[Footnotes]

[Footnotes]
1
Jerrold Northrop Moore, "The Return of a Dove to the Ark: 'Enigma Variations' a Century On," Elgar Society Journal 11 (November 1999), 134-43.
Moore
November
134
11
Elgar Society Journal
1999
2
Diana McVeagh's comments on Gerontius in her article "Edward Elgar," The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, ed. Stanley Sadie (Lon- don, 1980), vol. 6, pp. 114-30 (122)
McVeagh
114
6
The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians
1980
3
Christopher Grogan, "The Apostles: Some Thoughts on the Early Plans" in Edward Elgar: Music and Litera- ture, ed. Raymond Monk (Aldershot, 1993), 10-34, esp. pp. 28-30
Grogan
The Apostles: Some Thoughts on the Early Plans
28
Edward Elgar: Music and Literature
1993
4
Edward Algernon Baughan, "'The Apostles' and Elgar's Future," in Music and Musicians (London, 1906), pp. 191-209
Baughan
'The Apostles' and Elgar's Future
191
Music and Musicians
1906
Michael Foster, Elgar's Gigantic Worx: The Story of the Apostles Trilogy (London, 1995), pp. 26-27
Foster
26
Elgar's Gigantic Worx: The Story of the Apostles Trilogy
1995
5
Caroline Alice Stuart Wortley in 1923
Edward Elgar: The Windflower Letters, ed. Jerrold Northrop Moore (Oxford, 1989), p. 284
Elgar
284
Edward Elgar: The Windflower Letters
1989
Adrian Boult, "Composer as Conductor" in Edward Elgar Centenary Sketches, ed. H. A. Chambers (London, 1957), pp. 8-10
Boult
Composer as Conductor
8
Edward Elgar Centenary Sketches
1957
6
Robert Anderson, Elgar [New York, 1993], p. 207
Anderson
207
Elgar
1993
Charles McGuire, Epic Nar- ration: The Oratorios of Edward Elgar (Ph.D. diss., Harvard University, 1998), pp. 34-38
McGuire
34
Epic Narration: The Oratorios of Edward Elgar
1998
7
Hugh Reginald Haweis, My Musical Memories (New York, 1884), p. 211
Haweis
211
My Musical Memories
1884
8
McGuire, Epic Narration, pp. 25-26
McGuire
25
Epic Narration
Canterbury Cathe- dral Archives, UC 100/1/17A and 25
9
William Gladstone, The Vatican Decrees in their Bearing on Civil Allegiance: A Political Expostulation (London, 1874).
Gladstone
The Vatican Decrees in their Bearing on Civil Allegiance: A Political Expostulation
1874
10
E. R. Norman, Anti-Catholicism in Victorian England (New York, 1968), pp. 13ff
Norman
13
Anti-Catholicism in Victorian England
1968
D. G. Paz, Popular Anti-Catholicism in Mid-Victorian England (Stanford, 1992)
Paz
Popular Anti-Catholicism in Mid-Victorian England
1992
Walter L. Arnstein, Protestant Versus Catholic in Mid-Victorian England (Columbia, 1982)
Arnstein
Protestant Versus Catholic in Mid-Victorian England
1982
Arnstein, "Victorian Anti-Ca- tholicism and the Case of Sir Edward Elgar," paper read at the April 2000 Midwest Victorian Studies Association con- ference in Urbana, Ill.
Arnstein
Victorian Anti-Catholicism and the Case of Sir Edward Elgar
April 2000 Midwest Victorian Studies Association conference in Urbana, Ill.
