When Vicente Fox came to power in 2000, many believed that decentralization of the Mexican political system would be one of the top items on his agenda. This essay examines Fox's efforts to transfer power to other branches and levels of government during his first three years in office. The main finding is that the current administration has not been more successful at promoting decentralization than its PRI predecessor. Moreover, states and municipalities have not embraced decentralization because they are ambivalent about bearing the financial and political costs of subnational independence.

Con la victoria de Vicente Fox en el 2000, muchos creíían que la descentralizacióón seríía unos de sus proyectos de mayor prioridad durante su gestióón. El presente ensayo analiza las iniciativas de Fox durante los primeros tres añños de su gestióón y demuestra que los recursos financieros tanto como el poder políítico siguen concentrados en las manos del gobierno federal. Fox no ha logrado descentralizar el sistema políítico, en parte, porque los estados y los municipios resisten el cambio.

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