[Footnotes]

[Footnotes]
1
Otto Erich Deutsch, Schubert: A Documentary Biography (hereinafter SDB), trans. Eric Blom (London,1946), p. 497.
Deutsch
476
Schubert: A Documentary Biography
1946
2
Deutsch, Schubert: Memoirs by his Friends (hereinafter Memoirs), trans. Rosamond Ley and John Nowell (London, 1958), p.14.
Deutsch
14
Schubert: Memoirs by his Friends
1958
3
Alexandre Oulibicheff, Beethoven: ses critiques et ses glos- sateurs (Leipzig, 1857), p. 37.
Oulibicheff
37
Beethoven: ses critiques et ses glossateurs
1857
4
Deutsch, Memoirs, p. 45. To Ferdinand Luib.
Deutsch
45
Memoirs
5
Deutsch, Memoirs, p. 234.
Deutsch
234
Memoirs
6
Deutsch, Memoirs, p. 82, letter to Anton Kenner (for Fer- dinand Luib)
Deutsch
82
Memoirs
Deutsch, Memoirs, p. 82,
Deutsch
82
Memoirs
letter to Anton Kenner (for Fer- dinand Luib)
Letter to Anton Kenner
Deutsch, Schubert: Die Erinnerungen seiner Freunde (Leipzig, 1957), p. 67
Deutsch
67
Schubert: Die Erinnerungen seiner Freunde
1957
7
Deutsch, Memoirs, p. 86
Deutsch
86
Memoirs
Deutsch, Schubert: Die Erin- nerungen seiner Freunde, p. 70
Deutsch
70
Schubert: Die Erinnerungen seiner Freunde
8
Lujo Bassermann, The Oldest Profession: A History of Prostitution (New York, 1967), pp. 166-76
Bassermann
166
The Oldest Profession: A History of Prostitution
1967
p. 175
9
Henry Reeve, Journal of a Residence at Vienna and Berlin (London, 1877), p. 25
Reeve
25
Journal of a Residence at Vienna and Berlin
1877
John Russell, A Tour in Germany... in the Years 1820, 1821, 1822 (Boston, 1825), pp. 396-98
Russell
396
A Tour in Germany... in the Years 1820, 1821, 1822
1825
John Strang, Germany in MDCCCXXXI (London, 1836), 11, 338-39
Strang
338
II
Germany in MDCCCXXXI
1836
Lulu Thürheim, Mein Leben. Erinnerungen aus Oesterreichs grosser Welt, 1788-1819 (Munich, 1913), 11, 19
Thurheim
19
II
Mein Leben. Erinnerungen aus Oesterreichs grosser Welt, 1788-1819
1913
passim; Beethovens Konversa- tionshefte, ed. Karl-Heinz Köhler and Grita Herre, vol. 1 (Leipzig, 1972), p. 141 and passim
Köhler
141
I
Beethovens Konversa-tionshefte
1972
10
Anton Schindler, Beethoven As I Knew Him (London, 1966), p. 245.
Schindler
245
Beethoven As I Knew Him
1966
11
Strang, Germany in MDCCCXXXI, 11, 338.
Strang
338
II
Germany in MDCCCXXXI
12
Eric Sams, "Schubert's Illness Re-examined," Musical Times 121 (1980), 15-2210.2307/963189
15
Vern Bullough and Bonnie Bullough, Women and Prostitution: A Social History (Buffalo, 1987), p. 190
Bullough
190
Women and Prostitution: A Social History
1987
13
Deutsch, Memoirs, pp. 261, 266.
Deutsch
261
Memoirs
14
Letter of 12 October 1818, Deutsch, SDB, p. 105
Deutsch
105
Letter of 12 October 1818, Deutsch
1818
letters to his father of 25 July 1825
Fer- dinand Schubert of 21 September 1825 (Deutsch, SDB, pp. 434-35, 467)
Schubert
434
Ferdinand Schubert of 21 September 1825
1825
15
Deutsch, Memoirs, pp. 61-62, 70, 182
Deutsch
62
Memoirs
16
Entry of 8 September 1816, Deutsch, SDB, p. 71
Deutsch
71
Entry of 8 September 1816, Deutsch
1816
Deutsch, SDB, p. 121, letter of 13 July 1819
Deutsch
121
letter of 13 July 1819
1819
Deutsch, SDB, pp. 109, 466
109
17
Kreissle von Hellborn, The Life of Franz Schubert, trans. Arthur Duke Coleridge (London, 1869), 1, 35, n. 1
von Hellborn
35
I
The Life of Franz Schubert
1869
p. 144, n. 2
18
Deutsch, SDB, pp. 374-75
374
letter to Schober, 21 Septem- ber 1824
letter to Schober, 21 September 1824
1824
Schubert's F-Minor Fantasy, D. 940 (op. 103)
Schubert
940
F-Minor Fantasy
letter to Bernhard Schott's Sons, 21 February 1828 (Deutsch, SDB, p. 739)
Deutsch
739
letter to Bernhard Schott's Sons, 21 February 1828
1828
German Dances, op. 18, in 1821
German Dances
1821
19
Deutsch, Memoirs, p. 320.
