[Footnotes]

[Footnotes]
1
Kurt and Herta Blaukopf, Mahler: His Life, Work and World, trans. Paul Baker et al. (London, 1991), p. 151
Kurt
151
Mahler: His Life, Work and World
1991
Mahler: A Documentary Study [New York, 1976]
Mahler: A Documentary Study
1976
2
Conversations with Klemperer, comp. and ed. Peter Heyworth [rev. edn. London, 1985], p. 30
Heyworth
30
Conversations with Klemperer
1985
Alma Mahler, Gustav Mahler: Memories and Letters, trans. Ba- sil Creighton (New York, 1946), p. 123
Mahler
123
Gustav Mahler: Memories and Letters
1946
Harold C. Schonberg, The Great Conductors (New York, 1967), pp. 232-35
Schonberg
232
The Great Conductors
1967
3
Steven Beller, Vienna and the Jews 1867-1938: A Cultural History (Cam- bridge, 1989), esp. pp. 188-206
Beller
188
A Cultural History
1989
Carl E. Schorske, Fin-de- Siecle Vienna: Politics and Culture (New York, 1980)
Schorske
Fin-de Siecle Vienna: Politics and Culture
1980
Leon Botstein, Judentum und Modernitit: Essays zur Rolle der Juden in der deutschen und 6sterreichischen Kultur, 1848 bis 1938 (Vienna, 1991)
Botstein
Judentum und Modernitit: Essays zur Rolle der Juden in der deutschen und 6sterreichischen Kultur
1991
Henry-Louis de La Grange (Gustav Mahler: chronique d'une vie, 3 vols. [Paris, 1979- 84]
de La Grange
Gustav Mahler: chronique d'une vie
1979
4
Sander L. Gilman, The Jew's Body (New York, 1991), p. 38.
Gilman
38
The Jew's Body
1991
5
Peter Gay, Freud, Jews and Other Germans: Masters and Victims in Modernist Culture (New York, 1978), pp. 20- 21
Gay
20
Freud, Jews and Other Germans: Masters and Victims in Modernist Culture
1978
Gilman, The Jew's Body, p. 96 (citing Theodor Fritsch, Handbuch der Judenfrage [Leipzig, 1935], p. 408)
Gilman
96
The Jew's Body
1935
Gay, Freud, Jews and Other Germans, p. 20
Gay
20
Freud, Jews and Other Germans
6
Exod. 28 on the clothing for Aaron as High Priest
7
Wilhelm von Kaulbach (1804-74), Der Zerstorung von Jerusalem
von Kaulbach
Der Zerstorung von Jerusalem
1804
Fritz von Ostini, Wilhelm von Kaulbach [Bielefeld, 1906], plate between pp. 20 and 21
von Ostini
20
Wilhelm von Kaulbach
1906
80
0skar Panizza, Der Operirte Jud' (The Operated Jew) in Jack Zipes, The Operated Jew: Two Tales of Anti-Semitism (New York, 1991), pp. 47-48 (pp. 47-74)
Panizza
Der Operirte Jud' (The Operated Jew) in Jack Zipes
47
The Operated Jew: Two Tales of Anti-Semitism
1991
Panizza, Visionen: Skizzen und Erzahlungen (Leipzig, 1893)
Panizza
Visionen: Skizzen und Erzahlungen
1893
1914
1919
Zipes, p. 127
Peter D. G. Brown, Oskar Panizza: His Life and Works (Bern, 1983)
Brown
Oskar Panizza: His Life and Works
1983
9
Hans F. K. Giinther, Rassenkunde des iiidischen Volkes (2nd edn. Munich, 1931,1st edn. 1922), pp. 210-11, 217
Günther
2
210
Rassenkunde des iiidischen Volkes
1931
10
Robert Burton, The Anatomy of Melancholy (cited in Gilman, The Case of Sigmund Freud: Medicine and Iden- tity at the Fin de Siecle [Baltimore, 1994], p. 44).
