[Footnotes]

[Footnotes]
1
Maynard Solomon, "Franz Schubert and the Peacocks of Benvenuto Cellini," this journal 12 (1989), 193-20610.2307/746501
193
"Schubert: Music, Sexuality, Cul- ture" 17 (Summer 1993)
17
Schubert: Music, Sexuality, Culture
1993
p. 4 for Lawrence Kramer's quotation
2
Rita Steblin, letter to the editor, New York Review of Books 41 (20 October 1994), p. 72
3
Rita Steblin, "The Peacock's Tale: Schubert's Sexuality Reconsidered," this journal 17 (1993), 1110.2307/746778
11
Kristina Muxfeldt, "Political Crimes and Liberty, or Why Would Schubert Eat a Peacock?" in the same issue of this journal, pp. 47-64, esp10.2307/746780
47
4
Aslan Brooke, "Legacy of a Gay-Bashing: Growing Up Behind Bars," Frontiers Newsmagazine 13 (18 November 1994), pp. 52-58
Brooke
Legacy of a Gay-Bashing: Growing Up Behind Bars
52
13
Frontiers Newsmagazine
1994
5
James Webster, "Music, Pathology, Sexuality, Beethoven, Schubert," this journal 17 (1993), 89-93.10.2307/746784
89
6
Edward T. Cone, whose The Composer's Voice (Berkeley and Los Angeles, 1974)
Edward
The Composer's Voice
1974
Wayne C. Booth's classic The Rhetoric of Fiction (Chicago, 1961)
Booth
The Rhetoric of Fiction
1961
Socrates, Shakespeare, or Proust in Epistemology of the Closet (Berkeley and Los Angeles, 1990), pp. 52-53
Socrates
52
Epistemology of the Closet
1990
7
Kofi Agawu, "Schubert's Sexuality: A Prescription for Analysis?" this journal 17 (1993), 80-81.10.2307/746782
80
8
Principally in Agawu, "The Invention of African Rhythm," Journal of the American Musicological Society 48 (1995), 380-95.10.2307/3519832
380
9
Agawu, "Schubert's Sexuality: A Prescription for Analysis?" p. 81.
Agawu
81
Schubert's Sexuality: A Prescription for Analysis?
10
D. A. Miller first theorized this mechanism, which has been much explored since, in The Novel and the Police (Berkeley and Los Angeles, 1988)
Miller
The Novel and the Police
1988
Alan Sinfield, "Private Lives/Public Theater: Noel Coward and the Politics of Homosexual Representation," Representations 36 (1991), 43-63, esp. p. 4810.2307/2928631
43
11
Denis Altman in the Marcuse-inspired conclusion ("Everyone is gay, everyone is straight") to Homosexual: Oppression and Liberation (New York, 1971; new edn. 1993), pp. 240, 246
Altman
Everyone is gay, everyone is straight
240
Homosexual: Oppression and Liberation
1971
12
Agawu, "Representing African Music," Critical Inquiry 18 (1992), 260.
Agawu
Representing African Music
260
18
Critical Inquiry
1992
13
Agawu, "Schubert's Sexuality: A Prescription for Analysis?" p. 82.
Agawu
82
Schubert's Sexuality: A Prescription for Analysis?
14
Ibid., p. 80
80
Jean-Jacques Nattiez, Music and Discourse: Toward a Semiology of Music, trans. Carolyn Abbate (Princeton, 1990), pp. 3-37
Nattiez
3
Music and Discourse: Toward a Semiology of Music
1990
15
Piano Duet," The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, ed. Stanley Sadie (London, 1980) vol. 14, p. 680.
Duet
680
14
The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians
1980
16
Charles Burney, "Ravalement" in Rees's Cyclopaedia quoted in New Grove, vol. 14, p. 680.
Burney
Ravalement
680
14
Rees's Cyclopaedia quoted in New Grove
17
The Sight of Sound: Music, Representation, and the History of the Body (Berkeley and Los Angeles, 1993), pp. 168-77 (quotation on p. 176)
168
The Sight of Sound: Music, Representation, and the History of the Body
1993
Lawrence Kramer, After the Lovedeath: Sexual Violence and the Making of Culture (Berkeley and Los Angeles, 1997)
Kramer
After the Lovedeath: Sexual Violence and the Making of Culture
1997
18
The piece, which is no. 12 of vol. 9 in the autograph manuscripts of the Péchés de Vieillesse in Fondazione Rossini at Pesaro, was kindly brought to my attention by Marvin Tartak
"Je prie mes interprètes de vouloir exécuter avec amour (des mains et des genoux) ma petite fanfare. G. Rossini."
