[Footnotes]

[Footnotes]
1
Max Nordau, Entartung [2nd edn. Berlin, 1893], I, 10-11
Nordau
2
10
I
Entartung
1893
2
Patrick Bade, "Art and Degeneration: Visual Icons of Corruption," Degeneration: The Dark Side of Progress, ed. J. Edward Chamberlin and Sander L. Gilman (New York, 1985), pp. 235-36
Bade
Art and Degeneration: Visual Icons of Corruption
235
Degeneration: The Dark Side of Progress
1985
3
Leon Botstein, "Reading About Music: Program Notes and Concert Guides," Music and Its Public: Habits of Listen- ing and the Crisis of Musical Modernism in Vienna, 1870- 1914 (Ph.D. diss. Harvard University, 1985), pp. 927-87
Henry-Louis de La Grange, Gustav Mahler: chronique d'une vie, vol. II: L'âge d'or de Vienne, 1900-1907 (Paris, 1983), p. 39, n. 89
de La Grange
39
II
Gustav Mahler: chronique d'une vie
1983
4
Hirschfeld, Wiener Abendpost, 17 Dec. 1907
Hirschfeld
Wiener Abendpost
1907
5
Gotthold Ephraim Lessing, no. 27 [31 July 1767]
Gotthold
27
Ephraim Lessing
1767
Ham- burgische Dramaturgie, ed. Otto Mann [Stuttgart, 1958], p. 111
Mann
111
Hamburgische Dramaturgie
1958
Max Graf's review of Mahler's Fifth Sym- phony, Neues Wiener Journal (hereafter NWJ), 15 Dec. 1905
Graf
15 Dec
Neues Wiener Journal
1905
Kuno Wolf, "Die klassische Symphonie und ihre Bedeutung for die Gegenwart," Neue Zeitschrift ffir Musik, 16 May 1906, p. 439)
Wolf
16 May
439
Neue Zeitschrift ffir Musik
1906
Vom Musikalisch-Schönen, which continued to have a wide readership through regular reprinting into the twenti- eth century (1891, Wiesbaden, 1971), chap. 3, p. 62
chap. 3
62
Vom Musikalisch-Schönen
1891
6
Henri Laujol, "Villiers de l'Isle-Adam," Jeune France (April 1883) (adapted from Jean Pierrot, The Decadent Imagina- tion: 1880-1900, trans. Derek Coltman [Chicago, 1981], p. 50).
Laujol
Villiers de l'Isle-Adam
50
Jeune France
1883
7
Friedrich Nietzsche, Die Geburt der Tragödie aus dem Geiste der Musik (Munich, 1959), preface to 2nd edn., sect. 6, pp. 17-18.
Nietzsche
2
17
Die Geburt der Tragödie aus dem Geiste der Musik
1959
8
Karl Hauer, "Die Hinrichtung der Sinne," Die Fackel, Dec. 1907, p. 20
Hauer
Die Hinrichtung der Sinne
20
Die Fackel
1907
Botstein, Habits of Listening, p. 1236, n. 461
Botstein
1236
Habits of Listening
9
Ferdinand von Saar described a piano rendition of Isolde's Liebestod in his novella Geschichte eines Wiener Kindes (1879)
Isolde
Liebestod in his novella Geschichte eines Wiener Kindes
1879
Novellen aus Oesterreich [Kassel, 1904], II, 295-96
Kassel
295
II
Novellen aus Oesterreich
1904
Marc A. Wiener, Undertones of Insurrection: Music, Politics & the Social Sphere in the Modern German Narrative (Lincoln, Neb., 1993), p. 14
Wiener
14
Undertones of Insurrection: Music, Politics & the Social Sphere in the Modern German Narrative
1993
Vom Musikalisch-Schönen, p. vii
vii
10
Walter Niemann, Die Musik seit Richard Wagner [Berlin, 1913], pp. 150-51
Niemann
150
Die Musik seit Richard Wagner
1913
11
Carl Dahlhaus, Nineteenth-Century Music, trans. J. Bradford Robison (Berkeley and Los Angeles, 1989), p. 243.