Deutsch
320
Memoirs
20
Deutsch, Memoirs, p. 114.
Deutsch
114
Memoirs
21
Deutsch, Memoirs, p. 362.
Deutsch
362
Memoirs
22
Deutsch, Memoirs, pp. 154, 233.
Deutsch
154
Memoirs
23
Deutsch, Memoirs, pp. 233-34
Deutsch
233
Memoirs
Eduard von Bauernfeld, Buch von uns Wienern (Leipzig, 1858), p. 34
von Bauernfeld
34
Buch von uns Wienern
1858
24
Deutsch, Memoirs, p. 70.
Deutsch
70
Memoirs
25
Deutsch, Memoirs, p. 182.
Deutsch
182
Memoirs
26
Deutsch, Memoirs, p. 70.
Deutsch
70
Memoirs
27
Katerina (1798-1861)
Deutsch, SDB, p. 125
125
28
Kreissle, 11, 166
166
Kreissle, I, 143
143
29
Letter of 25 July 1825, Deutsch, SDB, p. 436.
Deutsch
436
Letter of 25 July 1825, Deutsch
1825
30
Schubert's letter to Anselm Hüttenbrenner, 19 May 1819
Schubert
Letter to Anselm Hilttenbrenner
1819
God's sake, get married and there's an end of it!" Deutsch, SDB, p. 117
Deutsch
117
God's sake, get married and there's an end of it!" Deutsch
31
Kreissle, 1, 29 and 109-10.
29
32
Deutsch, Memoirs, pp. 85-86
Deutsch
85
Memoirs
Schober, who "embel- lished sensuality in such a flattering manner."
Schober
Embellished sensuality in such a flattering manner
Deutsch, Memoirs, p. 86
Deutsch
86
Memoirs
33
Neue Zeitschrift für Musik 51 (1859), 129.
129
51
Neue Zeitschrift ftir Musik
1859
34
Rupert Feuchtmüller, Leopold Kupelwieser und die Kunst der österreichischen Spätromantik (Vienna, 1970), p. 209
Feuchtmiiller
209
Leopold Kupelwieser und die Kunst der 6sterreichischen Spiztromantik
1970
35
Deutsch, SDB, p. 230
230
Deutsch refers to letters of 1816, 1817, and 1825 from Ottenwalt to Josef von Spaun
Ottenwalt to Josef von Spaun
1825
"Schober's equivocal moral behavior." Deutsch, Memoirs, p. 62
Deutsch
Schober's equivocal moral behavior
62
Memoirs
36
Deutsch, SDB, p. 271, letter of spring 1823 (?).
271
37
Deutsch, SDB, p. 428.
428
38
H. Holland, Moritz von Schwind: Sein Leben und seine Werke (Stuttgart, 1873), p. 6, letter of 12 December 1823.
Holland
6
Moritz von Schwind: Sein Leben und seine Werke
1823
39
Holland, Moritz von Schwind, p. 13.
Holland
13
Moritz von Schwind
40
Holland, Moritz von Schwind, pp. 12-13.
Holland
12
Moritz von Schwind
41
Deutsch, SDB, p. 98, letter of 8 September 1818.
98
42
Deutsch, SDB, p. 301.
301
43
Deutsch, SDB, pp. 374- 75, letter of 21 September 1824.
374
44
Deutsch, SDB, p. 385, letter of 2 December 1824.
385
45
Deutsch, SDB, p. 351.
351
46
Holland, Moritz von Schwind, p. 10
Holland
10
Moritz von Schwind
Deutsch, SDB, p. 324, letter of 20 January 1824
324
47
Deutsch, Memoirs, p. 239.
Deutsch
239
Memoirs
48
"The secret that Schober is devoting himself to landscape painting is kept no longer," wrote Ferdinand Schubert to Schubert in October 1818.
