[Footnotes]

[Footnotes]
1
Donald J. Grout and Claude V. Palisca, A History of West- ern Music (4th edn. New York, 1988), p. 760.
Grout
4
760
A History of Western Music
1988
3
Jerome Bruner, "The Narrative Construction of Reality," Critical Inquiry 18 (1991), 4.10.2307/1343711
4
4
Richard Specht, "Die Wiener Musikfestwoche" in Die Musik 11/21 (1912), 160-61
Specht
160
11/21
Die Musik
1912
Gustav Mahler III: Die Symphonien (Wiesbaden, 1985), p. 267
267
Gustav Mahler III: Die Symphonien
1985
Engl. version Gustav Mahler: The Symphonies, trans. Vernon Wicker (Portland, Ore., 1993), p. 272
Mahler
272
The Symphonies, trans. Vernon Wicker
1993
5
Paul Stefan, Gustav Mahler: Eine Studie über Persön- lichkeit und Werk (4th edn. Munich, 1912)
Stefan
4
Gustav Mahler: Eine Studie über Persönlichkeit und Werk
1912
Gustav Mahler: A Study of His Personality and Work, trans. T. E. Clark (New York, 1913), pp. 142-43, and 124-25
Mahler
142
A Study of His Personality and Work
1913
Meaning in Gustav Mahler's Music: A Historical and Ana- lytical Study Focusing on the Ninth Symphony (Ph.D. diss., State University of New York, Stony Brook, 1989), pp. 440-44
6
Specht, Gustav Mahler (Berlin, 1913), pp. 355-69
Specht
355
Gustav Mahler
1913
7
"Ferne Glocken; gleich Schollen fÄllt es auf ein frisches Grab" (Specht, Mahler [1913], pp. 365 and 364).
Glocken
365
gleich Schollen fÄllt es auf ein frisches Grab
1913
8
Specht, Mahler, p. 358
Specht
358
Mahler
9
Alban Berg, Briefe an seine Frau [Munich, 1965], p. 238
Berg
238
Briefe an seine Frau
1965
l0
Berg's "reading" was made public for the first time only in the issue of 23, Eine Wiener Musikzeitschrift nos. 26/27 (8 June 1936)
Berg
"reading" was made public for the first time only in the issue of 23
Eine Wiener Musikzeitschrift
1936
Henry-Louis de La Grange, Gustav Mahler: Chronique d'une vie, vol. III: Le génie foudroyé: (1907-1911) (Paris, 1984), p. 1180
de La Grange
1180
III
Gustav Mahler: Chronique d'une vie
1984
11
"Guido Adler, Gustav Mahler, trans. as Gustav Mahler and Guido Adler: Records of a Friendship, ed. and trans. Edward R. Reilly (Cambridge, 1982), pp. 61 and 69
Adler
61
Gustav Mahler, trans. as Gustav Mahler and Guido Adler: Records of a Friendship
1982
12
Paul Bekker, Gustav Mahlers Sinfonien (Meisenheim, Glan, 1921; rpt. Tutzing, 1969), pp. 339-40
Bekker
339
Gustav Mahlers Sinfonien
1969
13
Gustav Mahler, IX. Symphonie: Partiturentwurf der ersten drei SÄtze, Faksimile nach der Handschrift, ed. Erwin Ratz (Vienna, 1971), 1/29 and 1/52
Mahler
1/29
IX. Symphonie: Partiturentwurf der ersten drei SÄtze
1971
Hans Heinrich Eggebrecht, Die Musik Gustav Mahlers (Munich, 1982), p. 29
Eggebrecht
29
Die Musik Gustav Mahlers
1982
James L. Zychowicz, "The Adagio of Mahler's Ninth Symphony: A Preliminary Report on the Partiturentwurf," in Revue Mahler Review 1 (1987), 77-91
Zychowicz
77
1
Revue Mahler Review
1987
Gustav Mahler, X. Symphonie, Faksimile nach der Handschrift, ed. Erwin Ratz (Munich, 1967)
Mahler
X. Symphonie, Faksimile nach der Handschrift
1967
14
Specht, Mahler (1913), p. 356.
