Notes

Notes
1
Louis Gallet, Notes d'un librettiste (Paris, 1891), pp. 266-67.
Gallet
266
Notes d'un librettiste
1891
2
Winton Dean, Bizet (rev. edn. London, 1975), pp. 78-79.
Dean
78
Bizet
1975
3
Gallet, Notes, p. 272.
Gallet
272
Notes
4
Mina Curtiss, Bizet and His World (New York, 1958), pp. 195-96
Curtiss
195
Bizet and His World
1958
5
Georges Bizet: Let- ters in the Nydahl Collection, ed. Lesley A. Wright [Stock- holm, 1988], p. 33
Bizet
33
Letters in the Nydahl Collection
1988
6
Bizet won the second prize and then the first prize for fugue. At the Bibliothèque Natio- nale, two working copy fugue manuscripts from the com- petitions survive-for 1854 (F-Pc, MS 10592), for 1855 (F-Pc, MS 10593)
7
F-Pn, Dépt. de la musique, Jules Massenet, Lettre aut. no. 97. émile-Georges-Armand Ferté (b. 1881)
8
F-Pi, Institut de France, Académie des Beaux-Arts. Régle- ments pour les concours aux Grands prix de l'Académie des Beaux-Arts (Paris, 1854), 2, art. 5.
de France
2
Reglements pour les concours aux Grands prix de l'Académie des Beaux-Arts
1854
10
(Napoléon-) Henri Reber (1807-80), now remembered pri- marily for his Traité d'harmonie (1862)
Reber
now remembered primarily for his Traité d'harmonie
1862
11
Antoine-Louis Clapisson (1808-66) was particu- larly successful with songs and comic operas, like Gibby la comemuse (1846)
Antoine-Louis
particularly successful with songs and comic operas, like Gibby la comemuse
1846
La Fanchonnette (1856)
La Fanchonnette
1856
12
Amédée-David Pastoret (comte, later marquis de) (1791-18 May 1857) was a politician and historian elected membre libre of the Académie in 1823
Amédée-David
politician and historian elected membre libre of the Académie
1823
13
F-Pi, Institut de France. Réglements pour les concours aux Grands Prix de l'Académie des Beaux-Arts (Paris, 1846), 110, art. 10; 112, art. 13.
F-Pi
110
Réglements pour les concours aux Grands Prix de l'Académie des Beaux-Arts
1846
14
Réglements 1854, 94, art. 10; 95-96, art. 13
94
Réglements
1854
15
(F-Pc, MS 472, nos. 1-4) and the prize- winning cantata of 1857
Clovis et Clotilde (F-Pc, MS 473)
Clovis et Clotilde
1856, David
16
Réglements 1854, 91-92, art. 4-5; 93-94, art. 7-9.
91
Réglements
1854
17
Réglements 1854, 9, art. 28, art. 30; 92, art. 5.
9
Réglements
1854
18
Berlioz, The Memoirs of Hector Berlioz, trans. and ed. David Cairns (New York, 1975), p. 110
Berlioz
110
The Memoirs of Hector Berlioz
1975
19
Peter A. Bloom, "Berlioz á l'Institut Revisited," Acta musicologica 53 (1981), 171-9910.2307/932541
171
idem, "Berlioz and the Prix de Rome of 1830," Journal of the American Mu- sicological Society 34 (1981), 279-30410.2307/831349
279
Bloom's "Aca- demic Music: The Archives of the Académie des Beaux- Arts," this journal 7 (1983), 129-3510.2307/746343
129
20
Unpublished passage, F-Pn, Dépt. des manuscrits, n.a.fr. 14345, fol. 50r.
21
Archives of the Académie des Beaux-Arts, Piéces an- neéxes aux procés-verbaux, 5 E 41
Archives of the Académie des Beaux-Arts
Piéces annéxes aux procés-verbaux
Beaux-Arts, Piéces annéxes, 5 E 41
Beaux-Arts
Piéces annéxes
23
Beaux-Arts, Registre des procés-verbaux des concours aux Grands Prix de l'Académie des Beaux-Arts, 1 H 5, meeting of Saturday, 4 July 1857.
Beaux-Arts
Registre des procés-verbaux des concours aux Grands Prix de l'Académie des Beaux-Arts, 1 H 5, meeting of Saturday, 4 July 1857
1857
24
F-Pn, Dépt. des manuscrits, n.a.fr. 14348, fol. 11 : "Questa lettera ci sará rimessa dal giovane Mr. Bizet, che quest'anno ha uscito il premio del nostro Isti- tuto. Questo ragazzo, che dietro la mia debole opinione, non sará mai un maestro teatrale perché non ha estro un Cazzissimo, ha ben studiato." It is also translated in Cur- tiss, Bizet, p. 50
F-Pn, Dépt. des manuscrits, n.a.fr. 14348, fol. 9
25
Charles Pigot, Georges Bizet et son œuvre (Paris, 1886), p. 333, n. 1.