Burton
The Anatomy of Melancholy
44
The Case of Sigmund Freud: Medicine and Identity at the Fin de Siecle
1994
11
Gilman, The Case of Sigmund Freud, pp. 42-64
Gilman
42
The Case of Sigmund Freud
"The Image of the Hysteric," in Hysteria Beyond Freud, ed. Gilman et al. (Berkeley and Los Angeles, 1993), esp. pp. 406-17
Gilman
The Image of the Hysteric
406
Hysteria Beyond Freud
1993
Seligmann, Der Bose Blick und Verwandtes: Ein Beitrag zur Geschichte des Aberglaubens aller Zeiten und V61ker, 2 vols. (Berlin, 1910-11), I, 86
Seligmann
86
I
Der Bose Blick und Verwandtes: Ein Beitrag zur Geschichte des Aberglaubens aller Zeiten und V61ker
1910
12
Gilman, "The Construction of the Male Jew," in Freud, Race, and Gender (Princeton, 1993), pp. 49-92
Gilman
The Construction of the Male Jew
49
Freud, Race, and Gender
1993
Jew (pp. 49-51)
49
pp. 56-69
on p. 77
13
Otto Weininger, Geschlecht und Charakter: Ein prinzi- pielle Untersuchung (Vienna, 1903).
Weininger
Geschlecht und Charakter: Ein prinzipielle Untersuchung
1903
14
Walter Rathenau, "Höre Israel!" in Schriften (2nd edn. Berlin, 1981), pp. 89-93
Rathenau
2
Höre Israel
89
Schriften
1981
Formen on p. 92
Die Zukunft on 6 March 1897
Rathenau on p. 251
251
Jews and Gender: Responses to Otto Weininger, ed. Nancy A. Harrowitz and Barbara Hyams (Philadelphia, 1995)
Harrowitz
Jews and Gender: Responses to Otto Weininger
1995
Gilman also discusses this theme in Freud, Race, and Gender, chaps. 1 and 2
Gilman
chaps. 1
Freud, Race, and Gender
pp. 77- 98 and 12-48
Gilman, "Strauss and the Pervert," in Reading Opera, ed. Arthur Groos and Roger Parker (Princeton, 1988), pp. 306-27
Gilman
Strauss and the Pervert
306
Reading Opera
1988
15
Carl G. Jung, Collected Works, ed. Herbert Read et al., trans. R. F. C. Hull, 20 vols. (London, 1957-79), X, 165
Jung
165
X
Collected Works
1957
16
Thomas Mann, "Wilsungenblut," Siamtliche Erzihlungen, vol. I [Frank- furt am Main, 1987], p. 423
Mann
Wilsungenblut
423
I
Siamtliche Erzihlungen
1987
Death in Venice and Other Stories, trans. H. T. Lowe-Porter (New York, 1989), p. 2901
Lowe-Porter
290
Death in Venice and Other Stories
1989
17
Margaret Notley, "Brahms as Liberal: Genre, Style, and Politics in Late Nineteenth-Century Vienna," this journal 17 (1993), 107-23.
Notley
107
17
Nineteenth Century Music
1993
18
George Mosse, Germans and Jews: The Right, The Left, and the Search for a "Third Force" in Pre-Nazi Germany (New York, 1970), pp. 34, 34-35.
Mosse
Germans and Jews: The Right, The Left, and the Search for a "Third Force
34
Pre-Nazi Germany
1970
19
Wagner, "Judaism in Music," in Prose Works, vol. III, trans. and ed. William Ashton Ellis (New York, 1966; orig. publ. in 1894), p. 84.
Wagner
Judaism in Music
84
III
Prose Works
1894
20
Panizza, The Operated Jew, p. 50.
Panizza
50
The Operated Jew
21
"Ein zischender, schrillender, summsender und murk- sender Lautausdruck" (Richard Wagner, "Judaism," p. 85).
Wagner
85
Ein zischender, schrillender, summsender und murksender Lautausdruck
22
Adolf Hitler, Mein Kampf, trans. Ralph Manheim (Bos- ton, 1943), p. 307
Hitler
307
Mein Kampf
1943
Gilman discusses the concept of the Jews' "hidden language" extensively in Jewish Self-Ha- tred: Anti-Semitism and the Hidden Language of the Jews (Baltimore, 1986)
Gilman
hidden language
Jewish Self-Hatred: Anti-Semitism and the Hidden Language of the Jews
1986
23
Giinther, "Bewegung und Gebirden der Juden," Rassen- kunde des iiidisches Volkes, pp. 248-49.
Günther
Bewegung und Gebirden der Juden
248
Rassenkunde des iiidisches Volkes
24
Panizza, The Operated Jew, pp. 49, 48.