Robison
243
Nineteenth-Century Music
1989
12
Arnold Schönberg, Harmonielehre [3rd edn. Vienna, 1922], p. 506
Schönberg
3
506
Harmonielehre
1922
idem, Theory of Har- mony, trans. Roy E. Carter (Berkeley and Los Angeles, 1978), p. 4211
Schönberg
421
Theory of Harmony
1978
13
Alexander Berrsche, review of Der ferne Klang, in Die Musik 13 [1914], 50
Berrsche
review of Der ferne Klang
50
13
Die Musik
1914
Christopher Hailey, Franz Schreker, 1878-1943: A Cul- tural Biography (Cambridge, 1993), p. 53
Hailey
53
Franz Schreker, 1878-1943: A Cultural Biography
1993
14
Nietzsche, Der Fall Wagner: Ein Musikanten-Problem [188 8], in Nietzsche Werke: Kritische Gesamtausgabe, ed. Giorgio Colli and Mazzino Montinari, vol. III [Berlin, 1969], sect. 6, p. 18
Nietzsche
Der Fall Wagner: Ein Musikanten-Problem [1888]
18
III
Nietzsche Werke: Kritische Gesamtausgabe
1969
15
Gustav Mahler [Berlin, 1905], pp. 3-4
3
Gustav Mahler
1905
16
"Alfredo Casella and Mahler's Seventh Sym- phony," in The Seventh Symphony of Gustav Mahler: A Symposium, ed. James L. Zychowicz [Cincinnati, 1990], p. 135
Casella
135
The Seventh Symphony of Gustav Mahler: A Symposium
1990
Gustav Mahler Briefe, ed. Herta Blaukopf (Vienna, 1982), p. 288
Blaukopf
288
Gustav Mahler Briefe
1982
Selected Letters of Gustav Mahler, ed. Knud Martner, trans. Eithne Wilkins and Ernst Kaiser [New York, 1979], p. 275)
Martner
275
Selected Letters of Gustav Mahler
1979
17
Signed "Sp.," Reichspost, 7 Nov. 1911
Sp
Reichspost
1911
Heinrich G. Reichert, Urban und Human: Gedanken fiber Lateinische Sprichwörter (Hamburg, 1956), p. 62
Reichert
62
Urban und Human: Gedanken fiber Lateinische Sprichwörter
1956
18
Kalbeck, Neues Wiener Tagblatt [hereafter NWT], 7 Jan. 1907
Kalbeck
NWT
1907
19
Kritik der Urtheilskraft [1790], sect. 53
Kritik der Urtheilskraft
1790
Music as Cultural Practice, 1800-1900 [Ber- keley and Los Angeles, 1990], p. 4
keley
4
Music as Cultural Practice, 1800-1900
1990
20
NWT, 28 May 1907
28 May
NWT
1907
Max Kalbeck, "Salome: Music Drama in One Act after Oscar Wilde, by Richard Strauss," in Botstein, "Richard Strauss and the Viennese Critics (1896-1924)," in Richard Strauss and His World, ed. Bryan Gilliam (Princeton, 1992), pp. 341-42
Kalbeck
Salome: Music Drama in One Act after Oscar Wilde, by Richard Strauss
341
Richard Strauss and His World
1992
21
Entartung, Bernard Shaw, "The Sanity of Art: An Exposure of the Current Nonsense about Artists Being Degenerate,"
Entartung
The Sanity of Art: An Exposure of the Current Nonsense about Artists Being Degenerate
Bernard Shaw, Major Critical Essays (New York, 1986), p. 313
Shaw
313
Major Critical Essays
1986
22
McClary, Feminine Endings: Music, Gender, and Sexual- ity (Minneapolis, 1991), pp. 23-25
McClary
23
Feminine Endings: Music, Gender, and Sexuality
1991
Philip V. Bohlman, "On the Unremarkable in Music," this journal 16 (1992), 213-14
Bohlman
213
16
Nineteenth Century Music
1992
23
Specht, Mahler, p. 53
Specht
53
Mahler
24
Hugo Fleischer, "Der symbolische Gehalt der symphonischen Formen," Der Merker, 1 Aug. 1913, p. 566
Fleischer
1 Aug
566
Der Merker
1913
25
J. A. Fuller Maitland, "Richard Strauss," Grove's Dictio- nary of Music and Musicians, ed. Maitland (New York, 1908), vol. 4, p. 719.