Pigot
333
Georges Bizet et son œuvre
1886
26
Curtiss, Bizet, pp. 65-66
Curtiss
65
Bizet
Pierre Berton, Souvenirs de la vie de théátre (Paris, 1914)
Berton
Souvenirs de la vie de theatre
1914
27
Journal des Debats, 8 October 1863, p. 1.
8 October
1
Journal des Debats
1863
28
Aimée Bizet, 28 April 1860 (F-Pn, Dept. des manuscrits, n.a.fr. 14345, fol. 155 r-v and Lettres de Georges Bizet, ed. Louis Ganderax [Paris, 1907], pp. 246- 47)
29
Curtiss, "Fromental Halévy," Musical Quarterly 39 (1953), 19810.2307/739939
198
Ernest Vinet, L'Art et L'Arché- ologie (Paris, 1874), pp. 488ff.
Vinet
488ff
L'Art et L'Archéologie
1874
30
F-Pn, Dept. des manuscrits, n.a. fr. 14346, fol. 153-57.
31
Auber, Mélesville, Halévy, Am- broise Thomas, Scribe, Saint-Georges, Leborne, Gounod, Victor Massé, Bazin, and Gevaert (Revue et Gazette mu- sicale 23 (1856], 287)
Auber
287
23
Revue et Gazette musicale
1856
F-Pn, Dept. des manuscrits, n.a.fr. 14348, fol. 100
32
Louis Schneider, Hervé / Charles Lecocq (2nd edn. Paris, 1924), p. 134
Schneider
2
134
Hervé / Charles Lecocq
1924
opéras-bouffes took place on 8 April (Lecocq)
opéras-bouffes took place on 8 April
9 April (Bizet)
33
Samuel David, 1857 cantata [F-Pc, MS 8249]
34
tdouard Fournier, La Patrie, 5 October 1857, p. 2
Fournier
2
La Patrie
1857
36
Claude Bellanger et al., Histoire générale de la presse française (Paris, 1969), II, 299
Bellanger
299
II
Histoire générale de la presse française
1969
Henry Murger (1861)
37
Théodore Pelloquet, Gazette de Paris, 11 October 1857, p. 3
Pelloquet
11 October
3
Gazette de Paris
1857
38
Pelloquet, Gazette de Paris, p. 3
Pelloquet
3
Gazette de Paris
39
Albert Boime, "The Teaching Reforms of 1863 and the Origins of Modernism in France," Art Quarterly new ser. 1 (1977), 1-39
Boime
ser. 1
1
Art Quarterly new
1977
40
Boime, "Teaching Reforms," p. 2
Boime
2
Teaching Reforms
Boime, The Academy and French Painting in the Nineteenth Century (London, 1971)
Boime
The Académy and French Painting in the Nineteenth Century
1971
idem, Hollow Icons: The Politics of Sculp- ture in Nineteenth-Century France (Kent, Ohio, 1987)
Idem
Hollow Icons: The Politics of Sculpture in Nineteenth-Century France
1987
Donald D. Egbert, The Beaux-Arts Tradition in French Ar- chitecture (Princeton, N.J., 1980)
Egbert
The Beaux-Arts Tradition in French Architecture
1980
41
Patricia Mainardi, Art and Politics of the Second Em- pire (New Haven, 1987)
Mainardi
Art and Politics of the Second Empire
1987
43
Paris, Archives Nationales, AJ 258 (5)
44
Archives Nationales, AJ 258 (2).
45
Institut de France. Lois, Statuts et Réglements concer- nant les anciennes Académies et l'Institut de 1635 á 1889, ed. Léson Aucoc (Paris, 1889), pp. 287-88
Institut de France
287
Statuts et R⦻lements concernant les anciennes Académies et l'Institut de 1635 á1889
1889
F-Pi, Institut de France. Académie des Beaux-Arts. Réglements pour les concours aux Grands Prix de l'Académie dés Beaux-Arts (Paris, 1873), pp. 54-56
F-Pi
54
Academie des Beaux-Arts. Reglements pour les concours aux Grands Prix de l'Academie des Beaux-Arts
1873
46
Réglements 1873, pp. 132-41.
132
Réglements
1873
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