[Footnotes]

[Footnotes]
2
Oliver Heidemann, Luigi Cherubini:Les Abencérages, ou l'étendard de Grenade: Untersuchungen zur Opern- geschichte des französischen Empire (Münster, 1994)
Heidemann
Luigi Cherubini:Les Abencérages, ou l'étendard de Grenade: Untersuchungen zur Operngeschichte des französischen Empire
1994
Anke Schmitt, Der Exotismus in der deutschen Oper zwischen Mozart und Spohr (Hamburg, 1988).
Schmitt
Der Exotismus in der deutschen Oper zwischen Mozart und Spohr
1988
3
Bartoli, "A la recherche d'une representation sonore de l'Egypte antique: l'égyptomanie musicale en France de Rossini a Debussy," in L'égypto- manie à l' éreuve de l'archéologie, ed. Jean-Marcel Humbert (Paris, 1996), pp. 479-506.
Bartoli
A la recherche d'une representation sonore de l'Egypte antique: l'égyptomanie musicale en France de Rossini a Debussy
479
L'égyptomanie à l' éreuve de l'archéologie
1996
Jahrhunderts," Humanistische Bildung 19 (1996), 117-55
Jahrhunderts
117
19
Humanistische Bildung
1996
4
"La musique arabe chez les compositeurs franccais du xi<latex>$x^e$</latex> siécle saisis d'exotisme (1844-1914)," International Review of the Aesthetics and Sociology of Music 26 (1995), 3-3310.2307/836963
3
New Musical Representations in the Eighteenth Century," Cultural Critique 36 (1997), 55-88
55
36
Cultural Critique
1997
Derek B. Scott, "Orientalism and Musical Style," Musical Quar- terly 82 (1998).10.2307/742411
5
Mercure de France, cited in Georges Favre, Boieldieu: sa vie, son Æuvre, 2 vols. (Paris, 1944), I, 115n.
France
cited in Georges Favre, Boieldieu: sa vie, son Æuvre
1944
6
Edward W. Said, Culture and Imperialism (New York, 1993), p. 186.
Said
186
Culture and Imperialism
1993
7
David B. Pirie, Penguin History of Literature 5 (Lon- don, 1994), pp. 395-447, 488-92 (quote, p. 399)
Pirie
395
5
Penguin History of Literature
1994
8
Torrid Zones:Maternity, sexu- ality, and Empire in Eighteenth-Century English Narra- tives [Baltimore, 1995], pp. 135-36
135
Torrid Zones:Maternity, sexuality, and Empire in Eighteenth-Century English Narratives
1995
9
César Grana, Modernity and Its Discon- tents:French Society and the French Man of Letters in the Nineteenth Century (New York, 1967), pp. 132
Grana
132
Modernity and Its Discontents:French Society and the French Man of Letters in the Nineteenth Century
1967
Graña's book was first published in 1964 as Bohemian versus Bour- geois
Graña
Bohemian versus Bourgeois
1964
10
Graña, Modernity, p. 133.
Graña
133
Modernity
11
Chris Bongie, Exotic Memories: Literature, Colonialism, and the Fin de Siècle (Stanford, 1991), p. 83.
Bongie
83
Exotic Memories: Literature, Colonialism, and the Fin de Siècle
1991
12
Raymond Schwab, Oriental Renaissance: Europe's Rediscovery of India and the East, 1680-1880
Schwab
Oriental Renaissance: Europe's Rediscovery of India and the East, 1680-1880
Gene Patterson-Black and Victor Reinking (New York, 1984)
Gene Patterson-Black and Victor Reinking
1984
Nussbaum, Torrid Zones, Zehra F. Arat, Deconstructing Images of "the Turk- ish Woman" (New York, 1998)
Nussbaum
Deconstructing Images of "the Turkish Woman"
1998
The Orientalists: Delacroix to Matisse, the Al- lure of North Africa and the Near East (New York, 1984)
The Orientalists: Delacroix to Matisse, the Allure of North Africa and the Near East
1984
"Constructing," p. 264, nn. 14-15
264
Constructing
13
Mary Hunter, "The alla turca Style in the Late Eigh- teenth Century: Race and Gender in the Symphony and Seraglio," in Bellman, The Exotic in Western Music, pp. 43-73, 317-23
Hunter
The alla turca Style in the Late Eighteenth Century: Race and Gender in the Symphony and Seraglio
43
Bellman, The Exotic in Western Music
14
Jonathan Bellman, The "Style Hongrois" in the Music of Western Europe (Boston, 1993), pp. 45, 66, 68
Bellman
45
The "Style Hongrois" in the Music of Western Europe
1993
Schmitt, Exotismus, pp. 301-72, esp. pp. 337-64
Schmitt
301
Exotismus
15
Amnon Shiloah, Music in the World of Islam: A Socio- Cultural Study (Detroit, 1995), pp. 120-26.