2000
11
Percy Young, Elgar, Newman, and the Dream of Gerontius: In the Tradition of English Catholi- cism (Aldershot, 1995), pp. 85-88
Young
85
Elgar, Newman, and the Dream of Gerontius: In the Tradition of English Catholicism
1995
12
Elgar and His Publishers: Letters of a Creative Life, ed. Jerrold Northrop Moore (Oxford, 1987), I, 33
33
I
Elgar and His Publishers: Letters of a Creative Life
1987
Most of The Light of Life, a simple setting of the story of Christ's healing a blind man, drawn from John 9: 1-34
John
1
9
Most of The Light of Life
Reverend Edward Vine Hall (published in the Worcester Herald of 12 September 1896) as being "absolutely irreverent
13
St. Augustine, which was rejected for being "too Catho- lic." He composed the secular cantata Caractacus instead. In January of 1899
Edward Elgar: Letters of a Lifetime, ed. Jerrold Northrop Moore (Oxford, 1990), pp. 61 and 72
Elgar
61
Edward Elgar: Letters of a Lifetime
1990
14
Young, Elgar, Newman and The Dream of Gerontius, p. 97
Young
97
Elgar, Newman and The Dream of Gerontius
15
McGuire, "One Story, Two Visions: Textual Differ- ences Between Elgar's and Newman's The Dream of Gerontius," Elgar Society Journal 11 (July 1999), 75-88
McGuire
July
75
11
Elgar Society Journal
1999
The Best of Me: A Gerontius Centenary Companion, ed. Geoffrey Hodgkins (Rickmansworth, 1999), pp. 84-101
84
The Best of Me: A Gerontius Centenary Companion
1999
16
Moore, Elgar and His Publishers, I, esp. pp. 169 and 189
Moore
169
I
Elgar and His Publishers
17
Michael Kennedy, Portrait of Elgar (3rd edn. Oxford, 1987), p. 151
Kennedy
3
151
Portrait of Elgar
1987
18
Robert Anderson, Elgar (London, 1993), p. 54
Anderson
54
Elgar
1993
Reports of Gloucester Cathedral's ban on Gerontius appear in The Yorkshire Post, esp. 20 November 1903
20 November
The Yorkshire Post
1903
Gloucester Cathedral in 1910
Ralph Vaughan Williams's Fantasia on a Theme by Thomas Tallis
Williams
Fantasia on a Theme by Thomas Tallis
McGuire, "1910, Vaughan Williams, and the English Festival" in Vaughan Williams Essays, ed. Byron Adams and Robin Wells (Aldershot, forthcoming)
McGuire
1910, Vaughan Williams, and the English Festival
Vaughan Williams Essays
19
Moore, Edward Elgar: A Creative Life (Oxford, 1984), p. 214
Moore
214
Edward Elgar: A Creative Life
1984
Spirit of England: Edward Elgar in His World (London, 1984), pp. 139-40
139
Spirit of England: Edward Elgar in His World
1984
20
Moore, Elgar and His Publishers, I, 392-93
Moore
392
I
Elgar and His Publishers
Worces- ter Daily Times, 9 October 1903
9 October
Worcester Daily Times
1903
21
Moore, Edward Elgar: A Creative Life, pp. 130 and 326-27
Moore
130
Edward Elgar: A Creative Life
22
Edward Elgar: A Creative Life, pp. 257 and 140-43
Elgar
257
Edward Elgar: A Creative Life
23
Moore, "Return of a Dove," p. 135.
Moore
135
Return of a Dove
24
Moore, Elgar and His Publishers, I, 228
Moore
228
I
Elgar and His Publishers
The Dream of Gerontius (London, 1900)
The Dream of Gerontius
1900
The Apostles (London, 1903)
The Apostles
1903
The Kingdom (London, 1906)
The Kingdom
1906
25
Letter from Elgar to Jaeger, 18 November 1899
Moore, Elgar and His Publishers, I, 153
Moore
153
I
Elgar and His Publishers
26
The Apostles (London, 1903)
The Apostles
1903
The King- dom (London, 1906)
The Kingdom
1906
27
Luke 6:13
Mark 3:14
Christians (Acts 11:26)
Elgar recast the project into a trilogy, which included The Apostles, The Kingdom, and the un- finished The Last Judgment
McGuire, Epic Narra- tion, pp. 202-05
McGuire
202
Epic Narration
28
Robert J. Buckley, Sir Edward Elgar (London, 1905), p. 8
Buckley
8
Sir Edward Elgar
1905
Gorton, The Apostles, p. [5]
Gorton
5
The Apostles
29
Buckley, Elgar, pp. 83-84
Buckley
83
Elgar
Elgar: His Life and Works (London, 1933), II, 56
56
II
Elgar: His Life and Works
1933
Jaeger, The Apostles, p. 40
Jaeger
40
The Apostles
Gorton, The Apostles, p. 8
Gorton
8
The Apostles
30
W. A. Ellis's translation of Rich- ard Wagner's Complete Prose Works for Christmas in 1902
Robert Anderson, Elgar (New York, 1993), p. 58
Anderson
58
Elgar
1993
Moore, Edward Elgar, pp. 386-87
Moore
386
Edward Elgar
McGuire, Epic Narration, pp. 218-37
McGuire
218
Epic Narration
31
Letters of Edward Elgar and Other Writings, ed. Percy Young (London, 1956), p. 121.