Panizza
49
The Operated Jew
25
Gilman, The Jew's Body, esp. chap. 2, "The Jewish Foot," pp. 38-59 and 48-49.
Gilman
chap. 2
38
The Jew's Body
26
Giinther, Rassenkunde des judisches Volkes, pp. 248, 252, and 249-50
Günther
248
Rassenkunde des judisches Volkes
27
Ibid., p. 248
248
Eduard Fuchs, Die Juden in der Karikatur (Munich, 1921)
Fuchs
Die Juden in der Karikatur
1921
28
Giinther, Rassenkunde des jfidisches Volkes, p. 250
Günther
250
Rassenkunde des jfidisches Volkes
29
Panizza, The Operated Jew, p. 74.
Panizza
74
The Operated Jew
30
Mynona (Salomo Friedlaender), "Der operirte Goj: Ein Seitenstick zu Panizzas operirtem Jud'," trans. from the Yiddish and publ. as "The Operated Goy" in Zipes, The Operated Jew, pp. 75-86. Rehsok is of course kosher back- ward (Reschok/Koscher in the original).
Mynona
Der operirte Goj: Ein Seitenstick zu Panizzas operirtem Jud
75
The Operated Goy" in Zipes, The Operated Jew
31
Gilman, "Madness and the Jews," in Difference and Pa- thology: Stereotypes of Sexuality, Race and Madness (Ithaca, N.Y., 1985), pp. 150-52.
Gilman
Madness and the Jews
150
Difference and Pathology: Stereotypes of Sexuality, Race and Madness
1985
32
Jean-Martin Charcot, lesson for 23 October 1888 (cited in Gilman, Freud, Race, and Gender, p. 94).
Charcot
94
Freud, Race, and Gender
1888
33
Alexander Pilcz, Beitrag zur Vergleichenden Rassen- Psychiatrie (Leipzig, 1906), pp. 28-29.
Pilcz
28
Beitrag zur Vergleichenden Rassen Psychiatrie
1906
34
Tom Lutz, American Nervousness, 1903: An Anecdotal History (Ithaca, N.Y., 1991), p. 2.
Lutz
2
American Nervousness, 1903: An Anecdotal History
1991
35
George M. Beard, M. D., American Nervousness: Its Causes and Consequences (New York, 1881), p. 96
Beard
96
American Nervousness: Its Causes and Consequences
1881
Lutz, American Nervousness, p. 4
Lutz
4
American Nervousness
36
Lutz, American Nervousness, p. 6
Lutz
6
American Nervousness
Beard, American Nervousness, pp. vii-viii
Beard
vii
American Nervousness
Gilman, Difference and Pathology, esp. pp. 191-216
Gilman
191
Difference and Pathology
"The Blues and the Double Consciousness of Henry James and W. E. B. Du Bois," in American Nervousness, pp. 244-75
The Blues and the Double Consciousness of Henry James and W. E. B. Du Bois
244
American Nervousness
Lears's chap. in The Culture of Consumption: Critical Es- says in American History 1880-1980, ed. Richard Wightman Fox and T. J. Jackson Lears (New York, 1983), pp. 3-38
Lears
3
The Culture of Consumption: Critical Essays in American History 1880-1980
1983
37
Gilman, "The Madness of the Jews," in Difference and Pathology, pp. 150-62
Gilman
The Madness of the Jews
150
Difference and Pathology
Freud, Race, and Gender, pp. 93-168
93
Jan Goldstein, "The Wandering Jew and the Problem of Psychiatric Anti-Semitism in Fin-de-Siecle France," Journal of Contemporary History 20 (1985), 521- 5210.2307/260396
521
Gilman, The Jew's Body, pp. 48-49
Gilman
48
The Jew's Body
38
Jeffrey Herf, Reactionary Modernism: Technology, Cul- ture, and Politics in Weimar and the Third Reich (Cam- bridge, 1984), pp. 5, 226-27, 231
Herf
5
Reactionary Modernism: Technology, Culture, and Politics in Weimar and the Third Reich
1984
39
Werner Sombart, The Jews and Modern Capitalism (Die Juden und das Wirtschaftsleben [Leipzig 1911]
Sombart
The Jews and Modern Capitalism (Die Juden und das Wirtschaftsleben
1911
M. Epstein (New York, 1969), pp. 206 and 214ff
40
Theodor W. Adorno and Max Horkheimer, Dialectic of Enlighten- ment [New York, 1991;orig. English edn. 1972], p. 186
Adorno
186
Dialectic of Enlightenment
1991