Shiloah
120
Music in the World of Islam: A Socio Cultural Study
1995
16
The Music of the French Political Chan- son, 1810-50," in Music in Paris in the Eighteen-Thir- ties-La Musique a Paris dans les annies 1830, ed. Peter A. Bloom (Stuyvesant, N.Y., 1987), pp. 431-56.
The Music of the French Political Chanson, 1810-50
431
Music in Paris in the Eighteen-Thirties-La Musique a Paris dans les annies 1830
1987
17
Miriam K. Whaples, "Early Exoticism Revisited," in Bellman, Exotic, pp. 3-25 and 307-13
Whaples
Early Exoticism Revisited
3
Bellman, Exotic
James Parakilas, "How Spain Got a Soul," in Bellman, Exotic, pp. 137-93 and 333-42
Parakilas
How Spain Got a Soul
137
Bellman, Exotic
18
Le Moniteur universel, 19 September 1800
19 September
Le Moniteur universel
1800
"La Révolution souriante": Thesis THC82015).
19
Joseph Fouché's article on the opera, in Pipers EnzyklopÄdie des Musiktheaters, I, 381-82.
Fouché
381
I
Pipers EnzyklopÄdie des Musiktheaters
20
Thomas Betzwieser, "A propos de l'exotisme mu- sical de Rossini," in Gioachino Rossini, 1792-1992: II testo e la scena, ed. Paolo Fabbri (Pesaro, 1994), pp. 105-26
Betzwieser
A propos de l'exotisme musical de Rossini
105
Gioachino Rossini, 1792-1992: II testo e la scena
1994
21
Bruno Cagli, "The Voyage of the Italian Girl in Algiers,"
Cagli
The Voyage of the Italian Girl in Algiers
Carole McGrath, p. 2
22
John Warrack, Carl Maria von Weber (London, 1968), pp. 319-20.
Warrack
319
Carl Maria von Weber
1968
23
cf. Schmitt, Exotismus, pp. 465-70
Schmitt
465
Exotismus
28
Saint-SaËns, letter to Camille Bellaigue, 23 January 1897.
Saint-SaËns
letter to Camille Bellaigue
1897
Composers on Music: An Anthology of Compos- ers' Writings from Palestrina to Copland, ed. Sam Morgenstern (New York, 1956), p. 231.
231
Composers on Music: An Anthology of Composers' Writings from Palestrina to Copland
1956
29
Floyd K. Grave in his modern edi- tion of Vogler, Pieces de clavecin (1798), Recent Researches in the Music of the Classical Era, vol. 24 (Madison, Wis., 1986), p. ix
Floyd
ix
24
Recent Researches in the Music of the Classical Era
1986
Floyd K. Grave and Margaret G. Grave, In Praise of Harmony: The Teachings of Abbé Georg Jo- seph Vogler (Lincoln, Neb., 1987), pp. 161-62, 227-37
Floyd
161
In Praise of Harmony: The Teachings of Abbé Georg Joseph Vogler
1987
30
Reminiscence (dating from 1844-45
Franz Grillparzer, in Beethoven:Letters, Journals and Con- versations, ed. Michael Hamburger (2nd edn. London, 1966), pp. 62-63.
Grillparzer
2
62
Beethoven:Letters, Journals and Conversations
1966
31
Victor Hugo, Les Orientales: Les Feuilles d'automne, ed. Pierre Albouy (Paris, 1964), p. 23 (from the preface to the original edition of 1829).