121
Letters of Edward Elgar and Other Writings
1956
32
BL Add. MS 47904B, fols. 214-15.
33
Moore, Edward Elgar, pp. 379-80
Moore
379
Edward Elgar
Christopher Grogan, A Study of Elgar's Creative Process in The Apostles (Op. 49), with Particular Reference to Sc. II "By the Way- side" (Ph.D. diss., University of London, 1989), II, 45-52
Grogan
45
II
A Study of Elgar's Creative Process in The Apostles (Op. 49), with Particular Reference to Sc. II "By the Wayside"
1989
34
"wine and costly ointments" from Wisdom 2:7-8
7
2
Wisdom
Ecclesiastes 2:10
35
Dante Gabriel Rossetti's painting Mary Magdalene at the Door of Simon the Pharisee (1858; Cambridge, Fitzwilliam Museum)
Rossetti
Mary Magdalene at the Door of Simon the Pharisee
1858
36
Susan Haskins, Mary Magdalen: Myth and Metaphor (New York, 1993), p. 318
Haskins
318
Mary Magdalen: Myth and Metaphor
1993
37
William Henry Pinnock, Analysis of New Testament His- tory (Cambridge, 1869), p. 317
Pinnock
317
Analysis of New Testament History
1869
Grogan, "Aspects of Elgar's Creative Process," I, 24, n. 16
Grogan
24
I
Aspects of Elgar's Creative Process
38
BL Add. MS 47904, fol. <latex>$10^v$</latex>
39
William E. Addis and Thomas Arnold, A Catholic Dictio- nary (rev. with additions by T. B. Schanell; 6th edn. Lon- don, 1903), p. 697
Addis
6
697
A Catholic Dictionary
1903
James Dallen, The Recovering Community: The Rite of Penance (New York, 1986), esp. pp. 168-205
Dallen
168
The Recovering Community: The Rite of Penance
1986
40
Kenan B. Osborne, Reconciliation and Justification (Mahwah, 1990), esp. pp. 112-98
Osborne
112
Reconciliation and Justification
1990
41
John Henry Blunt and Frederick Gibson, The Annotated Book of Common Prayer, Being an Historical, Ritual and Theological Commentary on the Devotional System of the Church of England (London, 1903)
Blunt
The Annotated Book of Common Prayer, Being an Historical, Ritual and Theological Commentary on the Devotional System of the Church of England
1903
Edward L. Cutts, A Handy Book of the Church of England (London, 1901), esp. p. 268
Cutts
268
A Handy Book of the Church of England
1901
42
Francis George Belton, A Manual For Confessors: Being A Guide to the Administration of the Sacrament of Pen- ance for the Use of Priests of the English Church (2nd rev. edn. London, 1931), p. 6.
