[Footnotes]

[Footnotes]
1
Schoenberg, "Brahms the Progressive," in Style and Idea (Berkeley and Los Angeles, 1975), pp. 398-441.
Schoenberg
Brahms the Progressive
398
Style and Idea
1975
Peter Gay in "Aimez- vous Brahms? On Polarities in Modernism," in Freud, Jews, and Other Germans (New York, 1978), pp. 232-56
Gay
Aimezvous Brahms? On Polarities in Modernism
232
Freud, Jews, and Other Germans
1978
J. Peter Burkholder in "Brahms and Twentieth-Century Classical Music," this journal 8 (1984), 75-83.10.2307/746255
75
2
Michael Musgrave, Brahms: Ein deutsches Requiem (Cam- bridge, 1996), p. 1.
Musgrave
1
Brahms: Ein deutsches Requiem
1996
3
John Eliot Gardiner, "Brahms and the 'Human' Requiem," Gramophone (April 1991), 1809-10 (quote, 1810).
Gardiner
April
1809
Gramophone
1991
4
Malcolm MacDonald makes exactly the same point: "It is 'German' in no na- tionalistic sense but because it is rooted in the language of the Lutheran Bible" (Brahms [New York, 1990], p. 195).
MacDonald
It is 'German' in no na-makes exactly the same point: "It is 'German' in no nationalistic sense but because it is rooted in the language of the Lutheran Bible
195
Brahms
1990
5
Winfried Döbertin, "Johannes Brahms' Deutsches Requiem als religiöses Kunstwerk," Brahms-Studien vol. 8, ed. Kurt and Renate Hoffmann [Hamburg, 1990], p. 9
Döbertin
Johannes Brahms' Deutsches Requiem als religiöses Kunstwerk
9
8
Brahms-Studien
1990
6
Döbertin, "Johannes Brahms' Deutsches Requiem," p. 23
Döbertin
23
Johannes Brahms' Deutsches Requiem
7
Carl Reinthaler, Johannes Brahms im Briefwechsel mit Carl Reinthaler [Berlin, 1908], pp. 7-12
Reinthaler
7
Johannes Brahms im Briefwechsel mit Carl Reinthaler
1908
8
ibid
9
Brahms to Clara Schumann of April 1865 in Clara Schumann-Johannes Brahms Briefe, ed. Berthold Litzmann, vol. 1(1853-71) (Leipzig, 1927), p. 504
504
1
Clara Schumann-Johannes Brahms Briefe
1871
Erinnerungen an Johannes Brahms in Briefen besonders aus seiner Jugend- zeit (Leipzig, 1898), p. 60
60
Erinnerungen an Johannes Brahms in Briefen besonders aus seiner Jugendzeit
1898
10
Levi is quoted by Max Kalbeck in Johannes Brahms, vol. II (3rd expanded edn. Berlin, 1921; rpt. Tutzing, 1976), p. 2203
220
II
Levi is quoted by Max Kalbeck in Johannes Brahms
1976
Michael Musgrave summarizes the details clearly and succinctly in Brahms: A German Requiem, pp. 4-13
Musgrave
Details clearly and succinctly
4
Brahms: A German Requiem
Kalbeck, Johannes Brahms II, 214-32
Kalbeck
214
Johannes Brahms II
Siegfried Kross, Die Chor- werke von Johannes Brahms (Berlin, 1958), pp. 208-18
Kross
208
Die Chorwerke von Johannes Brahms
1958
Klaus Blum, Hundert Jahre Ein deutsches Requiem von Johannes Brahms (Tutzing, 1971), pp. 91-108
Blum
91
Hundert Jahre Ein deutsches Requiem von Johannes Brahms
1971
11
Alfred Orel, Johannes Brahms und Julius Allgeyer: Eine Kiinstlerfreundschaft in Briefen (Tiitzing, 1964), p. 39
Orel
39
Johannes Brahms und Julius Allgeyer: Eine Kiinstlerfreundschaft in Briefen
1964
12
Kalbeck, Johannes Brahms, II, 218
Kalbeck
218
II
Johannes Brahms
13
J. V. Wid- mann, Ellen und Ferdinand Vetter und Adolf Schubring, ed. Max Kalbeck [Berlin, 1915], pp. 213-14
Widmann
213
Ellen und Ferdinand Vetter und Adolf Schubring
1915
14
Gellner, Nation- alism [New York, 1997], pp. 76-77
Gellner
76
Nationalism
1997
15
Gellner, Nationalism, p. 77
Gellner
77
Nationalism
Gellner's earlier Nations and Nationalism (Ithaca, N.Y., 1983)
Gellner
Nations and Nationalism
1983
16
Anderson, Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origin and Spread of Nationalism (London, 1983), p. 43
Anderson
43
Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origin and Spread of Nationalism
1983
17
Richard Wagner, "What is German?" in Richard Wagner: Stories and Essays, ed. and trans. Charles Osborne (New York, 1973), p. 41
Wagner
What is German?