Specht
356
Mahler
1913
15
Peter Andraschke, Gustav Mahlers IX. Symphonie: Kompositionsprozess und Analyse (Wiesbaden, 1976), pp. 80-84 (quotes, p. 81)
Andraschke
80
Gustav Mahlers IX. Symphonie: Kompositionsprozess und Analyse
1976
Zychowicz, "Adagio of Mahler's Ninth," p. 90
Zychowicz
90
Adagio of Mahler's Ninth
Floros, Gustav Mahler, English trans., pp. 273-74 (German edn., pp. 268-69)
Floros
273
Gustav Mahler
16
Andraschke, Gustav Mahler IX. Symphonie, p. 84: Mengelberg movt. I 34' (Walter 1961, 29'15", and Bernstein, 28'15")
Andraschke
84
Gustav Mahler IX. Symphonie
1961
movt. II 18" (Walter 17'35", Bernstein 15'48")
movt. III 17' (Walter 13', Bernstein 12'28")
movt. IV 26' (Walter 21', Bernstein 22'55")
Paul Banks, "Aspects of Mahler's Fifth Symphony: Performance Practice and Interpretation," Musical Times 130 (1989), 258-6510.2307/966312
258
Gilbert E. Kaplan, "From Mahler with Love," in Adagietto: Facsimile, Documentation, Recording, ed. Kaplan (New York, 1992), pp. 11-29
Kaplan
From Mahler with Love
11
Adagietto: Facsimile, Documentation, Recording
1992
Richard Taruskin, "Beethoven Symphonies: The New Antiquity," Opus 3 (1987), 31-43, 63
Taruskin
31
3
Opus
1987
17
H. R. Redlich, Bruckner and Mahler (London, 1963), pp. 220, 226
Redlich
220
Bruckner and Mahler
1963
Floros, Gustav Mahler, English trans., p. 281 (German edn., pp. 276-77)
Floros
281
Gustav Mahler
"Is Mahler's Music Autobio- graphical? A Reappraisal," Revue Mahler Review 1 (1987), 53-61
53
1
Revue Mahler Review
1987
18
Jack Diether in "The Expressive Content of Mahler's Ninth: An Interpretation," Chord and Discord 2 (1963), 69-107
Diether
69
2
Chord and Discord
1963
David B. Greene, Mahler, Con- sciousness and Temporality (New York, 1984), chap. 4
Greene
Mahler, Consciousness and Temporality
1984
Floros, Gustav Mahler (German, pp. 267-70, English, pp. 272-77)
Floros
267
Gustav Mahler
19
Anthony Newcomb, "Schumann and Late Eigh- teenth-Century Narrative Strategies," this journal 11 (1987), 164-7410.2307/746729
164
Scott Burnham, Beethoven Hero (Princeton, N.J., 1995)
Burnham
Beethoven Hero
1995
20
W. K. Wimsatt, Jr. and Monroe C. Beardsley, "The Affec- tive Fallacy" in Critical Theory since Plato, ed. Hazard Adams (New York, 1971), p. 1022
Wimsatt
The Affective Fallacy
1022
Critical Theory since Plato
1971
Wimsatt and Beardsley, The Verbal Icon: Studies in the Meaning of Poetry (Lexington, Ky., 1954), p. 21
Wimsatt
21
The Verbal Icon: Studies in the Meaning of Poetry
1954
22
Carl Dahlhaus, Foundatiolns of Music History, trans. J. B. Robinson (Cambridge, 1983), p. 133, but also 27-28
Dahlhaus
133
Foundatiolns of Music History
1983
23
Ibid., p. 159.
159
24
Hans Robert Jauss, Toward an Aesthetic of Reception, trans. Timothy Bahti (Minneapolis, 1982), p. 21.
Jauss
21
Toward an Aesthetic of Reception
1982
25
Jauss, "History of Art and Pragmatic History," in ibid., pp. 68-69.
Jauss
History of Art and Pragmatic History
68
Toward an Aesthetic of Reception
26
Gérard Genette, Seuils [Paris, 1987], pp. 7, 7-8, 355, 376
Genette
7
Seuils
1987
27
Alma Mahler, Gustav Mahler: Memories and Letters, Donald Mitchell, trans. Basil Creighton (enlarged rev. edn. New York, 1969), p. 334
Mahler
334
Gustav Mahler: Memories and Letters
1969
28
Jauss, Aesthetic of Reception, p. 25
Jauss
25
Aesthetic of Reception
29
Leo Treitler, quoting Droysen in "What Kind of Story is History?" in Music and the Historical Imagination (Cam- bridge, Mass., 1989), p. 172.