Hugo
23
Les Orientales: Les Feuilles d'automne
1964
32
Siegfried Kracauer, Orpheus in Paris: Offenbach and the Paris of His Time, trans. Gwenda David and Eric Mosbacher (New York, 1938), p. 22.
Kracauer
22
Orpheus in Paris: Offenbach and the Paris of His Time, trans. Gwenda David and Eric Mosbacher
1938
33
Janet E. Buerger and David Kwasigroh, "Daguerre: The Artist," Image: Journal of Photography and Motion Pic- tures of the International Museum of Photography at George Eastman House 28 (June 1985), 2-20.
Buerger
June
2
28
Image: Journal of Photography and Motion Pictures of the International Museum of Photography at George Eastman House
1985
34
Carl Dahlhaus, Nineteenth-Century Mu- sic, trans. J. Bradford Robinson (Berkeley and Los Angeles, 1989), p. 303.
Dahlhaus
303
Nineteenth-Century Music, trans. J. Bradford Robinson
1989
35
V. Hagan, Félicien David, 1810-1876: A Composer and a Cause (Syra- cuse, N.Y., 1985), pp. 57-65
Hagan
57
Félicien David, 1810-1876: A Composer and a Cause
1985
Music, Musicians, and the Saint-Simonians (Chicago, 1986), pp. 185-87, 191, 205, 277.
185
Music, Musicians, and the Saint-Simonians
1986
36
Hagan, David, pp. 67-90
Hagan
67
David
Jean-Pierre Bartoli, "La musique française et l'Orient: à propos du Désert de Félicien David," Revue internationale de musique française 6 (No- vember 1981), 6, 28-36
Bartoli
November
6
6
Revue internationale de musique française
1981
The Nineteenth-Century Symphony, ed. D. Kern Holoman (New York, 1997), pp. 163-94, esp. 166-68.
163
The Nineteenth-Century Symphony
1997
37
Borodin's In Central Asia
Borodin
In Central Asia
Music, Musicians, pp. 208-09, 361
208
Music, Musicians
Vladimir Vasilevich Stasov, Selected Essays on Music, trans. Florence Jonas (London, 1968), pp. 69, 72-73
Stasov
69
Selected Essays on Music, trans. Florence Jonas
1968
The New York Music Scene in the Days of George Templeton Strong, 1836-1875, ed. Vera Brodsky Lawrence, vol. I (New York, 1988), pp. 364-65, 486-88
364
I
The New York Music Scene in the Days of George Templeton Strong, 1836-1875
1988
Eric Jensen, "George Horatio Derby's 'Musical Review Extraor- dinary,' or, Félicien David in the New World," American Music 8 (1990), 350-58
Jensen
350
8
American Music
1990
Julian Budden, The Operas of Verdi, vol. III (rev. edn. Oxford, 1992), pp. 216-17
Budden
216
III
The Operas of Verdi
1992
39
Hagan, David, p. 79.
Hagan
79
David
40
Hagan's view, David's "Danse" "suggest[s]" specific "appropriate action[s]" of Arab dancing women, such as those described by the painter and traveler Eugène Fromentin (David, pp. 74-75)
41
"Breezes from the Orient, Airs from the Parisian Salon: Félicien David Now on Disc," Journal of the American Liszt Soci- ety 33 (January-June 1993), 44-49.
Orient
January
44
33
Journal of the American Liszt Society
1993
42
Théophile Gautier, Gautier on Dance, ed. and trans. Ivor Guest (London, 1986), pp. 39-50, 134-37.
