[Footnotes]

[Footnotes]
1
"Music," Time 32/1 (4 July 1938), p. 20
J. Peter Burkholder, All Made of Tunes: Charles Ives and the Uses of Musical Borrowing (New Haven, Conn., 1995)
Burkholder
All Made of Tunes: Charles Ives and the Uses of Musical Borrowing
1995
idem, Charles Ives: The Ideas Behind the Music (New Haven, Conn., 1985)
Burkholder
Charles Ives: The Ideas Behind the Music
1985
idem, The Evolution of Charles Ives's Music: Aesthetics, Quotation, Technique (Ph.D. diss., Uni- versity of Chicago, 1983)
Burkholder, "Ives Today," in Ives Studies, ed. Philip Lambert (Cambridge, 1997), pp. 263-90
Burkholder
Ives Today
263
Ives Studies
1997
2
Stuart Feder, Charles Ives: "My Father's Song" (New Haven, Conn., 1992), pp. 320 and 325
Feder
320
Charles Ives: "My Father's Song"
1992
Gayle Sherwood, The Choral Works of Charles Ives: Chronol- ogy, Style, and Reception (Ph.D. diss., Yale University, 1995), pp. 281-83
Maynard Solomon, "Charles Ives: Some Questions of Veracity," Journal of the American Musico- logical Society 40 (1987), 463-64 and passim10.2307/831676
463
3
Ives dated On the Antipodes "1915-23" in 18 Songs (pub- lished 1935)
Ives
On the Antipodes 1915-23
18 Songs
1935
4
Philip Lambert, The Music of Charles Ives (New Ha- ven, Conn., 1997), pp. 178-85
Lambert
178
The Music of Charles Ives
1997
5
Larry Starr, A Union of Diversities (New York, 1992), p. 87.
Starr
87
A Union of Diversities
1992
6
Burkholder, All Made of Tunes, p. 476n.56
Burkholder
476n
All Made of Tunes
7
Kirkpatrick's vocal and piano edition was re-released by Peer in 1974
"Things You Should Know," Music Journal 30/ 5 [May 1972], 50
May
50
Music Journal
1972
Kirkpatrick, liner notes to "Charles Ives: The 100th Anniversary" [unpaginated]
Kirkpatrick
Charles Ives: The 100th Anniversary
"Charles Ives: The 100th Anni- versary," various works and artists, Columbia (Col M4 32504)
Charles Ives: The 100th Anniversary
Harold Farberman, London Symphony Orches- tra and Schutz Choir, Composers Recordings (CRI SD- 314)
8
Victor Fell Yellin, review of The Celestial Country by Charles Ives, Musical Quarterly 60 (July 1974), 500-08.
Yellin
July
60
review of The Celestial Country by Charles Ives, Musical Quarterly
1974
9
Burkholder, All Made of Tunes, pp. 36-37.
Burkholder
36
All Made of Tunes
10
Yellin, review of The Celestial Country, p. 506
Yellin
506
The Celestial Country
Feder, Charles Ives, p. 171
Feder
171
Charles Ives
11
Ives, Memos, ed. John Kirkpatrick (New York, 1972), p. 51.
Ives
51
Memos
1972
12
Adrian Jack, review of Ives, First Symphony, Philadel- phia Orchestra, Eugene Ormandy, cond., CBS 77424, Records and Recording 18/1 (October 1974), 47.
Jack
October
47
18
Records and Recording
1974
13
Robert Crunden, "Charles Ives: The Man and His Mu- sic," Choral Journal 15 (December 1974), 7
Crunden
December
7
15
Choral Journal
1974
Harold Schonberg, "Natural American, Natural Rebel, Natural Avant-gardist," New York Times Magazine, 21 April 1974, p. 12
Schonberg
Natural American, Natural Rebel, Natural Avant-gardist
12
New York Times Magazine
1974
Herbert Kupferberg, "Ives Centennial Hits Cre- scendo," National Observer, 26 October 1974, [n.p.]