Treitler
What Kind of Story is History?
172
Music and the Historical Imagination
1989
30
Zychowicz, "Adagio of Mahler's Ninth Symphony
Zychowicz
Adagio of Mahler's Ninth Symphony
31
Selected Letter of Gustav Mahler, ed. Knud Martner, trans. Eithne Wilkins, Ernst Kaiser, and Bill Hopkins (New York, 1979), p. 355
32
de La Grange, Mahler, vol. III, pp. 84-85, and 958-61
de La Grange
84
III
Mahler
The Columbia Univer- sity College of Physicians and Surgeons Complete Home Medical Guide (New York, 1985), p. 376
376
The Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons Complete Home Medical Guide
1985
Guide, "In many cases, people can have a diseased heart valve for many years without suffering any symptoms or even being aware of the problem" (pp. 375-76)
Guide
375
In many cases, people can have a diseased heart valve for many years without suffering any symptoms or even being aware of the problem
33
The Columbia Medical Guide, p. 387
387
The Columbia Medical Guide
Gustav Mahler's American Years, 1907-1911: A Docu- mentary History, ed. Zoltan Roman (Stuyvesant, N.Y., 1989), docs. 547-48 [pp. 465-66]
Mahler
465
American Years, 1907-1911: A Documentary History
1989
35
Alma Mahler, Memories and Letters, p. 122
Mahler
122
Memories and Letters
36
De La Grange, "In Search for Mahler," a lecture given for the New York Mahlerites at the Austrian Institute in New York, on 3 February 1986.
de La Grange
In Search for Mahler
1986
37
de La Grange, Mahler III, pp. 81ff
de La Grange
81
Mahler III
38
Conversations with Klemperer, ed. Pe- ter Heyworth [rev. edn. London, 1985], p. 30
30
Conversations with Klemperer
1985
39
Letter no. 394 to Bruno Walter, undated, Toblach, Sum- mer 1908, in Gustav Mahler Briefe, ed. Herta Blaukopf (Vienna, 1982), p. 341
Selected Letters of Gustav Mahler, pp. 321-22
321
Selected Letters of Gustav Mahler
40
Letter no. 396 to Bruno Walter, Toblach, 18 July 1908, in Mahler Briefe, ed. Blaukopf, pp. 343-44
Se- lected Letters, p. 324
324
Selected Letters
Bruno Walter, Gustav Mahler, trans. James Galston (New York, 1973; 1st edn. New York, 1941), pp. 150-51
Walter
1
150
Gustav Mahler
41
Blaukopf, Mahler Briefe, p. 352
Blaukopf
352
Mahler Briefe
42
Mahler Briefe, ed. Blaukopf, letter no. 404, p. 351
Selected Letters of Gustav Mahler, p. 329
329
Selected Letters of Gustav Mahler
Walter, Mahler, p. 152
Walter
152
Mahler
43
De La Grange, Mahler, III, p. 514.
De La Grange
514
Mahler
44
Mahler Remembered, ed. Norman Lebrecht (London, 1987), pp. 251, 252.
Remembered
251
Norman Lebrecht
1987
45
de La Grange, Mahler III, pp. 513-22
de La Grange
513
Mahler
46
de La Grange, Mahler III, pp. 516-18
de La Grange
516
Mahler III
47
Selected Letters of Gustav Mahler, letter no. 399 (un- dated [Toblach, August] 1909), p. 341
341
Selected Letters of Gustav Mahler
1909
Mahler Briefe, letter no. 423, p. 368
48
Mahler Briefe, ed. Blaukopf, letter no. 430, pp. 374-75, undated [New York, 1 January 1910]
Selected Letters of Gustav Mahler, pp. 348-49 (trans. reproduced here from Gustav Mahler and Guido Adler: Records of a Friendship, p. 110)
348
Selected Letters of Gustav Mahler
49
Mahler's Unknown Letters, ed. Herta Blaukopf, trans. Richard Stokes (London, 1986), pp. 83-84
Mahler
83
Unknown Letters
1986
Gustav Mahler: Unbekannte Briefe, ed. Blaukopf (Vienna, 1983), p. 85
Mahler
85
Unbekannte Briefe
1983
50
"The Fictions of Factual Representation" in Tropics of Discourse (Baltimore, 1978), esp. pp. 121-23
The Fictions of Factual Representation
121
Tropics of Discourse
1978
Hayden White, "The Value of Narrativity in the Represen- tation of Reality," in On Narrative, ed. W. J. T. Mitchell (Chicago, 1981)
White
The Value of Narrativity in the Representation of Reality
On Narrative
1981
51
Carl L. Becker, "What is Evidence? The Relativist View- 'Everyman His Own Historian'," in The Historian as De- tective: Essays on Evidence, ed. Robin W. Winks (New York, 1968), pp. 6ff
Becker
What is Evidence? The Relativist View'Everyman His Own Historian'
6
The Historian as Detective: Essays on Evidence
1968
52
Barbara Herrnstein Smith, Contingencies of Value: Al- ternative Perspectives for Critical Theory (Cambridge, Mass., 1988), pp. 102, 41, 101, 160.