Gautier
39
Gautier on Dance
1986
43
R. Allen Lott, "A Berlioz Premiere in America: Leopold De Meyer and the Marche d'Isly," this journal 8 (1985), 226-30.10.2307/746513
226
45
James J. Fuld, The Book of World-Famous Music (3rd rev. edn. New York, 1985), pp. 276-77
Fuld
3
276
The Book of World-Famous Music
1985
Donna Carlton, Looking for Little Egypt (Bloomington, 1994), pp. 50-52
Carlton
50
Looking for Little Egypt
1994
88 (published score of the tune, 1895), and 91-93
47
"Di quella pira, " in Verdi's II trovatore of 1853
Verdi
Di quella pira
II trovatore
1853
49
"Construct- ing the Oriental 'Other'," esp. pp. 263-65
263
Constructing the Oriental 'Other'
50
Hugh Macdonald, "9/8, G♭ Major," this journal 11 (1988), 221-37.10.2307/746321
221
52
Reyer's introductory "Notes" to the piano-vocal score of Le Sélam: symphonie orientale en quatre parties (Paris, [1850?], rpt. [Paris], n.d.).
Reyer
Le Sélam: symphonie orientale en quatre parties
1850
53
Letter of September 1845, cited in my Music, Musicians, p. 214.
214
Letter of September 1845, cited in my Music, Musicians
54
Frank Reinisch, Das französische Oratorium von 1840 bis 1870 (Regensburg, 1982), esp. pp. 272-73, 275-92, 312-24, 414-15.
Reinisch
272
Das französische Oratorium von 1840 bis 1870
1982
55
James Parakilas, "The Soldier and the Exotic: Operatic Variations on a Theme of Racial Encounter," Opera Quar- terly 10 (1994), no. 2: 33-56 and no. 3: 43-69; citation here from pt. 1, p. 33.
Parakilas
43
10
Opera Quarterly
1994
56
Hagan, Filicien David, pp. 170-74.
Hagan
170
Filicien David
57
Winton Dean repeatedly notes (or reports contemporary reviews as noting) the influence of Le Désert on this and other Bizet works (e.g., the florid oboe solo that opens the slow movement of the Symphony in C): Bizet (3rd rev. edn. London, 1975), pp. 23, 25, 50-51, 134-35, 163-64, 170-73, 198, 248.
59
Richard Taruskin, "'Entoiling the Falconet': Russian Mu- sical Orientalism in Context," in Bellman, Exotic, pp. 194- 217, 342-43; esp. p. 196;
Taruskin
Entoiling the Falconet': Russian Musical Orientalism in Context
194
Bellman, Exotic
Taruskin, Defining Russia Musically: Historical and Hermeneutical Essays (Princeton, 1997), pp. 152-85, esp. 154.
Taruskin
152
Defining Russia Musically: Historical and Hermeneutical Essays
1997
61
Angelus Seipt, César Francks symphonische Dichtungen (Regensburg, 1981), pp. 178-79
Seipt
178
César Francks symphonische Dichtungen
1981
62
Shiloah, Music, 131-36.
Shiloah
131
Music
64
Parakilas, "The Soldier," pt. 1.
Parakilas
1
The Soldier
66
Compare Ragnhild Gulrich, Exotismus in der Oper und seine szenische Realisation (1850-1910) unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der Munchener Oper (Anif/Salzburg, 1993), pp. 304-08.
Gulrich
304
Exotismus in der Oper und seine szenische Realisation (1850-1910) unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der Munchener Oper
1993
67
"Constructing," pp. 271-75
271
Constructing
68
Rodney Milnes, "Hérodiade," in New Grove Dictionary of Opera, ed. Stanley Sadie (London, 1994), vol. 2, p. 704.
Milnes
Hérodiade
704
2
New Grove Dictionary of Opera
1994
69
Die "Couleur locale" in der Oper des 19. Jahrhunderts, ed. Heinz Becker (Regensburg, 1976).
Die "Couleur locale" in der Oper des 19. Jahrhunderts
1976
71
Julian Budden lists the many Moorish/Turkish features of this "Danza degli piccoli schiavi mori" (The Operas of Verdi, III, 190, 216; cf. 226-27).
Budden
Danza degli piccoli schiavi mori
III
The Operas of Verdi
72
Dahlhaus, Nine- teenth-Century Music, pp. 306-08
Dahlhaus
306
Nineteenth-Century Music
73
Gabriele Brandstetter, "Erodiade," in Pipers EnzyklopÄidie des Musiktheaters, IV, 739-42 (quotation, p. 740).