19
Cone, The Composer's Voice, pp. 134-35
Cone
134
The Composer's Voice
20
Suzanne G. Cusick, "On a Lesbian Relationship to Music: A Serious Effort Not to Think Straight," in Queering the Pitch: The New Gay and Lesbian Musicology, ed. Philip Brett, Elizabeth Wood, and Gary C. Thomas (New York, 1994), pp. 67-84
Cusick
On a Lesbian Relationship to Music: A Serious Effort Not to Think Straight
67
Queering the Pitch: The New Gay and Lesbian Musicology
1994
Eve Kosofsky Sedgwick in Between Men: English Literature and Male Homosocial Desire (New York, 1985)
Sedgwick
Between Men: English Literature and Male Homosocial Desire
1985
Terry Castle, "Sylvia Townsend Warner and the Counterplot of Lesbian Fiction," in The Apparitional Lesbian: Female Homosexuality and Modern Culture (New York, 1993), pp. 66-91
Castle
Sylvia Townsend Warner and the Counterplot of Lesbian Fiction
66
The Apparitional Lesbian: Female Homosexuality and Modern Culture
1993
21
Dallas A. Weekly and Nancy Arganbright, Schubert's Music for Piano Four-Hands (White Plains, N.Y., 1990).
Weekly
Schubert's Music for Piano Four-Hands
1990
22
William Kinderman, "Schubert's Tragic Perspective" in Schubert: Critical and Analytical Studies, ed. Walter Frisch (Lincoln, Neb., 1986), p. 82.
Kinderman
Schubert's Tragic Perspective
82
Schubert: Critical and Analytical Studies
1986
23
Robert Schumann, On Music and Musicians, ed. Konrad Wolff, trans. Paul Rosenfeld (Berkeley and Los Angeles, 1983), pp. 116-17
Schumann
116
On Music and Musicians
1983
" Susan McClary draws attention to another notable example of gender- related "anxiety" in "Schumann's celebrated essay on Schubert's C-Major Symphony"
McClary
anxiety
Schumann's celebrated essay on Schubert's C-Major Symphony
Feminine Endings: Music, Gender, and Sexuality (Minneapolis, 1991), p. 18
18
Feminine Endings: Music, Gender, and Sexuality
1991
Franz Schubert: Sexuality, Subjectivity, Song (Cambridge, forthcoming)
Franz Schubert: Sexuality, Subjectivity, Song
24
Claudia L. Johnson, Equivocal Beings: Politics, Gender, and Sentimentality in the 1790s (Chicago, 1995)
Johnson
Equivocal Beings: Politics, Gender, and Sentimentality in the 1790s
1995
Nancy Armstrong, Desire and Domestic Fiction: A Political History of the Novel (New York, 1987)
Armstrong
Desire and Domestic Fiction: A Political History of the Novel
1987
25
Jean H. Hagstrum, Sex and Sensibility: Ideal and Erotic Love from Milton to Mozart (Chicago, 1980)
Hagstrum
Sex and Sensibility: Ideal and Erotic Love from Milton to Mozart
1980
Eros and Vision: The Restoration to Romanticism (Evanston, 1989)
Eros and Vision: The Restoration to Romanticism
1989
George E. Haggerty, "O lachrymarum fons: Tears, Poetry, and Desire in Gray," Eighteenth-Century Studies 30 (1996), 81-95
Haggerty
O lachrymarum fons: Tears, Poetry, and Desire in Gray
81
30
Eighteenth-Century Studies
1996
26
Newman Flower, Franz Schubert: The Man and His Circle (London, 1928), "new edition" (New York, 1935), p. 114.