Maitland
Richard Strauss
719
4
Grove's Dictionary of Music and Musicians
1908
26
Hirschfeld, Wiener Abendpost, 20 Nov. 1900
Hirschfeld
20 Nov
Wiener Abendpost
1900
"Fiery-Pulsed Libertine or Domestic Hero? Strauss's Don Juan Reinvestigated," in Richard Strauss: New Perspectives on the Composer and His Work, ed. Bryan Gilliam [Durham, N.C., 1992], p. 165
Gilliam
Fiery-Pulsed Libertine or Domestic Hero? Strauss's Don Juan Reinvestigated
165
Richard Strauss: New Perspectives on the Composer and His Work
1992
27
Hirschfeld, Wiener Abendpost, 20 Nov. 1900
Hirschfeld
20 Nov
Wiener Abendpost
1900
28
Hirschfeld, Wiener Abendpost, 20 Nov. 1900
Hirschfeld
20 Nov
Wiener Abendpost
1900
29
Hirschfeld, review of Symphonies No. 3 and No. 7, in Wiener Abendpost, 5 Nov. 1909
Hirschfeld
3
Wiener Abendpost
1909
30
Neue Freie Presse, 21 Aug. 1898 adapted from Adolf Loos, Spoken into the Void: Collected Essays: 1891- 1900, trans. Jane O. Newman and John H. Smith (Cam- bridge, Mass., 1982), pp. 99, 103
Neue Freie Presse
99
Spoken into the Void: Collected Essays: 18911900
1898
Naomi Schor discusses Loos's essays on ornament in Reading in Detail: Aesthetics and the Feminine (New York, 1987), pp. 50-58
Naomi Schor discusses Loos's essays on ornament in Reading
50
Detail: Aesthetics and the Feminine
1987
31
Stefan Zweig, Die Welt von Gestern: Erinnerungen eines Europiers (London, 1941), pp. 84-89
Zweig
84
Die Welt von Gestern: Erinnerungen eines Europiers
1941
W. E. Yates, Schnitzler, Hof- mannsthal, and the Austrian Theatre [New Haven, 1992], p. 262, n. 4
Yates
262
Schnitzler, Hofmannsthal, and the Austrian Theatre
1992
32
August Spanuth, "Schreker-liches Neuland," Signale fufr die musikalische Welt, 12 Feb. 1913, p. 241
Spanuth
Schreker-liches Neuland
241
Signale fufr die musikalische Welt
1913
Hailey, Schreker, p. 38
Hailey
38
Schreker
33
Neue Freie Presse, 28 May 1907
28 May
Neue Freie Presse
1907
Julius Korngold, "Richard Strauss's Salome: A Conversa- tion," in Botstein, "Viennese Critics," p. 344
Korngold
Richard Strauss's Salome: A Conversation
344
Viennese Critics
34
Korngold, Neue Freie Presse, 17 Dec. 1904
Korngold
17 Dec
Neue Freie Presse
1904
35
Korngold, Neue Freie Presse, 9 Dec. 1911
Korngold
9 Dec
Neue Freie Presse
1911
36
Will- iam J. McGrath, Dionysian Art and Populist Politics in Austria (New Haven, 1974), pp. 205-07
McGrath
205
Dionysian Art and Populist Politics in Austria
1974
Kurt Paupie, Handbuch der 6sterreichischen Pressgeschichte 1848-1959, 2 vols. (Vienna, 1960), I, 158
Paupie
158
I
Handbuch der 6sterreichischen Pressgeschichte 1848-1959
1960
Margaret Notley, "Brahms as Liberal: Genre, Style, and Politics in Late Nine- teenth-Century Vienna," this journal 17 [1993], 120, n. 77
Notley
77
120
17
Nineteenth Century Music
1993
37
Muntz, DZ, 14 Dec. 1905
Muntz
14 Dec
DZ
1905
38
Muntz, DZ, 6 Jan. 1907
Muntz
6 Jan
DZ
1907
39
Muntz, DZ, 6 Jan. 1907
Muntz
6 Jan
DZ
1907
Grimm, Deutsches Wörterbuch 1 [Leipzig, 1860], col. 989-90