Smith
102
Contingencies of Value: Alternative Perspectives for Critical Theory
1988
55
Jean-Jacques Nattiez, "Can One Speak of Narrativity in Music?" trans. Katharine Ellis, Journal of the Royal Musi- cal Association 115 (1990), 240-5710.2307/766438
240
56
Theodor W. Adorno, Mahler: Eine musikalische Physio- nomik (Frankfurt, 1960), p. 85
Adorno
85
Mahler: Eine musikalische Physionomik
1960
Mahler: A Musical Physiognomy, trans. Edmund Jephcott (Chicago, 1992), p. 61
Mahler
61
A Musical Physiognomy
1992
Gustav Mahler: Songs and Symphonies of Life and Death (Berkeley and Los Angeles, 1985), p. 355
Mahler
355
Songs and Symphonies of Life and Death
1985
57
Anthony Newcomb, "Narrative Archetypes and Mahler's Ninth Symphony," in Music and Text: Criti- cal Inquiries, ed. Steven Paul Scher (Cambridge, 1992), pp. 118-36
Newcomb
Narrative Archetypes and Mahler's Ninth Symphony
118
Music and Text: Critical Inquiries
1992
58
Julian Johnson, "The Status of the Subject in Mahler's Ninth Symphony," this journal 18 (1994), 114.10.2307/746355
114
59
Bruner, "Narrative Construction," pp. 9, 10.
Bruner
9
Narrative Construction
60
Lawrence Kramer, "As If a Voice Were in Them," in his Music as Cultural Practice: 1800-1900 (Berkeley and Los Angeles, 1990), pp. 189, and 209
Kramer
As If a Voice Were in Them
189
Music as Cultural Practice: 1800-1900
1990
61
above, n. 55
62
Adorno, Mahler, p. 206 (and Mahler, trans. Jephcott, p. 159)
Adorno
206
Mahler
64
Bernd Sponheuer, Logik der Zerfalls: Untersuchungen zum Finalproblem in den Symphonien Gustav Mahlers (Tutzing, 1978), pp. 404 and 406
Sponheuer
404
Logik der Zerfalls: Untersuchungen zum Finalproblem in den Symphonien Gustav Mahlers
1978
Diether Schnebel, "Das SpÄtwerk als Neue Musik," in Sammelband Mahler (Tübingen, 1966), pp. 166 and 176
Schnebel
Das SpÄtwerk als Neue Musik
166
Sammelband Mahler
1966
Adorno, Mahler, p. 201 (and Mahler, trans. Jephcott, p. 155) (also cited in Sponheuer, Logik der Zerfalls, p. 407)
Adorno
201
Mahler
65
Newcomb, "Narrative Archetypes," p. 132.