Flower
Franz Schubert: The Man and His Circle
114
new edition
1935
27
Richard Dellamora, Masculine Desire: The Sexual Politics of Victorian Aestheticism (Chapel Hill, 1990), in the chap. "Arnold, Winckelmann, and Pater," p. 110
Dellamora
110
Masculine Desire: The Sexual Politics of Victorian Aestheticism
1990
Linda Dowling's Hellenism and Homosexuality in Victorian Oxford (Ithaca, N.Y., 1994)
Dowling
Hellenism and Homosexuality in Victorian Oxford
1994
Paul Derks in Die Schande der heiligen Pdderastie: Homosexualitdt und Offentlichkeit in der deutschen Literatur, 1750-1850 (Berlin, 1990)
Derks
Die Schande der heiligen Pdderastie: Homosexualitdt und Offentlichkeit in der deutschen Literatur
1990
Outing Goethe and His Age, ed. Alice A. Kuzniar (Stanford, 1996)
Denis M. Sweet, "The Personal, the Political, and the Aesthetic: Johann Joachim Winckelmann's German Enlightenment Life" in The Pursuit of Sodomy: Male Homosexuality in Renaissance and Enlightenment Europe, ed. Kent Gerard and Gert Hekma (New York, 1989), pp. 147-62
Sweet
The Personal, the Political, and the Aesthetic: Johann Joachim Winckelmann's German Enlightenment Life
147
The Pursuit of Sodomy: Male Homosexuality in Renaissance and Enlightenment Europe
1989
"a profound stylization of Winckelmann in Goethe's hands" (p. 148)
148
a profound stylization of Winckelmann in Goethe's hands
Robert Aldrich, The Seduction of the Mediterranean: Writing, Art and Homosexual Fantasy (London, 1993), chap. 2, pp. 41-68
Aldrich
41
The Seduction of the Mediterranean: Writing, Art and Homosexual Fantasy
1993
Winckelmann with one of August von Platen (1796-1835)
Kristina Muxfeldt in "Schubert, Platen, and the Myth of Narcissus," Journal of the American Musicological Society 49 (1996), 480-52710.2307/831770
480
Lawrence Kramer, Franz Schubert: Sexuality, Subjectivity, Song
Kramer
Franz Schubert: Sexuality, Subjectivity, Song
Solomon, in a portion of "Schubert and the Peacocks of Benvenuto Cellini" that has not so far as I know been assailed, notes that Johann Mayrhofer (1787-1836)
Solomon
Schubert and the Peacocks of Benvenuto Cellini
Beiträge zur Bildung für Jünglinge, dedicated to awakening 'true and manly patriotic sentiments' in their contemporaries" (p. 205)
205
Beiträge zur Bildung für Jünglinge
Mayrhofer is the subject of interesting and careful speculation on the part of Graham Johnson in the booklets accompanying The Hyperion Schubert Edition: The Complete Songs, vol. 11, CD J33011 (1990), pp. 22-24, 29-32
Mayrhofer
22
11
The Hyperion Schubert Edition: The Complete Songs
1990
vol. 14, CD J33014 (1991), pp. 4ff., 18-38
Auden and Britten, Johnson convincingly draws attention to the tradition of Uranianism (leading to Karl Friedrich Ulrich's adoption of the term in his pioneering sexological work of the 1860s) behind what may be the coded message of Uraniens Flucht (D. 554)
28
Brian Newbould, Schubert and the Symphony: A New Perspective (London, 1992), pp. 209-11
Newbould
209
Schubert and the Symphony: A New Perspective
1992
Ernest G. Porter, Schubert's Piano Works (London, 1980), pp. 153-57
Porter
153
Schubert's Piano Works
1980
29
Kathleen Dale, "The Piano Music," in The Music of Schubert, ed. Gerald Abraham (New York, 1947), p. 131.