41
Richard Wagner: Stories and Essays
1973
18
Angelika Horstmann, Untersuch- ungen zur Brahms-Rezeption der Jahre 1860-1880 (Ham- burg, 1986), pp. 130-80
Horstmann
130
Untersuchungen zur Brahms-Rezeption der Jahre 1860-1880
1986
19
"Brahms and Schubring: Musical Criticism and Politics at Mid-Century," this journal 7 (1984), 271-8110.2307/746382
271
20
Florence May, The Life of Johannes Brahms, vol. II (2nd edn. London, 1948), p. 414
May
2
414
II
The Life of Johannes Brahms
1948
Johannes Brahms (Leipzig, 1880 and 1898)
Johannes Brahms
1898
21
Kalbeck, Johannes Brahms, II, 273-74
Kalbeck
273
II
Johannes Brahms
22
American Brahms Society Newsletter 13 [Spring 1995], 1-3
Spring
1
13
American Brahms Society Newsletter
1995
William Youngren ("The Modernist Brahms," American Brahms Society Newsletter 10 [Spring 1992], 1-3)
Youngren
Spring
1
10
American Brahms Society Newsletter
1992
23
Deiters, "Johannes Brahms' geistliche Compositionen," p. 277
Deiters
277
Johannes Brahms' geistliche Compositionen
24
Schubring, "Schumanniana" 12, as cited in Blum, Hundert Jahre Ein deutsches Requiem, p. 81
Schubring
Schumanniana
81
Hundert Jahre Ein deutsches Requiem
25
Dahlhaus, The Idea of Absolute Music, trans. Roger Lustig (Chicago, 1989), p. 119
Dahlhaus
119
The Idea of Absolute Music, trans. Roger Lustig
1989
Dahlhaus traces this phenomenon well into the twentieth century in chap. 8, "On the Three Cultures of Music," pp. 117-27
117
On the Three Cultures of Music
26
Kleinert, "Ein deutsches Requiem," as quoted in Kalbeck, Johannes Brahms, II, 274
Kleinert
Ein deutsches Requiem
II
Johannes Brahms
27
Schumann, Neue Zeitschrift für Musik (28 October 1853), pp. 185-86
Schumann
28 October
185
Neue Zeitschrift für Musik
1853
28
Schubring, "Schumanniana" 12, reproduced in Blum, Hundert Jahre Ein deutsches Requiem, p. 79
Schubring
Schumanniana
79
Hundert Jahre Ein deutsches Requiem
29
Weser-Zeitung (Bremen) 12 April 1868 (supplement to no. 7601)
12 April
Weser-Zeitung
1868
Blum, Hundert Jahre Ein deutsches Requiem, p. 62
Blum
62
Hundert Jahre Ein deutsches Requiem
30
Jahrhundert," in Klassische und romantische MusikÄsthetik (Laaber, 1988), pp. 219-30 (quote, p. 225)
Jahrhundert
219
Klassische und romantische MusikÄsthetik
1988
31
Maczewski, "Ein deutsches Requiem ... von J. Brahms," p. 20
Maczewski
20
Ein deutsches Requiem ... von J. Brahms
32
ibid., p. 20
20
33
ibid., p. 35
35
34
Koppel S. Pinson, Pietism as a Factor in the Rise of German Nationalism (New York, 1934), p. 63
Pinson
63
Pietism as a Factor in the Rise of German Nationalism
1934
35
Jakob Burckhardt, Cultur der Renaissance in Italien: Ein Versuch, vol. I: Der Staat als Kunstwerk, vol. II: Entwicklung des Individuums (Basel, 1860)
Burckhardt
I
Cultur der Renaissance in Italien: Ein Versuch
1860
36
Tony Davies, Humanism (London, 1997), p. 17
Davies
17
Humanism
1997
37
Liah Greenfeld, Nationalism: Five Roads to Modernity (Cambridge, 1992), pp. 319-20
Greenfeld
319
Nationalism: Five Roads to Modernity
1992
Pinson, Pietism, pp. 68-69
Pinson
68
Pietism
Luther's Works, vol. II, Selected Psalms II, ed. Jarislov Perlikan (St. Louis, 1956), p. 88
Luther
88
II
Works
1956
D.M.A. thesis, The Voice of Luther's Church: Instrumental Cantus Firmus Chorales in Selected Cantatas by Johann Sebastian Bach (University of South Carolina, 1998), pp. 14-17
38
Greenfeld, Nationalism, p. 326
Greenfeld
326
Nationalism
William J. Bossenbrook, The German Mind (Detroit, 1961), p. 249
Bossenbrook
249
The German Mind
1961
39
Greenfeld, Nationalism, p. 364
Greenfeld
364
Nationalism
40
Berlin, "The First and the Last," New York Review of Books [April 1998], 56-57
Berlin
April
56
New York Review of Books
1998
41
Sanna Pederson, "A. B. Marx, Berlin Concert Life, and German National Identity," this journal 18 (1994), 87- 10710.2307/746354