The secret that Schober is devoting himself to landscape painting is kept no longer
1818
Deutsch, SDB, p. 106.
106
49
Deutsch, Memoirs, p. 265.
Deutsch
265
Memoirs
50
Deutsch, SDB, p. 190
190
"Mayr- hofer," in Constantin von Wurzbach, Biographisches Lex- ikon des Kaiserthums Oesterreich, 1750-1850 (Vienna, 1856-91), XVII, 188
Mayrhofer
188
XVII
Constantin von Wurzbach, Biographisches Lexikon des Kaiserthums Oesterreich, 1750-1850
1856
51
Deutsch, SDB, p. 162
162
Josef Huber to Rosalie Kranzbichler, letter of 30 January 1821
Josef Huber to Rosalie Kranzbichler
1821
52
Deutsch, SDB, p. 195.
195
53
Maurice J. E. Brown, Schubert: A Critical Biography (Lon- don, 1958), p. 127.
Brown
127
Schubert: A Critical Biography
1958
54
E. William Monter, "Sodomy and Heresy in Early Modern Switzerland," in Historical Perspectives on Homosexual- ity, ed. Salvatore J. Licata and Robert P. Petersen (New York, 1981), p. 50.
Monter
Sodomy and Heresy in Early Modem Switzerland
50
Historical Perspectives on Homosexuality
1981
55
Magnus Hirschfeld, Berlins drittes Geschlecht (6th edn. Berlin, 1904)
Hirschfeld
6
Berlins drittes Geschlecht
1904
Xavier Mayne (pseud. of Edward I. P. Stevenson), The Intersexes: A History of Similisexualism as a Problem in Social Life (privately printed, 1908; rpt. New York, 1975), pp. 441, 447-49 and passim
Mayne
441
The Intersexes: A History of Similisexualism as a Problem in Social Life
1975
Wayne R. Dynes, Homosexual- ity: A Research Guide (New York, 1987), p. 122
Dynes
122
Homosexuality: A Research Guide
1987
"Numer- ous places of rendezvous existed under the guise of literary clubs and athletic societies."
Numerous places of rendezvous existed under the guise of literary clubs and athletic societies
Jeffrey Weeks, "Inverts, Per- verts, and Mary-Annes," in Historical Perspectives on Ho- mosexuality, p. 126
Weeks
Inverts, Perverts, and Mary-Annes
126
Historical Perspectives on Homosexuality
Mayne, The Intersexes, pp. 431- 32
Mayne
431
The Intersexes
56
Arthur N. Gilbert, in Historical Perspectives on Homo- sexuality, p. 58
Gilbert
58
Historical Perspectives on Homosexuality
Randolph Trumbach, "London's Sodom- ites: Homosexual Behavior and Western Culture in the Eighteenth Century," Journal of Social History 11 (1977), 15-2310.2307/3786325
15
Trumbach, "Sodomitical Subcultures, Sod- omitical Roles, and the Gender Revolution of the Eigh- teenth Century: The Recent Historiography," Eighteenth- Century Life 9 (1985), 109-21
Trumbach
109
9
Eighteenth Century Life
1985
57
Deutsch, SDB, p. 100.
100
58
Deutsch, SDB, p. 99.
99
59
An Historical Dictionary of German Figurative Usage, ed. Keith Spalding, fascicle 21 (Oxford, 1968), p. 1140
Spalding
1140
An Historical Dictionary of German Figurative Usage
1968
60
Deutsch, SDB, p. 410.
410
61
Kreissle, 1, 121.
121
62
Kreissle, 1, 127
127
Wurzbach, L1, 172- 78
172
63
Deutsch, SDB, p. 124, trans. amended.
124
64
Deutsch, SDB, p. 415, letter of late April 1825, trans. amended.
415
65
Deutsch, SDB, p. 411
411
Deutsch, Schubert: Die Doku- mente seines Lebens (Kassel, 1964), p. 293
Deutsch
293
Schubert: Die Dokumente seines Lebens
1964
Deutsch, SDB, p. 426
426
66
Deutsch, SDB, p. 451, trans. amended.
451
67
Deutsch, SDB, p. 451, trans. amended.
