[Footnotes]

[Footnotes]
1
Andrew Porter, "Begun, The Eternal Work," New Yorker, 13 June 1983, p. 100
Porter
100
13 June
New Yorker
1983
The Nibelungen production in San

[Footnotes]

[Footnotes]
1
Francisco is the subject of the review Patrice Chéreau's 1976 Bayreuth production of the Ring is in the background
Chéreau
the Ring
1976
2
Wagner's later letter to his friend August Röckel (23 Au- gust 1856)
Selected Letters of Richard Wagner, ed. Stewart Spencer and Barry Millington (New York, 1988), pp. 365-69
Spencer
365
Selected Letters of Richard Wagner
1988
3
William Ashton Ellis, Wagner's Prose Works [1896], 8 vols. (New York, 1966), V, 104
Ellis
104
V
Wagner's Prose Works [1896]
1966
Wagner explicitly refuted Opera and Drama
Opera and Drama
Jack M. Stein (Richard Wagner and the Synthesis of the Arts [Detroit, 1960]
Stein
Richard Wagner and the Synthesis of the Arts
1960
Barry Millington (Wagner [Lon- don, 1984]
Millington
Wagner
1984
Bryan Magee ("Wagner and Schopenhauer, Part I," Opera Quarterly 1 [1983], 148-71
Magee
148
1
Opera Quarterly
1983
4
M. Owen Lee, Wagner's Ring: Turning the Sky Around (New York, 1990).
Lee
Wagner's Ring: Turning the Sky Around
1990
5
Richard Wagner: His Life, His Work, His Century [San Diego, 1983]
Richard Wagner: His Life, His Work, His Century
1983
Carolyn Abbate's "Opera as Symphony, A Wagnerian Myth," in Analyzing Opera, ed. Carolyn Abbate and Roger Parker (Berkeley and Los Angeles, 1989), p. 104
Abbate
Opera as Symphony, A Wagnerian Myth
104
Analyzing Opera
1989
6
Spencer and Millington, Selected Letters, pp. 351-52.
Spencer
351
Selected Letters
7
Ellis, Wagner's Prose Works, VII, 302.
Ellis
302
VII
Wagner's Prose Works
8
Magee, "Wagner and Schopenhauer," pp. 156-69
Magee
156
Wagner and Schopenhauer
11
Deryck Cooke, I Saw the World End: A Study of Wag- ner's Ring (London, 1979), pp. 278-81
Cooke
278
I Saw the World End: A Study of Wagner's Ring
1979
13
Cooke, I Saw the World End, pp. 66-71
Cooke
66
I Saw the World End
14
Anthony Newman has a fine discussion of the further fortunes of this motive in "Ritornello Ritornato: A Wag- nerian Refrain Form" in Analyzing Opera, pp. 216-17
Newman
Ritornello Ritornato: A Wagnerian Refrain Form
216
Analyzing Opera
17
David Aber- bach, The Ideas of Richard Wagner (London, 1984), p. 64
Aberbach
64
The Ideas of Richard Wagner
1984
23
Wotan, as The Wanderer, articulates this discovery in Siegfried, act I, sc. ii
Wotan
Siegfried
25
Siegfried, act III
Siegfried
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