87
"On the Task of Music Historians: The Myth of the Symphony after Beethoven," Repercussions 2 (1993), 5-30
5
2
Repercussions
1993
Dahlhaus, The Idea of Absolute Music, pp. 14-15
Dahlhaus
14
The Idea of Absolute Music
42
Marx's comments are drawn by Pederson from "Standpunkt der Zeitung," Berliner allgemeine musik- alische Zeitung 5 (1828), 493
Marx
493
5
Berliner allgemeine musikalische Zeitung
1828
The quoted passages from Fichte appear in Greenfeld, Nationalism, p. 365
365
The quoted passages from Fichte appear in Greenfeld, Nationalism
43
Schubring, "Schumanniana" 12, as cited in Blum, Hundert Jahre Ein deutsches Re- quiem, p. 89
Schubring
Schumanniana
89
Hundert Jahre Ein deutsches Requiem
44
Hanslick, Vom Musikalisch-Schönen: Ein Beitrag zur Re- vision der Aesthetik der Tonkunst (Leipzig, 1854)
Hanslick
Vom Musikalisch-Schönen: Ein Beitrag zur Revision der Aesthetik der Tonkunst
1854
Geoffrey Payzant is based on the 8th edn. of 1891 (Indianapolis, 1986)
45
Hanslick's review was originally published in the Neue freie Presse of 3 December 1867
Hanslick
3 December
Neue freie Presse
1867
Allgemeine musikalische Zeitung 2/15 (1867)
Allgemeine musikalische Zeitung
1867
Aus dem Concert-Soal: Kritiken und Schilderungen (Vienna, 1870
426
Aus dem Concert-Soal: Kritiken und Schilderungen
1971
Westmead, 1971), pp. 426-27
46
"Die musikalische Saison in Wien 1874-1875," Deutsche Rundschau, book 8 (May 1875), 307-14
Die musikalische Saison in Wien 1874-1875
307
8
Deutsche Rundschau
1875
Hanslick's essay is reprinted in Concerte, Componisten und Virtuosen der letzten fünfzehn Jahre, 1870-1885 (2nd edn. Berlin, 1886), p. 1352
135
2
Concerte, Componisten und Virtuosen der letzten fünfzehn Jahre, 1870-1885
1886
Brahms's Requiem
Brahms
135
Requiem
Wagner's GötterdÄmmerung
Wagner
GötterdÄmmerung
Blum, Hundert Jahre Ein deutsches Requiem, pp. 135-36
Blum
135
Hundert Jahre Ein deutsches Requiem
47
Beckmesser: Eduard Hanslick, Victim and Prophet," pp. 272-73
272
Beckmesser: Eduard Hanslick, Victim and Prophet
Dahlhaus, "Reine, absolute Tonkunst," in Klassische und romantische MusikÄsthetik, pp. 298- 303
Dahlhaus
Reine, absolute Tonkunst
298
Klassische und romantische MusikÄsthetik
48
Hanslick, Deutsche Rundschau (1875)
Hanslick
Deutsche Rundschau
1875
49
Dahlhaus, The Idea of Absolute Music, p. 27
Dahlhaus
27
The Idea of Absolute Music
"piety toward the romantic metaphysics of instrumental music" (pp. 27-28)
27
piety toward the romantic metaphysics of instrumental music
Hanslick passage in question appears in the first edition of Vom Musikalisch- Schönen (Leipzig, 1854), p. 104
104
Vom Musikalisch Schönen
1854
50
Untersuchungen zur Brahms-Rezeption, p. 159
159
Untersuchungen zur Brahms-Rezeption
Gay, Freud, Jews, and Other Germans, pp. 12-13
Gay
12
Freud, Jews, and Other Germans
51
Leon Botstein, "Brahms and Nineteenth-Century Painting," this journal 14 (1990), 154-6810.2307/746200
154
"Brahms as Liberal: Genre, Style, and Politics in Late Nine- teenth-Century Vienna," this journal 17 (1993), 107-2310.2307/746329
107
Sandra McColl, Music Criticism in Vienna 1896-1897: Critically Moving Forms (Oxford, 1996)
McColl
Music Criticism in Vienna 1896-1897: Critically Moving Forms
1996
52
Gay, "For Beckmesser," Freud, Jews, pp. 257-77
Gay
257
For Beckmesser
53
cited in McColl, Music Criticism in Vienna, p. 129
McColl
129
Music Criticism in Vienna
54
Ibid
55
Gardiner, "Brahms and the 'Human' Requiem," p. 1809
Gardiner
1809
Brahms and the 'Human' Requiem
56
Ibid., p. 1810
1810
57
Taruskin, "Tradition and Authority," in Text and Act (New York, 1995), p. 174
Taruskin
Tradition and Authority
174
Text and Act
1995
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