1966)
Lord
Bands and Drummer Boys of the Civil War
1966
45
Missouri Census of 1900
Missouri Census of
1900
46
Ernst Krohn, Missouri Music
Krohn
Missouri Music
A Century of Mis- souri Music, 1924; rpt. edn. New York, 1971
A Century of Missouri Music
1971
47
Descriptive Catalogue of Sheet Music and Musical Works (Balmer & Weber, ca. 188?), 664 pp
Descriptive Catalogue of Sheet Music and Musical Works
48
fn. 5
49
August Waldauer, "Sentimental Schottisch," Sheet Music Collection, Gaylord Music Library, Washington University, St. Louis, Missouri
Waldauer
Sentimental Schottisch
Sheet Music Collection, Gaylord Music Library
50
R. F. Cardella, "Chimney Corner Schottisch." This same catalogue carries two titles--"Eliza" and "Wish Schottisch"--which were composed by F. Beler, presuma- bly the Frank Beler with whom Postlewaite was in partner- ship during 1857-59
Cardella
Chimney Corner Schottisch
This same catalogue carries two titles--"Eliza" and "Wish Schottisch
1857
51
"Chimney Comer Schottisch," Sheet Music Collection, Gaylord Music Library
Chimney Comer Schottisch
Sheet Music Collection
52
James Shore, "Rail Road Schottisch," in this collec- tion
Shore
Rail Road Schottisch
this collection
53
Sheet Music Collection, Gaylord Music Library
Sheet Music Collection
54
Postlewaite compositions which carry multiple imprints include "Pleyade Schottisch" (Balmer & Weber, St. Louis; W. C. Peters, Cincinnati; D. P. Faulds & Co., Louisville; Ph. P. Werlein, New Orleans)
Postlewaite compositions which carry multiple imprints include "Pleyade Schottisch
"Schottisch Quadrille" (Balmer & Weber; Peters, Webb & Co., Louisville; Firth, Pond & Co., New York; W. C. Peters)
Schottisch Quadrille
55
"Black Music in the Driscoll Collection," The Black Perspective in Music 1 [1974], 158-71)10.2307/1214232
158
57
Gould's City Directory for these years
Gould's City Directory for these years
58
Directory, Price List, Constitution and By-Laws of the Musicians' Mutual Benefit Association of St. Louis, Missouri (St. Louis, 1889)
Directory
Price List, Constitution and By-Laws of the Musicians' Mutual Benefit Association of St. Louis, Missouri
1889
59
H. Wiley Hitchcock, Music in the United States: A Historical Introduction (Englewood Cliffs, 1969), p. 123.
Hitchcock
123
Music in the United States: A Historical Introduction
1969
60
Lynne Emery, Black Dance in the United States from 1619-1970 (Palo Alto, 1972), p. 108.
Emery
108
Black Dance in the United States from 1619-1970
1972
61
Katherine Dunham, "The Negro Dance," The Negro Caravan, ed. Sterling A. Brown, Arthur P. Davis, and Ulysses Lee (New York, 1941), p. 998.
Dunham
The Negro Dance
998
The Negro Caravan
1941
62
Addison Reed, "Scott Joplin: Pioneer," The Black Perspective in Music 3 (1978), 4910.2307/1214379
49
James Haskins, Scott Joplin (New York, 1978)
Haskins
Scott Joplin
1978
63
Rudi Blesh, "Scott Joplin: Black American Classicist," The Collected Works of Scott Joplin, ed. Vera Brodsky Lawrence (New York, 1971).
Blesh
Scott Joplin: Black American Classicist
The Collected Works of Scott Joplin
1971
64
Rudi Blesh, They All Played Ragtime: The True Story of an American Music (New York, 1971).
Blesh
They All Played Ragtime: The True Story of an American Music
1971
65
Arna Bontemps and Jack Conroy, They Seek a City (Garden City, 1945), p. 91.
Bontemps
91
They Seek a City
1945
66
Ei- leen Southern, editor of The Black Perspective in Music
Southern
editor of The Black Perspective in Music
Board of Music Trade of the United States of America Complete Catalog of Sheet Music and Musical Works, 1870, ed. Frederick Freedman (New York, 1973)
Board of Music Trade of the United States of America Complete Catalog of Sheet Music and Musical Works
1973
Balmer & Weber's Descriptive Catalog
Balmer
Descriptive Catalog
Complete Catalog
Complete Catalog
Krohn's assertion that in 1853
Krohn
assertion that
1853
Krohn's Music Publishing in the Middle Western States Before the Civil War (Detroit, 1972)
Krohn
Music Publishing in the Middle Western States Before the Civil War
1972
*
1889 entry, "Postlewaite Annie, w. Joseph, r. 1402 Market," probably refers to the widow of a Joseph (nmn) Postlewait (no "e")
Postlewaite Annie, w. Joseph, r. 1402 Market
probably refers to the widow of a Joseph
1889
This Postlewait is listed in the 1880 census (Vol. 30, E.D. 177. Sheet 14, St. Louis County, Central Township)
30
This Postlewait is listed in the 1880 census
1880
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