Gilman, Jewish Self-Hatred, pp. 270-86
Gilman
270
Jewish Self-Hatred
Steven E. Aschheim, Brothers and Strangers: The East European Jew in German and German Jewish Consciousness, 1800-1923 (Madison, Wisc., 1982)
Aschheim
Brothers and Strangers: The East European Jew in German and German Jewish Consciousness, 1800-1923
1982
41
Gilman, "Strauss and the Pervert," pp. 306-27
Gilman
306
Strauss and the Pervert
Henry-Louis de La Grange, Gustav Mahler: Chronique d'une Vie, III: Le Genie Foudroyd (1907-1911) [Paris, 1984], p. 366
de La Grange
366
III
Gustav Mahler: Chronique d'une Vie
1907
Norman Lebrecht, Mahler Remembered (New York, 1988), p. xxii
Lebrecht
xxii
Mahler Remembered
1988
Adorno, "Richard Strauss," trans. Samuel and Shierry Weber, Perspectives of New Mu- sic 4 (1965), 14-3210.2307/832523
14
(1966), 113-29, esp. 114-15
42
Richard von Krafft-Ebing, Text-Book of Insanity, Based on Clinical Observations: For Practitioners and Students of Medicine, trans. Charles Gilbert Chaddock, M. D. (Phila- delphia, 1905
von Krafft-Ebing
Insanity, Based on Clinical Observations: For Practitioners and Students of Medicine
1905
orig. German edn. 1879), p. 139
Vienna, 1899
43
Krafft-Ebing, Text-Book, p. 143.
Krafft-Ebing
143
Text-Book
44
Martin Englander, Die auffallend hiufigen Krankheits- erscheinungen der iiidische Rasse (Vienna, 1902).
Englander
Die auffallend hiufigen Krankheitserscheinungen der iiidische Rasse
1902
46
Englander, Die auffallend haufigen Krankheitserschein- ungen, p. 17
Englander
17
Die auffallend haufigen Krankheitserscheinungen
Gilman, Jewish Self-Hatred, pp. 286-97
Gilman
286
Jewish Self-Hatred
47
Ludwig Karpath, Begegnung mit dem Genius (Vienna, 1934) (trans. in Lebrecht, Mahler Remembered, pp. 107, 105-06).
Karpath
107
Begegnung mit dem Genius
1934
48
William Ritter, "Souvenirs sur Gustav Mahler," Revue musicale Suisse 101/1 (1961), 29-39 (trans. in Lebrecht, Mahler Remembered, pp. 199, 198).
Ritter
1
29
101
Revue musicale Suisse
1961
49
Edward Bulwer-Lytton, Zanoni. The char- acter is Gaetano Pisani, and Bahr quotes in the original English (Essays [Vienna, 1962], pp. 275-78
Bulwer-Lytton
275
Zanoni. The character is Gaetano Pisani, and Bahr quotes in the original English
1962
Lebrecht, Mahler Remembered, p. 100
Lebrecht
100
Mahler Remembered
50
E. Th. A. Hoffmann seinen Kapellmeister Kreisler mit allen seinen Schrullen vorgestellt haben" (Wilhelm Kienzl, Meine Lebenswanderung, Erlebtes und Erlauschtes [Stuttgart, 1926], pp. 150-51; trans. in Lebrecht Mahler Remembered, p. 61
Kienzl
150
Meine Lebenswanderung, Erlebtes und Erlauschtes
1926
51
E.Th., "Die Judenherrschaft in der Wiener Hofoper," Deutsche Zeitung, 4 November 1898
4 November
Deutsche Zeitung
1898
Kurt and Herta Blaukopf, Mahler: His Life, Work and World, pp. 136-37
Kurt
136
Mahler: His Life, Work and World
de La Grange, "Two days before the first concert some of the musicians showed their hostility in the particularly unpleasant form of an anonymous article" (Mahler, vol. I [New York, 1973], p. 486
de La Grange
Two days before the first concert some of the musicians showed their hostility in the particularly unpleasant form of an anonymous article
486
I
Mahler
1973
52
R. Po-chia Hsia, The Myth of Ritual Murder: Jews and Magic in Reformation Germany (New Haven, 1988)
Hsia
The Myth of Ritual Murder: Jews and Magic in Reformation Germany
1988
The Blood Libel Legend: A Casebook in Anti-Semitic Folk- lore, ed. Alan Dundes (Madison, Wisc., 1991)
Dundes
The Blood Libel Legend: A Casebook in Anti-Semitic Folklore
1991
53
Max Graf, Legend of a Musical City (New York, 1945), pp. 204-06.