451
68
Deutsch, SDB, p. 453
453
Spalding, An Historical Dictionary of German Figura- tive Usage, fascicles 31-40 (Oxford, 1984), p. 1855
Spalding
1855
An Historical Dictionary of German Figurative Usage, fascicles 31-40
1984
69
Deutsch, Schubert: Dokumente, pp. 405-06
Deutsch
405
Schubert: Dokumente
Deutsch, SDB, p. 601, letter of 6 February [no year]. Translation amended
601
70
Heinz Küupper, Illustriertes Lexikon der deutschen Um- gangs Sprache, vol. 111 (Stuttgart, 1983), p. 903
Kiupper
903
III
Illustriertes Lexikon der deutschen Umgangs Sprache
1983
"Nachti- gall" is often "used for both sexes." Spalding, An Historical Dictionary of German Figurative Usage, fascicles 31-40, p. 1744
Nachtigall
17
Spalding, An Historical Dictionary of German Figurative Usage
71
Deutsch, SDB, p. 601.
601
72
Deutsch, SDB, p. 303.
303
73
Havelock Ellis, Studies in the Psychology of Sex, vol. 11: Sexual Inversion (3rd edn. Philadelphia, 1933), p. 4
Ellis
3
4
II
Studies in the Psychology of Sex
1933
James M. Saslow, Ganymede in the Renaissance: Homosexuality in Art and Society (New Haven, 1986), p. 148
Saslow
148
Ganymede in the Renaissance: Homosexuality in Art and Society
1986
74
Aus Bauernfelds Tagebüchern, ed. Carl Glossy, vol. 1 (Vi- enna, 1895), p. 34
Glossy
34
I
Aus Bauernfelds Tagebiichern
1895
Deutsch, SDB, p. 548
548
75
Saslow, Ganymede in the Renaissance, pp. 150, 234, n. 1
Saslow
150
Ganymede in the Renaissance
Luigi Greci, Benvenuto Cellini nei delitti e nei processi fiorentini ricostruiti attraverso le leggi del tempo (Turin, 1930), pp. 16-24, 65-76
Greci
16
Benvenuto Cellini nei delitti e nei processi fiorentini ricostruiti attraverso le leggi del tempo
1930
76
Benvenuto Cellini, Memoirs Written by Himself, trans. Thomas Roscoe (London, 1928), pp. 440-41.
Cellini
440
Memoirs Written by Himself
1928
77
Ibid., pp. 41-42
41
pp. 414, 421-22
78
Ibid., pp. 52-53, 133, 315.
79
Ibid., pp. 268-69
The Autobiogra- phy of Benvenuto Cellini, trans. John Addington Symonds (Garden City, N. Y., 1927), p. 209
209
The Autobiography of Benvenuto Cellini
1927
80
Cellini, Memoirs, pp. 62-63
Cellini
62
Memoirs
letter of 25 February 1514
The Letters of Macchiavelli, ed. Allan Gilbert (New York, 1961), pp. 154-58
Gilbert
154
The Letters of Macchiavelli
1961
81
Erik Par- tridge, Shakespeare's Bawdy (New York, 1960), p. 124
Partridge
124
Shakespeare's Bawdy
1960
Weeks, In Historical Perspectives on Homo- sexuality, p. 124
Weeks
124
Historical Perspectives on Homosexuality
Trumbach, p. 17
17
Mayne, pp. 447-49
447
John Boswell, Christianity, Social Tolerance, and Homosexuality (Chicago, 1980), p. 78
Boswell
78
Christianity, Social Tolerance, and Homosexuality
1980
82
Randolph Trumbach, personal communication.
83
Deutsch, Franz Schubert's Letters and Other Writings (New York, 1928), p. 122
Deutsch
122
Franz Schubert's Letters and Other Writings
1928
Bauernfeld, Deutsch, SDB, p. 413
413
"Vogl is married!!!" wrote Schubert to Bauernfeld, 10 July 1826, Deutsch, SDB, p. 539
Deutsch
539
"Vogl is married!!!" wrote Schubert to Bauernfeld, 10 July 1826, Deutsch
1826
84
Mayne, The Intersexes, pp. 530-33.