Kupferberg
Ives Centennial Hits Crescendo
National Observer
1974
Horatio Parker is almost entirely excluded from Neely Bruce's dis- cussion of Ives and the American music tradition. An Ives Celebration: Papers and Panels of the Charles Ives Cen- tennial Festival-Conference, ed. H: Wiley Hitchcock and Vivian Perlis (Urbana, Ill., 1977), pp. 38 and 41
Parker
38
An Ives Celebration: Papers and Panels of the Charles Ives Centennial Festival-Conference
1977
14
Alan Rich, American Pioneers: Ives to Cage and Beyond (London, 1995), pp. 37-38.
Rich
37
American Pioneers: Ives to Cage and Beyond
1995
15
"Questions and Veracities: Reassessing the Chronology of Ives's Choral Works," Musical Quarterly 78 (1994), 429-3010.2307/742268
429
16
Duckworth, Talking Music: Conversations ... Five Generations of American Experimental Composers (New York, 1995)
Duckworth
Talking Music: Conversations ... Five Generations of American Experimental Composers
1995
Reich states, "I believe that it helps the classical music and the popular music of a pe- riod to have some kind of a discourse. Charles Ives, George Gershwin, and Aaron Copland, everything we consider great American music has had either a great or small amount of that in it, because that's a particularly Ameri- can truth" (p. 317, emphasis added)
States
317
I believe that it helps the classical music and the popular music of a period to have some kind of a discourse. Charles Ives, George Gershwin, and Aaron Copland, everything we consider great American music has had either a great or small amount of that in it, because that's a particularly American truth
Zorn states, "There's a very deep element of quotation in my music, which is something that relates to Ives very directly" (p. 470)
States
470
There's a very deep element of quotation in my music, which is something that relates to Ives very directly
17
Peter Davis, "The Ives Boom on Disk: Every Sketch, Scrap and Masterpiece," New York Times, 20 October 1974, sec. D, p. 26.
Davis
The Ives Boom on Disk: Every Sketch, Scrap and Masterpiece
26
New York Times
1974
18
Jack described the work as "breezily banal, cosily senti- mental and sometimes perversely abrupt. . . . No great discovery here, perhaps, but fun as a novelty,"
Donal Henahan found the cantata "surprisingly conventional."
Jack, review of Ives, The Celestial Country, recorded by the London Symphony Orchestra, London Schutz Choir
Jack
The Celestial Country
Harold Farberman cond., CRI SD 314, Records and Re- cording 18/6 (March 1975), p. 62
Cond
62
18
Records and Recording
1975
Henahan, "On Listening to Mahler, Ravel and Ives Play Their Own Music," New York Times, 14 July 1974, sec. 2, 13
Henahan
On Listening to Mahler, Ravel and Ives Play Their Own Music
New York Times
1974
19
Gann, American Music in the Twentieth Cen- tury [New York, 1997], p. 9
Gann
9
American Music in the Twentieth Century
1997
20
Gerhard R. Koch, "Das Paradies liegt hinter Danbury," Frankfurter allgemeine Zeitung, 19 February 1975, p. 23
Koch
19 February
23
Frankfurter allgemeine Zeitung
1975
21
Theodore Strongin, "When Charles Ives Was at Yale," review of Ives, First Symphony, recorded by the Chicago Symphony, Morton Gould cond., RCA Victor LM2893/LSC 2893, New York Times, 5 June 1966, sec. 2, 19
Strongin
5 June
19
New York Times
1966
22
Feder, Charles Ives, pp. 171 and 173.
Feder
171
Charles Ives
23
Choral Works of Ives, "Questions and Veraci- ties,"
Questions and Veracities
Choral Works of Ives
"Redating Ives's Choral Sources," in Ives Studies
Redating Ives's Choral Sources
24
Memos, pp. 147-66
147
Memos
25
Ives, Memos, p. 326.