Belton
2
6
A Manual For Confessors: Being A Guide to the Administration of the Sacrament of Penance for the Use of Priests of the English Church
1931
43
W. F. Cobb's article "Forgiveness" in the Encyclo- paedia of Religion and Ethics ed. James Hastings (New York, ca. 1890), esp. VI, 80-82
Cobb
Forgiveness
80
VI
Encyclopædia of Religion and Ethics
1890
Geoffrey Rowell, "The Anglican Tradition from the Reformation to the Oxford Movement," in Con- fession and Absolution, ed. Martin Dudley and Geoffrey Rowell (London, 1990), pp. 190ff
Rowell
The Anglican Tradition from the Reformation to the Oxford Movement
190
Confession and Absolution
1990
44
Jaeger wrote analyses of Gerontius, The Apostles, and The Kingdom
Foster, Elgar's Gigan- tic Worx, pp. 12-13
Foster
12
Elgar's Gigantic Worx
Grogan, "'My Dear Analyst:' Some Observations on Elgar's Correspondence with A. J. Jaeger Regarding the 'Apostles' Project," Music & Letters 72 (Feb- ruary 1991), pp. 48-60)10.2307/736492
48
48
Matthew 10: 4
Mark 3:19
Luke 6:16
Judas: Betrayer or Friend of Jesus? (Minneapolis, 1996), pp. 47-60
47
Judas: Betrayer or Friend of Jesus?
1996
49
John 12:1-8
Matthew 26:6-13
Mark 14:3-9
50
P. F. Baum, "The Medieval Legend of Judas Iscariot" in Publications of the Modern Language Association 31 (1915), 482-83
Baum
The Medieval Legend of Judas Iscariot
482
31
Publications of the Modern Language Association
1915
Klassen, Judas
Klassen
Judas
Hyam Maccoby, Judas Iscariot and the Myth of Jewish Evil (Lon- don, 1992)
Maccoby
Judas Iscariot and the Myth of Jewish Evil
1992
Kurlyk, Salome and Judas in the Cave of Sex: The Grotesque: Origins, Iconography, Techniques (Evanston, 1987), pp. 259-89
Kurlyk
259
Salome and Judas in the Cave of Sex: The Grotesque: Origins, Iconography, Techniques
1987
Maccoby, Judas, pp. 79-126
Maccoby
79
Judas
51
Klassen, Judas, p. 5
Klassen
5
Judas
J. M. Robertson, Jesus and Judas: A Textual and Historical Investigation (London, 1927), pp. 1-14
Robertson
1
Jesus and Judas: A Textual and Historical Investigation
1927
52
Henry Hart Milman, History of Christianity (Paris, 1840), bk. 1, p. 173
Milman
173
History of Christianity
1840
Ernest Renan, The Life of Jesus (En- glish trans. New York, 1896), pp. 319-21 and 359-60
Renan
319
The Life of Jesus
1896
Arno Newman, Jesus (English trans., London, 1906)
Newman
Jesus
1906
53
Mark 14: 18-21
Luke 22: 21-23
Matthew 26: 21-25
John 13: 25-35
Helms, Gospel Fictions (Buffalo, 1988), esp. pp. 106-07
Helms
106
Gospel Fictions
1988
54
Valentin, The Tak- ing of Christ
Valentin
The Taking of Christ
55
Robert Anderson provides a list of the volumes Elgar owned or read in connection with The Apostles on p. 191 of his Elgar in Manuscript (Portland, 1990).
56
Klassen, Judas, p. 7
Klassen
7
Judas
Mary Flowers Braswell, "Chaucer's Palimpsest: Judas Iscariot and the Pardoner's Tale," in The Chaucer Review 29 (1995), 303
Braswell
303
29
The Chaucer Review
1995
57
Daniel Whitby, A Paraphrase and Commentary on the New Testament (2nd edn. London, 1706), I, 226
Whitby
2
226
I
A Paraphrase and Commentary on the New Testament
1706
58
Klassen, Judas, p. 6.
Klassen
6
Judas
59
Klassen, Judas, p. 20
Klassen
20
Judas
60
Thomas De Quincey, "Judas Iscariot," from The Col- lected Writings of Thomas De Quincey, ed. David Mason (Edinburgh, 1890
De Quincey
Judas Iscariot
The Collected Writings of Thomas De Quincey
1890
(New York, 1968), VIII, 179
61
De Quincey, "Judas Iscariot," p. 181.
