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free-will

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Journal Articles
Nineteenth-Century Literature. 1958; 132109–126 doi: https://doi.org/10.2307/3044442
Published: 01 September 1958
...Arnold L. Goldsmith Henry James's Reconciliation of Free Will and Fatalism ARNOLD L. GOLDSMITH IN RECENT YEARS there have been many excellent studies of the craftsmanship of Henry James. However, few critics have tried to relate this master craftsman tothe nineteenth-century climate of opinion...
Journal Articles
Nineteenth-Century Literature. 1998; 532211–244 doi: https://doi.org/10.2307/2902984
Published: 01 September 1998
... conflict between the "ethical" perspective on human action, based on free will, and the "sociological" perspective, which treats such action as determined by circumstances beyond the individual's control, Conrad both contributed to the development of modernist literary technique and exposed a crisis in the...
Journal Articles
Nineteenth-Century Literature. 2016; 71137–63 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/ncl.2016.71.1.37
Published: 01 June 2016
... of Bartleby, but by doing so he also emphasizes the scrivener’s accountableness, by which Bartleby is presented as a character of exceptional originality. Bartleby might thus appear free in the Kantian sense, because his unaccountableness suggests that the determining ground of his will is not...
Journal Articles
Nineteenth-Century Literature. 2020; 744539–543 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/ncl.2020.74.4.539
Published: 31 March 2020
... experiences that created associations of pain or pleasure with those experiences, humans ought to be seen as fundamentally like animals, with little, if any, capacity for free will (p. 31). Idealists, by contrast, were animated by a general belief in a force that exists prior to or beyond individual...
Journal Articles
Nineteenth-Century Literature. 2020; 744502–534 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/ncl.2020.74.4.502
Published: 31 March 2020
... subordinate to the social body ; liberalism introduced the concept of man as an auton- omous being . . . because of his ownership of his own person . . . and free in his lack of dependence on the will of others. 14 Contractarian freedom, therefore, served as the vehicle for the evolution of individualism...
Journal Articles
Nineteenth-Century Literature. 2020; 744550–553 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/ncl.2020.74.4.550
Published: 31 March 2020
... interiority, character development, and free indirect discourse, Franta emphasizes structure and plot (p. 113). He is interested in how Austen s approach to characters in terms of number and arrangement emphasizes their structural rather than representa- tional function (p. 114). He considers how Austen...
Journal Articles
Nineteenth-Century Literature. 2020; 744448–472 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/ncl.2020.74.4.448
Published: 31 March 2020
... (Domestic Individualism, pp. 43 44). uncle tom s cabin 449 self-interest, are our invention. 3 James G. Carrier similarly con- siders the idea of a perfect, free, and gratuitous gift as a bypro- duct of market economies and the rise of modern individualism, while David Cheal, albeit from a different...
Journal Articles
Nineteenth-Century Literature. 2020; 744473–501 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/ncl.2020.74.4.473
Published: 31 March 2020
... are at once acknowledged and denied in what I will term (borrowing a concept from J.R.R. Tolkien) a eu- catastrophic logic, in which contamination in the form of inter- action between bordering systems, both anthropogenic and biotic may be escaped, and in which both human and biotic systems are...
Journal Articles
Nineteenth-Century Literature. 2019; 743305–331 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/ncl.2019.74.3.305
Published: 01 December 2019
...John Owen Havard John Owen Havard, “‘What Freedom?’: Frankenstein , Anti-Occidentalism, and English Liberty” (pp. 305–331) “If he were vanquished,” Victor Frankenstein states of his monstrous creation in Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein (1818), “I should be a free man.” But he goes on: “Alas! what...
Journal Articles
Nineteenth-Century Literature. 2019; 743332–359 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/ncl.2019.74.3.332
Published: 01 December 2019
... Very’s erasure of individual will to Thoreau’s more canny deployment of passivity can help us clarify antebellum modes of passive engagement as they evolved toward the eventual violence of John Brown’s raid and the American Civil War. © 2019 by The Regents of the University of California 2019...