Grimm
989
1
Deutsches Wörterbuch
1860
Muret-Sanders, Enzyklo- pädisches Wörterbuch der Englischen und Deutschen Sprache [London, 1906], vol. 1, p. 782
Muret-Sanders
782
1
Enzyklopädisches Wörterbuch der Englischen und Deutschen Sprache
1906
40
Anhal- tischer Staatsanzeiger, 9 February 1912
9 February
Anhaltischer Staatsanzeiger
1912
41
Tutzing, 1978
42
Henry-Louis de La Grange, Gustav Mahler: chronique d'une vie, vol. III: Le genie foudroy&: 1907-1911 (Paris, 1984), pp. 542-43
de La Grange
542
III
Gustav Mahler: chronique d'une vie
1984
43
Niemann, Musik seit Wagner, pp. 180-81 [adapted from partial trans. in Hailey, Schreker, p. 42]
Niemann
180
Musik seit Wagner
44
Muntz, DZ, 6 Jan. 1907
Muntz
6 Jan
DZ
1907
45
Muntz, DZ, 10 April 1899
Muntz
10 April
DZ
1899
Henry-Louis de La Grange, Gustav Mahler: chronique d'une vie, vol. I: Vers la Gloire: 1860-1900 (Paris, 1979), chap. 29
de La Grange
chap. 29
I
Gustav Mahler: chronique d'une vie
1979
"Mahler a Vienna: Nouvelle campagne antisemite: Deuxieme saison philharmonique: La Deuxieme Symphonie ' Liège et ' Vienne," pp. 761-86
761
Mahler a Vienna: Nouvelle campagne antisemite: Deuxieme saison philharmonique: La Deuxieme Symphonie ' Liège et ' Vienne
idem, Mahler (New York, 1973), I, 497-513
497
46
Specht, Gustav Mahler [Berlin, 1913], pp. 37, 38
Specht
37
Gustav Mahler
1913
47
Specht, Gustav Mahler [rev. edn. 1918], p. 51
Specht
51
Gustav Mahler
1918
"Jewishness in Mahler" (p. 50)
48
Habits of Listening, p. 1133
1133
49
Hirschfeld, review of Symphonies No. 3 and No. 7, Wiener Abendpost, 5 Nov. 1909
Hirschfeld
3
Wiener Abendpost
1909
50
Etudes et portraits [Paris, n.d.] II, 226-27 [adapted from Pierrot, Decadent Imagination, p. 176]
226
II
Etudes et portraits
51
George L. Mosse, "The Influence of the völkisch Idea on German Jewry," Studies of the Leo Baeck Institute, ed. Max Kreutzberger (New York, 1967), p. 86
Mosse
The Influence of the völkisch Idea on German Jewry
86
Studies of the Leo Baeck Institute
1967
McGrath, Dionysian Art, p. 197
McGrath
197
Dionysian Art
52
Muntz, DZ, 14 Dec. 1905
Muntz
14 Dec
DZ
1905
Muret-Sanders, Worterbuch I, 116
Muret-Sanders
116
I
Worterbuch
53
Niemann, Musik seit Wagner, pp. 121, 151-52 [partial paraphrase in Hailey, Schreker, p. 43]
Niemann
121
Musik seit Wagner
Goethe's conversation on 11 Feb. 1831
Goethe
11 Feb
Goethe's conversation
1831
Johann Peter Eckermann, Gesprache mit Goethe in den letzten Jahren seines Leben (1835, Berlin, 1982), p. 383
Eckermann
383
Gesprache mit Goethe in den letzten Jahren seines Leben
1982
54
Richard Batka, Bohemia, 4 March 1905
Batka
4 March
Bohemia
1905
55
"Blessed is the man that endureth temptation: for when he is tried, he shall receive the crown of life" (James 1:12)
"Be thou faithful unto death, and I will give thee a crown of life" (Rev. 2:10)
The Oxford Dictionary of Quotations, ed. Angela Parting- ton (4th edn. Oxford, 1992), pp. 104, 106
Partington
4
104
The Oxford Dictionary of Quotations