Ives
326
Memos
26
Harry B. Jepson, organ teacher at Yale (Memos, p. 183)
Jepson
183
Memos
David Stanley Smith, followed Parker as head of the Yale School of Music. Elizabeth Goode, David Stanley Smith and His Music (Ph.D. diss., University of Cincinnati, 1978), p. 29
28
Ives, Memos, pp. 57, 68, 237, 262, and 327-28.
Ives
57
Memos
29
Laurence David Wallach, The New England Education of Charles Ives (Ph.D. diss., Columbia University, 1973), pp. 147-48 and 152.
30
John Tasker Howard, Our American Music (3rd edn. New York, 1946), p. 592.
Howard
3
592
Our American Music
1946
31
Summarized from Leonard Ellinwood, The History of American Church Music (New York, 1953), pp. 72-75.
Summarized
72
The History of American Church Music
1953
32
The American Musical Directory, 1861
1861
The American Musical Directory
Wil- liam Kearns, Horatio Parker 1863-1919: His Life, Music and Ideas (Metuchen, N.J., 1990), pp. 193-94
Kearns
Horatio Parker 1863-1919: His Life, Music and Ideas
33
Listings vary in detail, with the most extensive entries for 1889-90, and 1894-98
"Glad Mu- sic for Easter," New York Times, 14 April 1895, pp. 17, 19
14 April
17
New York Times
1895
34
Howard, Our American Music, p. 592.
Howard
592
Our American Music
35
Perlis, Charles Ives Remembered: An Oral History (New Haven, Conn., 1974), pp. 20-21
Perlis
20
Charles Ives Remembered: An Oral History
1974
36
Ives, Memos, p. 254.
Ives
254
Memos
37
Ives Papers, box 51, folder 1.
38
Kearns, Horatio Parker 1863-1919: A Study of His Life and Music (Ph.D. diss., University of Illinois, 1965), p. 585
39
Ives, Memos, p. 147.
Ives
147
Memos
40
William K. Gallo, The Life and Church Music of Dudley Buck (Ph.D. diss., Catholic University of America, 1968), p. 101
Christ the Victor (1896)
Christ the Victor
1896
Coming of the King (1895)
Coming of the King
1895
The Story of the Cross (1892)
The Story of the Cross
1892
The Triumph of David (1892)
The Triumph of David
1892
Howard, Our American Music, p. 594
Howard
594
Our American Music
43
Kearns, Horatio Parker: Life, Music and Ideas, pp. 18, 19.
Kearns
18
Horatio Parker: Life, Music and Ideas
44
Reviews and announcements of Church Choral Society concerts are from the New York Times on the following dates: 4 May 1893
4 May
New York Times
1893
20 December 1893
19 January 1894
19 December 1894
21 December 1894
22 February 1895
45
New York Times, 20 December 1893, p. 12.
20 December
12
New York Times
1893
46
Ibid.
47
New York Times, 4 May 1893, p. 5.
4 May
5
New York Times
1893
48
Kearns, Horatio Parker: Life, Music and Ideas, p. 22.
Kearns
22
Horatio Parker: Life, Music and Ideas
49
History of the Handel and Haydn Society, 2 vols. (Bos- ton, 1883-1913
History of the Handel and Haydn Society
1883
New York, 1977-79), II, 37
50
Ibid, p. 38.
38
51
The Church Hymnal, ed. Charles L. Hutchins (Boston, 1900), pp. 622-25 (hymn no. 523)
622
The Church Hymnal
1900
Hymns for Church and Home, ed. Arthur Foote (Bos- ton, 1896), p. 158 (hymn no. 308)
158
Hymns for Church and Home
1896
52
Facsimile of the program of the cantata's premiere is reproduced in Perlis, Ives Remembered, p. 32.