Dale
The Piano Music
131
The Music of Schubert
1947
31
"Schubert's Tragic Perspective" in Schubert: Critical and Analytical Studies, pp. 65-83
Schubert
65
Schubert: Critical and Analytical Studies
William Kinderman discusses it in relation to the Fantasy in F Minor for Piano Four-Hands (D. 940)
"a latent symbolism analogous to that of Winterreise" (p. 82)
82
a latent symbolism analogous to that of Winterreise
"one aspect of a more profound thematic juxtaposition suggesting the dichotomy of inward imagination and external perception" (p. 75)
32
Joseph Kerman usefully examines in his "A Romantic Detail in Schubert's Schwanengesang," Musical Quarterly 48 (1962), 36-4910.2307/740215
36
Schubert: Critical and Analytical Studies (quotations on p. 56)
56
Schubert: Critical and Analytical Studies
33
The term "ephebophile" is that of D. J. West (Homo- sexuality Re-examined (4th edn. of Homosexuality (1960) London, 1977), pp. 211-15)
West
Homosexuality Re-examined
211
Homosexuality
1977
Franz Schubert: The Man and His Circle, p. 145
145
Franz Schubert: The Man and His Circle
Schubert: Die Erinnerungen seiner Freunde (Leipzig, 1957)
Schubert: Die Erinnerungen seiner Freunde
1957
Rosamond Ley and John Nowell as Schubert: Memoirs by His Friends (London, 1958)
Ley
Schubert: Memoirs by His Friends
1958
Hugh Macdonald ("Schubert's Volcanic Temper," Musical Times 119 [1978], 949-52)10.2307/960118
949
"quickly suppressed ... as though Schubert was consciously holding in check a tendency of whose potential force he may well have been aware" (p. 951)
"quickly generate an obsessional, even hysterical atmosphere" (p. 952)
952
quickly generate an obsessional, even hysterical atmosphere
Interestingly, "it can happen at any stage of his career, from 1812 to 1828" (p. 951)
Elizabeth Norman McKay, in her recent Franz Schubert: A Biography (Oxford, 1996), chap. 6
McKay
Franz Schubert: A Biography
1996
Benjamin Britten: Peter Grimes (Cambridge, 1983), pp. 193-95
193
Benjamin Britten: Peter Grimes
1983
34
Cone, "Schubert's Promissory Note: An Exercise in Musical Hermeneutics," this journal 5 (1982), 233-4110.2307/746462
233
Schubert: Critical and Analytical Studies, pp. 13-30
13
Schubert: Critical and Analytical Studies
Susan McClary, "Constructions of Subjectivity in Schubert's Music," in Queering the Pitch, pp. 205-33
McClary
Constructions of Subjectivity in Schubert's Music
205
Queering the Pitch
"The Impromptu that Trod on a Loaf: Or How Music Tells Stories," Narrative 5 (1997), 20-35
The Impromptu that Trod on a Loaf: Or How Music Tells Stories
20
5
Narrative
1997
McClary discerns in the Impromptu in E♭ Major, op. 90, no. 2 (1827)
35
Christian M. Nebehay, Gustav Klimt: From Drawing to Painting, trans. Renée Nebehay-King (New York, 1994), pp. 43-47
Nebehay
43
Gustav Klimt: From Drawing to Painting
1994
Fritz Novotny, "Zu Gustav Klimt's 'Schubert am Klavier'," in Mitteilungen der Osterreichischen Galerie vol. 7, no. 51 (Vienna, 1963), pp. 90-101
Novotny
Zu Gustav Klimt's 'Schubert am Klavier'
90
7
Mitteilungen der Osterreichischen Galerie
1963
Erich Lederer (1896-1985)
Carl E. Schorske, Fin-de-siecle Vienna: Politics and Culture (New York, 1980), pp. 220-21
Schorske
220
Fin-de-siecle Vienna: Politics and Culture
1980
36
Nebehay, Gustav Klimt, pp. 46-47
Nebehay
46
Gustav Klimt
Hermann Bahr, Secession (Vienna, 1900), pp. 123-24
Bahr
123
Secession
1900
37
Sanna Pederson, "On the Task of the Music Historian: The Myth of the Symphony after Beethoven," repercussions 2 (Fall 1993), 5-30
Pederson
Fall
5
2
repercussions
1993
"A. B. Marx, Berlin Concert Life, and German National Identity," this journal 18 (1994), 87-10710.2307/746354
87
Celia Applegate, "What Is German Music? Reflections on the Role of Art in the Creation of the Nation," German Studies Review 15 (1992), 21-3210.2307/1430638
21
38
Randolph Trumbach, "The Birth of the Queen: Sodomy and the Emergence of Gender Equality in Modern Culture, 1660-1750," in Hidden from History: Reclaiming the Gay and Lesbian Past, ed. Martin Bauml Duberman, Martha Vicinus, and George Chauncey, Jr. (New York, 1989), pp. 129-40
Trumbach
The Birth of the Queen: Sodomy and the Emergence of Gender Equality in Modern Culture, 1660-1750
129
Hidden from History: Reclaiming the Gay and Lesbian Past
1989
George E. Haggerty, "Beckford's PÆderasty," in Illicit Sex: Identity Politics in Early Modern Culture, ed. Thomas DiPiero and Pat Gill (Athens, Ga., 1997), pp. 123-42
Haggerty
Beckford's PÆderasty
123
Illicit Sex: Identity Politics in Early Modern Culture
1997
39
Deutsch, Memoirs, p. 100.