1992
Times Literary Supplement (2 Dec. 1994), p. 17
2 Dec
17
Times Literary Supplement
1994
56
Joan Campbell, Joy in Work, German Work: The National Debate, 1800- 1945 (Princeton, 1989), pp. 68-71
Campbell
68
Joy in Work, German Work: The National Debate, 18001945
1989
57
"Ueber dem Ganzen waltet fröhliche Arbeitslust" (Otto Neitzel, Signale für die musikalische Welt, 30 Nov. 1904, p. 1192)
Neitzel
30 Nov
1192
Signale für die musikalische Welt
1904
58
"Der symbolische Gehalt," p. 566
566
59
Kalbeck, NWT, 12 Dec. 1905
Kalbeck
12 Dec
NWT
1905
60
Paul Stefan, Gustav Mahler: Eine Studie über Persönlichkeit und Werk [4th edn. Munich, 1912], p. 123
Stefan
4
123
Gustav Mahler: Eine Studie über Persönlichkeit und Werk
1912
idem, Gustav Mahler: A Study of His Personality and Work, trans. T. E. Clark (New York, 1913), p. 107
Stefan
107
Gustav Mahler: A Study of His Personality and Work
1913
61
signed "-e.," Norddeutsche Allgemeine Zeitung, 20 Jan. 1910
20 Jan
Norddeutsche Allgemeine Zeitung
1910
61
Bienenfeld, NWJ, 10 Nov. 1909
Bienenfeld
10 Nov
NWJ
1909
62
Mahler II, 214, n. 8
214
II
Mahler
n. 67
63
letter of 22 June 1901, in Blaukopf, Mahler Briefe, p. 261
Blaukopf
261
Mahler Briefe
1901
64
Kalbeck, NWT, 12 Dec. 1905
Kalbeck
12 Dec
NWT
1905
65
Kalbeck, NWT, 12 Dec. 1905
Kalbeck
12 Dec
NWT
1905
66
Kalbeck, NWT, 12 Dec. 1905
Kalbeck
12 Dec
NWT
1905
Carl E. Schorske points up other artistic and biographical paral- lels in "Mahler and Klimt: Social Experience and Artistic Evolution," Daedalus 111 (1982), 29-49
Schorske
Mahler and Klimt: Social Experience and Artistic Evolution
29
111
Daedalus
1982
Mahler, in Fin de Siécle Vienna: Politics and Culture (New York, 1980), pp. 263-73
Mahler
263
Fin de Siécle Vienna: Politics and Culture
1980
67
NWJ, 15 Dec. 1905
15 Dec
NWJ
1905
68
Kalbeck, NWT, 12 Dec. 1905
Kalbeck
12 Dec
NWT
1905
69
Kalbeck, NWT, 12 Dec. 1905
Kalbeck
12 Dec
NWT
1905
70
Guido Adler, "Musica- lische [sic] Kulturprobleme unserer Zeit," Neue Freie Presse, 17 Dec. 1906
Adler
17 Dec
Neue Freie Presse
1906
idem, "Problems of Musical Culture in Our Time," in Botstein, "Viennese Critics," p. 3331
Adler
333
Problems of Musical Culture in Our Time," in Botstein, "Viennese Critics,"
71
Hirschfeld, review of Symphonies No. 3 and No. 7, Wiener Abendpost, 5 Nov. 1909
Hirschfeld
3
Wiener Abendpost
1909
Kant, Kritik der Urtheils- kraft, sect. 53
Kant
Kritik der Urtheilskraft, sect. 53
72
Kalbeck, NWT, 12 Dec. 1905
Kalbeck
12 Dec
NWT
1905
73
Laura Mulvey, "Visual Pleasure and Narrative Cinema" (1975)
Mulvey
Visual Pleasure and Narrative Cinema
1975
Visual and Other Pleasures (Bloomington, 1989), pp. 14-26
14
Visual and Other Pleasures
1989
Sandy Flitterman-Lewis, To Desire Differently: Feminism and the French Cinema [Urbana, Ill., 1990], p. 6
Flitterman-Lewis
6
Ill
Desire Differently: Feminism and the French Cinema
1990
74
Hanslick, Vom Musikalisch-Schönen, chap. 5, p. 126
Hanslick
chap. 5
126
Vom Musikalisch-Schönen