Newcomb
132
Narrative Archetypes
67
Adorno, "SpÄtstil Beethovens," in Moments musicaux (Frankfurt am Main, 1964), pp. 13-17
Adorno
Spaitstil Beethovens
13
Moments musicaux
1964
Der Auftakt, BlÄtter für die tschekoslowakische Republik 17 [1937]
Der Auftakt
17
BlÄtter für die tschekoslowakische Republik
1937
Adorno, "Late Style in Beethoven," trans. Susan Gillespie, Raritan 13 (1993), 103, 105, 104-05 [102-07]
Adorno
Late Style in Beethoven
103
13
Raritan
1993
Adorno, Mahler, pp. 187-216 (and Mahler, trans. Jephcott, pp. 145-67)
Adorno
187
Mahler
Johnson, "Status of the Sub- ject in Mahler's Ninth," pp. 108-20
Johnson
108
Status of the Subject in Mahler's Ninth
68
Rose Rosengard Subotnik, "Adorno's Diagnosis of Beethoven's Late Style: Early Symptom of a Fatal Condi- tion," Journal of the American Musicological Society 29 (1976), 242-7510.2307/831019
242
69
Catherine M. Soussloff, "Old Age and Old-Age Style in the 'Lives' of Artists: Gianlorenzo Bernini," Art Journal 46 (1987), 11710.2307/776888
117
Michael Beckerman, "Leoš Janáček and 'The Late Style' in Music," Gerontologist 30 (1990), 632-35
Beckerman
632
30
Gerontologist
1990
Klaus Wolfgang Niemöller, "SpÄtstilaspekte," Festschrift Arno Forchert zum 60. Geburtstag, ed. Gerhard Allroggen and Detlef Altenburg (Kassel, 1986), pp. 175-83
Niemöller
SpÄtstilaspekte
175
Festschrift Arno Forchert zum 60. Geburtstag
1986
Carl Dahlhaus, "Cantabile und thematischer Prozeß: Der übergang zum SpÄtwerk in Beethovens Klaviersonaten," Archiv für Musikwissenschaft 37 (1980), 81-9810.2307/930490
81
70
Diether Schnebel, "Schubert: auf die Suche nach der befreiten Zeit," in Denkbare Musik (Cologne, 1972), p. 119
Schnebel
Schubert: auf die Suche nach der befreiten Zeit
119
Denkbare Musik
1972
Sponheuer, Logik der Zerfalls, p. 410
Sponheuer
410
Logik der Zerfalls
71
Dean Keith Simonton, "The Swan-Song Phenomenon: Last-Works Effects for 172 Classical Composers," Psychol- ogy and Aging 4 (1989), 42.
Simonton
42
4
Psychology and Aging
1989
72
Shirley Park Lowry, Familiar Mysteries: The Truth in Myth (New York, 1982), pp. 4, 12
Lowry
4
Familiar Mysteries: The Truth in Myth
1982
the mythical hero is borrowed from Lowry's chap. 5, "The Heroic Life-Pattern," esp. pp. 90-125
Lowry
90
The Heroic Life-Pattern
73
Ibid, pp. 124, 90, 93, 124
124
Schoenberg, "Gustav Mahler: In Memoriam," in Arnold Schoenberg, Style and Idea, ed Leonard Stein, trans. Leo Black (Berkeley and Los Angeles, 1975), p. 447
Schoenberg
Gustav Mahler: In Memoriam
447
Style and Idea
1975
Specht, Gustav Mahler, p. 159
Specht
159
Gustav Mahler
74
Das Zeitalter der thematischen Prozesse in der Geschichte der Musik (Regensburg, 1969), p. 57
57
Das Zeitalter der thematischen Prozesse in der Geschichte der Musik
1969
Sponheuer, Logik der Zerfalls, p. 408
Sponheuer
408
Logik der Zerfalls
Floros, Mahler III, p. 270
Sponheuer
408
Logik der Zerfalls
75
Alexander Poznansky, "Tchaikovsky's Suicide: Myth and Reality," this journal 11 (1988), 213-1410.2307/746320
213
76
Ibid., pp. 213-14.
213
77
Sponheuer, Logik der Zerfalls, p. 408.
Sponheuer
408
Logik der Zerfalls
78
Sponheuer, Logik der Zerfalls, p. 410
Sponheuer
410
Logik der Zerfalls
79
Paul De Man, in his intro. to Jauss, Aesthetic of Recep- tion, pp. xiv and xvii
De Man
xiv
Aesthetic of Reception
80
White, "The Value of Narrativity," p. 1
White
1
The Value of Narrativity
Leo Treitler, "What Kind of Story is History," p. 173
Treitler
173
What Kind of Story is History
81
Adorno, "Late Style in Beethoven," pp. 102-03.
Adorno
102
Late Style in Beethoven
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