Deutsch
100
Memoirs
40
Andras Schiff, in an article significantly entitled "Time to Put the Record Straight," BBC Music Magazine (March, 1997), 27-29
Schiff
Time to Put the Record Straight
27
BBC Music Magazine
1997
"counterproof to Schubert's alleged homosexuality" (p. 28)
28
counterproof to Schubert's alleged homosexuality
Elizabeth Norman McKay, who in her biography (Oxford, 1996) stresses the "ferne Geliebte," idealized nature of the relationship with the Countess (p. 223 et passim)
"Two Natures" (chap. 6)
Two Natures
This leads her to move ineluctably to homosexuality (pp. 157-58)
"the sexual passions of his 'dark,' guilt-ridden nature" (p. 160)
160
the sexual passions of his 'dark,' guilt-ridden nature
41
Musical Times 138 (1997), 13-1910.2307/1004052
13
"reflective of our own narcissistic society and do little to enlighten us about the composer and his era" (p. 19)
42
Havelock Ellis, Sexual Inversion, The Psychology of Sex, Studies in the Psychology of Sex, vol. II, pt. 2 (New York, 1936), p. 295
Ellis
Sexual Inversion
295
II
The Psychology of Sex
1936
This four-volume Modern Library reprint derives from the 3rd edn. (Philadelphia, ca. 1915)
43
R. G. Collingwood, The Idea of History (London, 1946), p. 155
Collingwood
155
The Idea of History
1946
Michael Oakeshott, Experience and Its Modes (Cambridge, 1933)
Oakeshott
Experience and Its Modes
1933
[Oakeshott's] sense a mode of experience, but an integral part of experience itself" (p. 158)
esp. Metahistory: The Historical Imagination in Nineteenth-Century Europe (Baltimore, 1973)
Metahistory: The Historical Imagination in Nineteenth-Century Europe
1973
Tropics of Discourse: Essays in Cultural Criticism (Baltimore, 1978)
Tropics of Discourse: Essays in Cultural Criticism
1978
44
Cone, "The Authority of Music Criticism," Journal of the American Musicological Society 34 (1981), 1-18; quotation on p. 18.10.2307/831032
18
45
Wayne Koestenbaum, The Queen's Throat: Opera, Homosexuality, and the Mystery of Desire (New York, 1993), pp. 189-90.
Koestenbaum
189
The Queen's Throat: Opera, Homosexuality, and the Mystery of Desire
1993
46
Carrington, written and dir. by Christopher Hampton (British, 1995)
47
Michael Holroyd, Lytton Strachey: The New Biography (London, 1994)
Holroyd
Lytton Strachey: The New Biography
1994
"Now a Major Motion Picture Carrington starring Emma Thompson and Jonathan Pryce."
48
Gretchen Holbrook Gerzina, Carrington: A Life (New York, 1989), pp. 209-10.
Gerzina
209
Carrington: A Life
1989
49
Holroyd, Lytton Strachey, p. 535.
Holroyd
535
Lytton Strachey
50
Holroyd, Lytton Strachey, pp. 531-32
Holroyd
531
Lytton Strachey
51
Argo 444 873-2
Michael Nyman reveals that Carring- ton's relationship with Lytton Strachey is represented by material derived from his String Quartet No. 3 "at Christopher Hampton's request"
52
Susan McClary, "Constructions of Subjectivity in Schubert's Music," pp. 205-34.
McClary
205
Constructions of Subjectivity in Schubert's Music
53
Peter Gfilke, "In What Respect a Quintet? On the Disposition of Instruments in the String Quintet D. 956," in Schubert Studies: Problems of Style and Chronology, ed. Eva Badura-Skoda and Peter Branscombe (Cambridge, 1982), p. 181.
Gfilke
In What Respect a Quintet? On the Disposition of Instruments in the String Quintet D. 956
181
Schubert Studies: Problems of Style and Chronology
1982
54
Holroyd, Lytton Strachey, p. 678, with the comment, "It was not true."
Holroyd
678
Lytton Strachey
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