Brandstetter
Erodiade
739
IV
Pipers EnzyklopÄidie des Musiktheaters
74
Joseph Kerman, Opera as Drama (new and rev. edn. Ber- keley and Los Angeles, 1988), pp. 206-07.
Kerman
206
Opera as Drama
1988
75
Phoenicians, Babylonians, etc., in Herodiade, act IV; Per- sians in Le roi de Lahore (1877),
act II
Mussorgsky, Khovanshchina (1872-80),
act IV.
Lisa C. Arkin and Marian Smith, "National Dance in the Romantic Ballet," in Rethinking the Sylph: New Perspectives on the Roman- tic Ballet, ed. Lynn Garafola (Hanover, N.H., 1997), pp. 11-68.
Arkin
National Dance in the Romantic Ballet
11
Rethinking the Sylph: New Perspectives on the Romantic Ballet
1997
76
Compare Dahlhaus, Nineteenth-Century Music, p. 223 (regarding Moniuszko).
Dahlhaus
223
Nineteenth-Century Music
77
Budden, Operas of Verdi, III, 203, 206 (the cross-reference should surely read "ex. 96"), 209, 236-37, 242
78
"Reflections," pp. 58-61)
58
Reflections
79
"Constructing," pp. 289-98.
289
Constructing
80
Marc A. Weiner, Richard Wagner and the Anti-Semitic Imagination (Lincoln, Neb., 1995), pp. 225-59
Weiner
225
Richard Wagner and the Anti-Semitic Imagination
1995
n. 87 below
81
Karin van Nieuwkerk, "A Trade like Any Other": Fe- male Singers and Dancers in Egypt (Austin, Tx., 1995), pp. 1-4, 21-39.
Nieuwkerk
A Trade like Any Other
1
Female Singers and Dancers in Egypt
1995
82
Terry Castle's and Patricia Juliana Smith's, in En travesti: Women, Gender Subver- sion, Opera, ed. Corinne E. Blackmer and Patricia Juliana Smith (New York, 1995)
Castle
Women, Gender Subversion, Opera
1995
83
Joseph Allen Boone, "Vacation Cruises; or, the Homo- erotics of Orientalism," Publications of the Modern Lan- guage Association 110 (January 1995), 89-107.
Boone
January
89
110
Publications of the Modern Language Association
1995
Islamic Homo- sexualities: Culture, History, and Literature, ed. Stephen O. Murray and Will Roscoe (New York, 1997), esp. pp. 3- 13 (editors' intro.; quote from p. 6), 174-96, 204-21, and 302-19.
3
Islamic Homosexualities: Culture, History, and Literature
1997
84
Philip Brett, "Eros and Orientalism in Britten's Operas," in Queering the Pitch: The New Gay and Lesbian Musicology, ed. Philip Brett, Elizabeth Wood, and Gary C. Thomas (New York, 1994), p. 252, n. 3
Brett
Eros and Orientalism in Britten's Operas
252
Queering the Pitch: The New Gay and Lesbian Musicology
1994
Encyclopedia of Homosexuality, ed. Wayne R. Dynes, 2 vols. (New York, 1990), s.v., "Opera" and "Szymanowski."
Encyclopedia of Homosexuality
1990
85
Boone examines several cases in detail, including one such Moroccan "boy" who later wrote his own story of his long-term involvement with a Western man ("Vacation Cruises," pp. 102-03).
87
Anselm Gerhard, Die VerstÄdterung der Oper: Paris und das Musiktheater des 19. Jahrhunderts (Stuttgart, 1992), 93- 96
Gerhard
93
Die VerstÄdterung der Oper: Paris und das Musiktheater des 19. Jahrhunderts
1992
Taruskin, "'Entoiling'," in Bellman, Exotic, pp. 208-12 (or in Taruskin, Defining, pp. 172-76)
Taruskin
'Entoiling'
208
Bellman, Exotic
Mitchell Morris, "On Gaily Reading Music," repercussions 1 (1992), 48-64
Morris
48
1
Repercussions
1992
Carolyn Abbate, "Opera; or, the Envoicing of Women," in Musicol- ogy and Difference: Gender and Sexuality in Musical Schol- arship, ed. Ruth A. Solie (Berkeley and Los Angeles, 1993), pp. 225-58
Abbate
Opera; or, the Envoicing of Women
225
Musicology and Difference: Gender and Sexuality in Musical Scholarship
1993
Lawrence Kramer, "Culture and Musical Hermeneutics: The Salome Complex," Cambridge Opera Journal 2 (1990), 269-9410.2307/823687
269
"What Are These Women Doing in Opera?" in En travesti, pp. 64-66, 74-76, 83-84, 87-89
What Are These Women Doing in Opera?