De Quincey
181
Judas Iscariot
62
Richard Whately, Lectures on the Characters of Our Lord's Apostles and Especially Their Conduct at the Time of His Apprehension and Trial (London, 1859), p. 30
Whately
30
Lectures on the Characters of Our Lord's Apostles and Especially Their Conduct at the Time of His Apprehension and Trial
1859
"Discourse III: On the Treason of Judas Iscariot" in Essays on Some of the Dangers to Christian Faith Which May Arise from the Teaching or Conduct of its Professors to Which are Subjoined Three Discourses Delivered on Several Occasions (London, 1847), pp. 321- 56
321
"Discourse III: On the Treason of Judas Iscariot" in Essays on Some of the Dangers to Christian Faith Which May Arise from the Teaching or Conduct of its Professors to Which are Subjoined Three Discourses Delivered on Several Occasions
1847
63
Henry Latham, Pastor Pastorum (Cambridge, 1890), p. 246.
Latham
246
Pastor Pastorum
1890
64
George Milligan, "Judas Iscariot" in The Encyclopædia Britannica (9th edn.; London, 1881), vol. 13, pp. 760-61
Milligan
9
Judas Iscariot
760
13
The Encyclopædia Britannica
1881
BL Add. MS 47904B, fol. 215
E. H. Plumptree's article on Judas in A Dictionary of the Bible, ed. William Smith (London, 1860; 2nd edn. 1893)
Plumptree
2
A Dictionary of the Bible
1893
Aubrey Beardsley en- titled "The Kiss of Judas" (1/3 [July 1893], p. 338)
Beardsley
July
338
The Kiss of Judas
1893
Complete Poetical Works (London, 1901), pp. 494-96
494
Complete Poetical Works
1901
65
H. J. Taylor, The Last Supper (London, [n.d.])
Taylor
The Last Supper
68
Paffenroth, "The Character of Judas in Bach's St. Matthew Passion" Mid- west Quarterly 36 [Winter 1995], 132-34
Paffenroth
Winter
132
36
Midwest Quarterly
1995
69
Clive Brown, introduction to Spohr, Des Heilands Letzte Stunden (New York, 1987), p. vii
Brown
introduction to Spohr
vii
Des Heilands Letzte Stunden
1987
Percy Scholes, The Mirror of Music (London, 1947), I, 81-82 and 75
Scholes
81
I
The Mirror of Music
1947
Barbara Mohn, "'Personi- fying the Saviour?': English Oratorio and the Representation of the Words of Christ" in Nineteenth-Century British Music Studies, ed. Bennett Zon (Aldershot, 1999), I, 227-41
Mohn
'Personifying the Saviour?': English Oratorio and the Representation of the Words of Christ
227
I
Nineteenth-Century British Music Studies
1999
70
Carl Loewe's later oratorio, Das Sühnopfer des neuen Bundes (ca. 1847- 48)
71
An- thony Boden, Three Choirs: A History of the Festival (Phoe- nix Mill, 1992), p. 277
Boden
277
Three Choirs: A History of the Festival
1992
E. Wulstan Atkins, The Elgar- Atkins Friendship (Newton Abbot, 1984), pp. 27-28
Atkins
27
The Elgar-Atkins Friendship
1984
72
Elgar's emphasis. The passage is from John 13:21-35
Percy Young, Elgar O.M. (2nd edn. London, 1973), pp. 317-19
Young
2
317
Elgar O.M.
1973
Moore, Elgar and His Publishers, I, 155
Moore
155
I
Elgar and His Publishers
73
Young, Letters to Nimrod (London, 1965), p. 74
Young
74
Letters to Nimrod
1965
Drawing from Acts 1:15-20
74
Letter from Elgar to C. V. Gorton, 17 July 1903
Young, Letters of Edward Elgar, p. 122
Young
122
Letters of Edward Elgar
75
Books at the Elgar Birthplace, esp. vol. III (EB ref. 1328)
76
Mrs. Richard Powell, Edward Elgar: Memories of a Variation (4th edn. Aldershot, 1994), pp. 54-55
Powell
4
54
Edward Elgar: Memories of a Variation
1994
77
Moore, Elgar, pp. 412-13
Moore
412
Elgar
78
Letter from Elgar to Jaeger, 12 August 1903
Moore, Elgar and His Publishers, I, 474
Moore
474
I
Elgar and His Publishers
79
Gorton, The Apostles, pp. 20-21.