G. J. Adler, A Dictionary of the German and English Languages (New York, 1877), p. 735
Adler
735
A Dictionary of the German and English Languages
1877
75
James L. Zychowicz, "Ein schlech- ter Jasager: Considerations on the Finale to Mahler's Sev- enth Symphony," in idem, The Seventh Symphony of Gustav Mahler, pp. 100, 102
Zychowicz
Ein schlechter Jasager: Considerations on the Finale to Mahler's Seventh Symphony
100
The Seventh Symphony of Gustav Mahler
76
"Von einer unerhörten dithyrambischen Schwungkraft ist dieser Satz" (Felix Adler, Bohemia, 20 Sept. 1908, p. 2
Adler
20 Sept
2
Bohemia
1908
Victor Joβ, Deutsches Abendblatt, 21 Sept. 1908
Joβ
21 Sept
Deutsches Abendblatt
1908
Die Wage 2 (1908), 884
884
2
Die Wage
1908
77
Bienenfeld, NWJ, 10 Nov. 1909
Bienenfeld
10 Nov
NWJ
1909
78
Albert Heintze's Wörterbuch of 1900
Allgemeine musikalische Zeitung (4 July 1810), col. 634
4 July
634
Allgemeine musikalische Zeitung
1810
79
Thomas Clifton, "An Application of Goethe's Concept of Steigerung to the Morphology of Diminution," Journal of Music Theory 14 (1970), 165-9010.2307/842965
165
Elizabeth M. Wilkinson, "'Tasso-ein Gesteigerter Werther' in Light of Goethe's Principle of 'Steigerung'," (1949)
Wilkinson
Tasso-ein Gesteigerter Werther' in Light of Goethe's Principle of 'Steigerung'
1949
Goethe: Poet and Thinker, ed. Wilkinson and L. A. Willoughby (New York, 1962), pp. 185-213
Wilkinson
185
Goethe: Poet and Thinker
1962
80
Bienenfeld, NWJ, 10 Nov. 1909
Bienenfeld
10 Nov
NWJ
1909
81
Bienenfeld, NWJ, 10 Nov. 1909
Bienenfeld
10 Nov
NWJ
1909
82
Kauders, Fremden- Blatt, 5 Jan. 1907
Kauders
5 Jan
Fremden Blatt
1907
83
Bienenfeld, NWJ, 10 Nov. 1909
Bienenfeld
10 Nov
NWJ
1909
84
Kalbeck, NWT, 16 Jan. 1902
Kalbeck
16 Jan
NWT
1902
85
Theodor Adorno, Versuch über Wagner (Frankfurt am Main, 1952), pp. 76, 98
Adorno
76
Versuch über Wagner
1952
idem, In Search of Wagner, trans. Rodney Livingstone [Thetford, 1981], pp. 63, 79
Adorno
63
In Search of Wagner
1981
86
Schönberg, Harmonielehre, pp. 506, 507 [adapted from idem, Theory of Harmony, pp. 421-22]
Schönberg
506
Harmonielehre
87
Hirschfeld's reviews cited above (nn. 4, 49)
Gustav Mahler in der Erin- nerungen von Natalie Bauer-Lechner, ed. Herbert Killian (Hamburg, 1984), p. 175
Killian
175
Gustav Mahler in der Erinnerungen von Natalie Bauer-Lechner
1984
Hanslick, Vom Musikalisch-Schönen, chap. 3, p. 59
Hanslick
chap. 3
59
Vom Musikalisch-Schönen
88
Roland Barthes, "The Grain of the Voice" [1972]
Barthes
The Grain of the Voice
1972
Image-Music-Text, trans. Stephen Heath [New York, 1977], p. 188
188
Image-Music-Text
1977
Barbara Engh, "Loving It: Music and Criticism in Roland Barthes," in Musicology and Differ- ence: Gender and Sexuality in Music Scholarship, ed. Ruth A. Solie (Berkeley and Los Angeles, 1993), pp. 66-79
Engh
Loving It: Music and Criticism in Roland Barthes
66
Musicology and Difference: Gender and Sexuality in Music Scholarship
1993
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