64
En travesti
Richard Wagner, in Cambridge Opera Journal 8 (1996), 185-97, esp. 193-95
Wagner
185
8
Cambridge Opera Journal
1996
88
John Rothgeb and Jürgen Thym, 2 vols. (New York, 1981), I, 28-29
89
Bongie, Exotic Memories, pp. 72, 17, cf. 90.
Bongie
72
Exotic Memories
90
Saint-SaËns, "L'étoile" (1907).
Saint-SaËns
L'étoile
1907
91
Esin Atil, Charles Newton, and Sarah Searight, Voyages and Visions: Nineteenth-Century European Images of the Middle East from the Victoria and Albert Museum (Wash- ington, D. C., 1995), p. 53
Atil
53
Voyages and Visions: Nineteenth-Century European Images of the Middle East from the Victoria and Albert Museum
1995
92
Richard Taruskin, Stravinsky and the Russian Traditions: A Biography of the Works through "Mavra,'" 2 vols. (Berkeley and Los Angeles, 1996), I, 255-306
Taruskin
255
Stravinsky and the Russian Traditions: A Biography of the Works through
1996
93
Simon Trezise, Debussy: "La mer" (Cambridge, 1994), pp. 24, 46, 48, 56.
Trezise
24
Debussy: "La mer"
1994
94
Lawrence Kramer carries this thought further in "Con- suming the Exotic: Ravel's Daphnis and Chloe," in his Classical Music and Postmodern Knowledge (Berkeley and Los Angeles, 1995), pp. 201-25.
Consuming the Exotic: Ravel's Daphnis and Chloe
201
Classical Music and Postmodern Knowledge
1995
95
Norman Del Mar, Richard Strauss: A Critical Commentary on His Life and Works, 3 vols. (3rd rev. edn. Ithaca, N.Y., 1986), I, 244-45, 267-71
Mar
3
244
Richard Strauss: A Critical Commentary on His Life and Works
1986
96
Del Mar, Strauss, I, 243
Mar
243
I
Strauss
97
Michel Corday
Kramer, "Consuming the Exotic," p. 213
Kramer
213
Consuming the Exotic
98
Motion Picture Moods for Piano and Organ: A Rapid- Reference Collection of Selected Pieces Adapted to Fifty- Two Moods and Situations, ed. Erno Rapee (New York, 1924).
Motion Picture Moods for Piano and Organ: A Rapid-Reference Collection of Selected Pieces Adapted to Fifty-Two Moods and Situations
1924
99
Michael V. Pisani, "'I'm an Indian Too': Creating Native American Identities in Nineteenth- and Early-Twentieth-Century Music," in Bellman, Exotic, pp. 218-57, 343-47.
Pisani
'I'm an Indian Too': Creating Native American Identities in Nineteenthand Early-Twentieth-Century Music
218
Bellman, Exotic
100
Chansons coloniales et exotiques 1906-1942, EPM983312/ADE798 (1995)
Chansons coloniales et exotiques 1906-1942
1995
101
Sullivan's "Arabian Love Song"
Sullivan
Arabian Love Song
102
sung by Nitta- Jo, 1935, with Orchestre M. Cariven
103
"Abd El-Kader," 1930
Abd El-Kader
1930
"Nuits d'outremer," 1932
Nuits d'outremer
1932
104
Jean- Jacques Nattiez, trans. Martin Cooper (Cambridge, Mass., 1986), p. 341
Nattiez
341
trans. Martin Cooper
1986
105
Weiner, Wagner, pp. 350-52
Weiner
350
Wagner
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