Mayne
530
The Intersexes
85
Deutsch, Memoirs, pp. 265-66
Deutsch
265
Memoirs
Deutsch, SDB, pp. 603, 608
603
86
Deutsch, SDB, p. 314
314
Schwind to Schober, 24 December 1823
Schwind to Schober
1823
Sams, p. 16
16
87
"Kupelwieser," in Oesterreichische National-Encyclopä- die (Vienna, 1835), 1, 319
Kupelwieser
319
I
Oesterreichische National-Encyclopidie
1835
Feuchtmüller, Leopold Kupel- wieser und die Kunst der österreichischen Spätromantik, pp. 18-42
Feuchtmiiller
18
Leopold Kupelwieser und die Kunst der dsterreichischen Spitromantik
Sams, p. 18
18
88
Deutsch, SDB, p. 450, letter of 14 August 1825
450
Deutsch describes Kupelwieser's illness as "malaria" (Deutsch, SDB, p. 377)
377
89
Deutsch, SDB, p. 330, letter of 22 February 1824
330
Letter of 24 December 1823, to Schober, Deutsch, SDB, p. 314
Deutsch
314
Letter of 24 December 1823, to Schober, Deutsch
1823
90
Deutsch, SDB, p. 370, letter of August 1824
370
Deutsch, Do- kumente, p. 255
Deutsch
255
Dokumente
Doblhoff wrote to Schober on 2 April 1824
Doblhoff
Doblhoff wrote to Schober
1824
Deutsch, SDB, p. 342
342
91
Deutsch, SDB, p. 386
386
Schubert's letter to Schober of 21 September 1824
Schubert
Letter to Schober
1824
Deutsch, SDB, p. 376
376
92
Deutsch, SDB, p. 325, letter of 25 January 1824.
325
93
Deutsch, SDB, p. 339, letter of 31 March 1824
339
Trum- bach, p. 19
94
Deutsch, SDB, p. 342.
342
96
Deutsch, SDB, p. 432, Schubert to Spaun, letter of 21 July 1825.
432
97
Glossy, Aus Bauernfelds Tagebüchern, 1, 40
Glossy
40
I
Aus Bauernfelds Tagebiichern
Deutsch, SDB, p. 662
662
Diary entry of 31 August 1827
98
Ludwig van Beethovens Konversationshefte, ed. Karl- Heinz Köhler and Dagmar Beck, vol. 111 (Leipzig, 1983), p. 330.
330
III
Ludwig van Beethovens Konversationshefte
1983
99
Arthur N. Gilbert, "Conceptions of Homosexuality and Sodomy in Western History," in Historical Perspectives on Homosexuality, p. 60
Gilbert
Conceptions of Homosexuality and Sodomy in Western History
60
Historical Perspectives on Homosexuality
Vern L. Bullough, "Heresy, Witch- craft, and Sexuality," Journal of Homosexuality 1 (1974), 183-201
Bullough
183
1
Journal of Homosexuality
1974
Arno Karlen, "The Homosexual Heresy," The Chaucer Review 6 (1971), 44-63
Karlen
44
6
The Chaucer Review
1971
100
Gedichte von Johann Mayrhofer, ed. Michael Maria Ra- benlechner (Vienna, 1938), p. 221
Rabenlechner
221
Gedichte von Johann Mayrhofer
1938
Karl Kaspers, "Schuberts Jugendfreunde," Wiener Zeitung, 18 November 1928 (No. 266), pp. 3ff
Kaspers
18 November
3
Wiener Zeitung
1928
101
Wurzbach, vol. XV11 (1867), p. 187.
187
102
Brown, Schubert, p. 100
Brown
100
Schubert
Deutsch, SDB, pp. 128-29
128
Hilmar observes, "All documentary ev- idence, normally part of police records, is either missing or not being made available." Ernst Hilmar, Franz Schubert in His Time (Portland, Ore., 1988), p. 21
Hilmar
All documentary evidence, normally part of police records, is either missing or not being made available
21
Ernst Hilmar, Franz Schubert in His Time
1988
Paul Bornstein, Der Briefwechsel des Grafen August von Platen, vol. 11 (Munich, 1914), pp. 225- 28, 239, 240
Bornstein
225
II
Der Briefwechsel des Grafen August von Platen
1914
Deutsch, SDB, 187-88, 226
187
103
Ignaz Castelli, Aus dem Leben eines Wiener Phäaken 1781-1862: Die Memoiren des I. F. Castelli, ed. Adolf Saager (Stuttgart, 1912 [?]), p. 327.
Castelli
327
Aus dem Leben eines Wiener Phaiaken 1781-1862: Die Memoiren des I. F. Castelli
1912
104
Goethe, last verse of "Beherzigung"
Goethe
Beherzigung
Eng. trans. Eric Blom, in Deutsch, SDB, p. 247
247
105
lost diary of 1824
cit. Deutsch, SDB, p. 336
336
106
Letter of 31 March 1824 to Kupelwieser, Deutsch, SDB, p. 339.
Deutsch
339
Letter of 31 March 1824 to Kupelwieser, Deutsch
1824
107
Letter of 21 September 1824, Deutsch, SDB, p. 374.
Deutsch
374
Letter of 21 September 1824, Deutsch
1824
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