Journal Articles
Nineteenth-Century Literature. 2019; 743392–396 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/ncl.2019.74.3.392
Published: 01 December 2019
... apart the ambivalences and contradictions in Aestheticism s attempt to admire what it hopes to overcome, to embody the passion of one-sidedness while holding onto the aesthetic play of multi-sidedness, it will certainly become the resource one turns to when wishing to understand the many permu- tations...
Journal Articles
Nineteenth-Century Literature. 2019; 743360–387 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/ncl.2019.74.3.360
Published: 01 December 2019
... sympathy is a process of mind, that it designates a way for minds to conceive other people and situations and make judgments about their conditions. 1 Greiner s account stands out because she notes explicitly just how difficult and unlikely it is that sympathy will flower, given the gap between the...
Journal Articles
Nineteenth-Century Literature. 2019; 743279–304 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/ncl.2019.74.3.279
Published: 01 December 2019
... the privileged, as very often those who could afford a high burial fee were willing to pay more for prestigious and prominent church interments (see Arie`s, The Hour of Our Death, p. 158). 286 nineteenth-century literature context, it is clear enough that such a description would appeal to individuals...
Journal Articles
Nineteenth-Century Literature. 2019; 742266–270 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/ncl.2019.74.2.266
Published: 01 September 2019
... can relax our hold on an epistemological model that seeks to uncover truth and prize it free from its defining structures, . . . reform efforts will be enabled (p. 243). This is an engaging model for schol- arship, and certainly one that actively participates in several rich aca- demic conversations...
Journal Articles
Nineteenth-Century Literature. 2019; 742141–166 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/ncl.2019.74.2.141
Published: 01 September 2019
... the labor-power of bodies. Yet this fantasy of worklessness, the novel suggests, will always require a space of civil death in which those without rights are relentlessly used for their economic value only. Overall, this reading of the novel modifies a metanarrative about the relationship between...
Journal Articles
Nineteenth-Century Literature. 2019; 742263–266 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/ncl.2019.74.2.263
Published: 01 September 2019
... the story continues: to the extent that we can relax our hold on an epistemological model that seeks to uncover truth and prize it free from its defining structures, . . . reform efforts will be enabled (p. 243). This is an engaging model for schol- arship, and certainly one that actively...
Journal Articles
Nineteenth-Century Literature. 2019; 742224–250 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/ncl.2019.74.2.224
Published: 01 September 2019
... archetypically American, the founder of a distinctively American nature writing tradition that established a direct, ecocentric connection to nature and to place.1 Yet as I will demonstrate in this essay, Thoreau was also immersed in and deeply influenced by transatlantic nineteenth- century cultures of nature...
Journal Articles
Nineteenth-Century Literature. 2019; 742199–223 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/ncl.2019.74.2.199
Published: 01 September 2019
...¨nger for Constan- tin He´ger, the strong-willed schoolmaster for whom Charlotte Bronte¨ taught English in Brussels in 1842 43.2 But that read- ing does not reconcile how rapidly Monsieur Paul is moved to the narrative center of the novel, nor does it explain the con- comitant ferocity with which Bronte...
Journal Articles
Nineteenth-Century Literature. 2019; 742167–198 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/ncl.2019.74.2.167
Published: 01 September 2019
... regarding sexuality, Annie would provide an example of what Hadley and John describe. However, as readers of David Copperfield will remember, the path to accurately identifying and judging Annie s character is a protracted one, and her eventual vindication affirms that looks can deceive. Yet David s...
Journal Articles
Nineteenth-Century Literature. 2019; 742259–263 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/ncl.2019.74.2.259
Published: 01 September 2019
... Species. In privileging the frenzied analogies of grandfather Darwin over the grandson and jettisoning any easy notion of teleological scientific progress, the authors in Marking Time are free to dwell in the unique and transitional moment of Romantic natural philosophy. The intent is to present...