Graf
204
Legend of a Musical City
1945
54
Paul Lawrence Rose, Wagner: Race and Revolution (New Haven, 1992), p. 71
Rose
71
Wagner: Race and Revolution
1992
55
Willibald Kihler, 150 Jahre musikalische Akademie des Nationaltheater-Orchesters Mannheim 1779-1929 (Mannheim, 1929), pp. 64-65 (trans. in Lebrecht, Mahler Remembered, pp. 165-66).
Kihler
64
150 Jahre musikalische Akademie des Nationaltheater-Orchesters Mannheim 1779-1929
1929
56
Max Graf, Wagner-Probleme und andere Studien (Vienna, 1900), pp. 124-26
Graf
124
Wagner-Probleme und andere Studien
1900
Blaukopf, Mahler: His Life, Work and World, pp. 132-33
Blaukopf
132
Mahler: His Life, Work and World
Legend of a Musical City, Graf states that Mahler was "a modern musician with the temperament of his period" and claims that Mahler was able to conduct Tristan "with the same modern temperament, making vibrant, intense, hysterical climaxes of the period of Charcot and Freud" (pp. 206-07)
57
Mary Lawton, Schumann-Heink: The Last of the Titans (New York, 1928), pp. 358-60.
Lawton
358
Schumann-Heink: The Last of the Titans
1928
58
E. Th, "Die Judenherrschaft in der Wiener Hofoper," in Blaukopf, Mahler: His Life, Work and World, p. 137.
137
59
Romain Rolland, "Musique frangaise et musique allemande," in Musiciens d'aujourd'hui [Paris, 1908], p. 185
Rolland
Musique frangaise et musique allemande
185
Musiciens d'aujourd'hui
1908
Blaukopf, Mahler: His Life, Work and World, p. 187
Blaukopf
187
Mahler: His Life, Work and World
60
Herman Klein, The Golden Age of Opera (London, 1933), pp. 163-64.
Klein
163
The Golden Age of Opera
1933
61
Unsigned, Russkaya muzykal'naya gazeta 10 (1902), 302- 03
302
10
Unsigned, Russkaya muzykal'naya gazeta
1902
Blaukopf, Mahler: His Life, Work and World, pp. 162-63
Blaukopf
162
Mahler: His Life, Work and World
62
Unpublished letter to Jean Matter, dated 29 April 1972 (trans. in Lebrecht, Mahler Remembered, pp. 202-03).
63
Blaukopf, Mahler: A Documentary Study, p. 232
Blaukopf
232
Mahler: A Documentary Study
Graf, Legends, p. 204.
Graf
204
Legends
64
Bruno Walter, Gustav Mahler, trans. Lotte Walter Lindt (New York, 1958), pp. 98-99
Walter
98
Gustav Mahler
1958
Harold Schonberg, The Great Conductors, p. 229
Schonberg
229
The Great Conductors
"Gustav Mahler, ein vorbilderlicher Dirigent, und einer der heftigsten Willensmenschen, die ich kannte, hatte sich im Laufe seines Lebens zur gröfiten Ruhe am Pult erzogen" (Hans Pfitzner, Werk und Wieder- gabe [Augsburg, 1929], p. 139
139
Gustav Mahler, ein vorbilderlicher Dirigent, und einer der heftigsten Willensmenschen, die ich kannte, hatte sich im Laufe seines Lebens zur gröfiten Ruhe am Pult erzogen
1929
Blaukopf, Mahler: His Life, Work and World, p. 163
Blaukopf
163
Mahler: His Life, Work and World
65
La Grange, "Mahler in New York: The Truth Behind the Legend," presented at the symposium "Mahler in America: 1907-1911" at Carnegie Hall, 19-20 November 1994.
Grange
The Truth Behind the Legend
Mahler in America
1994
66
Schonberg, Great Conductors. See pp. 174-75 (von Billow), 178 (Richter), 185-86 (Mottl), 239-41 (Strauss)
Schonberg
174
Great Conductors
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