Gorton
20
The Apostles
80
Jaeger, The Apostles, p. 41
Jaeger
41
The Apostles
Gorton, The Apostles, pp. 20 and 21
Gorton
20
The Apostles
82
BL Add. MS 47904B, fols. 101-09.
84
BL Add. MS 47904B, fol. 45.
85
BL Add. MS. 47904B, fols. <latex>$1^r$</latex>-<latex>$21^v$</latex>
86
BL Add. MS 47904B, fols. <latex>$3^v$</latex>, <latex>$12^v$</latex>-<latex>$13^v$</latex> and <latex>$16^v$</latex>
Encyclopædia Britannica on 20 December 1902
Encyclopædia Britannica
1902
S. Jebb Scott, the same day he received his copy of Richard Wagner's Complete Prose Works from Edward Speyer
Grogan, "Aspects of Elgar's Creative Process," II, 16
Grogan
16
II
Aspects of Elgar's Creative Process
BL Add. MS 47904b, fol. <latex>$10^v$</latex>
87
"Whately, Richard," in A Dictionary of National Biogra- phy (London, 1917), XX, 1338.
Whately, Richard
XX
A Dictionary of National Biography
1917
88
Elgar, "Notes from an Article (sketch) on the Character of Judas Iscariot," Elgar Birthplace.
Elgar
Notes from an Article (sketch) on the Character of Judas Iscariot
89
Ar- ticle of Faith No. 25
90
Letter of Elgar to Thomas Dunhill, 31 December 1904, Elgar Birthplace.
91
Ernest Renan, The Life of Jesus [New York, 1865], p. 320
Renan
320
The Life of Jesus
1865
92
Gorton, dated 17 July 1903
Young, Letters of Edward Elgar, p. 121
Young
121
Letters of Edward Elgar
94
Psalm 107: 40
Psalm 107:41
BL Add. MS 47904B, fol. 5
96
Jaeger, The Apostles, pp. 10 and 17
Jaeger
10
The Apostles
97
m. 9 of ex. 4b
98
movt. I, F461, mm. 4-7
Jaeger, The Apostles, pp. 18 and 43
Jaeger
18
The Apostles
99
Isaiah 5:18-20.
101
Matthew 27:3-10
Acts 1:16-19
102
Rabbi Francis L. Cohen ("Music in the Syna- gogue," in Musical Times, 1 September 1899, pp. 593-9610.2307/3368604
593
"Song in the Synagogue" in Musical Times, 1 August 1899, pp. 518-21
1 August
518
Musical Times
1899
Grogan, "A Study of Elgar's Creative Process," appendix iv ("Some Observa- tions of Elgar's Use of Hebrew Melodies in the 'Apostles' Project"), II, 53-59
Grogan
53
II
A Study of Elgar's Creative Process
103
letter to Gorton, dated 7 July 1903
Young, Letters of Edward Elgar, p. 120
Young
120
Letters of Edward Elgar
104
Jaeger, The Apostles, p. 14
Jaeger
14
The Apostles
105
John 7:46
106
mm. 7-9 of ex. 9
McGuire, "Epic Narration," pp. 261-63
McGuire
261
Epic Narration
107
Wisdom 2:1-4
108
<http:/ /www.elgar.org/2theman.htm>
Jaeger on 9 October 1900
Gerontius. On 12 October
Moore, Edward Elgar, p. 334
Moore
334
Edward Elgar
Elgar and His Publishers, pp. 244-45
334
Elgar and His Publishers
109
Michael Costa's Eli
Elgar's own Light of Life
Elgar
own Light of Life
Elgar's cantata King Olaf
Elgar
cantata King Olaf
John Stainer's The Crucifixion
Stainer
The Crucifixion
110
Letter from Elgar to Jaeger, 11 November 1903
Moore, Elgar and His Publishers, I, 524
Moore
524
I
Elgar and His Publishers
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