Perlis
32
Ives Remembered
53
Kearns, Horatio Parker: Life, Music and Ideas, p. 106.
Kearns
106
Horatio Parker: Life, Music and Ideas
54
Howard, Our American Music, p. 594
Howard
594
Our American Music
55
Horatio Parker, introduction to Hora Novissima, ed. Hitchcock (New York, 1972), [1].
Parker
1
introduction to Hora Novissima
1972
56
The Coming of the King of 1895
The Coming of the King
1895
57
Solomon, "Ives: Some Questions of Veracity," p. 461
Solomon
461
Ives: Some Questions of Veracity
58
Crossing the Bar of 1894 also includes brief metrical disruptions such as a _4- combination (mm. 27-29)
Crossing the Bar
1894
Wendell Clarke Kumlien, The Sacred Choral Music of Charles Ives: A Study in Style Devlopment (D.M.A. thesis, University of Illinois, 1969), p. 142
Lord God, Thy Sea Is Mighty (1900-01)
Lord God, Thy Sea Is Mighty
1900
phrase, "Batten down the hatches"
Phrase
Batten down the hatches
Choral Works of Charles Ives, p. 149
149
Choral Works of Charles Ives
60
Lawrence Levine, Highbrow/Lowbrow: The Emergence of Cultural Hierarchy in America (Cam- bridge, Mass., 1988), p. 115
Levine
115
The Emergence of Cultural Hierarchy in America
61
Ibid., pp. 114-15.
114
62
Howard, Our American Music, p. 595.
Howard
595
Our American Music
63
Hitchcock, Music in the United States: A Historical In- troduction (Englewood Cliffs, 1988), p. 141
Hitchcock
141
Music in the United States: A Historical Introduction
1988
64
Gallo, Life and Music of Dudley Buck, p. 67
Gallo
67
Life and Music of Dudley Buck
Frances Hall Johnson, Musical Memories of Hartford (Hartford, 1931), pp. 13-16
Johnson
13
Musical Memories of Hartford
1931
Frank Rossiter, Charles Ives and His America (New York, 1975), p. 301
Rossiter
301
Charles Ives and His America
1975
65
Johnson, Musical Memories of Hartford, pp. 14, 16
Johnson
14
Musical Memories of Hartford
Buck's disparagement of the "Mus. Doc."
Parker as "governed too much by the German rule,"
Memos, pp. 49-50
49
Memos
67
Parker, "Church Music" (1897), 12-13, box 35, folder 5 (emphasis added).
Parker
12
Church Music
1897
68
Parker, "Address before Guild of Organists," in "Ad- dresses, Essays, Lectures," No. 2
Kearns, Parker: A Study (1965), p. 601 (emphasis added)
Kearns
601
Parker: A Study
1965
69
Parker, "Church Music" (1897), 11-12, box 35, folder 5
Parker
11
Church Music
1897
Griggs's lecture of 25 October 1895
70
Parker, "Church Music" (1904), pp. 14-15, box 35, folder 6.
Parker
14
Church Music
1904
71
Starr, A Union of Diversities, pp. 9-14
Starr
9
A Union of Diversities
73
Judith Tick, "Charles Ives and Gender Ideology," in Mu- sicology and Difference, ed. Ruth Solie (Berkeley and Los Angeles, 1993), pp. 104-05
Tick
Charles Ives and Gender Ideology
104
Musicology and Difference
1993
Solomon, "Charles Ives: Sorne Questions of Veracity," pp. 466-67
Solomon
466
Charles Ives: Sorne Questions of Veracity
Rossiter, Ives and His America, pp. 42 and 162
Rossiter
42
Ives and His America
74
Ives, Memos, p. 31 (emphasis added).
Ives
31
Memos
75
Ives, Memos, p. 28 (emphasis added)
Ives
28
Memos
Memos, p. 132, emphasis added
132
Memos
76
Memos, p. 126, emphasis added
126
Memos
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